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Kalam Jadid, Islamization & The Worldview of Islam: Operationalizing the Neo-Ghazalian, Attasian Vision by Adi Setia

Kalam Jadid, Islamization & The Worldview of Islam: Operationalizing the Neo-Ghazalian, Attasian Vision by Adi Setia

Adi Setia is Assistant Professor of History and Philosophy of Science, Department of General Studies, International Islamic University Malaysia. Shared with permission from the author.

Download: Kalam Jadid, Islamization and Worldview of Islam

Kalam Jadid Islamization & Worldview of Islam by Adi Setia

The Importance of Study in One’s Spiritual Development – Imam al-Ghazzali

The Importance of Study in One’s Spiritual Development

Imam al-Ghazzali

“The Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) said, “The heart of the believer is more unsteady than a cooking pot as it boils. He also said, “The heart of the believer is between two of the fingers of the Merciful.” During such strenuous effort the physical constitution may be disordered, the intellect confused, and the body diseased.

If progress in the discipline and improvement of the soul is not made by means of the realities of the sciences, then the heart is ensnared with corrupt imaginings in which the soul trusts for a long time before they come to an end; and one may live out his appointed time without succeeding.

Many a Sufi has travelled this way and still has continued to hold a certain fancy for twenty years, whereas if he had studied science thoroughly beforehand, the point of confusion in his fancy (khayal) would have opened up to him at once. So to busy one’s self in the path of learning is a surer and easier means of attaining the aim.

They claim that it is as though a man left off the study of jurisprudence (fiqh), asserting, “The Prophet did not study it, and he became one who understood the divine law by means of prophetic and general inspiration without any repetition or application, and perhaps discipline of the soul will bring me finally to that goal.”

Whoever thinks this wrong himself and wastes his life. Nay rather, he is like the one who gives up the way of gain through farming, hoping to chance upon some treasure. The latter is indeed possible, but extremely unlikely. So too in the matter  of gaining knowledge.”

(p. 77 of “The Marvels of the Heart” by Imam al-Ghazzali)

Related Course: “The Marvels of the Heart” taught by Shaykh Yahya Rhodus

Ten Types of Ibadah (Worship) – Imam al-Ghazzali

Imam al-Ghazzali in his book “al-Arba’in fi Usul al-Deen” has enumerated ten forms which worship can take:

1. Prayers.

2. Prescribed Alms-giving.

3. Fasting.

4. Haji or pilgrimage to Makkah.

5. Reciting the Holy Qur’an.

6. Remembrance of Allah in all possible situations.

7. Earning one’s livelihood in accordance with the regulations of the Shari’ah

8. Fulfilling one’s obligations towards one’s companions and neighbors.

9. Persuading people to act righteously and dissuading them fromwhat is reprehensible and forbidden.

10. To follow the Sunnah, or the practice of the Holy Prophet (Allah bless him an grant him peace)”

[p. 71 of Volume I of “Ma’ariful Qur’an” by Mufti Shafi Usmani]