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Are There 2 Cycles of Sunna Prayer After the Call of Dhuhr on Friday?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Are there 2 cycles of sunna prayer after the call of dhuhr on Friday?

Answer:  Wa’leykum Salam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

Beautiful Calls To Prayer From Around The World, by Aiysha Malik

Our friends at the delightful parenting blog, Mamanushka, have produced a playlist of adhan (call to prayer) recordings from around the world, which we are pleased to share here:

Writer Aiysha Malik writes, “I live in a city filled with choirs and churchbells. Harmonies fill the air while we walk through the town and bells ring melodiously from towers on holy days and Sundays – hopeful reminders that sacred connections can still be found and are, indeed, cherished and nurtured. And even more wondrous, whenever my ears catch these tones, my heart is reminded of another sacred sound…”

Read on at Mamanushka.

Resources for seekers on the adhan (call to prayer)

The Adhan: Why We Are Missing Out On Great Benefits, by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ made a tremendous promise to those who respond upon hearing the adhan – “My intercession will be granted to them on the Day of Resurrection…”

However, many of us don’t know or don’t remember the sunnas of doing the adhan and hearing the call to prayer (adhan). This is particularly the case in lands where the adhan is not publicly given. It is as if we don’t believe in what the Prophet ﷺ has promised. It could be the key to Paradise for us. May Allah make it so!

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani gives a step by step list of things to do.

Photo by Md. Mafizul Hasan Hawlader.

The Adhan: A Source of Often Neglected Great Benefits, by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can a Person Go From House to House to Call for Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Can a person go from house to house to call for prayer shouting “come out for prayer!”?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

What you have described seems rather undignified. The call to prayer is achieved by virtue of the actual sunna adhan. Thereafter, there is some basis to call people before the iqama, and before the congregation begins, by whatever is customarily and legally acceptable (tathwib). But this latter calling, like the adhan, generally occurs from the mosque.

As for disturbing people in their homes, this is not from the sunna. Such homes may contain the weak and elderly, children, women, those unable to attend the congregation, and many others who have valid and legally acceptable excuses. In any case, the foundations for encouraging attendance should be properly laid out elsewhere.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar `ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar; Lacknawi, al-Tahqiq al-`Ajib fi al-Tathwib]

Please also see: Does Playing a Recording of the Adhan Fulfill the Sunna? What if There is No Adhan in One’s Area? and: What To Do After Hearing The Adhan – The Prophet’s ﷺ Promise and: Giving the Call to Prayer (adhan) in an area where it is already given

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Is It Recommended to Raise My Hands in Supplication After the Call to Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I was told to not raise my hands in supplication after giving/hearing the call to prayer. Is it recommended to raise my hands in supplication after the call to prayer?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum

Raising the hands when engaging in supplication is established from the sunna.

The Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, “God is shy to return His servant empty handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication.” [al-Tirmidhi, Sunan]

In another tradition, the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) mentions a “disheveled man who raises his hands to the sky saying, ‘My Lord!'” [Muslim, Sahih]

Imam al-Suyuti gathered a number of other traditions on the issue in a treatise entitled al-Fadd al-wi`a’ fi ahadith raf` al-yadayn fi al-du`a. Consequently, scholars identified raising the hands during supplication as a general adab/sunna with the exception of a few occasions, such as certain supplications while in prayer. [al-Haytami, al-Fatawa al-Fiqhiya al-Kubra (1:252-53); Ali al-Qari, Mirqat al-Mafatih (5:126-27)]

Supplicating Between the Adhan and Iqama

Following from the above, supplication between the adhan and iqama is affirmed in the primary texts. Anas ibn Malik relates that the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, “Supplication between the adhan and iqama is not rejected.” [al-Tirmidhi, Sunan; Abu Dawud, Sunan; Ahmad, Musnad (rigorously authentic according to Shu`ayb Arna’ut and with the addition at the end, ‘so supplicate’)]

Given that (a) supplicating between the adhan and the iqama is established in the primary texts, and (b) the general rule is that it is sunna to raise the hands for supplication unless the contrary is affirmed by the texts, it can be stated that it is (c) recommended to raise the hands when supplicating between the adhan and iqama.

While there are other specifics to the issue, the above should suffice in answering your question.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Ikhlasul Amal

What To Do After Hearing The Adhan – The Prophet’s ﷺ Promise

The Prophet ﷺ made a tremendous promise to those who respond upon hearing the adhan – “My intercession will be granted to them on the Day of Resurrection…”

However, many of us don’t know or don’t remember the sunnahs of doing the adhan and hearing the adhan. This is particularly the case in lands where the adhan is not publicly given. It is as if we don’t believe in what the Prophet ﷺ has promised. It could be the key to Paradise for us. May Allah make it so!

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani gives a step by step list of things to do.

Photo by Md. Mafizul Hasan Hawlader.

How Would One Treat Revenue Earned From Online Sales That Take Place After the Call to the Friday Prayer?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalam alaikum,

How would one treat revenue earned from online sales that take place after the call to the Friday prayer?

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

The short answer is: the Hanafi fuqaha have differed on this issue. Some considered sales after the adhan of Jumuah to be permissible if such sales do not interfere with one’s attendance at Jumuah. Others deemed such sales to be impermissible (i.e. regardless wether or not they interfere). The more scrupulous way would be to follow the latter opinion and avoid such sales. However, if there is a pressing need, the former opinion could be taken.

The detailed answer is:
Allah Most High says in the Qur’an:


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلَاةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ
فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly), hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah, and leave off business (and traffic): That is best for you if ye but knew! (Qur’an 62:9)

The classical Hanafi fuqaha discussed the issue of sales that occur after the adhan of Jumuah but do not prevent one’s attendance at the Jumuah prayer. The example they gave is two people walking toward the masjid to attend Jumuah prayer and simultaneously engaging in buying and selling. In this situation, their buying and selling does not interfere with their attendance at the Jumuah prayer.

They differed on this issue, as follows:
1) One group says that the verse above is unconditional and hence is a prohibition of any sales between the adhan of Jumuah and the performance of Jumuah prayer, whether or not such sales interfere with one’s attendance at Jumuah. This view was preferred by al-Zayla’i in his Tabyeen al-Haqa’iq and many others who followed him.

2) Another group says that the verse is only prohibiting actions which interfere with one’s attendance at Jumuah prayer. Hence, sales which do not cause such interference do not fall under the prohibition. This view was preferred by al-Zabidi in his two works al-Siraj al-Wahhaj and al-Jawharah al-Nayyirah. Several others also preferred this view including al-Saghnaqi in his al-Nihayah sharh al-Hidayah and al-Babarti in his al-‘Inayah sharh al-Hidayah.

Arabic sources are cited below.

Wassalam.

الدر المختار – باب البيع الفاسد
( وَكُرِهَ ) تَحْرِيمًا مَنَعَ الصِّحَّةَ ( الْبَيْعُ عِنْدَ الْأَذَانِ الْأَوَّلِ ) إلَّا إذَا تَبَايَعَا يَمْشِيَانِ فَلَا بَأْسَ بِهِ لِتَعْلِيلِ النَّهْيِ بِالْإِخْلَالِ بِالسَّعْيِ ، فَإِذَا انْتَفَى انْتَفَى ، وَقَدْ خُصَّ مِنْهُ مَنْ لَا جُمُعَةَ عَلَيْهِ ذَكَرَهُ الْمُصَنِّفُ .

رد المحتار – باب البيع الفاسد
( قَوْلُهُ إلَّا إذَا تَبَايَعَا يَمْشِيَانِ إلَخْ ) قَالَ الزَّيْلَعِيُّ : هَذَا مُشْكِلٌ ، فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَدْ نَهَى عَنْ الْبَيْعِ مُطْلَقًا ، فَمَنْ أَطْلَقَهُ فِي بَعْضِ الْوُجُوهِ يَكُونُ تَخْصِيصًا وَهُوَ نَسْخٌ ، فَلَا يَجُوزُ بِالرَّأْيِ شُرُنْبُلَالِيَّةٌ .
وَالْجَوَابُ مَا أَشَارَ إلَيْهِ الشَّارِحُ مِنْ أَنَّ النَّصَّ مُعَلَّلٌ بِالْإِخْلَالِ بِالسَّعْيِ وَمُخَصَّصٌ ، لَكِنْ مَا مَشَى عَلَيْهِ الشَّارِحُ هُنَا مَشَى عَلَى خِلَافِهِ فِي الْجُمُعَةِ تَبَعًا لِلْبَحْرِ وَالزَّيْلَعِيِّ

الجوهرة النيرة – باب صلاة الجمعة
وَلَا يُكْرَهُ الْبَيْعُ وَالشِّرَاءُ فِي حَالَةِ السَّعْيِ إذَا لَمْ يَشْغَلْهُ

العناية شرح الهداية – فَصْلٌ فِيمَا يُكْرَهُ من البيوع
( قَوْلُهُ ثُمَّ فِيهِ ) بَيَانٌ لِلْقُبْحِ الْمُجَاوِرِ ، فَإِنَّ الْبَيْعَ قَدْ يُخِلُّ بِوَاجِبِ السَّعْيِ إذْ قَعَدَا أَوْ وَقَفَا يَتَبَايَعَانِ ، وَأَمَّا إذَا تَبَايَعَا يَمْشِيَانِ فَلَا إخْلَالَ فَيَصِحُّ بِلَا كَرَاهَةٍ .

تبيين الحقائق – بَابُ الْبَيْعِ الْفَاسِدِ
قَالَ ( وَالْبَيْعُ عِنْدَ أَذَانِ الْجُمُعَةِ ) لِقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى { وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ } وَلِأَنَّ فِيهِ إخْلَالًا بِالْوَاجِبِ عَلَى بَعْضِ الْوُجُوهِ وَهُوَ السَّعْيُ بِأَنْ قَعَدَا لِلْبَيْعِ أَوْ وَقَفَا لَهُ وَذَكَرَ فِي النِّهَايَةِ أَنَّهُمَا إذَا تَبَايَعَا وَهُمَا يَمْشِيَانِ فَلَا بَأْسَ بِهِ وَعَزَاهُ إلَى أُصُولِ الْفِقْهِ لِأَبِي الْيُسْرِ وَهَذَا مُشْكِلٌ ؛ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَدْ نَهَى عَنْ الْبَيْعِ مُطْلَقًا فَمَنْ أَطْلَقَهُ فِي بَعْضِ الْوُجُوهِ يَكُونُ تَخْصِيصًا وَهُوَ نَسْخٌ فَلَا يَجُوزُ بِالرَّأْيِ

مجمع الأنهر – باب البيع الفاسد
( والبيع عند أذان الجمعة ) لقوله تعالى { وذروا البيع } ولأن فيه إخلالا بواجب السعي إذا قعدا للبيع أو وقفا له وأطلقه فشمل ما إذا تبايعا وهما يمشيان إليها وما في النهاية من عدم الكراهة مشكل لإطلاق الآية .

How to Respond to the Call of the Dawn Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum,

What should one respond to “Assalatu khayr min nawm” (prayer is better than sleep) during the call to the Fajr prayer?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The sunna is to respond by saying, “sadaqta wa barirta,” “sadaqta wa bi’l haqqi nataqta,” or “ma sha’ Allahu kan wa ma lam yasha’ lam yakun.”

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s marginalia]

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Blameworthy to Wipe the Eyes With the Thumbs During the Call to Prayer?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Some scholars are stating that kissing the thumbs after hearing our Prophet’s name (peace be upon him) is an innovation. What is the good approach to this issue?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

It is far-fetched to say it is a bid`a (innovation).

Ibn Abidin first mentions the scholars who said that it is recommended to do, and then mentioned that none of the hadiths that mention this from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) are authentic.

Ibn Abidin’s actual text is as follows, from his Radd al-Muhtar (aka al-Hashiya or al-Shami)

“It is recommended to say, after hearing the first Shahada [in the adhan],SallaAllahu`Alayka Ya Rasul Allah (‘May Allah send blessings on you, O Messenger of Allah’), and after the second of them, Qarrat`Ayni Bika Ya RasulAllah (‘May my eyes rejoice with you, O Messenger of Allah’) .

“Then one should say, Allahummamatti`nibi’sSam`iwa’lBasar (‘O Allah, keep blessing me with hearing and sight’), after placing the nails of both thumbs on one’s eyes, for the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) will be his guide into Janna [if he does] – as mentioned in Kanzal-`Ibad, via al-Quhustani [in his Jami` al-Rumuz] .

“This has also been mentioned in al-Fatawa al-Sufiyya. It has been reported in Kitabal-Firdaws that, “whoever kisses the nails of both thumbs upon hearing AshhaduannaMuhammda-r RasulAllah, I shall be his guide and shall enter him in the ranks of Janna. ”

“The details are in the Hawashial-Bahr of al-Ramli, from al-Maqasidal-Hasana of al-Sakhawi .

“Al-Jirahi mentioned this, too, and gave a lengthy exposition, then said, “None of these narrations has been authentically established (lam yasihh) from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) . ” [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, 1: 397-8]

The exact Arabic text may be found at the end of this answer .

The scholars differed, though, whether it is of the weak hadiths that may be used to establish recommended actions. Many Hanafis (and scholars of other schools) held that they are. Others differed; it is a Question of scholarly difference in ijtihad.

The condition for recommended actions established by weak hadiths or the ijtihad of scholars is that one not have the firm conviction that this is established from the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) himself. However, if one does it because some scholars have mentioned it to be a virtuous or beneficial action, then there is nothing wrong with it. If one is firmly convinced that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) himself did this or encouraged it, which is not authentically established, then it would be an innovation.

In short, it is neither something that is a strongly recommended action according to the Shariah nor a baseless innovation. The scholars mention that any time an issue is differed upon among the scholars of the four schools of Sunni Islam, there is no place to condemn someone who does something one differs with.

May Allah guide us to that which is best.

Wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani

قال خاتمة المحققين سيدي ابن عابدين في ردّ المحتار: (1: 387-398) تَتِمَّةٌ ] يُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ يُقَالَ عِنْدَ سَمَاعِ الْأُولَى مِنْ الشَّهَادَةِ : صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْك يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ , وَعِنْدَ الثَّانِيَةِ مِنْهَا : قَرَّتْ عَيْنِي بِك يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ , ثُمَّ يَقُولُ : اللَّهُمَّ مَتِّعْنِي بِالسَّمْعِ وَالْبَصَرِ بَعْدَ وَضْعِ ظُفْرَيْ الْإِبْهَامَيْنِ عَلَى الْعَيْنَيْنِ فَإِنَّهُ عليه السلام يَكُونُ قَائِدًا لَهُ إلَى الْجَنَّةِ , كَذَا فِي كَنْزِ الْعِبَادِ . ا هـ . قُهُسْتَانِيٌّ , وَنَحْوُهُ فِي الْفَتَاوَى الصُّوفِيَّةِ . وَفِي كِتَابِ الْفِرْدَوْسِ ” { مَنْ قَبَّلَ ظُفْرَيْ إبْهَامِهِ عِنْدَ سَمَاعِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فِي الْأَذَانِ أَنَا قَائِدُهُ وَمُدْخِلُهُ فِي صُفُوفِ الْجَنَّةِ } ” وَتَمَامُهُ فِي حَوَاشِي الْبَحْرِ لِلرَّمْلِيِّ عَنْ الْمَقَاصِدِ الْحَسَنَةِ لِلسَّخَاوِيِّ , وَذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ الْجِرَاحِيُّ وَأَطَالَ , ثُمَّ قَالَ : وَلَمْ يَصِحَّ فِي الْمَرْفُوعِ مِنْ كُلِّ هَذَا شَيْءٌ … .

Is Wudu Necessary to Give the Call to Prayer (Adhan)?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalam’aleykum

Is wudu necessary to give the call to prayer (adhan)?

Answer:Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.

It is stated in al-Durr al-Mukhtar and al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah, two authoritative references of Hanafi jurisprudence, that the position of the Hanafi madhab is that it is not makruh (disliked) for a person to make adhan without wudu. That is, wudu is not required for adhan.

Imam al-Sarakhsi, one of the greatest Hanafi jurists, states in his Mabsut, one of the greatest works of Hanafi jurisprudence, the following support for this ruling:

1) It has been reported that Sayyidna Bilal, the mu’adhin of the Messenger of Allah (SallAllahu alaihi wa sallam), used to occasionally make adhan while not being in a state of wudu.

2) Adhan is a great form of dhikr (remembrance) of Allah, just like the Qur’an. Hence, just as it is permissible to recite the Qur’an without wudu (i.e. from memory, without touching the mushaf), it should also be permissible to make adhan without wudu. This is a type of qiyas (analogical deduction).

In addition, Imam Ibn Abi Shaybah records in his Musannaf that the following great Imams held this view (i.e. that calling adhan without wudu is acceptable and not disliked): Ata ibn Abi Rabah, al-Hasan al-Basri, Qatadah, and Ibrahim al-Nakha’i. These are some of the greatest imams of the Tabi’een (students of the Sahabah), and they are authorities in the religion.

Finally, it should be noted that while calling the adhan without wudu is permissible without being disliked, calling the iqaamah (i.e. the start of the prayer) without wudu is disliked (makruh). This is because the iqaamah is called immediately before the prayer starts. Hence, one who is not on wudu at this time would have to go make wudu, and would either miss the congregational prayer or at least be late for it.

Wassalam,
Umer Mian