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Should I Repeat All My Prayers Because of Mistakes in the Fatiha?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:As salaamu alaykum,

If someone has been reading a letter of the Fatiha incorrectly for some time but is not sure how long does he need to repeat all his past prayers?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

No, you do not need to make up any prayers.

Please also see: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer?

And Allah knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Do Mistakes in al-Salat al-Ibrahimiyyah Affect the Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: When reciting durood Ibrahim I realized I missed some words, and I repeated it correctly. Does my salat need to be redone? Specifically my question is if one goes back and corrects errors in pronunciation, is the salat still valid?

 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

Yes, your prayer is valid. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

However, it would be disliked to go back and correct pronunciation errors. This opens the doors to misgivings. Try your best, and strive on improving your pronunciation and recitation outside of the prayer.

See also: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer?

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: What is the fiqh of basic quranic recitation? I remember reading an answer many years ago that in this day and age due to general ignorance, this is excused for the general masses. For example my basic recitation like others in the west is poor, i find it difficult to say certain letters or sounds from different part of the body (throat, tongue, chest etc). Common mistakes are saying “kul huwa Allahu ahad” instead of “qul huwa Allahu ahad” and other similar letters or sounds. What is the ruling for people in our times regarding basic recitation?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

The fatwa position in our times is that such mistakes in recitation do not nullify the prayer.

Ibn `Abidin states in his Radd al-Muhtar, the central reference for fatwa in our times:

“As for the later scholars… then they agreed that mistakes in declension (i`rab) never invalidates [the prayer] even if the belief [entailed by the change in meaning] is disbelief (kufr). This is because most people do not differentiate between the various declensional perspectives.”

A mistake in declension is to alter the final vowel of a word. Thus, if a word is supposed to end in a fatha but is pronounced as ending in a kasra, this would be a mistake in declension. As is clear from the words of Ibn `Abidin above, it would not invalidate the payer.

He continues by stating:

“If the mistake is in altering one letter for another, then if it is possible to differentiate the two [when reciting] without difficulty, such as the letter al-saad and al-taa’ when one recites al-talihat in place of al-salihat, then they agree that it invalidates the prayer. If it is not possible to differentiate, such as al-daad and al-zaa or al-saad and al-sin, then most of them state that it does not invalidate the prayer due to general hardship (`umum al-balwa).”

Based on this, common mistakes in pronunciation of certain letters is also overlooked. It does not invalidate the prayer even if there occurs a change in meaning. An example of such a mistake in pronunciation is the oft-occurring recitation of “walad ḍāllīn” as “walad zallin”.

To summarize, we can say that the following, when not done willfully, do not invalidate the prayer.:

a. Grammatical mistakes, such as those relating to the declension of words, and

b. Common mistakes in the pronunciation of certain letters and words.

Of course, we cannot stress enough the importance of learning correct pronunciation of the Qur’an. It is Allah’s book and among the rights due to it is to recite it as it was revealed, in a beautiful and sound manner.

Wassalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani