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Regarding the Women of the People of Lut.

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I was wondering about the people of Lut. Since the men of the people of lut engaged in homosexuality and such and were destroyed for it, it made me wonder if the women in that society were destroyed too? And if so why?

Answer: Wa’alaykum assalam, thank you for your question.

Yes, the men and women among Sayyidna Lut’s people were all destroyed including Sayyidna Lut’s wife who was among the evil doers.

The apparent sense of the verses mentioning the people of Lut is that both the men and women of the town were corrupt and sinful, either actively involved or assisting in their heinous crimes. The exception was the righteous among Sayyidna Lut’s family, in the same way the righteous among Sayyidna Nuh’s family were saved while the rest of his people, included family members, drowned in the Great Flood.

[Tafsir al Sawi, Safwat al Tafasir]

And Allah knows best.

Warmest salams,

[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath. 

A Hadith Regarding the People of Lut and the Aims of Islamic Law

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Is the following hadith authentic? If so, what exactly is the deed being referred to?
On the authority of Jabir, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Verily, what I fear most for my nation is the deed of the people of Lut.”
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
It is reported in Imam Ahmad’s Musnad and elsewhere that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Truly what I fear most for my community is the action of the people of Lut.” Shaykh Shu`ayb al-Arna’ut notes that it is a weakly transmitted report.
The Action of the People of Lut
In a sound tradition (hadith), also found in Ahmad’s Musnad, the Holy Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said [as part of a longer hadith], “May Allah curse him who does what Lut’s people did.”
Being cursed is being distanced from Divine Mercy as Nahlawi explains. [Nahlawi, al-Durar al-Mubaha fi al-Hazr wa al-Ibaha]
Their crime was homosexuality. Allah Most High said, “Must you, unlike [other] people, lust after males and abandon the wives that God has created for you? You are exceeding all bounds.” [26.165-166]
These verses were succinctly explained in Tafsir al-Jalalayn, “What! Of all people you come unto males [to fornicate], and forsake the wives your Lord has created for you?, in other words, [you forsake intimacy with] their front parts? Nay, but you are a transgressing folk’, overstepping [the bounds of] what is lawful into what is unlawful.”
The Aims of the Shari`ah
Of the most fundamental of aims (maqasid) of the Noble Shari`ah is to preserve human benefit through the preservation of life and the family, in particular.
Ibn `Ashur writes, “It has been the will of the Originator of the cosmos to ensure the survival and continuation of humankind and the different forms of life. For this purpose, He has made the law of procreation an essential aspect of their governing order. As part of that law, He has endowed mankind and species with a natural impulse propelling individuals to pursue that objective spontaneously, without external incitement or compulsion, to ensure fulfilment of that law at all times and under all circumstances. This natural impulse consists of the inner inclination of the males of each species toward its females and vice versa.” [Ibn `Ashur, Maqasid al-Shari`ah]
And thus, this is what we see the Lawgiver consistently encouraging.
Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Ahmad and others report that a man came to the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and said, “I have set my eye on a woman of lineage and beauty except that she cannot [or will not] have children. Shall I marry her?” The Prophet said no. The man came back a second time and the Prophet forbade him again. When he came back a third time the Prophet said: “Marry the loving, child-bearing woman (al-wadud al-walud) for I will boast of you before the nations.”
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Visiting the Dead Sea

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I was wondering if we would be allowed to go on holiday in places like Petra (in Jordan) and the Dead Sea? I heard that we aren’t because Allah’s curse is upon that area due to Lut’s (peace be upon him) people being destroyed there. Please shed some light on this.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

Going to the Dead Sea for Tourism

Yes, scholars do mention that the Dead Sea is where Allah’s punishment descended on the people of Lut (peace be upon him), and as such Muslims should not go there for tourism.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions were once passing by the place of Ashab al-Hijr, who were Thamud, the people of the Prophet Salih (peace and blessings be upon him). Our Prophet told the Companions, “Do not enter upon these recipients of punishment—unless you are crying—lest you be afflicted with what afflicted them.” [Bukhari, Muslim]

Imam Nawawi comments in his commentary of Sahih Muslim:

“This hadith indicates that one should be on guard when passing by the houses of oppressors and places where punishment descended. This is similar to the [prophetic practice of] rushing at the Valley of Muhassir [on hajj], since the People of the Elephant were destroyed there. Therefore, anyone passing by such places should be careful, have fear, cry and take admonition from them and their destruction, and should seek refuge in Allah from that.”
[Sharh Sahih Muslim]

Taking Admonition

Having said the above, it is important to note the exception mentioned in the hadith—”unless you are crying”—and elaborated upon in Imam Nawawi’s commentary.

Based on this, some contemporary scholars maintain that if one’s intention in visiting the Dead Sea is not for mere tourism or entertainment, but rather to reflect upon the oppression that took place there and the resultant punishment, and to take heed and admonition, then it would be permissible to go there. Indeed, the fruit of such an intention is that one turns to Allah in one’s own life and fears falling into transgression.

It is also worth noting that although the Dead Sea itself is a place of past punishment, the general area is still part of the Levant (sham), which is a place where many prophets lived and walked (peace and blessings be upon them all), and also where many Companions and pious early Muslims are buried. So there is blessing in that overall region that one can benefit from, and Allah knows best.

wassalam
Faraz A. Khan

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani