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Air Bubbles Invalidating Wudu

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat is asked about felt air bubbles passing after making wudu, if they invalidate it, and how to deal with doubts concerning them.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I know air bubbles from the front for women do not break wudu because its not from an impure site, but what about the ones felt near the back?

To avoid this I try to use the bathroom and try to squeeze out any air bubbles, if that makes sense, before wudu. But I still feel them during prayer and have to contract my muscles and make sure nothing escapes.

Sitting down and reading the Qur’an has become so hard for me because I always feel air bubbles in the behind area and feel my wudu is broken and I cannot read anymore.

I have lessened my reading because of this, and I don’t know what to do or what is the ruling here. Often these air bubbles are between the cheeks not even coming out of anywhere. So really stressed because of this.

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Certainty Is not Removed by Doubts

This is a principle in fiqh. Once you perform wudu, the only thing that would remove you from this state is certainty of breaking it. Feeling bubbles of air does not break wudu. Only the exiting of air would.

Seeing as this is a recurring issue for you, you should only think that your wudu is broken if you are absolutely certain something has come out. This is known by hearing or smelling something, or when there has undoubtedly been a passage of wind. (Zarqa, Sharh al-Qawaʿid al-Fiqhiyya)

Controlling Wind Issues

Generally, people have wind issues due to an imbalance in gut bacteria. You should take the steps to replenish the good gut bacteria in order to make purity and purification easier for you. A good place to start is Dr David Perlmutter’s book, Brain Maker. He deals extensively with this issue.

As a short term fix, activated charcoal, which can be purchased in the form of capsules, is excellent at absorbing excess air in the gut, and can help with your issues.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds

Abdul-Rahim

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


How Should I Deal With Frequent Flatulences Regarding the Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

My doctor says I might be suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This is the reason behind my frequent flatulence. I asked a sheikh about my wudu problem, and he advised that I need to make only one wudu for every prayer. I understood and have been doing that, but now a doubt has appeared in my mind.

The doubt is that some wind must come out because I am not holding strong enough.

Should I hold it with all my strength? How would I know that I have tried my best?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Ignore misgivings.

If you hear or smell something, you should repeat your ritual ablution (wudu) and prayer. Otherwise, you should continue praying and assume that nothing happened.

There are some specifics related to establishing and maintaining an excused status. (See: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution)

Please also see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings) and:How Should I Deal With Chronic Gas Problems in Prayer?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

When Are Makeup Prayers Valid?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

(1) Is my Isha prayer valid if I make it up before the Fajr prayer after dawn?

(2) Should I repeat my prayer if I get the feeling to have let go a wind during prayer but think I didn’t and later on, after the prayer is complete, think I did?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

(1) Yes, the makeup (qada’) prayer is valid when prayed at any time, except after sunrise, before sunset, and when the sun is at its highest point in the sky. [For details, see: Prohibited times for Prayers and Makeup Prayers‏]

(2) Ignore misgivings, and act on the basis of certainty. [see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)]

Moreover, you should ensure that you are praying all of your prayers on time. There is rarely an excuse to miss the prayer. [see also: A Reader on Missed Prayers and: Does Neglecting the Prayer Entail Disbelief?

And Allah alone knows best.
wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Should I Break My Prayer If I Have an Urge to Pass Wind? Should I Repeat It If My Wudu Is Broken During the Last Sitting?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
What must one do if an urgent need to pass wind or a nullifying element happens after the tashahhud in the last sitting when you pray behind an imam or praying alone?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
(1) If you pass wind unintentionally, or the prayer is nullified by some manner, you should go and perform the ablution (wudu) and repeat the prayer.
(2) If you have an urge to pass wind, you should likewise break the prayer, perform wudu, and then repeat your prayer. However, if you suffer from misgivings, the time is short, or you can ignore it, complete your prayer.
See also: What Should I Do If I Have the Urge to Pass Wind or Relieve Myself During Prayer? and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Struggling To Keep My Ritual Purity: Is There Any Leeway?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Salam Alaykum,
I have to make wudu for every prayer because I constantly break my wudu by passing wind. During Ramadan if I make one wudu for ‘isha prayer and taraweeh is that okay? Or should I renew wudu for each prayer and each set of taraweeh? Also for Friday prayer, should I wait till just before the sheikh starts praying after the lecture or can I make wudu before I leave home?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Do not repeat your ablution (wudu) unless you hear or smell something.
The devil is quite good at giving believers a hard time. The religion is ease. If there is no ease, something has been misunderstood. The wudu is not supposed to be a difficult nor a time consuming act.
I’d suggest seeking out reliable scholars who can assist you further. If confused, ask. The cure to confusion is but to ask, said the Holy Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace).
Consider taking: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Beliefs & Worship (STEP)

Please see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.