Do I Need to Make up the Prayer That I Did as a Child Without Proper Wudu?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Do I need to make up the prayer that I did, before reaching puberty, without proper wudu?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Rulings of the Sacred Law (shari‘a) aren’t applicable to children in the sense that they aren’t completely responsible (mukallaf) for them.

But this doesn’t negate the parental duty to teach and discipline children [from approximately ten years old] so that they pray, fast and the like in order that they become accustomed to such actions, and have the desire to continue doing them after reaching puberty.

Therefore, you don’t need to make up any prayers which you may have invalidated during your childhood. Focus on your current dues, and anything else you owe since puberty, especially financial matters.

[ShaykhiZada, Majma‘ al-Anhur]

Please also see: A Reader on Missed Prayers

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Are Semi-Permanent Make up and Microblading Allowed?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

My eyebrows are naturally light on one side and dark on the other and I want to look more attractive for my husband. Is microblading allowed?

Also, semi-permanent make up is allowed in such circumstances but there is a new semi permanent make up product called wunderbrow and although waterproof is this permissible to use as a semi permanent DIY product?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

There is no problem in microblading your eyebrows for the situation you describe.

Similarly, semi-permanent make-up would also be permissible. As for Wunderbrow in specific, many of their products are vegan and would not pose a problem except CoverProof, WunderExtentions Volumizing Mascara, WunderKiss Pro/WunderKiss2Go, and the WunderKiss Lip Scrub.

Finally, you should note that if these products prevent water from reaching your skin during ablution, they must be removed prior to its performance.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas  graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman where he spent five years studying Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. He is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Oxford and continues his traditional studies with scholars in the United Kingdom.

Is removing Hijab and Make-Up a Form of Apostasy?

Answered by Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil

Question: Assalam aleykum,

A Muslim girl commits sins because she was under a magical spell. Amongst the sins are no longer wear hijab, wearing tight clothes and make-up. Is this considered apostasy?

Answer: Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you well. May Allah reward you for reaching out to us. Please forgive me for the delay.


Dear sister, wearing tight clothing and make-up does not make you an apostate. These are sinful actions, but alhamdulilah, they do not take you out of the fold of Islam.

I encourage you to listen to this: Beyond Hijab: Modesty Amongst Women in Islam.


I urge you to nurture your relationship with Allah, who loves you and wants eternal good for you. Read and reflect on the meanings of the Qur’an. Please perform the Prayer of Need as often as you can, preferably in the last third of the night, even if it’s 5-10 minutes before the entry of Fajr. Please make a daily and sincere repentance.

Please aim to enrol in a SeekersHub course, and/or listen to lesson sets and podcasts. InshaAllah, these internal shifts will will make it easier for you to improve your external hijab.


Empower yourself through choosing action. Everyone sins and makes mistakes. It takes courage to get back on your feet, instead of being stuck in the past.

Black magic

Being affected by black magic is a test which can be overcome through reliance on Allah and seeking out the right help.

Please refer to this resource: Jinn, Black Magic and How to Protect Yourself, by Shaykh Amer Jamil.


Please refer to The Reliance of The Traveller for a very detailed description of some acts that entail leaving Islam, may Allah protect us all from that:

O8.7: Acts that Entail Leaving Islam
(O: Among the things that entail apostasy from Islam (may Allah protect us from them) are:
-1- to prostrate to an idol, whether sarcastically, out of mere contrariness, or in actual conviction, like that of someone who believes the Creator to be something that has originated in time. Like idols in this respect are the sun or moon, and like prostration is bowing to other than Allah, if one intends reverence towards it like the reverence due to Allah;
-2- to intend to commit unbelief, even if in the future. And like this intention is hesitating whether to do so or not: one thereby immediately commits unbelief;
-3- to speak words that imply unbelief such as “Allah is the third of three, ” or “I am Allah”-unless one’s tongue has run away with one, or one is quoting another, or is one of the friends of Allah Most High (wali, def: w33) in a spiritually intoxicated state of total oblivion (A: friend of Allah or not, someone totally oblivious is as if insane, and is not held legally responsible (dis: k13.1 (O:)) ), for these latter do not entail unbelief;
-4- to revile Allah or His messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace);
-5- to deny the existence of Allah, His beginingless eternality, His endless eternality, or to deny any of His attributes which the consensus of Muslims ascribes to Him (dis: v1);
-6- to be sarcastic about Allah’s name, His command, His interdiction, His promise, or His threat;
-7- to deny any verse of the Koran or anything which by scholarly consensus (def: b7) belongs to it, or to add a verse that does belong to it;
-8- to mockingly say, “I don’t know what faith is”;
-9- to reply to someone who says, “There is no power or strength save through Allah”; “Your saying `There’s no power or strength, etc, ‘ won’t save you from hunger”;
-10- for a tyrant, after an oppressed person says, “This is through the decree of Allah, ” to reply, “I act without the decree of Allah”;
-11- to say that a Muslim is an unbeliever (kafir) (dis: w47) in words that are uninterpretable as merely meaning he is an ingrate towards Allah for divinely given blessings (n: in Arabic, also “kafir”);
-12- when someone asks to be taught the Testification of Faith (Ar. Shahada, the words, “La ilaha ill Allahu Muhammadun rasulu Llah” (There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)), and a Muslim refuses to teach him it;
-13- to describe a Muslim or someone who wants to become a Muslim in terms of unbelief (kufr);
-14- to deny the obligatory character of something which by the consensus of Muslims (ijma`, def: B7) is part of Islam, when it is well known as such, like the prayer (salat) or even one rak’a from one of the five obligatory prayers, if there is no excuse (def: u2.4);
-15- to hold that any of Allah’s messengers or prophets are liars, or to deny their being sent;
(n: `Ala’ al-din’ Abidin adds the following: -16- to revile the religion of Islam;
-17- to believe that things in themselves or by their own nature have any causal influence independent of the will of Allah;
-18- to deny the existence of angels or jinn (def: w22), or the heavens; -19- to be sarcastic about any ruling of the Sacred Law;
-20- or to deny that Allah intended the Prophet’s message (Allah bless him and give him peace) to be the religion followed by the entire world (dis: w4.3-4) (al-Hadiyya al- `Ala’iyya (y4), 423-24).)

Please see:

A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)


[Ustadha] Raidah Shah Idil

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil has spent almost two years in Amman, Jordan, where she learned Shafi’i’ fiqh, Arabic, Seerah, Aqeedah, Tasawwuf, Tafsir and Tajweed. She continues to study with her Teachers in Malaysia and online through SeekersHub Global. She graduated with a Psychology and English degree from University of New South Wales, was a volunteer hospital chaplain for 5 years and has completed a Diploma of Counselling from the Australian Institute of Professional Counsellors. She lives in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with her husband, daughter, and mother-in-law.

Should I Make up Missed Fasts and Prayers Despite Ignoring That It Was a Duty?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

I was born muslim but I wasn’t aware of the fact that I had to pray and to fast until I was 20.

Do I need to make all these missed fasts and prayers?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

The basis is that all obligatory prayers missed after attaining puberty by someone who is morally responsible need to be made-up. Lack of knowledge of the obligation is not generally viewed as an excuse lifting this obligation in the context you describe.

In light of the above, I would advise you to try your best to make up the prayers you missed. You should note that our religion is one of ease and gradualism. There is no need for you to overburden yourself. Rather, take on an amount that you can reasonably undertake – even if that is making up only one prayer a day – and build from there. As the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, “None makes the religion difficult except that it overcomes him. So, aim for what is right, stick to the moderate way…” [Bukhari]

Finally, I would state that even though these are make-up prayers, performing them is still a means to draw closer to God through worship. This is the intention you should have in mind when fulfilling this obligation.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.