The Benefits of Sending Peace & Blessings on Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O you who believe, so should you send blessings  on him and send peace upon him in the best possible way – The Holy Qur’an

In this three part lecture series, Shaykh Amer Jamil gives a beautiful and detailed description of the benefits in keeping our tongues moist with salawat.

Photo credit: Wajahat Mahmood

We are grateful to iSyllabus UK for making this recording available. For more information on Shaykh Amer Jamil and his work, please visit iSyllabus UK.

Resources on sending blessings on Prophet Muhammad for seekers:

Are Formulas Recommended by Scholars to Achieve Some Goals Permissible to Use?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: The book ‘Remedies from the Quran’ contains different types of dhikr that can be done to achieve certain goals. For example it says that if you write Surah Yusuf on a piece of paper and wear it, your wife will increase in love for you.

Is it something permissible?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

Yes. These are permissible.

Although some of them may sound odd to people not part of the broader context of the scholars who prescribed such practices, there are two things to keep in mind when understanding the ruling of permissibility:

(a) The primary texts do not stipulate a specific form/wording of dhikr or du’a that is impermissible for a person to depart from. Rather, the command in the Qur’an to “remember God” is unconditional and, therefore, any form or wording of dhikr may be used provided it does not contravene what the shariah has clearly obligated, prohibited, or disliked.

(b) The formulas recommended by scholars that are mentioned in the question fall under the general permissibility of dhikr and du’a mentioned above. As for affirming that X verse or Y utterance has a particular effect, while this may not be explicated in the primary texts such an absence does not mean it is impermissible or baseless. Such formulations are generally based on the experiences of scholars who have seen particular benefits arising from specific verses and dhikr formulations. In other words, these scholars do not claim that these benefits and forms are specifically mentioned and prescribed in the shariah. This is important to keep in mind.

In light of the above, there is no issue in the practices mentioned in your question.

Please see: Is It Permissible To Seek the Aid of Jinn? and: The Concept of Bid’a in the Islamic Shari’a


Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Photo: Teogomez

The Chosen Times Of Du’a – Adab Of Du’a 23

Allah Most High says, “I am near – I answer the call of the one who calls upon me (2:186).

Yet, many of us wonder: Are my du’as being answered? Is there a certain du’a I have to read for each of my muslim-making-dua-by-the-oceanconcerns? Do my du’as have to be in Arabic?

In this series of short talks, Shaykh Faraz Rabbani explains the reality of du’a (supplication) and how to turn to Allah. It is based on a classical text on the same subject by Shaykh al Islam Zakariyya al Ansari.

This video covers the various blessed times when we are encouraged to make du’a.


Click here to watch all the videos in the series.

The text is divided into the 11 concise, apt sections described below.

1. The reality of du’a
2. Our being called on to make du’a
3. The great virtue of du’a
4. The integrals of supplication, its wings, and its means
5. The conditions of supplication
6. Its proper manners
7. The times of du’a and the state in which it should be made
8. Signs of acceptance of du’a
9. Explaining the religious ruling of du’a
10. Some encompassing supplications
11. Explaining what the greatest Divine Name is

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Would You Dwell in Gardens of Paradise on Earth?

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani explains the significance of circles of remembrance and why the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) referred to them as Gardens of Paradise, when he said, “If you pass by the Gardens of Paradise, then dwell therein.” When asked what the gardens of paradise are, he replied, “The circles of remembrance.”

The Garden is sought not for its trees, fruits, or flowers–but because it is the meeting-place with the Beloved.

It is in circles of remembrance that one finds love for Allah, and the yearning to turn to Him–that yearning that is only realized by turning to the light of the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him & his folk).

This is a brief talk given by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani after a circle of remembrance on 24th July 2015 in Pretoria, South Africa. Follow the Spread Light tour of Africa on the SeekersHub website. Your financial support is crucial to our #SpreadLight campaign, which seeks to provide truly excellent Islamic learning to at least 1,000,000 seekers of knowledge in the coming year. This will serve as an ongoing charity (sadaqa jariyah) so please donate today.

Is There Any Supplication to Die in a Good State of Faith?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum

1) Is there any supplication we can make so that when we die, we die in a good state of faith and free from sins?

2) Can we recite any supplication while in the last prostration? How do I send blessings to the Prophet (Peace and blesings be upon him)? What are the best remembrance I should do?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

(1) Ask Allah for what you want. He loves to be asked. Ibn `Ata’illah said, “Whenever He loosens your tongue with a petition, know that He wants to give to you” [al-Hikam]

(2) I’d advise purchasing: The Book of Remembrances (Kitab al-Adhkar), by Imam Nawawi, and translated by Dr. Muhammad Is Waley. This is a compilation of supplications for numerous occasions.

See also:

Struggling to Have Children: Ten Key Etiquettes of Du’a

Sending Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) after Asr on Fridays

Supplicating in Prostration

Important Details Regarding Making Supplications During the Prayer

Supplicating for Death in Madina & Burial in Baqi

Fighting Depression Through The Remembrance Of Allah

And Allah alone gives success.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Impermissible to Move Back and Forth While Reciting Qur’an?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamalaikum,

I was visiting Saudi Arabia once and an arab lady over there told me that we should not move back and forth while reciting Quran because it imitates the jews, and she told me some hadith related to this.
Is it impermissible for us to move back and forth while reciting Quran or doing zikr or tasbih?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

No, it is not impermissible nor sinful to move, rock, or sway whilst reciting the Qur’an or doing any other form of remembrance (dhikr).

The Proof for Permissibility of Movement during Remembrance (dhikr)

Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Once, the Abyssinians were dancing in front of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), saying in their language: ‘Muhammad is a righteous servant.’ He (Allah bless him and give him peace) asked: ‘What are they saying?’ It was said: ‘[They are saying]: ‘Muhammad is a righteous servant.’’”

Shaykh Shu`ayb al-Arna’ut noted that its chain of transmission is rigorously authentic (sahih).

Shaykh `Abd al-Qadir `Isa writes in his Haqa’iq `an al-Tasawwuf, “When he saw them in that state, he did not censure them. Rather, he approved of their act. It is known that rulings in the Sacred Law are taken from his (Allah bless him and give him peace) statements, actions, and tacit approvals. Since he approved of their action and did not censure them, it is clear that it is permissible.” [`Isa, Haqa’iq `an al-Tasawwuf]

He continues, “This hadith contains evidence that it is permissible to gather between permissible movement and exaltation of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace). It also proves that movement during remembrance is not described as forbidden dance, rather it is permissible because it energises the body for remembrance and assists one in having presence of heart with Allah- if one’s intention is sound.” [ibid.]

The Swaying & Movement of the Companions (sahaba)

Our Master Ali (may Allah ennoble his face) reported regarding the Companions (sahaba), “If Allah was mentioned they swayed the way trees sway on a windy day…” [Abu Nu`aym, al-Hilya]

This report was used as evidence by Shaykh `Abd al-Ghani al-Nablusi in one of his treatises on the permissibility of movement during remembrance.

Sheikh Nuh Keller translates a lengthier passage from Imam Suyuti’s al-Hawi li al-Fatawi in which he mentions the incident of Imam Ja`far, “…and the hadith exists [in many sources, such as Musnad al-Imam Ahmad, 1.108, with a sound (hasan) chain of transmission] that Ja‘far ibn Abi Talib danced in front of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) when the Prophet told him, “You resemble me in looks and in character,” dancing from the happiness he felt from being thus addressed, and the Prophet did not condemn him for doing so, this being a basis for the legal acceptability of the Sufis dancing from the joys of the ecstasies they experience.” [Keller, Sea without Shore]

Imitation of the Non-Muslims

Impermissible imitation is when a person does something that is (a) a distinguishing sign of disbelief or corruption, such as wearing a cross, or (b) out of simply copying non-Muslims and wanting to be ‘like them’.

Hence, mere movements in and of themselves, whilst remembering Allah— Qur’an or otherwise— are not impermissible.

Allah Most High says, “[those] who remember God standing, sitting, and lying down…” [3.191]

The master exegete Abu al-Su`ud Effendi comments here, “the specification of these states is not exclusionary; rather, it is due to their being the states that a person is normally found in.” [Abu al-Su`ud , Irshad al-`Aql al-Salim]

This is why Shaykh `Abd al-Qadir `Isa concludes his section on remembrance by saying, “Whoever remembers Allah, while sitting or standing, resting or walking, or moving or staying still, is carrying out that which is sought from him and is complying with the Divine command.”

See also: Is Group Dhikr With Swaying Permissible?

And Allah alone gives success.

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How To Understand the Words: “Tasbih”, “Tahlil” and “Taqdis”?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum,

Would you kindly explain the meaning of “tasbih”, “tahlil” and “taqdis” in the hadith below?

“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

‘Hold fast to At-Tasbih, At-Tahlil, and At-Taqdis, and count them upon the fingertips, for indeed they shall be questioned, and they will be made to speak. And do not become heedless, so that you forget about the Mercy (of Allah).”

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

(1) The tasbih is saying SubhanAllah (Glory be to Allah);

(2) the tahlil is saying: La ilaha illa Allah (There is no god but Allah);

(3) and the taqdis is saying: Subhan al-Malik al-Quddus (Glory be to the King, the Holy) or: Subbuhun Quddusun Rabb al-Mala’ikati wa al-Ruh (Glorious, Holy, Lord of the angels and the Spirit.)

[Munawi, al-Taysir bi Sharh al-Jami` al-Saghir; Qari, Mirqat al-Mafatih]

Please also see: The Effects of Various Dhikr – Habib Ahmad Mashhur al-Haddad and: Imam Abdullah al-Haddad on a Treasure of Paradise: La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah (‘There is no ability nor power except through Allah’) and: The Virtues of Emphatic Remembrance

And Allah alone gives success.

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What is the Etiquette of Dhikr?

Answered by Ustadh Shuaib Ally

Question: Can you please detail what is the adab of dhikr? For example, when one is doing one’s daily wird, what should be taken into account? Is it necessary to be in wudu? For women, do I have to be covered? Is it possible to stop and continue where one left off?

Answer:Assalaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah,

Definition of dhikr and its purpose

Ibn ‘Allan mentions Imam al-Razi’s definition for Dhikr: for the tongue, it is any utterance that indicates glorification, praise or exaltation; for the heart, it is pondering Allah’s essence and attributes, as well as considering one’s legal obligations and their proofs, and thinking about the secrets of Allah’s creation. For the body, it is for it to be continuously immersed in obedience.

Etiquette of dhikr

Imam al-Ghazali mentions ten etiquettes of Dhikr:

1. Taking advantage of excellent and beneficial times, such as at night

2. Taking advantage of good situations, such as during rainfall

3. To face the qibla

4. Lowering one’s voice

5. Not going overboard in choosing flowery expressions

6. Being in a state of humility, submission, hope and fear

7. Asking while believing that your prayers will be answered

8. Persisting in one’s supplications, and repeating them thrice

9. Beginning the supplication with the mention or praise of Allah before one’s request

10. Repenting, making amends, and turning to Allah with one’s entirety

Reciting dhikr without wudu

It is not necessary to be in a state of wudu to engage in dhikr, or to recite one’s daily litanies. It is, however, recommended to do so, such that one is in the best of states. This also goes for similar activities, such as reciting the Qur’an or reading Hadith, or engaging in the study of Islamic sciences.

Covering the ‘awrah for dhikr

It is not obligatory for a woman to cover the ‘awrah she would in prayer to engage in dhikr; however, it is generally recommended for a person to be in a good state when performing actions that are meant to draw oneself closer to Allah.

Completing one’s litanies

It is possible to stop and continue where one has left off in one’s daily litanies; they do not have to be completed at one go. However, it is preferable to have set times to do it, so that one is able to regulate one’s time and litany effectively. It is also recommended that one make up any missed litanies.

Sources: al-Hawashi al-Madaniyyah; Dalil al-Falihin; Ihya‘Ulum al-Din, al-Adhkar

Shuaib Ally

Are Loud Dhikr and Supplications in a Mosque Permissible?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas
Question: What is the ruling of reciting du`a and shikr aloud by an imam? It is hard for me to attain khushu’ while the dhikr and du’a are recited aloud through a mic. I feel disturbed.
Answer: assalamu `alaykum
I pray you are doing well.
The general rule is that loud dhikr and supplication (du`a) in a mosque is permissible provided that it does not disturb people who are praying and reciting the Qur’an. If it does, it would be disliked to the extent it causes disturbance. [Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]
The reason for this rule is that the primary purpose of the mosque is for people to perform prayer and anything that distract from this purpose would be deemed problematic. In your specific situation, you may express your concerns to the Imam if doing so does not lead to any ill-will or problems. I would suggest that instead of telling them to stop, you should propose that they do it less loudly or that they wait until people finish making up the cycle they missed with the congregation.
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Is it Possible to Do a 'Wird' Without Having Access to a Shaykh?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As-salaamu alaikum,
Is it possible to do a ‘wird’ without having access to a living true shaykh?
I have heard that engaging in a long dhikr can be harmful if I am not connected to a living shaykh to supervise me. How can one of Allah’s names harm me?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
It is possible to have general spiritual routines without a teacher’s specific instruction.
However, it is best to consult a scholar, unless the particular supplication or litany is widely known to be for general reading, or more generally from the sunna of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace).
Sheikh Nuh Keller writes in his Sea without Shore, “Particular divine names such as Ya Hayy (“O Ever-living”) Ya Jabbar (“O Overmastering”) and so forth, like the Supreme Name, require permission to recite, except in limited numbers of short duration. This is because each divine name carries a particular power, and the heart and mind of the disciple may not be prepared to handle an overload of this power, just as an electrical appliance is designed to handle only a certain type of current.” [Keller, Sea Without Shore, 171]
Shaykh Gibril Haddad mentions regarding the exalted Divine Names, “the Ghawth, Sayyidi `Abd al-`Aziz al-Dabbagh said as related from him by his student the learned Shaykh `Ali ibn al-Mubarak in al-Ibriz:
“If they took them (those Names) from a shaykh who is a knower (`arif), it will not harm them; but if they took them from a shaykh who is not a knower, it will harm them.”
“I [`Ali ibn al-Mubarak] said: ‘What is the reason?’ He replied, Allah be well-pleased with him: ‘The Most Beautiful Names have lights from the Real (al-Haqq), may He be exalted and glorified! Whenever you want to mention the Name, if, with the Name, there is Its light accompanying It while you mention It, then such [dhikr] will not harm you; but if there is not, with the Name, Its light accompanying it, which is meant to protect the servant from the devil, it [i.e. the dhikr of the Name] will be a cause for the harm of the servant.
“‘When the shaykh is an actual knower of Allah Most High, meaning someone who is always in the Divine presence, and he wants to give his murid one of the Beautiful Names of Allah, he gives him [with it] that light which protects him, after which the murid mentions It and it will not harm him…. otherwise the murid will be destroyed. We ask Allah Most High for safety!'”” [see: Reciting The 99 Names Under A Guide]
In the meantime, you should learn what is obligatory for you to know, and subsequently work on applying it in your life. Making a lot of remembrance whilst committing much of the unlawful (haram) is not going to have effect it has the potential for. Ask Allah for sincerity, success, and right guidance.
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.