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Are There 2 Cycles of Sunna Prayer After the Call of Dhuhr on Friday?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Are there 2 cycles of sunna prayer after the call of dhuhr on Friday?

Answer:  Wa’leykum Salam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

Beautiful Calls To Prayer From Around The World, by Aiysha Malik

Our friends at the delightful parenting blog, Mamanushka, have produced a playlist of adhan (call to prayer) recordings from around the world, which we are pleased to share here:

Writer Aiysha Malik writes, “I live in a city filled with choirs and churchbells. Harmonies fill the air while we walk through the town and bells ring melodiously from towers on holy days and Sundays – hopeful reminders that sacred connections can still be found and are, indeed, cherished and nurtured. And even more wondrous, whenever my ears catch these tones, my heart is reminded of another sacred sound…”

Read on at Mamanushka.

Resources for seekers on the adhan (call to prayer)

The Adhan: Why We Are Missing Out On Great Benefits, by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ made a tremendous promise to those who respond upon hearing the adhan – “My intercession will be granted to them on the Day of Resurrection…”

However, many of us don’t know or don’t remember the sunnas of doing the adhan and hearing the call to prayer (adhan). This is particularly the case in lands where the adhan is not publicly given. It is as if we don’t believe in what the Prophet ﷺ has promised. It could be the key to Paradise for us. May Allah make it so!

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani gives a step by step list of things to do.

Photo by Md. Mafizul Hasan Hawlader.

The Adhan: A Source of Often Neglected Great Benefits, by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Recommended to Raise My Hands in Supplication After the Call to Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I was told to not raise my hands in supplication after giving/hearing the call to prayer. Is it recommended to raise my hands in supplication after the call to prayer?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum

Raising the hands when engaging in supplication is established from the sunna.

The Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, “God is shy to return His servant empty handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication.” [al-Tirmidhi, Sunan]

In another tradition, the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) mentions a “disheveled man who raises his hands to the sky saying, ‘My Lord!'” [Muslim, Sahih]

Imam al-Suyuti gathered a number of other traditions on the issue in a treatise entitled al-Fadd al-wi`a’ fi ahadith raf` al-yadayn fi al-du`a. Consequently, scholars identified raising the hands during supplication as a general adab/sunna with the exception of a few occasions, such as certain supplications while in prayer. [al-Haytami, al-Fatawa al-Fiqhiya al-Kubra (1:252-53); Ali al-Qari, Mirqat al-Mafatih (5:126-27)]

Supplicating Between the Adhan and Iqama

Following from the above, supplication between the adhan and iqama is affirmed in the primary texts. Anas ibn Malik relates that the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, “Supplication between the adhan and iqama is not rejected.” [al-Tirmidhi, Sunan; Abu Dawud, Sunan; Ahmad, Musnad (rigorously authentic according to Shu`ayb Arna’ut and with the addition at the end, ‘so supplicate’)]

Given that (a) supplicating between the adhan and the iqama is established in the primary texts, and (b) the general rule is that it is sunna to raise the hands for supplication unless the contrary is affirmed by the texts, it can be stated that it is (c) recommended to raise the hands when supplicating between the adhan and iqama.

While there are other specifics to the issue, the above should suffice in answering your question.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Ikhlasul Amal

What To Do After Hearing The Adhan – The Prophet’s ﷺ Promise

The Prophet ﷺ made a tremendous promise to those who respond upon hearing the adhan – “My intercession will be granted to them on the Day of Resurrection…”

However, many of us don’t know or don’t remember the sunnahs of doing the adhan and hearing the adhan. This is particularly the case in lands where the adhan is not publicly given. It is as if we don’t believe in what the Prophet ﷺ has promised. It could be the key to Paradise for us. May Allah make it so!

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani gives a step by step list of things to do.

Photo by Md. Mafizul Hasan Hawlader.

Is It Necessary for Someone Alone in a Mosque to Give the Call to Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Is it necessary for someone alone in a mosque to give the call to prayer?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

It is an emphasised sunna (sunna mu’akkada) for men to perform the call to prayer (adhan) before each of the obligatory prayers. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “When it is time for prayer, one of you should give the adhan and the oldest of you should be the Imam.” [Bukhari]

If the adhan is given in a particular locality, the sunna is fulfilled on behalf of everybody, and repeating the adhan would simply be recommended.

As such, the proper thing to do in your situation would have been to perform the adhan before the prayer, intending by it to fulfil the sunna for the entire locality.

Please see: Fiqh of Adhan and Iqama when Praying Alone

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How to Respond to the Call of the Dawn Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum,

What should one respond to “Assalatu khayr min nawm” (prayer is better than sleep) during the call to the Fajr prayer?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The sunna is to respond by saying, “sadaqta wa barirta,” “sadaqta wa bi’l haqqi nataqta,” or “ma sha’ Allahu kan wa ma lam yasha’ lam yakun.”

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s marginalia]

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Blameworthy to Wipe the Eyes With the Thumbs During the Call to Prayer?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Some scholars are stating that kissing the thumbs after hearing our Prophet’s name (peace be upon him) is an innovation. What is the good approach to this issue?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

It is far-fetched to say it is a bid`a (innovation).

Ibn Abidin first mentions the scholars who said that it is recommended to do, and then mentioned that none of the hadiths that mention this from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) are authentic.

Ibn Abidin’s actual text is as follows, from his Radd al-Muhtar (aka al-Hashiya or al-Shami)

“It is recommended to say, after hearing the first Shahada [in the adhan],SallaAllahu`Alayka Ya Rasul Allah (‘May Allah send blessings on you, O Messenger of Allah’), and after the second of them, Qarrat`Ayni Bika Ya RasulAllah (‘May my eyes rejoice with you, O Messenger of Allah’) .

“Then one should say, Allahummamatti`nibi’sSam`iwa’lBasar (‘O Allah, keep blessing me with hearing and sight’), after placing the nails of both thumbs on one’s eyes, for the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) will be his guide into Janna [if he does] – as mentioned in Kanzal-`Ibad, via al-Quhustani [in his Jami` al-Rumuz] .

“This has also been mentioned in al-Fatawa al-Sufiyya. It has been reported in Kitabal-Firdaws that, “whoever kisses the nails of both thumbs upon hearing AshhaduannaMuhammda-r RasulAllah, I shall be his guide and shall enter him in the ranks of Janna. ”

“The details are in the Hawashial-Bahr of al-Ramli, from al-Maqasidal-Hasana of al-Sakhawi .

“Al-Jirahi mentioned this, too, and gave a lengthy exposition, then said, “None of these narrations has been authentically established (lam yasihh) from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) . ” [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, 1: 397-8]

The exact Arabic text may be found at the end of this answer .

The scholars differed, though, whether it is of the weak hadiths that may be used to establish recommended actions. Many Hanafis (and scholars of other schools) held that they are. Others differed; it is a Question of scholarly difference in ijtihad.

The condition for recommended actions established by weak hadiths or the ijtihad of scholars is that one not have the firm conviction that this is established from the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) himself. However, if one does it because some scholars have mentioned it to be a virtuous or beneficial action, then there is nothing wrong with it. If one is firmly convinced that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) himself did this or encouraged it, which is not authentically established, then it would be an innovation.

In short, it is neither something that is a strongly recommended action according to the Shariah nor a baseless innovation. The scholars mention that any time an issue is differed upon among the scholars of the four schools of Sunni Islam, there is no place to condemn someone who does something one differs with.

May Allah guide us to that which is best.

Wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani

قال خاتمة المحققين سيدي ابن عابدين في ردّ المحتار: (1: 387-398) تَتِمَّةٌ ] يُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ يُقَالَ عِنْدَ سَمَاعِ الْأُولَى مِنْ الشَّهَادَةِ : صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْك يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ , وَعِنْدَ الثَّانِيَةِ مِنْهَا : قَرَّتْ عَيْنِي بِك يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ , ثُمَّ يَقُولُ : اللَّهُمَّ مَتِّعْنِي بِالسَّمْعِ وَالْبَصَرِ بَعْدَ وَضْعِ ظُفْرَيْ الْإِبْهَامَيْنِ عَلَى الْعَيْنَيْنِ فَإِنَّهُ عليه السلام يَكُونُ قَائِدًا لَهُ إلَى الْجَنَّةِ , كَذَا فِي كَنْزِ الْعِبَادِ . ا هـ . قُهُسْتَانِيٌّ , وَنَحْوُهُ فِي الْفَتَاوَى الصُّوفِيَّةِ . وَفِي كِتَابِ الْفِرْدَوْسِ ” { مَنْ قَبَّلَ ظُفْرَيْ إبْهَامِهِ عِنْدَ سَمَاعِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فِي الْأَذَانِ أَنَا قَائِدُهُ وَمُدْخِلُهُ فِي صُفُوفِ الْجَنَّةِ } ” وَتَمَامُهُ فِي حَوَاشِي الْبَحْرِ لِلرَّمْلِيِّ عَنْ الْمَقَاصِدِ الْحَسَنَةِ لِلسَّخَاوِيِّ , وَذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ الْجِرَاحِيُّ وَأَطَالَ , ثُمَّ قَالَ : وَلَمْ يَصِحَّ فِي الْمَرْفُوعِ مِنْ كُلِّ هَذَا شَيْءٌ … .

Is Wudu Necessary to Give the Call to Prayer (Adhan)?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalam’aleykum

Is wudu necessary to give the call to prayer (adhan)?

Answer:Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.

It is stated in al-Durr al-Mukhtar and al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah, two authoritative references of Hanafi jurisprudence, that the position of the Hanafi madhab is that it is not makruh (disliked) for a person to make adhan without wudu. That is, wudu is not required for adhan.

Imam al-Sarakhsi, one of the greatest Hanafi jurists, states in his Mabsut, one of the greatest works of Hanafi jurisprudence, the following support for this ruling:

1) It has been reported that Sayyidna Bilal, the mu’adhin of the Messenger of Allah (SallAllahu alaihi wa sallam), used to occasionally make adhan while not being in a state of wudu.

2) Adhan is a great form of dhikr (remembrance) of Allah, just like the Qur’an. Hence, just as it is permissible to recite the Qur’an without wudu (i.e. from memory, without touching the mushaf), it should also be permissible to make adhan without wudu. This is a type of qiyas (analogical deduction).

In addition, Imam Ibn Abi Shaybah records in his Musannaf that the following great Imams held this view (i.e. that calling adhan without wudu is acceptable and not disliked): Ata ibn Abi Rabah, al-Hasan al-Basri, Qatadah, and Ibrahim al-Nakha’i. These are some of the greatest imams of the Tabi’een (students of the Sahabah), and they are authorities in the religion.

Finally, it should be noted that while calling the adhan without wudu is permissible without being disliked, calling the iqaamah (i.e. the start of the prayer) without wudu is disliked (makruh). This is because the iqaamah is called immediately before the prayer starts. Hence, one who is not on wudu at this time would have to go make wudu, and would either miss the congregational prayer or at least be late for it.

Wassalam,
Umer Mian

The Call to Prayer (Adhan) and Prayer Timings

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: [1 ] Should the adhan be made at the START of the time when the five prayers becomes permissible, or can it be delayed in order to better fit the timings of the congregational prayers (e.g. making adhan late for Fajr, as its congregational prayer is usually delayed in the Hanafi madhab)? [2] Also, the dua which we say after adhan (.. اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ), should we only say it after really having heard the adhan, or can it also be said when the adhan “should” have been made according to the time, in an area were adhan can’t be heard.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

[1] There would no harm in delaying the call to prayer (adhan) until the recommended times for prayer.

[2] The supplication is normally said after the call to prayer (adhan). If the call to prayer (adhan) is usually given in one’s neighbourhood and one cannot hear it, it would be recommended to give the call to prayer (adhan) oneself — though, it need not be long nor loud. Thereafter, one can say the supplication.

[Haskafi, al-Durr al-Mukhtar; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah/Tahtawi, Hashiyat al-Tahtawi]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani