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Uncreated Beings Besides Allah?

Ustadh Farid Dingle is questioned about the possibility of their being other creators besides Allah.

Are there other uncreated beings alongside Allah? Seeing as how the definition of god is the one who created the universe and creation, is it possible for there to be uncreated beings that Allah did not create? A being that created their own universe and creation. That is not regarded as god by us but regarded as god by their own creation that they have created.

I am asking this question because I have a thought going through my head that before the existence of any creation Allah had a quarrel with other uncreated things over who is more powerful. And that is why Allah has created the mankind and jinn to worship him; to prove to the other uncreated things that He is the most powerful.

I also go through thoughts that other uncreated beings alongside Allah do exist, but they all live in peace and that they all have created their own things and only the things they created regard them to be gods but not the things that the other uncreated things have created.

I know this sounds like it is against the teachings of Islam and I have tried to find anything that goes against this but I can neither find any convincing evidence against this claim or for it. The Qur’an mentions the impossibility of multiple gods in Sura al-Anbiya 21:22. But that only had to do with multiple gods creating the same thing.

My question is to do with multiple uncreated beings that create their own creation who are not regarded as god by the creation of other uncreated beings, but regarded as god by their own creation.

Please I would like for you to clear this up for me and give me an answer as soon as possible, because I am extremely confused and I need to desperately know what is the answer against this claim.

I also have other thoughts that Allah has sexual organs. I go through this thought because Allah mentions he has hands and a shin. I need to know what is the response to all of the above queries I have.

Dear questioner, I would strongly advise you to listen to this series of podcasts: Why Islam Is True.

Regarding your question, it is logically impossible that there be multiple creators because that necessitate a level of dependency in being or actions.

Were there other beings with the power to create and destroy, nothing would stop them from destroying each other, and then they wouldn’t have necessary existence. Similarly, if there were there beings with the power to create and destroy, the execution of such powers would be contingent upon the agreement of other such beings, and this would also be a dependency.

In short, the being that keeps everything in existence and keeps things the specific way everything is exists without any dependency whatsoever, and this dictates that it (He) be one.

As for His not having body parts, this also returns to His freedom of need: parts take up a certain among of space and this would entail that He needs space to exist. Verses that mention His hand or face are metaphorical. For more detail, please see Literalism and the Attributes of Allah.

Theologically, whenever anyone returns the whole of existence to one being, that being must be completely self-explainable: that it is and what is does cannot return to some other external determiner.

This is why the Big Bang cannot be the reason for the universe, Brahma, Jesus or, anything else apart from Allah as He is in the Qur’an.

Allah summarizes this beautifully in Sura al-Ikhlas 112: 1-4.

Say: It is the Allah is One, the One to Whom all else returns;
Never has He had children, nor was He ever born;
And there was [and never will be] anything equal to Him.

Again, listen to the podcasts and this will be more than clear, insha Allah.

I pray this helps.

Farid

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

How To Understand Allah’s Absoluteness?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Khan
Question: I have not understand the last point from this answer:
Universal Validity of Religions and the Issue of Takfir
‘To answer our question above, the first premise that Allah alone is absolute, and all forms are relative, is plainly wrong, and contradicted by the manifold existence of Allah’s determinations, which, though contingently necessary (wajib aradi) rather than inherently so, are no less absolute than the Divine itself.’
Can someone explain it to me?
Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,
I pray this finds you in the best of health and states. Please pardon me for the undue delay in answering your question.
It is true that Allah alone is absolute, but Allah’s absoluteness pertains to His entity, His attributes, His actions and His rulings. So while something in and of itself might be logically possible, if Allah preeternally willed it to be, its occurrence would then be necessary (or absolute)… not in and of itself, but due to consideration of another factor (namely, the divine decree).
Sheikh Nuh (Allah preserve him) is using this distinction to refute those who claim that because Allah alone is absolute, those verses He revealed which affirm Islam as the final religion that abrogates all others are merely relative. The fallacy of this reasoning is that the verses of the Qur’an are from Allah’s eternal and unchanging speech, which signifies what Allah knows, and reveals what Allah has willed. So because Allah is absolute, so too are His attributes of knowledge, will, and speech (along with all other divine attributes of perfection). Hence while logically it is possible that Islam not abrogate all previous dispensations, that reality is necessary in light of Allah’s preeternal decision and His scripture that informs us of His decision.
It is also important to note that the sunna (prophetic way and teaching) also informs us of Allah’s preeternal decision, since the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) did not speak of his own accord, but spoke only what Allah revealed unto his blessed heart. As such, the confirmation from the sunna that Islam abrogates all other religions is also an absolute, mirroring as it were the absoluteness of Allah’s choice.
I hope that makes sense.
And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.