Posts

Speaking in the Bathroom

Shaykh Farid Dingle is asked about the permissibility of speaking in a place that is built for relieving oneself such as a bathroom.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

What is the ruling in the Shafi‘i school about speaking beside the sink in a bathroom if one is far from the toilet?

Jazak Allah khayr.

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, Most Compassionate.

Speaking in a place built for relieving oneself is permissible does not any name of Allah or any other noble name, and one is not in the process of relieving oneself. This is the position of Ibn Hajar al Haytami. According to a number of other late Shafi‘i scholars, it would still be offensive. (Al-Hawashi al-Madaniyya)

That said, given that the discussions of the Shafi’i on this topic revolve around ‘a place build for relieving oneself’ or ‘a filthy place’, are modern bathrooms, that are built both for relieving oneself and for washing, especially large ones that are kept clean—are they really the same as what our scholars were talking about?

The default is that they are. However, what we have seen and heard from some modern Shafi‘i scholars is that by being at a distance from the toilet itself, or by the toilet seat being down, they no longer consider a person to be in a place built for relieving oneself or “a filthy place,” and hence they do not find any problem in speaking or even saying Allah’s name or the like in such places.

So in answer to the question, the default is that either permissible or offensive, as mentioned above, to talk next to a sink in a bathroom with a toilet. However, it may well be simply permissible given the nature of certain modern bathrooms.

And Allah knows best.

Farid

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


How Can I Achieve a State of Purity Despite a Lack of Time and How Should I My Make up My Prayers?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu alaykum.

I have in staying in a state of purity. I am always in a hurry to get out of the bathroom. This leads be to be impure. How can I remember to slow down?

Since my purity is not on point, I am missing a lot of prayers. How should I make them up?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

When in the bathroom, you should follow the limits laid out by the lawgiver, perform your ritual ablution (wudu) and pray whenever the time has entered. Everything else beyond that is misgivings, and merely the devil’s whisperings. Ask Allah Most High to give you strength, and pray all of your prayers on time, keeping in mind that it is the first thing that you will be asked about when you die. Thus, you must also make up the prayers you have missed.

Please see the following resources for further guidance: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: Making up Obligatory Fasts and Prayers and: Estimating the Number of Makeup Prayers and: A Reader on Missed Prayers

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is Performing Wudu in the Bathroom Disliked? [Shafi’i]

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaikum,

In my parents home we have two bathrooms. One of these has a British toilet and the other has both a British and Pakistani style toilet.

Some of my family members have stated that it is disliked to do wudu in the bathroom in this scenario.

Is there any validity to this opinion?

Answer: Assalāmu ʿalaykum,

I pray that you are well.

It has been considered disliked to perform wudu in the same place that one relieves themselves because it is recommended to start the wudu with the name of Allah, which itself is disliked in a place where filth remains. To fulfil this aspect of the wudu, it has been considered better to perform it in another place.

Another possible reason is that if one makes wudu in the place they have relieved themselves, there is the possibility that water will splash and cause impurities to land on their body or clothes.
However, in many modern bathrooms, one’s bodily waste does not remain, but is flushed away. Moreover, bathrooms are themselves often held up to high standards of hygiene, and one is not performing wudu in precisely the same place where they have relieved themselves. In such scenarios, there is no dislike in performing the wudu there or reciting the basmalah aloud.

wassalam,
Shuaib Ally

Photo: Zceittf

Can I Perform a Tayamum to Remove My Major Ritual Impurity If I Find Water but No Proper Bathroom?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:As salaamu alaykum,

I was in need of ghusl at a place where water and sink was available but no facility for a proper ghusl. I know that tayamum can be done when there is no water but I had water. I just did not have a place to pour itself on me. What should I have done to pray?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

The dry ablution (tayammum) would only be valid in the case that you had an excuse for it, such as being distant, at least over a mile or so, from water.

Otherwise, you could have potentially poured water over yourself in a place where people could not have seen you, and whilst keeping your nakedness covered.

But, obviously, the ideal thing to do is to plan ahead such that it wouldn’t cause you to miss your prayer.

And Allah knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Permissible to Enter a Public Bathroom Whilst Carrying Islamic Material in a Closed Bag?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

Is it permissible to enter a public bathroom whilst carrying islamic material in a closed bag?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

It is best to avoid when reasonably possible as the basis is having veneration for religious books and the like.

However, when difficult or unreasonable, it would be permitted to enter the bathroom with such items covered up or away in a bag, for example.

Allah Most High states, “That [is the command]! And whosoever venerates the symbols of Allah: indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.” [22:32]

See also: Entering the Bathroom With Qur’anic Verses on Clothing

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Can I Avoid To Spread Impurities?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As salaam alaykum
One of the children urinated on a mat outside the bathroom. I believe I saw a small area of dampness on the actual carpet near where the large amount of impurity was (2mm in diameter). When I went later to examine it I could not see the dampness. As this is outside the bathroom often one will come out with wet feet from bath/ wudu and I am concerned that if we stand in this area we will spread impurity. What should we do?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
There are two things:
(1) Don’t investigate into such matters. It is far-fetched that you saw dampness which was 2mm in diameter.
(2) if the ground dries, and there are no traces of impurity, the ground is considered to be pure.
Please see: Waswas [Baseless Misgivings] Regarding Apostasy and Purity and: Avoiding Impurities When Using the Bathroom and: Key Principles Relating to Certainty, Doubt, and Baseless Misgivings (waswasa)
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Avoiding Impurities When Using the Bathroom

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I have an issue regarding purity and prayers. I work, and wear business clothes. I worry that if I go to the toilet there may be unseen splashes from flushing, or that my trousers will touch the floor and picking up some impurity. Things are not as clean as in my home.

I try to stand as far back as possible so that no splash comes on my clothes, but who knows what there is on the floor, and I can’t do anything about that.

Then, what do I do about prayers? I have an abaya which I keep to wear over my office clothes. But I worry about the impurity there may be on my clothes under the abaya.

 

Because of this worry, I don’t pray at work, and when I go home, I say all my missed prayers. And I hate that. What do I do?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

You can ignore any spray which may affect your clothing during flushing. Such spray is not legally considered. Thus, you should not worry about it. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Halabi, Halabi al-Saghir]

As for the floor, you can assume purity. We have a number of principles related to such issues and amongst them is that: Mere doubts and suppositions are of no legal consequence. Moreover, the default assumption about matters is purity. Hence, you should, reasonably, try to avoid contact with the floor. However, if something does happen to affect your clothing, you ignore it. There is absolutely no need to ‘check’ the area.

It is clear that you are striving to do your best whilst seeking religious guidance and this is excellent. Allah Most High has informed us, “Allah does not burden souls with more than they can manage.”

Pray at work. There is no reason to doubt your purity in the situations you have described. Assume purity, with full confidence, and thank Allah.

The religion is mercy and ease. If one does not find this, one is doing something wrong. It is said that misgivings (waswasa) and hardship arise from an ignorance of the sunna of the beloved of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace).

Please see the following related links:

[1] Key Principles Relating to Certainty, Doubt, and Baseless Misgivings

[2] Excused Liquid Filth and Ignoring Baseless Doubts About Purity

May Allah have mercy upon us all and guide us to the ways of the righteous.

And Allah knows best and He alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani