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How Should Someone With a Colostomy Bag Make Ablution and Pray?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: How should someone with a colostomy bag attached to their body make ablution, maintain ablution and offer prayer?

My patient is a stage four bowel cancer patient. It is not possible for him to remove the bag in order to pray without it.

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

The answer to this question returns to the issue of chronic excuses. The rules related to the ablution of people with chronic excuses has been detailed by Sh. Faraz at the following link:

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Should I Deal With Chronic Gas Problems in Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

I am dealing with continuous passing of wind issues. I know that I must pray while sitting. But what if I stand and pray with the assumption that I may not pass wind up to the end of the prayer, but nonetheless break my wudu during the prayer? Is my prayer invalid in this case?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

If you pass wind during the prayer, your prayer will be nullified. However, you should ignore misgivings and any feelings or sensations you may have, and continue praying unless you hear or smell something and are absolutely certain that something has exited.

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and his Household and grant them peace) has said, “If any of you feels something in his stomach such that it is unclear to him whether something has come out or not, then he should certainly not leave the mosque, unless he hears a sound or smells an odour.” [Muslim]

Please also see: Should I Pray Sitting down Because of Excessive Gas? and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah alone knows best.

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Photo: Babaroga

How Can I Pray When Unable to Stop the Bleeding of My Finger?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu aleykum,

I was washing and accidentally cut my finger and got a rift. It was bleeding and I tried to wash it and stop the bleeding with a tissue. It got stopped a little but when I tried to wash the blood from the cut and the area outside of it so I could perform wudu, it opened again. Eventually the time for praying passed and I still had the same problem with my finger. If this happens again what should I do if I want to pray in time?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

You should stop the flow, using a plaster, bandage, or the like, and then perform wudu and pray.

If the blood stops before the subsequent prayer time passes, you would need to repeat the prayer you prayed whilst you were “bleeding.”

Please see: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

As a Hanafi Can I Have Recourse to Some Maliki Dispensations?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

1. I have a gastrointestinal disease that causes me problems in the evening during Isha time and through Fajr. The problem during these times is very bad and I cannot perform prayer without making wudu multiple times. Since the problem does not occur during the day I do not think I am considered chronically excused as per the Hanafi madhab. Would it be possible to follow the Maliki rulings on excuses in this case?

2. I often have a hard time performing prayer since it is almost impossible to avoid my parents dog’s spit coming on my clothes or skin. Could I follow the Maliki ruling in this situation? How to do this?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

(1) You should take all reasonable means to prevent the excuse from happening, even by praying sitting down, for instance, if the excuse happens whilst standing, or praying with head movements. Moreover, you should ignore all misgivings, feelings and sensations, and only act on the basis of reasonable surety and when you are sure that your ablution (wudu) has been invalidated. I’d recommend getting in touch with a local scholar in order to discuss your problem in more detail. [see: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution]

(2) Please see: Can I Pray in Clothes that Were Licked by a Dog?

And see also: A Menstruating Woman Reciting the Qur’an: The Maliki Position, Sticking to One School, and the Path of Taqwa and: Frequent Rectal Discharges: Is There Any Dispensation Regarding Maintaining Ritual Purity? [Maliki School] and:

The sunna way of praying when injured or unable to stand – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Consider taking this free course: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Beliefs & Worship (STEP)

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings

‘Verily this religion is ease, and none make this religion difficult except that it overwhelms them.’ [Bukhari]

Drops of urine during prayer: simply misgivings?
Key Principles Relating to Certainty, Doubt, and Baseless Misgivings (waswasa)
Checking Clothing for Drops of Urine
Praying in Clothes Affected by Urine Dripping Problem
Urine Leakage, Chronic Gas, and Misgivings
How Do I Pray When Liquid Constantly Leaks from My Private Parts?
Excused Liquid Filth and Ignoring Baseless Doubts About Purity
How to deal with drops of urine in the restroom?
What Should I Do About Left Over Drops Of Urine?
Waiting for Urine to Stop and Wudu
How to Avoid Waswasa of Dripping Urine After Using the Restroom
Drops of urine: when is it a chronic excuse?
When Do I Make Wudu When I Have a Chronic Excuse?
The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution
How Can I Maintain Purity and Pray When I Have a Weak Bladder that Constantly Leaks?
How to Maintain Purity for Prayer With a Non-Excused Urine Dripping Problem

Can I Pray While Blood is Flowing from a Wound?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I recently had a back operation. Some blood still flows from the operation. I noticed some blood from the operation flowing while I was praying.  Am I allowed to pray with blood flowing as a result of an operation? 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

If you are considered excused (ma`dhur), it would be permitted to pray whilst the excuse (bleeding in your case) is occurring.

In order to establish that you have an excuse, an entire prayer time must pass wherein you did not find enough time to perform a minimal ablution (wudu) and quick prayer, without the excuse occurring.

However, if you are able to pray sitting (on the floor) such that the excuse will not occur, then you must do so, and thus you will not be considered excused (ma`dhur).

See also: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution 

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

When Do I Make Wudu When I Have a Chronic Excuse?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am a person who has a problem of constant breakdown of wudu. So, due to this reason I perform the wudu once when the time of prayer begins and pray as much as I want till the end of prayer time. At the time when my wudu breaks most after using the toilet, at that time can I do wudu once at the beginning of prayer time and pray as much as I want till the end of prayer time? Can I do this at situations such as when paying in school because at that time I cannot go to toilet or other situations when if I go to toilet then my prayer may become qada.

 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

If you are considered excused (ma`dhur), you would perform the ablution for each prayer. (Please see here: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Otherwise, you must wait until the traces of urine have ended before praying. Please use the following guidelines as mentioned in this article: What Should I Do About Left Over Drops of Urine?

a. After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,
b. Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,
c. Wipe the private part with toilet paper,
d. Wash the private part with water three or so times, as mentioned in the Maraqi al-Falah, and
e. Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.

After this, any doubts of urine being admixed with the water can be and should be ignored.

Please see: Chronic Gas Problems and Consistent Flatulence and Tarawih Prayer

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Chronic Passing of Small Amounts of Gas

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: My question is regarding the chronic passing of very small amounts of gas – making it difficult to keep wudu during salah, or reciting Quran. I may be able to quickly complete fard (albiet, with great anxiety and worry that my wudu will break any second), – but during sunnah or nafl – my wudu breaks – This has been causing great hardship for me. Although it doesn’t happen 100% of the time, it happens often enough that much of the time I have difficulty concentrating and enjoying my salah or Quran recitation. My condition does not seem to fall in the “exempted” category, but yet, I feel it is so very hard, that it can be discouraging at times.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

We have a legal principle: Certainty is not lifted by doubt. The believer is decisive. Many a time, it “feels” like gas exited, but in reality nothing happened. It was just an uncomfortable sensation.

Thus, unless you hear or smell something, or are absolutely certain that something exited, assume nothing happened. If you are unsure, you ablution (wudu) is unaffected. Such doubts and misgivings are to be ignored.

Ask Allah to give you sweetness in your prayer, whilst striving wholeheartedly to uphold the Prophetic sunnas during the ablution (wudu) and the prayer itself. ‘If My slaves ask you about Me, I am near. I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me.’ [Qur’an, 2:185]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz A. Khan

Chronic Gas Problems

Answered by Ustadh Tabarze Azam

Question: I have chronic stomach problem which means I usually pass gas in salah. Some foods have a greater effect on me – but even when I fast and am not eating, I still pass gas.

a) When I eat something I know would effect my stomach, does that invalidate my wudu?
b) Can I pray two prayers with one wudu (for example, dhur, then asr)?
c) Usually I pass gas in salat, but sometimes I don’t.  When I don’t, am I still considered an excused person?
d) Can I make wudu and pray after one hour?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

In order to be considered an excused person, one must fulfill the conditions. The condition of initiation is that an entire prayer time passes with the excuse (that renders one unable to retain wudu) present such that one did not have enough time to perform a minimal wudu and pray a quick prayer. (See here for further details: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution)

It is necessary to take all reasonable means to stop the excuse from occurring. For example, if it is possible to pray sitting (on the floor) without gas exiting, one must pray sitting.

The above is based upon the gas actually exiting, and one’s certainty in this. One does not act upon doubts and misgivings, even if strong. Many a time, it is an uncomfortable sensation or “feeling”, and not an actual exiting of gas. If one is in such difficulty, unless one: [1] hears or smells something, or is [2] absolutely certain that something exited, one should ignore the “sensation” completely.

[a] No, eating something knowing that it may give one some difficulty would not affect one’s ablution. However, it may be better to avoid, if reasonably possible.

[b] If it is established that you have an excuse, you would perform the ablution (wudu) for each prayer time.

[c] One would no longer be considered an excused person if a complete prayer time passed without the occurrence of the excuse.

[d] If it is established that you have an excuse, the occurrence of the excuse within the prayer time will not invalidate your ablution (wudu).

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “How amazing is the matter of the believer! All of his matter is good, and this is not for anyone except the believer. If ease comes his way, he is thankful, so it is good for him. And if hard times hit him, he is patient, so it is good for him.” [Muslim]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Urine Leakage, Chronic Gas, and Misgivings

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:  For a while now I have had a problem with urine leakage after going to the bathroom. Usually, this only happens after urinating and the only position that it really leaks out in is while in Sujud.  If I use the washroom right beforehand, this problem makes praying in congregation difficult.

Also, at the same time, I have food sensitivities causing chronic gas and nasal drip that the doctor could not resolve.  I find it very difficult to keep wudu for very long. Sometimes I can keep wudu long enough to pray an entire pray, but what should I do about taraweeh? I don’t want to have to constantly stop and start again due to making wudu between rakats and worry if my prayer has been accepted or not.

 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

Misgivings should be completely ignored. One does not break the prayer on a doubt about purity.

From now on, follow these guidelines:

[1] After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,

[2] Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,

[3] Wipe the private part with toilet paper,

[4] Wash the private part with water three or so times, as mentioned in the Maraqi al-Falah, and

[5] Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.

After doing this, one does not need to check anything. Any feelings or sensations should be ignored. Certainty is not lifted by subsequent doubts. Therefore, unless one is absolutely certain that something has come out –- which isn’t possible if one followed the steps above –- one ignores every single whisper the devil throws one’s way.

Then, one should pray focusing on the Divine, out of gratitude, love, and reverence.

See also: What Should I Do About Left Over Drops Of Urine?

Chronic Gas & Excuses

Mere suppositions of gas exiting would be of no legal consequence. Though if it is established that one has a chronic excuse (see here for details: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution), it would be relatively easy to pray tarawih.

However, it would remain necessary to take all reasonable means to stop that which makes one unable to retain one’s ablution (wudu); therefore, if it is possible to pray sitting such that the excuse does not occur, (i.e. the passing of wind in this case), one must pray sitting. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

On the other hand, if one is not chronically excused, one tries one’s best – whilst completely ignoring any misgivings – and only renews one’s ablution if one smells or hears something. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When Allah desires good for someone, He afflicts him.” [Bukhari]

A Note on Misgivings

Don’t lose yourself in misgivings – this is what the devil wants. Purifying oneself is a means to something greater. This religion is a mercy and if one follows the way of the Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace), as is called of us, one will be guided.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani