Posts

When Is It Valid for My Qurbani to Occur in Another Country?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

We normally arrange for our Eid ul Adha sacrifice to be carried out in another country like South Africa and sometimes Eid falls on a day in that country a day before Australia. Will our sacrifice be still valid if the actual sacrifice occurs in that country (South Africa) after Eid salah, but is actually still before we have performed Eid salah here in Australia?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

The basic principle is that what is taken into consideration as it relates to the time of the ritual-slaughter is the place wherein it occurs and not the residence of the individual upon whom it is due.

Consequently, if the agent who has been appointed to carry out your ritual-slaughter does so within the stipulated time in the country where he/she is slaughtering, it will be valid. This is regardless of whether the time for such ritual-slaughter begins earlier in that country than in yours.

[al-Haskafi, al-Durr al-Mukhtar (pp. 646)]

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

Can an Eid Sacrifice Be Done on Behalf of Someone Else? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Can an Eid Sacrifice be done on behalf of someone else? Can a child do this for his parents without telling them? Can I do it for a deceased person?

Answer: Assalam ‘alaykum. Jazakum Allah khayr for your question. I hope you’re well insha’Allah.

According to the Shafi’i school, it is not permitted to sacrifice on the behalf of living person without their permission, and without the written permission in the case of a deceased person.

It is stated, ‘It is not permitted for anyone to make the [Eid] sacrifice on behalf of another living person without his permission, and without the permission in a bequest from a deceased person. If one did so, even someone who was unaware [of the ruling], the slaughter does not count for him [the deceased] or the one slaughtering … This is because it is an act of worship, and the default is that one is not permitted [to perform an act of worship] except in the presence of evidence [that it is permitted].’ [Bushra al Karim]

Sacrificing for the Parents and Family

Given the above, a person, including a child, cannot sacrifice ‘on behalf of his parents’ or others. However, the person may slaughter ‘for’ the whole family. This includes the child if the child has a) reached puberty, b) is sane, and c) has been observed to be competent and upright in his religious and worldly dealings (rashid).

There is some difference of opinion as to the definition of who is included in ‘family’. There are three main opinions:

1. Imam Ibn Hajr states that it is any male or female relative and that it is not a condition that the child lives in the same house and/or is dependent on the parents.

2. Imam Ramli holds that it is not a condition that the family all live in one house, but the person sacrificing for the family must be the one obliged to financially support those family members for whom the slaughter is done for.

3. A further opinion is that ‘family’ includes anyone that is financially dependent on the person who is sacrificing, irrespective if the financial support is obligatory or voluntary, and whether they live in the same house or not.

All of these opinions are valid, so one may choose which one they wish, though Imam Ramli’s opinion is the most precautious.

Reward

If one sacrifices for the whole ‘family’ then the person who is sacrificing gets the reward. The rest of the family does not get the reward, but the communal sunna is lifted from the family, meaning they are no longer recommended to sacrifice and not performing it is not makrouh.

If, however, the person sacrificing makes the intention that they are sharing the reward with persons x, y, and z, then according to both Imam Ibn Hajr and Imam Ramli, the reward is shared. However, as Ibn Hajr states, ‘This seems to apply to a deceased person’ but not a living person, for who the reward is not shared, even if intended.

[Tuhfat al Muhtaj, Nihayat al Muhtaj, Bushra al Karim, al Yaqout al Nafis]

For details in the Hanafi and Maliki school, please refer to the following answers:

Can I Offer the Reward of a Sacrifice to Someone Else? (Hanafi)

Can One Person Slaughter a Sacrificial Animal on the Behalf of Others on Eid (Maliki)

I pray that clarifies things for you insha’Allah.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

How to Pray the Eid Prayer – A Illustrated Explanation

Copy the text below and embed it in your blog/website:

I’m Vegetarian: Is There An Alternative to Qurbani Slaughtering of An Animal?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Salam. Is there an alternative to Qurbani? I’m a vegetarian so don’t agree with giving the money to spend on meat or the slaughter of an animal (yes I know it’s a bit controversial but vegetarianism is allowed in Islam) but I would like to offer something instead. I don’t live in or near a Muslim community so cannot ask anyone, so I thought I’d ask for advice here? Jazak Allah khairan.

Answer: Assalam alaykum

While being vegetarian is a personal choice that is permissible in our religion—as eating meat is simply permissible (mubah), not per se recommended, let alone obligatory—the definition of a “Muslim” is one who accepts to submit (taslim) to the Command of Allah, in whom they believe (iman), which is “accepting the truth and reality” of God).

Thus, if it is established that Allah Most High has commanded us—as He commanded past Prophets and their peoples—to slaughter as

(a) an expression of our slavehood, submission, and deference to His Command and Will;

(b) in gratitude to His countless blessings upon us; and

(c) as an specific, Divinely-Commanded, expression of concern for the poor, needy, and of maintaining relations with family and friends… then our faith and submission would entail leaving our personal preferences for the Divine Command.

This is one of the many lessons from the deep and challenging example of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) when he was commanded to sacrifice his dearly beloved son.

While we’re not challenged in such testing ways, we are called to leave our preferences for what Allah has preferred—out of His Lordship, Will, and Wisdom—for us. In this, we have complete certitude (yaqin) in His Wisdom, Justice, and Mercy, for all creation, for He tells us, “Truly, My Mercy encompasses all things.” [Qur’an]

In terms of ethical concerns for animals, there are many options, including: choosing to slaughter animals raised ethically, and slaughtering them according to the sunna—or seeking out individuals or agencies that slaughter in such a manner. Other ethical choices would include sending one’s money to countries where people are in desperate need of food—and where meat is a luxury and joy that most experience only rarely.

Please also see:

Is There a Difference of Opinion on Whether Slaughtering (Qurbani) is Necessary and How Do I Make Up For Years of Not Having Done it?

What Is the Proof in the Qur’an for the Sacrifice (Udhiya) on the Days of Eid al-Adha

Do I have to give 1/3 of the Sacrificial (Udhiya) Meat away in Charity?

Who has to Sacrifice (Udhiya)?

Can Qurbani (Udhiya) Be Done In a Different Country?

Does One Have to do Udhiya/Qurbani for One’s Young Children?

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Faraz Rabbani

Eid Mubarak! Your free Eid Gift

Thank you for your support. In gratitude of your support, please accept this free gift, an eBook by Shaykh Umar Husayn al-Khatib.

Prophetic Guidance

Muhammad, the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) showed mankind how to live upon this earth. He clarified in the most minute detail how humans should worship their Lord, interact with each other and live their daily lives in a state of awareness of their Creator. It is hoped that this work will help Muslims to incorporate the Prophetic programme into their daily lives. They may then come to love following his path in every state and in so doing attain the love of Allah.
Shaykh Umar Husayn al-Khatib has travelled to the East and West teaching people the Prophetic Way. He currently teaches  in Dar alMustafa in Tarim, Yemen, a city which has been a bastion of the Sunnah from the earliest days of Islam.

A clear, concise, yet comprehensive guide to practically following the Prophet (peace be upon him) in one’s life – from walking to sleep; in worship, work, and life. It contains gems of guidance: I know of no work like it in English. A must-read for any Muslim.”
Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, SeekersHub Global

Download your free ebook here: seeke.rs/eid2016
Thank you to DTI for the use of their Book.

Eid Mubarak! Khutbah at SeekersHub Toronto by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

SeekersHub-Shaykh_Faraz_Rabbani

Eid Mubarak!

SeekersHub Toronto held its first Eid prayer at the new hub location, followed by a potluck breakfast and qasaid by Hafidh Abdullah Francis. Here we present you with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani’s khutbah that morning.

Eid: All the Rulings, Sunnahs & Takbiraat You Need To Know, by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

As we all prepare to celebrate Eid, after a month of fasting and austerity, take a few minutes to refresh your memory on the rulings and sunnahs of this special day, with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Takbiraat

For a refresher on the takbiraat of Eid, please have a listen to this by an Indonesia brother:

Beware of Making Eid Boring, by Ustadh Salman Younas

Eid is just around the corner and Ustadh Salman Younas has an important message for everyone, especially for those with children: Eid is not meant to be boring and dull.

Eid is meant to be a celebration. It is a perfect opportunity for us to show our children how our religion balances between worship and leisurely entertainment. We begin our day with charity, prayer, and supplication and continue it with food, family, and fun.
Historically, Eid was celebrated on a grand scale in the Islamic world. During the Abbasid period, the viziers and military soldiers would march in procession wearing their best clothing accompanied by torchbearers. Mosques, palaces, and even boats on the dock would be decorated and illuminated with lights. Tables would be set out for people to indulge in a variety of foods and sweets. People would sing, exchange gifts, visit family, and have an enjoyable time. In some periods, there would be firework displays as well and a number of other entertaining activities.

If you want to be a bore on Eid, then don’t be surprised when your children grow up with zero excitement and love for this prophetic tradition. As the scholar Abu’l Abbas al-Azafi (d. 633/1266) stated, “festivals are an occasion of delight, joys, permissible play, and licit amusement.” But he also noticed that many Muslim children during his time actually grew up as admirers and enthusiasts of Christian holidays/festivals because they were frankly more memorable and fun for them. Sound familiar? Yup, and this is not someone from the 21st century or the 20th century speaking, but a religious scholar from the 13th century.
If you make Eid memorable for your children by partaking in things that elicit happiness and jubilation, it will become endearing to them. So, don’t just pray the Eid prayer while your family sleeps at home and then go off to work. Don’t have your children spend Eid alone. Don’t just hand your children 20 dollars as “Eidi” and be done with it. Take a day or two off and make it something that they enjoy, remember, and can’t wait to experience again.
P.S. for those wondering, al-Azafi did try to “lecture” and “explain” to those children who adored Christian festivals that they had their own festivals. Did it work? Nope. Why? Because it is the actual experience that counts.

Follow Ustadh Salman Younas on Facebook.

[cwa id=’cta’]

Sweet Eid – Creating Memories in London

A team from London has taken it upon themselves to ensure this years Eid-Ul-Fitr brings about smiles up and down the country.

As a young boy, Abdullah Tariq used to find Eid in the really exciting, it was a day he would look forward to. It meant that he would be able to go to all his neighbours houses and get free sweets or Eidi money, then go to arcade centre and play all day. An unforgotten experience has now turned into a nationwide phenomenon.

Together with a team of volunteers Tariq has managed to bring this initiative to life. It’s aim – to make Eid the most exciting event for children and their families. The project started small, raising some money among friends, and distributing free sweets in packs at a local mosque. The sweets and balloon modelling on offer was an instant hit among children and parents!

Fast forward to Eid Al Fitr 2015 – to date the project has given out have given out over 75,000 sweets and balloons to children across locations all over London.

The project is run and orchestrated by a team of volunteers.

‘’Eid was given to us as a way of bidding kind farewell to the beautiful month that is Ramadan. Sweet Eid was created with the purest of intentions – to spread love, happiness and joy. We want children around the country to see the Eid is a joyous occasion which can be enjoyed in a halal and fun way’’ – says Zain Miah, who also carried out Sweet Eid with friend Moynul in the Grand Masjid Masjid Al Haram in Makkah last year.

What we have learnt as volunteers is that, the best form of happiness you get is when you give, especially to children and seeing them happy on Eid day gives a creates a positive buzz in the community – Abdullah Tariq

This year, Sweet Eid has expanded. With a strong team of 90+, of which most are female the team spent last week packing 15,000+ sweet packs and carrying out balloon modelling workshops. With just a day to go Sweet Eid aims to be dozens of mosques and centres up and down the country. Sweet Eid will also be at this years Eid in the Park in London and other locations.

We urge adults and parents to take their children to Eid Salah, it is a great opportunity for them to learn about the Eid and they will also get to take away sweet and balloon goodies.

Key Facts:

Sweet Eid is a free project run by volunteers,

The base for the team is in London,

This year we had over 90+ people help us pack all the sweet packs – most of these volunteers were female,

The aim of sweet Eid is to make children smile,

Some mosques Sweet Eid sweets will be found:

Darul Umma 

East London mosque

Shadwell Jame Masjid

Markaz Christian Street

Eshatul Islam

A Masjid in Preston

A Masjid in Manchester

Poplar Mosque and Community Centre

A Masjid in Dockland

A Masjid in Chatham, Kent

A Masjid in Streatham

A couple of Masjids in Leytonstone

Eid in the Park – Mile End

Masjid Ayesha

Give Meaningful Gifts (30 Deeds, 30 Days), by Ustadh Amjad Tarsin

Gift Meaningful Gifts, by Ustadh Amjad Tarsin

30 Days, 30 Deeds
Sacred Acts to Transform the Heart

Every night, our scholars in residence explore one simple deed that could have far reaching spiritual impact on our lives – and the lives of others. Every day we’ll make the intention to put that teaching into practice. Whether it’s forgiving someone who’s wronged us or putting service to others at the top of our list of priorities, these powerful lessons will remind us of the great gift the Prophet ﷺ‎  gave us: the best of character.

Daily at 8:10 pm EST. Attend in person at SeekersHub Toronto or watch live.

 

Let’s #GiveLight to Millions More

We envision a world in which no one is cut off from the beauty, mercy and light of the Prophetic ﷺ example. A world where the dark ideology of a few is dwarfed by radiant example of the many who follow the way of the Prophet ﷺ. But we can’t do it alone. We need your support. This Ramadan, we need you to help us #GiveLight to millions more. Here’s how.

Photo credit: Matthew G