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A Ramadan Reader: A Comprehensive Answers Guide to Getting the Most Out of Ramadan

 

Preparing for Ramadan

The Complete Guide to Fasting

Imam Tahir’s 5 Simple Steps to Prepare for Ramadan

Preparing For Ramadan Advice from Habib Umar bin Hafiz

Ramadan Detox‬‏ for a Healthy Ramadan

40 Hadiths on Ramadan

Tarawih

Can I Pray 8 Rakats for Tarawih?

Should We Stop Praying Tarawih Once the Qur’an is Completed?

Is it Necessary to Perform Tarawih Prayers in the Mosque?

Is it Obligatory to Complete the Entire Qur’an During Tarawih Prayers?

Performing Tarawih Prayers Again as an Imam

Is It Valid for a Child to Lead Tarawih?

The Ruling of the Tarawih Prayer: A Confirmed Sunna

Reciting From a Copy of the Qur’an (Mushaf) in Tarawih and Other Prayers

Expiatory Payment (Fidya) for Missed Ramadan Fasts

Brief Overview of Expiatory Payments (fidya) for Missed Ramadan Fasts

Feeding People to Expiate For a Corrupted Fast

Is Expiation (kaffara) Necessary For Not Fasting in Ramadan?

When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

How Many Expiations Are Required For Multiple Broken Fasts?

Can My Sister Pay Expiatory Payments (fidya) For Missed Fasts Due To Her Diabetes?

Can I Pay Fidya for Missed Days of Fasting Due to Menses?

Can a Healthy Person Skip Prayer and Fasting and Pay Expiation?

The Expiation (Kaffara) for Having Sex While Fasting

Must I Fast 180 Days as Expiation for 3 Broken Fasts?

 

 

Things that Break the Fast

Principles on what invalidates the fast

Does Watching Pornography While Fasting Break One’s Fast

Using Creams, Powders, or Topical Medications While Fasting

Does Swallowing Phlegm Break Your Fast?

Vaseline On Lips While Fasting, and Hitting Kids

Applying Medicine to One’s Teeth: Does it Invalidate the Fast?

Ramadan: Injections, Eye Drops, And Doubts

Using Chapstick While Fasting

Accidental & Forgetful Breaking of the Fast: What Is the Difference?

What Corrupts a Fast: Questions About Water Entering the Body

Bleeding Gums While Fasting

The Effect of Smoking on Fasting, and the Effect of Sins on Faith

Using Asthma Medication: Is My Fast Invalidated?

Accidentally Inhaling Perfume While Fasting

Does breathing in Air break one’s Fast?

Passionate Kissing While Fasting

Fasting and Illness

Too Sick to Fast in Ramadan, Too Poor to Pay the Expiatory Payment (Fidya)

Long-Term Illness that Prevents Fasting

How Can I Benefit From Ramadan When I Can’t Fast Due to Being Ill?

Laylat al-Qadr

When is Laylat al-Qadr?

Worship & Prayer on Laylat al-Qadr

Making Up Missed Fasts

Making Up Missed Fasts and Illness

Can I Combine My Intentions for a Missed Ramadan Fast and An Optional Sunnah Fast?

Do I Have To Make Up Missed Fasts Within A Year?

Making up Obligatory Fasts and Prayers

Making of Missed Fast

Years of Missed Fasts and Expiation (kaffara)

Breaking One’s Fast/Not Fasting Due to Hardship

Breaking One’s Fast Due to Weakness & Migraines

Can I Break My Fast If My Job Makes Fasting Too Difficult?

Fasting in Extreme Latitudes

Attending Juma, Praying and Fasting While Training to be a Firefighter

Can I Break My Fast If My Job Makes Fasting Too Difficult?

Fasting and Pregnancy

Pregnant Women & Fasting

Pregnancy & Making Up Fasts: Does She Really Have To?

The Spiritual Retreat (I`tikaf)

The Spiritual Retreat (i`tikaf)

The Three Types of I’tikaf (Spiritual Retreat)

Ramadan Advice, Benefits and Inspiration

Worship in Ramadan For a Menstruating Woman

How Do I Make The Most Of Ramadan?

Fasting Its Principles and Virtues-Imam Ghazali from al-Arab’in

Inner Dimensions of Fasting-Imam Ghazali

The Spiritual Purpose of Fasting – Closeness to Allah

Practical Tips for Fasting During Ramadan

Work Ethics for Muslims Fasting During Ramadan

Prophetic Supplications for Fasting

Virtues of Fasting in the Summer

Health Benefits of Fasting, and the Maximum Recommended Fast

General Ramadan Answers

When and Where Do I Break My Fast on a 20 Hour Airline Flight?

Should I Feel Bad for Not Fasting When I Had to Travel?

At What Age Must One Start Fasting?

Eating After Dawn & Breaking The Fast For An Invitation

The Chaining of Shayateen (Devils) During Ramadan

Does Each Makeup Prayer During Ramadan Count as 70 Makeup Prayers?

Intercourse during the month of Ramadan

Is Your Ramadan Fast Still Valid If You Stop Eating and Make Your Intention to Fast Between Fajr and Islamic Midday?

Should I Feel Bad for Not Fasting When I Had to Travel?

Brief Miscellaneous Q & A Relating to Fasting

Newlyweds Having Intercourse While Fasting During Ramadan

Making up Prayers and Fasts

Ustadh Farid Dingle clears up some confusion regarding making up missed fasts and prayers.

I’ve been reading your answers about making up broken fasts. In the Ramadan Reader it says we must fast sixty consecutive days for any deliberately broken fasts. But in the answers section it says no expiation is stipulated, however all broken fasts should be made up? Which is the correct one?

I don’t remember clearly if I have broken fasts. I know I used to have the bad habit and think that due to this I may have invalidated my fasts in the past. What’s the ruling here on figuring out how much were missed and making them up?

Also, I have neglected prayers in the past. I have never properly learned to read namaz and I am now working towards rectifying this, Insha Allah. What’s the ruling in making up the prayers, as I’m starting to learn to pray so I’m not sure if I will immediately be able to read all five prayers. Do I have to calculate how many were missed and whilst learning, if any are missed, add these to the overall number that need to be made up, too?

I feel embarrassed asking these questions, but I would like to know what I need to do to make up in these areas.

Jazak Allah khayr.

Expiation for missed or broken fasts

In the Hanafi school, no expiation needs to be paid if you simply don’t fast. The expiation is due for breaking the fast in Ramadan that you did actually start. See When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

Breaking the fast by intentional ejaculation would break the fast and call for an expiation. You would have to make-up each fast you know for sure that you broke, and expiate for those days.

Praying five times a day

Praying five times a day is an absolute must, even at work or around others who do not pray. Try your utmost to perform all on time from this day forth.

Regarding missed prayers, once you get well established in performing the five daily prayers, start making up the ones that you have missed in the past at a consistent and moderate rate.

The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and grant him peace, said in his farewell sermon: “Fear Allah, your Lord, pray your five prayers, fast your month [of Ramadan], give charity from your wealth, and be obedient to those in authority over you, and you will enter the Paradise of your Lord.” (Ahmad, Tirmidhi and others)

I pray this helps.

Farid

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

What Should I Do to Make up Fasts Missed Because of My Addiction to Masturbation?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

I missed about 12-13 fasts last year due to my addiction to masturbation. What should I do to make up these fasts?

Also could you please give me advices on how to get rid of this addiction?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

In general, masturbation is impermissible and sinful.

If it results in ejaculation, it invalidates the fast, yet does not necessitate an expiation (kaffara) because it isn’t deemed to be a complete fulfilment of a person’s sexual desire, namely, that which is attained through actual intercourse. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Ramadan is a time of learning to restrain your bodily desires so you can change and become somebody whom Allah Most High loves. And this requires adhering to the prohibitions against fulfilling your sexual desire, particularly in an impermissible manner.

As such, you should calculate the number of fasts you owe, add a safe ten percent, and then strive to make them up in a gradual manner, consistently, seeking to redress your wrong and save yourself from the Fire thereby.

Ask Allah Most High to forgive you out of His Generosity, and to facilitate good in your life. [see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance) and: Struggling to Have Children: Ten Key Etiquettes of Du’a]

Please see: Is Expiation Required for Masturbating While Fasting? and: A Reader on Pornography and Masturbation and: How Can I Wean Myself off From Porn?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Do I Make Up Ramadan Fasts Missed Due to Pregnancy?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalamu alaikum,
I was unable to fast last Ramadan due to pregnancy and I have been unable to find advice based on the Quran and/ or sunnah concerning what I should do to ensure that my obligation is met. Do I need to make-up the days which I missed or should I feed poor people as is the case for those who are unable to fast due to illness? I follow the Hanafi school of thought. Your assistance would be greatly appreciated.
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Yes, you need to make up the missed fasts.
Missing fasts due to the hardships of pregnancy is akin to missing fasts due to sickness.
If difficult, spread them out and make them up gradually. And ask Allah for strength, facilitation, and sincerity.
See also:Pregnancy & Making Up Fasts: Does She Really Have To?  and: Pregnant Women & Fasting
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Making Up Fasts Missed Due to Menstruation

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I have years worth of missed fasts due to menstruation as I was unaware I had to make them up. I am unsure of what I should do.  Do I pay fidya? I am poor and without income and will have to save up money to pay.

 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

No, you do not have to pay any compensation (fidya). All that is obligatory upon you is to make up the fasts which you missed due to menstruation.

Make a safe, reasonable estimate of the number of fasts you missed, and then strive to make them up consistently, seeking Allah therein.

“Verily this religion is ease; and none make this religion difficult except that it overwhelms them.” [Bukhari]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Making Up for Fasts Missed Due to Illness and Menstruation

Can I Pay Fidya for Missed Days of Fasting Due to Menses?

Do I Complete My Fast On the Day My Menstruation Starts?

Making Up for Fasts Missed Due to Illness and Menstruation

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I was never aware that you have to make up fasts missed (because of illness or in my case menstruation) during Ramadan until this past month.  I have missed a few weeks worth of fasts over the years. If I know I had to make them up and it was sinful, I would have done so.

Do I have to pay fidya? I have low income and I don’t work due to illness.  Would it be allowed if I paid in installments instead of at once?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health states.

You do not need to pay any expiation (fidya). In the Hanafi school, fidya is due only for those that have chronic illnesses that are not likely to be cured, in which case fidya is paid instead of making up the fasts. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Shurunbulali, Maraqi Falah]

Simply estimate the number of days you missed and make a plan to make them up. They do not need to be made up consecutively, nor before next Ramadan. Take your time and space them out so you don’t burn out, but be consistent and inshaAllah you will find tawfiq in getting through them.

Also, there is no sin for missing fasts due to illness or menstruation. So relax and thank Allah for beneficial knowledge and the ability to practice that knowledge. May Allah grant you success.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Can I Pay Fidya for Missed Days of Fasting Due to Menses?

Brief Overview of Expiatory Payments (fidya)

Too Sick to Fast in Ramadan, Too Poor to Pay the Expiatory Payment (Fidya)

Long-Term Illness that Prevents Fasting

Is It Necessary to Make Up An Invalidated, Non-Ramadan Fast?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: My question is on fasting outside of Ramadan. According to Hanafi Fiqh is it necessary to make up a broken/incomplete fast if it is not during Ramadan?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

There is scholarly consensus that it is obligatory to make up an invalidated obligatory (fardh) fast.

As for an invalidated sunna or voluntary fast, it would be necessary (wajib) to make this up. This is because of the principle: completing an act of worship voluntarily begun is necessary (al-shuru` mulzim). [`Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya; Haskafi, al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Making Up Missed Fasts and Illness

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: If a woman has to make up many days of fasting due to illness or due to the known natural physical circumstances of a woman, and if a great number of days to make up have accumulated in the course of various years because making up was hard in her demanding job situation, is it allowed to feed the poor instead?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states. May Allah reward you for your concern for your religious practice and for your desire to please Him Most High.

The Ruling

The ruling for feeding the poor as a substitute for makeup fasts applies only to someone with a chronic illness that prevents one from fasting and that is not expected to improve for the rest of one’s life. This is to the extent that, were one in such a state to donate to the poor for missed fasts and then later improve in health (such that able to fast), one would have to make up those missed fasts. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

From your question, it would seem that, by Allah’s infinite grace, you do not have such an illness. Hence you would actually have to make up your missed fasts. This may seem daunting, as fasting is by no means an easy act of worship, but do not feel overwhelmed. These do not have to be made up before the coming Ramadan. Take your time and space out the makeups such that you perform them in a slow yet consistent manner. This could be once a week, or even once every two weeks — whatever you are able to do consistently, however little.

The Fruits

Ask Allah to make it easy for you, and try your best for His sake. This is true spiritual struggle (mujahada) for the sake of Allah, and the fruits of such struggle are innumerable. There is nothing more beloved to Allah than our obligatory duties, and performing these duties is the very foundation of drawing near to the Divine.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said that Allah says, “When My servant draws near to Me by a handspan, I draw near to him by an arm’s length, and when My servant draws near to Me by an arm’s length, I draw near to him by two arms’ length, and when he comes to Me walking, I rush towards him.” [Bukhari]

If you take on this struggle for Allah, Allah Most High will rush to you — with His concern, with His favor, with His acceptance, with His good pleasure, and with His love. You will find unforeseen and unexpected provision and gifts in your life, not to mention what will await you in the afterlife.

He (peace and blessings be upon him) also said, “Do what is correct, try your best, and rejoice!” [Bukhari]

Notice how the Prophet ended with the command to rejoice, yet didn’t mention what to rejoice over, as an indication of the immense vastness and greatness of the blessings of doing what is correct and trying one’s best. [Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari]

Finally, specifically bear in mind Allah’s love for fasting itself, as He Most High states, “Fasting is Mine, and I shall grant reward for it. The fasting person has two delights: a delight when breaking the fast, and a delight when meeting his Lord.” [Muslim]

May Allah make this easy for you and grant you its fruits in both abodes, amin.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Questions Regarding Make-Up Prayers and Make-Up Fasts

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I started praying at age of 11. However i was still learning how to pray properly. I have decided to start reading make-up (qada’) salah for the previous years due to making possible mistakes during the past 9 years. I would like to know when is it permissible in terms of time to read qada’ prayers.

My 2nd question is regarding kaffarah (expiation). At age of 12 and 13 I broke a fast and I am in the state of kaffarah at the moment. My question is if one has sinned during this period and repents would his kaffarah be accepted and how should one behave during these 60 days.

Answer
: assalamu `alaykum

1. You do not have to make-up prayers due to “possible” mistakes. This is a mere misgiving (waswasa) that should be ignored. You should assume that your prayers were valid and sound for the past years unless you are absolutely certain to the contrary. It would be far-fetched to assume that your prayers were not valid as the requirements for a valid prayer in the Hanafi school are very hard not to fulfill.

With that said, you can make up prayers at any time except the following three: (a) when the sun is rising, (b) when the sun is at its zenith, meaning the mid-point in the sky right before the entry of Dhuhr, and (c) when the sun is setting, which the scholars define as when the rays of the sun do not overwhelm the eyes when looked at, until the entry of Maghrib. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

2. The validity of expiatory fasts (kaffara) is not effected by sins committed during their performance. Their validity is only effected by things that nullify the fast, such as eating, drinking, engaging in sexual intercourse, and the like. As long as one avoided aspects that nullifies the fast, one’s fast will be valid. [ibid]

As for how one should behave during these sixty days, the obvious answer that comes to mind is that one should behave the way he or she should everyday: avoiding sin, working towards fulfilling religious duties, seeking closeness to Allah, engaging in Allah’s remembrance, recitation of the Qur’an, good conduct with relatives and others, and so forth.

It is also specifically recommended to seek Allah’s forgiveness when performing expiatory fasts, as this expiation is only required due to one’s negligence of Allah’s command. One should ask Allah to overlook one’s faults, to accepts one’s acts of worship, and to safeguard one from falling into sin.

Wassalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani