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Praying in a Car

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I am a taxi driver and sometimes I don’t find any mosque near to me. Can I pray on the driving seat ?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum assalam.

I pray you are well. You should keep a prayer mat and some water to hand in your car, and pray outside when the time comes. As long as you’re able to stand and pray, sitting would not be valid. (Shurunbulali; Maraqi al Falah)

It should be possible to pray in a car park or somewhere like that without too much difficulty. It might seem uncomfortable, but any effort you go to in oder to seek Allah’s pleasure you’ll find that your rewarded for it many times over in this life and the next. “Indeed, Allah is appreciative and all-knowing.” (Qur’an; 2:1580

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Is It Permissible to Buy Cars at Auctions?

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

I plan to buy a car soon. Is it okay for me to buy a car in an auction without knowing the origin of the car?

Answer: In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Buying and selling on the basis of an auction is perfectly permissible and acceptable according to Shariah. In fiqh terminology, it is termed as ‘Bay al-Muzayada’.

Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates “that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) once sold a saddle and bowl through auction. He asked: “Who will buy this saddle and bowl from me? A Companion said: “I will buy it for one Dirham”. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) replied: “Who will increase on one Dirham? Another Companion gave him two Dirhams, So the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) sold the two items to him” (Sunan Tirmizi, no. 1218 & Musnad Ahmad, 3/114).

In view of the above Hadith, the Fuqaha have stated that the practice of auctioning is generally permissible (See: al-Mawsili, al-Ikhtiyar li ta’lil al-Mukhtar, 2/278).

The Hadith in which the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) stated: “None of you transact on the transaction of your brother” (Sahih Muslim) is understood to be in the case where the parties have agreed on a price or the seller is inclined towards selling the item to a person.

Imam al-Mawsili states in al-Ikhtiyar:

“The meaning of the Hadith is that the buyer and seller agree on a price with only the formalities left, and a third person comes and offers to pay more. However, if he offered to pay more before any mutual agreement took place between the two parties, then this is permissible” (2/289).

Therefore, auctioning will be permissible, as the seller does not agree to sell an item to any of the bidders; rather he anticipates the highest bid and then sells it accordingly.

As far as the origin of the items sold in auctions is concerned, it should be remembered that if one does not have any knowledge with regards to the origin of a particular item, then it will be permissible to purchase it. If in a particular case, it is known that an item was stolen or falsely snatched from the rightful owner, then in that particular case it will be impermissible to purchase it. This is a general ruling that is not only specific to auctioning.

And Allah knows best

Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

Photo: Car leasing made simple

Is It Permissible for a Woman to Drive a Women-Only Taxi?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: In my country a new company has decided to make women-only taxis drived by women instead of men. Most of my friends and family disapproved and called it ‘haram’. Are they correct?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

It would not be accurate to state that a women driving a women-only taxi service is engaging in something impermissible (haram).

In itself there is no problem with a woman (a) driving and (b) driving other women around as a service. Both of these actions are permissible. Rather, if the service is implemented effectively, this is something that many women may find quite useful.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Greg O’Beirne

Is It Permissible to Pray in a Moving Vehicle? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: What is the ruling for praying in a moving vehicle such as a train or airplane?

Answer: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

I pray that you are well.

Voluntary Prayers while Traveling

While traveling, it is permissible to perform voluntary prayers while sitting in a moving vehicle.

If it is possible to face the qibla at the initiation of the prayer, one must do so, as well as any other time throughout the prayer.

Otherwise, the qibla for such a person is the direction they are headed in, and remains so.

Such a person would incline forward for ruku’, and more so for sujud, to differentiate between the two.

Obligatory Prayers

It is obligatory to stand and face the qibla. If one is in a car, they must disembark so as to stand, and complete the prayer. If on a boat or a plane, they must stand and face the qibla, and turn towards it, while in the prayer, if the mode of transportation changes course away from the qibla. This is because facing it is a condition of the prayer.

If one cannot be fairly certain that one is facing the direction of the qibla in a plane, they must nevertheless perform the prayer due to the sanctity of the time, and should redo it later when one is certain that this condition can be fulfilled.

Shuaib Ally

Photo: Andrew Kaszowski

Is Emergency Roadside Service Coverage Permissible?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: As Salam Alaykum,

Is it permissible to purchase emergency roadside service coverage subscriptions?

These require a customer to pay a fixed amount per year as part of a yearly membership/subscription. In return, the company provides emergency roadside assistance.

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.

Subscription to an emergency roadside assistance plan is not similar to insurance contracts. The former is a valid and permissible service contract, while the latter represents a form of riba (interest) and qimar (chancing). For more details, please see this answer by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari.

Wassalam,
Umer Mian

Photo: Kgbo

Are Cover Plan Contracts Permissible?

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

Question: I understand that the insurance contract generally is unlawful. My question is related to “cover plan” contracts.

The first plan is the road recovery services offered by AA, RAC. A fixed premium is paid per year and any issues related to your car can be fixed by the company on call out. Is it permissible?

The second plan is related to cover taken with a company that says that on paying a fixed amount per year one can call them out to fix an appliance. Is it permissible?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

To become a member of AA or RAC or any other company for the breakdown of the car is permissible and is not similar to insurance.

The reason that insurance is unlawful has been explained at length in past answers.

The case, however, with car membership is not the same. When one becomes a member, one pays for the service which the company offers him, which is to be at his assistance at any time. The money which is being paid is for the service. This is the reason why the company does not pay for any damages to the car. If you are short of fuel they will bring the fuel for you, but you will have to pay for it. If one does not use their service during the course of the year, then the payment still remains, as one is paying for the service of them being there for you at any time.

And Allah Knows Best

Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari, UK

Photo: Elf

I’m Not Sure If I Caused Damage to a Car and I’ve Now Driven Off. What Should I Do?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

Whilst dropping my mother I accidentally scuffed the front bumper of a car. I don’t know if the scuff was already there or if I did it. After we were finished I drove off but the scuff mark kept on bothering me.

What should I do?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

If you are reasonably sure you caused the damage, you should have waited for the driver in order to apologise, or minimally, you should have left a note, perhaps with a contact number.

If you are unsure, or it was the kind of bump which would not normally cause damage, you can assume that you did not do it and the other vehicle was already marked in the way you describe.

However, you can consider giving some charity on behalf of the person, or at least supplicating for them with something general, in case they were not Muslim, as a way of rectifying the potential wrong.

Please see also: Making the Servant Pay for Damages Caused by Negligence

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Chris

Can We Use a Car Provided by the Government for Personal Needs?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum

My father has been given a government car for personal use up to some specified time limit. We discharge our driver at night. In his absence, are we allowed to drive that car if it is within the specified limit of petrol usage?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

If the company has permitted you to use the car, then you can use it. What is problematic is usage without right and deception and the like.

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can I Pray in a Car? How To Pray in a Train?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: (1) If I am traveling by car and the time of prayer is approaching its end time, is the prayer permissible in the sitting position on the seat if it is not possible to get out? Does it later need to be repeated?

(2) Can one pray on a moving train If the train points in the same direction. Does this later need to be repeated?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

Standing is considered an integral of the obligatory prayer except for those who have a valid excuse to sit, such as the sick or injured. Being in a car and unable to exit for prayer is not considered a valid excuse permitting prayer in the car in a sitting position. As such, the basis would be for one to stop and pray in the normal standing position.

However, if unable to do so for any reason, one should pray in the car and repeat it later.

Praying on a Train

The same ruling generally applies to a train. Yet, in the case of a train if one is unable to stand without, for example, feeling dizzy, or losing balance, and so forth, then one can pray sitting down. Note that ‘sitting down’ does not refer to praying with head movements on one’s seat, but sitting on the ground and making an actual prostration. In this case, one would not have to repeat the prayer.

If one does not have space to stand or sit on the ground to pray (if the situation permits), then one can pray sitting on one’s seat with head movements. However, the prayer would have to be repeated later in this case.

Praying on a Train and the Qibla

It would remain obligatory to face the Qibla when performing the obligatory prayers on a train. One would be required to adjust one’s position as the train changes direction away from the Qibla. It should be noted that in the Hanafi school, a valid facing towards the Qibla is being within a 45 degrees of its actual direction on either side. In other words, there is a total leeway of 90 degrees.

[Imdad al-Fatawa (1:393-4); Fatawa Usmani (1:369)]

It s best to plan ahead when it comes to these matters to try and ensure that one can pray properly within the time. This is not always feasible, and so all we can do is try our best.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.