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Is There Fasting Expiation for Accidentally Swallowing Water?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Today I was in the bath and swallowed water while fasting. I involuntary swallowed it. Because of this will I have to do perform the fasting expiation?

The reason I ask about expiation is because I waited even though I knew I might involuntary swallow.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

No, there is no fasting expiation (kaffara) for accidentally swallowing water. But you would need to make this fast up (qada’) after Ramadan.

An accident or mistake occurs when a person is aware of their fast, yet something involuntary happens, such as in your described case. This is different to forgetfulness which is doing something invalidating whilst being unaware of the fast. The latter has no consequence on your fast.

Ask Allah Most High for forgiveness, and then continue proceeding to him with the fasts and your other worship. May He grant you tremendous facilitation.

[Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar (2.110)]

Please also see: The Complete Guide to Fasting

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Is the Fast Invalidated by Water Entering the Ears?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Is the fast invalidated by water entering the ears?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, the fast is not invalidated by water entering the ears because they aren’t considered to be a valid point of entry into the body.

The exception, however, would be in the case that a person has a perforated eardrum. In such a case, the fast would be invalidated by deliberately entering water therein.

[Usmani, Dabit al-Mufattirat; Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah]

Please also see: The Complete Guide to Fasting

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Is Pool Water Filthy? (Video)

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Is Pool Water Filthy?

Answer:  Wa’leykum Salam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

Is It Enough to Put a Limb Under Running Water to Have It Washed in Order to Complete Wudu or a Ritual Bath?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

1. During wudu if I place my face under running/flowing tap water have I washed my face thoroughly or do I have to wash it three separate times?

2. If for ghusl I follow all the steps from beginning up until wudu and after that I only rub and wash my body once under a shower is that sufficient?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

(1) Washing a limb in flowing water is akin to continual washing. Therefore, if you keep the entire limb in the water for approximately three seconds or so, it is as if you have washed it thrice.

(2) Yes, if you wash your entire body, including mouth and nose, once, your ritual bath (ghusl) would be valid, regardless of whether you performed the sunna actions or not. However, leaving the sunna intentionally and without genuine excuse would be considered disliked and blameworthy.

Please also see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Can Muslims Become More Effective Community Members?

How can Muslims be effective community members? Is it possible to step outside the framework and associated pitfalls of identity politics? How can Muslims be more grounded in communities where they live? These are some of the questions Dr. Ingrid Mattson asks and then answers by providing an alternative framework with five key areas that Muslims can focus on to be purposeful contributors in their localities.

Can I Perform the Ablution (Wudu) or the Ritual Bath (Ghusl) With Water Mixed With Soap?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum,

Can I perform the ablution or the ritual bath (Ghusl) with water mixed with soap?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

You can only perform the ablution (wudu) or the ritual bath (ghusl) with water.

Allah Most High says, “and sent down water from the sky to cleanse you.” [8.11]

As for general cleaning, using soaps is fine as they are not used for purificatory purposes, legally. And even if they are mixed with water, they do not condition the water such that it cannot be used.

Please consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

​Are Toilet Seats Considered Impure (Najis)?​

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalam’aleykum

Are toilet seats considered impure (najis) ? If it’s wet and my clothes are touched, are my clothes considered impure ?

Answer: ​In the Name of Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate ​

​Walaikum assalam,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits. ​

​Toilet seats are considered ritually pure (tahir), unless you can actually see something you’re sure is filth (najasa)—such as urine or excrement.

This is because:

(1) the ​assumption of all things is purity (tahara), unless clearly established to the contrary;

(2) we have been commanded to act on the basis of this assumption—as Mercy from Allah, and facilitation in this religion which Allah Himself describes in the Qur’an as having no undue hardship nor difficulty; and

(3) we have also been commanded to ignore all doubts and misgivings—and not to investigage, nor make things difficult for ourselves.

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

A Reader on Baseless Misgivings (waswasa): A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

Faraz Rabbani

Can I Wash My Feet by Immersing Them in a Bowl of Water for Wudu?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum,

Is my wudu valid if I wash my feet by immersing them in a bowl of water? Is the water left in the bowl considered “used” after that?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

Yes, if a person puts one of their limbs inside a pure and purifying body of water, and they are not in a state of ablution (wudu), the limb is considered to be washed— on condition that water reached the entire area.

As for the water becoming used, this only applies to the water which comes into contact with the limb itself, in order to lifts its state of ritual impurity, and it does not make the entire body of water “used.”

[ShaykhiZada, Majma` al-Anhur]

Please consider taking the following free class: Islamic Law for Seekers (Hanafi): Worship

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Problematic to Use Soap During the Ritual Bath (Ghusl)?

Answered by SeekersHub Answers Service

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

1. Can i just check that if by “confirmed” we mean Sunnah Muakadah?

2. If someone washes their body with water, and then rubs and washes off soap, does this fulfill the washing and rubbing required for the ghusl?

3.If a shower is kept on whilst doing the wudhu, is this considered wastefulness? Would it be somewhat disliked or Prohibitively Disliked?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

1. The Confirmed Sunna (sunna muakkada) is that which our Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) or the Companions did most of the time (and was not of worldly habits)

Please see: The Rulings of the Sacred Law

2. Liquids are, broadly, of two types:

– Pure and purifying, such as unconditioned water.

This may be used for purification (i.e. wudu and ghusl) as well as removing filth (najasa).

– Pure but not purifying, such as juice, tea, vinegar, etc.

This may be not be used for purification, but may still be used to remove filth according to the Hanafi school.

Detergent or soap does not affect the unconditioned nature of water in the Hanafi school. [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, Gifts of Guidance]

3. Using excessive amounts of water is wasteful. Wastefulness (israf) is blameworthy in wudu, as the sunna is to use a moderate amount of water. [`Ala’ al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Avoiding wastefulness is a general command in Islam, as many hadiths explain.

The fuqaha explain that slight wastefulness is blameworthy. Excessive wastefulness is sinful. Thinking that performing an action in a wasteful manner is the sunna (or optimal way) makes it both sinful and an reprehensible innovation (bid`a).

Please consider taking this free course: The Absolute Essentials of Islam – Faith, Worship, and the Path to Allah ‪#‎take‬ ‪#‎share‬

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

SeekersHub Answers Service

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Many Liters of Water Is Considered Sunna to Use for the Ritual Bath?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum. 

How many liters is a sa’ of water?

How many liters of water is considered sunna for women to use for the ritual bath?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The measure of water that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) used for ablution (wudu) was approximately one litre (mudd), and for the ritual bath (ghusl), four litres (sa`) as mentioned in the tradition of Bukhari and Muslim.

The jurists tell us that we should be wary of using too little or too much water, both of which are blameworthy, yet at the same time striving to behave in a manner which will be most pleasing to Allah Most High.

[`Itr, I`lam al-Anam Sharh Bulugh al-Maram]

Please see: How Can I Avoid Taking 20 Minutes to Make Wudu? and: Global Warming and Wastefulness

And Allah alone knows best.​

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani