Razia Sultan –15 Centuries of Female Scholarship

In this series, Shaykha Tamara Gray narrates the stories of great Muslim women through the centuries, who excelled in fields of Islamic knowledge, science, and philanthropy. This segment female scholarshipfeatures Razia Sultan from the 7th century.fatima al-fihriMaryam al-Istirlabiyyafatima bint Saad

Razia Sultan was the Sultan, or political leader of the Delhi Sultanate, appointed by her father at his deathbed as he saw her as the most capable leader of all his children.

When she ascended the throne, her first project was to  build diplomatic ties with the Abbasid Caliphate, which ruled over the Muslim lands. This was an extremely significant political step, as it legitimised the lands of the Delhi Sultanate as part of the wider Muslim Ummah. She also took great pains to ensure that the non-Muslim civilians under her rule were treated with dignity and honour.

She was a patron of the arts and education. She established various libraries and centres of learning to ensure that literature and knowledge, both religious and secular, were a firm part of the society. She was also deeply concerned for the infrastructure, and took care that roads and bridges were built to serve the people.

Razia Sultan dealt with her fair share of political challenge. There were many people who protested against her leadership, not only because she was a woman, but also because her family came from slave origin and were not from a noble tribe. When rebellions would happen, she would go out herself to fight against them, as she was a talented horsewoman.  Eventually, she and her husband were both ambushed and killed. Her brother, who took over after her death, was not capable of the role and was also removed, proving that their father was right when he said that Razia Sultan had been the only one worthy of the throne.


With gratitude to Shaykha Tamara Gray and Rabata.

Resources for Seekers


Can a Hindu Man Marry a Muslim Woman Under Special Marriages Act?

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

A friend of mine is interested in a muslim girl but she told him that caste (religion) is the problem. She also told him that she likes him very much. Both work in the same organisation and have known each other for 2 years. She is confused as she can’t go against her family. She even told him that they have to separate as marriage would create problems among the two families. What could be a good solution to their problems?

Answer: Hi

Islam respects all human beings, irrespective of their background or religious inclination. In addition, Islam emphasizes maintaining good and peaceful relationships between Muslims and non-Muslims in so far as socializing, business dealings and all other interactions are concerned. Our Prophet Muhammad sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam returned home one day and found that they were gifted a lamb. He then enquired from his family saying with concern, “have you gifted some of the meat to our Jewish neighbour?” He repeated the same question thrice and said, “Gabriel continued advising me to maintain good ties with neighbours that I thought he would declare the neighbour as an heir.”

Nonetheless, despite the love and care Muslims should show all other religious denominations, it is not allowed in our Sacred Law for a Muslim female to marry a non-Muslim male.

Thank you for your query and may God bless you.

And Allah knows best

[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Feeling unmosqued, demosqued and no-thank-you-mosqued?

Are you a Muslim woman who feels unmosqued, demosqued and no-thank-you-mosqued? You’re not alone but you must be part of the change. Ustadha Anse Tamara Gray has some excellent advice on how to move forward, with healing and positivity, in this video for Muslimah Media.