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`Isha Timing and Chronic Excuses

Answered by Sidi Wasim Shiliwala

Question: Until what time can we pray Isha prayer before it is considered late? Also, is someone is excused due to urinary leakage does he still need to wait till the end of the time to see if it stops? I’m asking to make sure I don’t miss the prayer due to delaying it because of the excuse.

 

Answer: Walaikum As-salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

May Allah reward you for your concern about ensuring the validity of your prayers. Your question covers two different areas – prayer timings and chronic excuses, so we shall first review the rulings related to each:

Rulings Related to the `Isha Prayer’s Timings

1. Entrance: `Isha prayer enters at the end of Maghrib, which is when the red twilight disappears from the horizon.
2. Exit: `Isha prayer ends right before Fajr begins, which is when the first white light spreads across the horizon.
3. Permissible: It is permissible to pray `Isha anytime between its entrance and exit.
4. Confirmed Sunnah: It is the confirmed sunnah (sunnah mu`akkada) of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to pray `Isha in congregation, ideally in a masjid for men, and at home for women.
5. Recommended: It is recommended (mustahabb) to pray `Isha close to its entrance time during the summer (when the days are long) and to delay it until a third of the night has passed during the winter (when nights are long).
6. Disliked: It is slightly disliked (makruh) to pray after halfway through the night.

Rulings Related to Chronic Conditions

A chronic condition is that which prevents one from maintaining a state of wudhu long enough to pray a prayer.
Example: an uncontrollable leakage of urine.

1. It is established when the condition lasts for the entirety of a prayer time such that one could not pray at all during it. For this beginning case, one prays at the end of the prayer time.
Example: the urine started leaking before dawn and continued through sunrise, such that one couldn’t do wudhu and pray Fajr at any point without it leaking, so he/she must pray Fajr at its last time, whereupon the leakage will be excused.

2. It only continues, however, by one occurrence of the condition during the prayer time for all following prayers, which can be prayed at any point in their time without having to wait for the condition to occur.
Example: when Dhuhr enters, the person does wudhu and prays Dhuhr at any point in its time, considering any leaking that happens during the prayer as excused. This prayer is valid even if the condition ceases for a time. So long as it occurs at least once during the prayer time, the person is excused.

3. It ends when the condition does not occur once during a prayer time.
Example: throughout the entirety of Maghrib, no leakage occurs, so the person is NOT considered excused when `Isha comes, but rather returns to step 1.

Your specific case (`Isha prayer):
Considering the above rules, there are two applicable scenarios:
1. If you have already established that you are excused, then you can pray `Isha when it enters without excessive delay.
2. If you have NOT established that you are excused (i.e. the condition began at `Isha time), then you pray at the end of `Isha’s timing, meaning right before Fajr. If by this time your condition has not ceased, then you can consider yourself an excused person. Given the circumstances of the situation, it would NOT be disliked for you to delay `Isha in this case.

*Please note that for both cases, you are NOT expected to spend the entire night waiting to see if you can pray `Isha. Rather, you pray at its beginning or end time, both of which will allow you enough time to rest in the night. There is no need to overexert yourself – remember that “Allah wishes ease for you and does not wish for you hardship.” [2:185] And remember to be patient in trying times, as “Verily Allah is with the patient.” [2:153]

[Shurunbulali, Ascent to Felicity; Tahtawi, Hashiya `Ala Maraqi al-Falah]

For more details, see the following answers

Is it Permitted to Pray Isha After Midnight
Am I a Hypocrite for not Praying Fajr and Isha in the Masjid
The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution
Do You Have to Pray Immediately After You Make Wudu if You Have a Chronic Excuse
Can I Pray As Many Prayers As I Want With a Single Ablution

And Allah knows best, and with Him comes success.

Baarak Allahu Fikum,
-Wasim

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is Forex Trading Permissible?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I want to know about the forex trading is it permissible in islam? nowadays many houses offer interest free account so is it permissible to trade in currency pair like we buy euro for dollars and later on sell them and make profit

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

In and of itself, currency exchange (sarf) is permissible, as long as certain conditions are met, such as the transaction be done hand-to-hand without delay. [Mawsili, Ikhtiyar]

However with respect to forex trading in particular, Mufti Taqi Usmani — leading contemporary Hanafi scholar and Islamic finance expert — believes it to be impermissible, due to various problematic elements associated with this form of trading.

Please see:

Forex Currency Trading

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Cleaning Oneself After Using the Restroom: Its Effect on Fasting and How to Do it and Maintain Wudu If You Have a Chronic Excuse

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: My friend has a chronic problem with constipation and hernias. One of the ways he has found to help treat his condition is to use a bidet to thoroughly clean the area after every bowel movement. He uses the stream of water on a really high setting for a couple minutes and it enters his anus, and then afterwards he pushes the water back out. It acts almost as a homemade enema.

However, during the last few days of Ramadan this year he read that enemas are one of the things that invalidate the fast.

Three questions:

1) does this apply to how my friend has been treating himself for his constipation and hernias?

2) if so, is he required to make up all his fasts? It would be 23 days unfortunately, and he is already making up fasts from previous years before he learned how to do ghusl properly.

3) in general, what are the rulings for constipation, hernias and wudu? My friend has a hard time knowing if his anal bleeding is from the inside or the outside. Sometimes it’s not possible for him to keep checking and wait until the bleeding stops completely to pray because of work schedule, etc. What can he do?

My friend is feeling frustrated and discouraged because as he learns more about the fiqh rulings, he realizes what he had been doing in the past may not be valid. Any advice about this issue would be much appreciated.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

(1) The fast would be invalidated only if the water went up into the backside a distance of a suppository, which classically was about 3cm or so. So inshaAllah his fasts are fine.

Having said that, he should be wary of this ruling and try to make sure water or a wet finger does not go that far up into his backside when he is fasting. [Shurunbulali, Ascent to Felicity]

(2) It seems that he would not have to make up any fasts. Moreover, I don’t see why he would have other old makeup fasts due to performing ghusl incorrectly — incorrect ghusl does not invalidate the fast.

(3) After using the bathroom, he should clean the area and place toilet paper on the anus to stop the bleeding. He can then go about his work for some time to make sure it has stopped, after which he can go ahead and make wudu and pray.

If the bleeding does not stop for an entire prayer time, then he would qualify as being chronically excused.

Please see related answers on its conditions, such as:

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Chronic Excuse – Can I Pray as Many Prayers as I Want With a Single Ablution?

What Means Should a Woman With a Dysfunctional Vaginal Bleeding (Istihada) Take to Stop the Bleeding?

Urinary Incontinence and Wudu

How Can I Maintain Purity and Pray When I have a Weak Bladder That Constantly Leaks?

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Do You Have to Pray Immediately After You Make Wudu If You Have a Chronic Excuse?

Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Question: Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullah, I pray this reaches you in the best of imaan and health.

If someone has a chronic wind problem and is categorised as ‘excused’, I understand that it may be better and perhaps recommended to pray salah as soon as wudu is made. But is it permissible to make wudu (when salah time enters) and pray a little later? For example, if a person makes wudu from home for Isha/taraweeh and then travels to the masjid after magrib and iftar, which may take about 40 minutes, and avoids doing it in the masjid as they may miss jama’ah, is that okay?

Or for example in a lesson which gives 10 minute breaks out of 2 hours (which after 2 hours is complete only about 30-40 minutes is left until magrib), if someone makes wudu in that 10 minutes for asr, and then when lesson is over prays, rather than making wudu when the lesson is over and then praying thereafter, will that be okay as well?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well and in the best of heath, insha’Allah.

Yes, it would be permitted to delay the performance of the prayer, however, only until later within the same prayer time. This is as long as:

[1] One performed the ritual ablution (wudu) at the start of the prayer time;

[2] And it was not nullified by the occurrence of that which invalidates the ablution (wudu), other than the excuse.

Otherwise, the ablution (wudu) of the one with a chronic excuse is vitiated by the exiting of the prayer time and one would need to renew one’s ablution (wudu).

Nevertheless, it remains necessary to take all reasonable means to stop that which makes one unable to retain one’s ablution (wudu); therefore, if it is possible to pray sitting such that the excuse does not occur, (i.e. the passing of wind in this case), one must pray sitting. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Please see the following resources for further information:

[1] The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

[2] Chronic Excuse: Can I Pray As Many Prayers As I Want With A Single Ablution?

[3] How Can I Maintain Purity and Pray When I Have a Weak Bladder that Constantly Leaks?

And Allah knows best.

Wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Urinary Incontinence and Wudu

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: Is there a dispensation (in terms of redoing wudu’, the acceptance of hajj, repeating prayers, or anything that requires a state of wudu’) for a person who has urinary incontinence?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

This issue is based on the rules of chronic annulment of wudu.

The Dispensation

Once legally established as having a chronic excuse such as urinary incontinence, one only needs to make wudu at the time of each fard prayer, and then may pray as many fard or nafl prayers as he wishes.

The wudu of such a person is invalidated only when the prayer time expires, or if wudu is invalidated by another nullifier of wudu (other than one’s chronic excuse).

The Conditions of Such a State

There are three types of conditions for someone to legally be considered as having a chronic excuse.

(1) The condition of establishing the excuse: the excuse must last the duration of an entire prayer time period, such that the person does not have enough time to make wudu and pray the fard prayer without the excuse occurring.

Once that occurs, the person may take the dispensation mentioned above.

(2) The condition of continuation: once a person is chronically excused, then one remains so legally and can continue to take the dispensation as long as the excuse occurs at least once in each prayer time.

(3) The condition of termination: a person leaves this state only if an entire prayer time passes without a single occurrence of the excuse. If that happens, one is no longer legally excused and can no longer act on the dispensation.

[Shurunbulali, Ascent to Felicity]

And Allah knows best.

wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does Vaginal Discharge Break Wudu?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: I wanted to know what the ruling was for women who have discharge… does it nullify their wudu?… if so, then what about the women who have it daily, even if they discharge during prayer… does it then mean that their prayer does not count and that they’d have to make wudu and pray again?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum,

The default is that anything that exits from either private parts nullifies ritual ablutions (wudu), for both men and women. Such things are also considered in themselves ritually impure (najis). [Haskafi, Durr al-Mukhtar, Bab al-Ghusl]

This includes all female discharge, except one type. The discharge that does not nullify ritual ablutions (wudu) and is considered ritually clean (tahir) is the chronic vaginal discharge (rutubat al-farj) that comes out normally and regularly, and is clear and not discolored. Some scholars explain it to be akin to the sweating of the vaginal walls. When reasonably possible, one should renew one’s ritual ablutions in such cases. However, when it is difficult to do so, such as at work or school, there is nothing wrong with following this ruling. It is what is indicated by the words of Ibn Abidin, as confirmed by the fuqaha.

It should be noted, again, though that all other discharge, even if slightly discolored, nullifies ritual ablutions and is ritually impure.

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani

Chronic Excuse: Can I Pray As Many Prayers As I Want With A Single Ablution?

Answered by Sidi Waseem Hussain

Question: The following questions are in the context of a chronic condition: Do i have to perform wudu each time I make up a missed prayer. or is the wudu that I performed e.g. at the time of zuhr, valid until the next prayer, which will be Asr. and in between i can make up as many missed prayers as i can? Also, is the wudu invalidated by the entrance of the next prayer time or the end of the current prayer time?

Answer: Walaikum Salam Warahmatullah,

You do not need to make a new wudu for each missed prayer, and you can pray as many prayers as you want to in that prayer time. If you have a chronic condition then the wudu you made due to the chronic state remains valid for the entire prayer time, and you can pray as many prayers with it as you want, whether current or missed prayers.

The wudu is invalidated by the end of the current prayer time.

And Allah knows best

Waseem

[Birgivi, Dhukhr al-muta’ahhileen 93-95; Ibn `Abidin, Minh al-Warideen  288-297; `Ala al-Din ibn `Abidin, Hadiya al-Alaiyya 46-47]

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Could you please detail the fiqh of chronic excuses and ablution?

Answer:  If someone has a chronic excuse (`udhr) such as being unable to stop intermittent drops of urine, or one whose bowels have become loose, should:

1) perform wudu at the time of every fard prayer and

2) pray with that wudu as many fard or nawafil as one wishes.

Aisha reports from the the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) that he told Fatima Bint Hubaish, “Perform wudu at the time of every prayer.”

The wudu of one suffering from a chronic excuse becomes void only with

1) the expiry of the prayer time or

2) the occurrence of that which invalidates the wudhu, other than the current reason.

(Shurunbulali, Imdadu’l-Fattah Sharh Nuru’l-Idah pg 145,146 )

The conditions for being considered someone with a chronic excuse are of three types:

1. The condition of initiation: This is that an entire prayer time passes with the excuse (that renders one unable to retain wudu) present such that one did not have enough time to perform a minimal wudu and pray a quick prayer.

If bleeding starts during the time of a prayer, one waits until the end of the prayer time (or until just before the disliked time, in the case of Asr) in hope that the bleeding stop, and then prays immediately after performing wudu (and striving to take the means to stop or minimize the bleeding).

2.  The condition of continuation: To remain considered as someone with a chronic excuse, it is merely necessary that the excuse exist once in each prayer time. (This illustrates the legal maxim, ‘Continuation is easier than initiation.’)

3. The condition of termination: One is no longer considered legally excused, and therefore unable to act on the dispensation given to such an individual, after an entire prayer time goes by without the excuse occurring. [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, Gifts of Guidance]

It is necessary to take all reasonable means to stop that which makes one unable to retain one’s wudu. So, for example, if it is possible to pray sitting without the excuse (such as passing wind) occurring, one must pray sitting. [ibid.]

Faraz Rabbani