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Does Profuse Bleeding Invalidate Wudu in the Maliki School?

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: I understand that in  the Maliki school only profuse bleeding invalidates the Wudu. My question is if donating blood or a blood test is considered profuse bleeding and does it invalidate the Wudu?

Answer: According to the Maliki school of law, bleeding does not invalidate wudu, regardless of the amount of blood loss. Therefore, a blood donation or a blood test would not invalidate the wudu.

[Mukhtasar Khalil]

Swallowing Mucus and Saliva in the Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Is it permissible to swallow saliva and mucous in the Maliki School?

Answer: Mucous and saliva are pure (tahir) and therefore you can swallow them. While one is fasting though, it is mentioned that to swallow mucous disliked but not break the fast according to the relied upon (mu’tamad) opinion. There is another opinion that swallowing mucous that one is able to spit out would actually break the fast. [Mukhtasar Khalil]

Determining When One is a Traveler and Resident in the Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Assalamu alaykum,
I am currently living in a town 60km from Fes. On August 1 I will be moving out of the house I am in and moving my things to Rabat, but I will be traveling for about 3 weeks (and will be staying less than 15 days in every city I go to) and only plan on staying in Rabat for more than 15 days starting at the end of the month. My question is, starting August 1, do I consider my place of residence to be Rabat or the city that I am currently in? I will be in Fes insha’Allah in the last week of Ramadan and so if I my place of residence is Rabat I would be a traveler in Fes, but if my place of residence continues to be the town 60km from Fes I would not be considered a traveler in Fes.

Answer: As soon as you leave a city with the intention of moving away, you are no longer a resident of that city. Once you move into a city with the intention of becoming a resident, you can no longer be considered a traveller when passing through that city.

So, in your case, once you get your housing in Rabat, every time you pass through it on your journey, you would lose the status of a traveller while in Rabat.

What to Do If Menses End During Ramadan in Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: According to the Maliki Madhab, during Ramadan, if a female believes she is at the end of her monthly menses can she take ghusl and make intention to fast prior to fajr? What does she do if she still has her menses after waking up later in the day, if she has made intention to fast?

Answer: A woman on her menses is only required to check before she goes to sleep. She does not have to wake up at the end of the night to check before fajr and actually to do so is disliked. If she happens to wake up before fajr and find that her menses are over, then she must make the intention to fast that day.

As long as the menses are still present, then a woman may not take a full shower (ghusl) with the intention of purifying from the menses. She must wait until the menses are fully gone before taking a full shower (ghusl).

In terms of fasting, an intention to fast while the menses are still there is not valid. The menses must have stopped before fajr for a woman to intend to fast that day. If it stops before fajr and she knows that, then she can make an intention to fast even if the full shower (ghusl) is done after fajr.

If one has to take a shower after fajr, they should be very careful not to swallow any water. The person must also be careful to not breath in the steam of hot water because that will break the fast.

[Dusuqi, Hashiytaul Sahrh al-Kabir]

Letting Garments Hang Below Your Ankles in the Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Is it permissible to let your garment below your ankles according to the Maliki madhab.

Answer: If a man wears his garment below his ankles out of pride, then there is no doubt that this is prohibited. If he does not intend that, which is the case for most people today who do that, there is a difference of opinion between it being prohibited, disliked or merely permissible. The majority of scholars of the four madhabs say that it is not prohibited. You do not have to repeat any prayers that you did while your garment was below your ankles.

The Hanafis

In Al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah, it mentions that Abu Hanifa had an expensive shawl and would wear it below the ankles. Someone said, “Weren’t we forbidden from doing this?” He said, “That is for the people who are arrogant and we are not from amongst them.”

The Malikis

In Shaykh Al-‘Adawi’s commentary on the Risala of Ibn Abi Zayd, he discusses the two opinions in the Maliki madhab one prohibiting the matter and the other considering it disliked. He says, “In conclusion, there are varying narrations about this matter if the garment is worn below the ankle without the intention of arrogance. According to the conclusion of Al-Hattab, there is no prohibition, rather it is disliked. According to the Dhakhira [of Imam al-Qarafi], it is prohibited. What the correct opinion seems to be is that it is extremely disliked.”

The Shafi’is

Imam Nawawi, in his commentary of Sahih Muslim says, “It is not permissible to wear the garments below the ankles out of arrogance. If it is not done out of arrogance, then it is disliked. The apparent meaning of the Hadiths show that the prohibition is specific to those who do this out or arrogance.” Some of the Shafi’is, like Al-Dhahabi and Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar, chose the opinion that it is prohibited.

The Hanbalis

According to the Hanbalis, as is found in the books Al-Iqnaa’ and Al-Mughni, it is considered disliked. Ibn Taymiyya also chose that it was disliked.

Advice

We are a middle nation and thus we must maintain middle ground. We should not allow our communities to be split over this issue, nor should we make it an issue when there are much more important issues to deal with. At the same time, we should not look down upon the sunna or those who follow it. For those who have the strength to follow the sunna of keeping the garments above the ankles they should do so. At the same time, we must not make this such a central issue that the religion is reduced to the length of your garment or your beard.

The Eid Takbirs in the Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Can you clarify the Maliki ruling on the Takbirs for the two Eids?

Answer: According to the Maliki school, the Eid prayer has seven takbirs in the first unit (rak’ah) and six in the second. The hands will be raised only for the first takbir in the first rak’ah. After the seventh takbir, the Fatiha and a short sura are recited.

Once the second prostration is completed, a person says the takbir to go to the standing position and then performs five takbirs. There is no raising of the hands in these takbirs as well. After the fifth takbir, Fatiha and a short sura are recited and then the prayer continues like any other two-rak’ah prayer.

[Khalil, Al-Mukhtasar]

Rami Nsour

The Maliki View on Pictures of Humans and Animals

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Assalaamu alaikum,

I hope this reaches everybody in a state of spiritual wellness.

I read some of the previous post on SeekersGuidance and noticed that children should be discouraged from drawing humans and animals. I have read in other sources that Imam Malik interpreted the commonly cited hadiths to be in relations to carving statues as they were still so close to the polytheistic culture and the worship of man-made idols.

Would you clarify this matter please?

Answer: According to the Maliki madhab, 3-dimensional complete figure of creatures possessing souls are prohibited. If the figure is not complete (like missing arms), or it is not 3-dimensional, then it would be disliked (makruh). Thus, drawings of animals and humans would not be prohibited.

The Maliki scholars mention that if the drawing is going to be in a place where it is degraded, then it goes from being disliked (makruh) to being permissible (mubah) but not the best thing to do (khilaf al awlaa). An example of when this would occur is if the drawing of an animal is on a plate that will be eaten from or a rug or pillow that will be used. [Dardir, Al-Sharh al-kabir]

Rami Nsour

Related Answers:

Is It Permissible to Buy and Sell Children’s Books With Illustrations?


Is it Permissible to Have a Shower Curtain With Pictures on It?

Are Drawings for Educational Purposes Permissible?

The Ruling on Selling Dogs in the Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: I bought a dog a while back, but now my parents want me to get rid of it. I heard that money from selling a dog is haram. Is this the Maliki view?

Answer: According to the Maliki madhab, and other madhabs, it is forbidden to sell a dog. They take this ruling from the many Hadith which show that the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) prohibited the sale of dogs.

One of these Hadith is mentioned in the Sahih of Imam Al-Bukhari which states, “The Messenger of Allah prohibited the price of dogs.” This ruling for the Maliki madhab can be found in the Chapter of Sales in the Mukhtasar of Khalil.

Rami Nsour

Eating Foods With Dye Made From Insects in the Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Assalamu alaikum,

Is it permissible to consume food that contains carmine (e120) in the Malaki madhab? Carmine is a crimson pigment derived from the pulverized bodies of cochineal insects. It is used for coloring.

Answer: Eating insects according to the Maliki school is permissible but that is with a condition. The condition is that the insects were killed with an intention of making them fit for consumptions (dhakat), much like the slaughtering of a sheep or cow. [Khalil, Al-Mukhtasar]

The production of Carmine, by collecting the Cochineal insects and soaking them in hot water, does not seem to fit the conditions of making them fit for consumption. The collecting process is to produce a dye that is used in the food and non-food industries. It does not seem that they are intending only making the insects fit for consumption.

Based on my understanding of the current production methods, it would not be permissible to consume foods with the Carmine according to the Maliki madhab.

And Allah knows best.

Can I Pray in Clothes that Were Licked by a Dog?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I frequently visit a friend’s home and he has a dog. Obviously, the dog climbs on me and licks my hand/face etc. I was wondering if it is permissible to pray with the same clothes afterwards. From what I know, wudhu would purify my skin, but what about the clothes? Is it okay to wet my hands and wipe my clothes down?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

In the Hanafi school, the saliva of a dog is considered filthy. As such, if saliva effects one’s clothing, it requires washing to purify it. [Fatawa Hindiyya]

However, the Maliki school does not deem the saliva of dogs, or any other living animal for that matter, as being filthy. This is a followable position in cases of need, such as when one visits family who have dogs as pets or works in a profession where coming in contact with dogs is unavoidable (such as a veterinarian).

Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani and Rami Nsour

Related Answer:

Dog Saliva, Dog Hair, and How to Purify Impurities