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Zakat & Eid al Fitr – Ustadh Abdul Muhaymin

In this video, Ustadh Abdul Muhaymin  speaks about the blessings of the day of Eid, and what etiquettes we should practice on that day.

Ustadh Abdul Muhaymin encourages us to take advantage of the blessed day of Eid al-Fitr, which is a day of celebration and thanksgiving after the completion of the month of Ramadan. We should all come out to celebrate Eid with our families, and we should ensure that no one is left at home. He calls on the men to not leave female family members at home, but support them in coming out and celebrating.eid al-fitr

In addition, we should ensure that we are fulfilling all of our duties and responsibilities on this day. We should ensure that we have paid the Zakat al-Fitr, the charity that all Muslims are required to make before the day of Eid, or on that day. In addition, we should make sure that no one is left out on the day, making the effort to visit or invite the ones who might not have anyone to celebrate with. We should also try to meet new people and reconnect with old friends, and make sure we do not harbour a grudge against anyone.


 

Zakat and Loans

Answered by Shaykh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

One of my friends is a University student and he has to take a loan to complete University. So, last year he took a loan and finished his first year but he did not use all of the loan money. The loan money he had on January 3, 2019 on his bank account was more than the Nisab and he kept the loan money for a year unused. He is currently on second year and he is planning on paying all the loan all together once he finishes University which is in 2 more years. Does my friend has to pay Zakat because he kept the loan money for a year without using it and it was above the Nisab amount for a year?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

When calculating one’s nisab, one includes any cash/money that they possess as part of their zakatable assets. This also applies to loan money that has been dispersed to a person’s bank account.

Even though one is meant to deduct debts owed when calculating the nisab, this will not apply in this case as the individual in question is not required to pay back anything at the moment but only after finishing university. At that point, one can deduct any immediate payments he owes.

[Shaykh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Salman Younas  graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman where he spent five years studying Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. He is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Oxford and continues his traditional studies with scholars in the United Kingdom.

Zakat on a Building

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I have a building which I rent out. The money earned from it is spent on financing my Islamic school (completing the structure, paying staff, and for other materials). I am in debt due to this.
Is zakat due on the structure?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

No, it seems like you do not owe any zakat. There would be no zakat on the building unless it was purchased with the intention of reselling it.

As for the rental income, if it is used up paying for the things you mentioned then no zakat would be due on it either. Zakat would only be due if you were over the nisab amount at one point, then a lunar year passes without you losing anything surplus to your essential costs, and then you were over the nisab amount at the end of that year. You would also deduct your debt from the final amount.

If you were over the nisab amount after all this then you’d say 2.5% of what you had in zakat. [Mahbubi, Sharh al Wiqaya]

May Allah reward you abundantly for your efforts to facilitate the teaching of the din. You’ll find it to be one of the deeds which doesn’t end at your death. Its reward goes on and on. [Muslim]

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Giving Zakat to an Adult Son.

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have only one child who is in an adult.

Due some personal issues he faced he is in huge debts. His income exceeds his monthly expenses which further increases his debts and he I am afraid he is suffering from major depression as a result.

Am I allowed to pay Zakat for him?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

Thank you for your question.

You are correct that your adult son who enjoys his own income is not your dependent by agreement of the scholars. In addition, the fact that he is your son does not disqualify him from receiving zakah from you. Consequently, it would be permissible for you to pay from your Zakah to your son so that he may settle his debt.

قال النووي في المجموع 6/223 : (وأما إذا كان الولد أو الوالد فقيراً أو مسكيناً وقلنا في بعض الأحوال لا تجب نفقته فيجوز لوالده وولده دفع الزكاة إليه من سهم الفقراء والمساكين بلا خلاف؛ لأنه حينئذٍ كالأجنبي). انتهى

In his Majmu, Imam Nawawi said, “If the son or father is poor, and the circumstance is such that nafaqah (maintenance) is not compulsory upon the father or son respectively, then it would be permitted for one to pay his zakah – from the share of the poor or needy – to the other by agreement.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

SeekersGuidance Islamic Scholars Fund

Please note that this article is out of date.

For an updated Islamic Scholars Fund report and more information about how this fund works please visit: https://seekersguidance.org/articles/prophetic-guidance/how-does-the-islamic-scholars-fund-isf-use-your-zakat-and-charitable-donations/

Support the Islamic Scholars Fund

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The SeekersGuidance Islamic Scholars Fund helps deserving Islamic scholars and students dedicate themselves to studying and teaching Islam.

Give your zakat and charity to support the Prophetic legacy. Help the Islamic Scholars Fund raise $250,000 by Ramadan to support the most deserving scholars and students around the world.

Your support will enable these inheritors of the Prophetic legacy spread clarity in these times of  chaos and confusion. In times of chaos it is our duty to preserve this legacy and fulfill our trust. Give to the Islamic Scholars Fund

“What better thing can you do than to support SeekersGuidance Islamic Scholars Fund? Its a no-brainer! But yes its harder to have a sound heart – to really have a passionate commitment to knowledge, to scholarships, and to supporting the scholars and supporting the students of knowledge.”

Imam Zaid Shakir 

 

 

“It is through our diversity and our distinct and diverse perspectives that we are enriched through knowledge and understanding and experience. We cannot leave the incredible potential that lies within 50% of our community to the side.”

– Dr Ingrid Mattson

 

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Lifting the Head off the Ground for a Moment During the Prostration.

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

What is the ruling on the validity of the prayer in a case wherein the head briefly bounces back after touching the ground when performing prostration? This happened to me and I contemplated repeating the prayer, but refrained from doing so due to the prohibition on repeating the Fajr prayer in case it was valid.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, there is no need to repeat your prayer if you accidentally lift your head off the ground for a moment during the prostration (sajda).

Generally, you are considered to be within the same prostrating motion until you are closer to the sitting posture (tashahhud). This is because we are looking for a clear separator by which we can distinguish the first prostration from the second. Hence, the placement of your head onto the ground twice within the same motion, accidentally, because you lost your balance, or otherwise, is considered to be one prostration and no more. Even if we were to deem it to be a prostration, according to another position, your prayer would have still been valid because an extra prostration does not vitiate the prayer.

As for remaining motionless (tuma’nina) in an integral (rukn), this is necessary (wajib) and not obligatory (fard). Its omission, then, would not affect the validity of the prayer. Normally, you would be expected to remain in each position for a moment, namely, the extent of a tasbiha (utterance of the phrase subhan Allah).

(Ibn ‘Abidin, Minhat al-Khaliq Hashiyat al-Bahr/Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss)

Please also see this answer.

And Allah Most High knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Mortgage and Zakat.

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I purchased a house with an Islamic mortgage. It was for 31 years. It was a fixed rate for 2 years after which I can pay off a larger amount. The 2 years end this summer (July/August) Inshallah.

I also have an additional apartment (which I currently rent). I was thinking to sell it and pay off some of the Islamic mortgage.

Once I sell the apartment and have the money in my account, do I have to pay zakat on the money where the intention is to pay off the mortgage?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, you would need to pay zakat on the income received from the sale of your second home. This is on condition that your zakat due date occurs before you are able to direct these funds as a lump sum towards your mortgage payment.

Normally, debts are deducted for the purposes of one’ zakat calculations. But there is some nuance between a debt which is owed to people and that which is owed to an institutionalised, financing body, and also between short and long term debts.

In our times, mortgages are conventionally long term debts taken from a bank or the like, and accordingly, you may only deduct one lunar years’s worth of upcoming payments as a liability in your zakat calculations.

However, the details stated above also depend on the specific nature of the home purchase plan in question. For example, diminishing musharakah and murabaha contracts would have differing rulings.

(Mawsili, al-Ikhtiyar li Ta‘lil al-Mukhtar (1.150); Razi, Tuhfat al-Muluk (132))

Please also see this answer.

And Allah Most High knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Islamic Scholars Fund Appeal

If you saw a poor person on the street who is genuinely desperate, would you say: “You know what, I’m not going to help you now, come back in Ramadan and I’m going to help you.” Of course you wouldn’t!

If you saw someone hungry and you had food you wouldn’t say: “You know what, I’m not going to feed you now, I’m going to feed you three months from now in Ramadan.”

If you had a friend who had some urgent need and you could help them, you wouldn’t say: “You know what, I’m not going to help you now. Come back to me in three months and I’ll help you then.”  Of course you wouldn’t do that!

We need your help to raise $250,000 in Zakat and charity for the Islamic Scholars Fund

Similarly we shouldn’t delay our zakat. We shouldn’t delay our charity till Ramadan.  At the Seekers Guidance Islamic Scholars Fund we support scholars and students who are in need; who are deserving; and who are inheritors of the Prophet, blessings and peace be upon him. These scholars and students are benefiting communities because we are able to support them so that they may dedicate themselves to teaching and to studying.

 

 

However, with the growth of the Islamic Scholars Fund last year (we raised over a million dollars in supporting scholars and students), we have begun 2019 with the Islamic Scholars Fund repleted. There are so many cases that we cannot turn away, that our fund right now is repleted. We support scholars and students who are needy and deserving at $75,000 a month, but we need your help. We at present funding level will not be able to make it till Ramadan supporting those whom we are supporting, let alone addressing new cases that are coming up.

The best of good deeds are those that are hastened; that address a need; and that have the greatest benefit.

So we need your help to raise $250,000 in Zakat and charity for the Islamic Scholars Fund to support these scholars who are in need now.

The best of good deeds are those that are hastened; that address a need; and that have the greatest benefit. The Islamic Scholars Fund addresses a genuine need.

It is shameful for us as an Umma to have inheritors of the Prophet, blessings and peace be upon him, and future inheritors (students of knowledge) who are not able to support themselves and dedicate themselves to knowledge and guidance (its spreading and its acquisition).

This is how we preserve our Deen. It is our responsibility to support them, so give generously to the Islamic Scholars Fund.

Don’t wait till Ramadan, hasten to the good now. Be of those whom Allah describes as those drawn close to him, al-Sabiqoon al-Sabiqoon .Those who rush to the good before others because they are drawn close by Allah. So give now, and give generously. Give to the Islamic Scholars Fund and make a tremendous impact by supporting true inheritors of the Prophet, blessings and peace be upon him.

Barak Allah Feekum


 

A Beauty Most Sublime: New On-Demand Course by Habib Muhammad al-Saqqaf

SeekersGuidance is happy to close the year with a new On-Demand course, taught by Habib Muhammad al-Saqqaf. The course covers the science of Shama’il, or the description of the Prophet based on the famous hadith by Hind ibn Abi Hala.

Recorded in Cape Town, South Africa at the Mahabbah Foundation’s Annual International Spiritual Retreat 2018, and taught by Habib Muhammad al-Saqqaf with translation provided by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan.

Habib Muhammad introduces the science of Shama’il, which is a subject obligatory for all Muslims to know. By knowing more about the Prophet’s character and his daily, life, it increases our love for him. When we send peace and blessings on him, he responds back, which solidifies our connection with him.

The famous hadith was narrated by Hind ibn Abi Hala, who was the stepson of the Prophet Muhammad, Allah bless him and give him peace. He was a master of the Arabic language, and was extremely skilled at describing people. Furthermore, having being raised in the house of the Prophet, his hadith conveys a lot of love for him.

Benefits of Studying Shama’il

There are many benefits of studying the Shama’il, gathering to remember the Prophet, and reciting his life story. Firstly, it increase our love for him, which is the greatest cause for attaining perfection of faith. Secondly, knowing more about his life helps us understand his biography. Thirdly, we are able to call to mind his image when he is mentioned, which is the greatest way to see him.

For FREE registration, see A Beauty Most Sublime On-Demand Course.


Help us build a support system for Muslim scholars to attend to their most important duty bu donating to  SeekersGuidance and the SeekersGuidance Islamic Scholars Fund, which is at the of its mission.

Share with us our concern for Muslim scholars and allowing them to carry on their mission to spread the prophetic light of guidance and knowledge; despite all the economic burdens that they shoulder.

Give now! Whether it is your zakat or sadaqa, it’s not too late to give your end-of-year charitable donations to a worthy cause, one that pleases Allah and supports the heirs of His prophets in our time.