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Must I repeat my ghusl if, after performing the ghusl, dead skin falls off and I did not repeat the washing?

Question Summary

Must I repeat my ghusl if, after performing the ghusl, dead skin falls off and I did not repeat the washing?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Once a complete ghusl has been performed, you are in a state of purity. Suppose dried skin falls off thereafter, regardless of where you do not need to re-wash that spot nor redo the ghusl. It is, however, recommended to re-wash that spot.

[Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

Once one removes the state of ritual impurity through the ghusl, that same ritual impurity does not return.

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

Is it permissible to completely trim or shave one’s pubic region and underarms?

Question Summary

Is it permissible to completely trim or shave one’s pubic region and underarms?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

It is recommended to shave one’s pubic region, groom one’s body hair, and shower weekly. [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Grooming one’s body hair includes removing the underarm hair. It is best to pluck (or epilate), but shaving is permissible. [Ibid.]

It is prohibitively disliked and potentially sinful, left without excuse, to leave the above for 40 days. [Ibid] This ruling is taken from the below narration from the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace).

The Time Limit

Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) narrates, saying, “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) set for us a time limit in trimming the mustache, clipping the nails, shaving the pubic region, and plucking the underarm hair; it should not be left for more than 40 days.” [Tirmidhi]

The Natural Disposition

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The natural disposition is in 5 things. Circumcision. Shaving the pubic region. Plucking the underarm hair. Clipping the nails. Trimming the Moustache.” [Bukhari]

This disposition is the natural way humans should be. In applying these things is the honor and dignity of the human.

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019

What is the ruling of cream made from pig fat? How does impurity transfer?

Question Summary

What is the ruling of cream made from pig fat? How does impurity transfer?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

The basis in pig and by-products derived from pigs is that they are impermissible and impure. However, if a chemical transformation changes the core qualities of the pig by-products, the following ruling is applied.

According to a sound position in the Hanafi school, if an impure substance goes through a chemical transformation (istihala), it is considered pure, as in the below example.
[Leading Contemporary Hanafis]

Istihala or chemical transformation occurs when a substance’s core qualities or essence change from one thing to another. This process is found in the changing of alcohol, which is impure, to vinegar, which is pure.

For this reason, it is best to avoid any products that are made from pig by-products. However, due to the above considerations, there is no need for you to worry about the spreading of impurities or your prayers’ validity.

Transfer of Impurities

Know that impurities do not transfer as easily as you have described. Many people get worked up on this issue due to an assumption that impurities spread throughout their homes.

We have already established that the cream is not impure. However, even if it were, just by touching a surface does not mean impurity has transferred. Look at the following principle:

If your hand is wet and you touch a dry and impure surface, impurity does not transfer until and unless the smell or color of the impurity becomes manifest and clearly visible on your hand. [Tahtawi/Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

Doubts and Misgivings (Waswasa)

You will never be able to overcome your waswasa unless you ignore such doubts and pay them no mind.

“As for the one who is often inflicted with misgivings, it is necessary for them to sever the cause of the misgivings and not to give it any consideration. This is because it is the doing of Shaytan, and we have been commanded to oppose him.” [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Shaytan aims to make religion difficult and unbearable until you give up. Know that the difficulty you find yourself in, not being able to eat, worrying about everything you touch, difficulty in praying is all due to your giving into the plots of Shaytan.

From now on, any doubt you have – act in opposition of it. If you think there is impurity on your hands, pray without washing them. If you think a certain surface is impure, touch it and pray. Continue this until your misgivings subside.

For you, the best caution is to abandon caution.

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

Dealing with puberty very early

Question: I’m a 14-year-old Muslim boy that reached puberty during grade 5 or 6 when I was 11 years old. Pubic hair appeared at 12, and it has increased since. I also had ejaculation when I was 12 after a health check-up. I heard that pubic hair has to be shaved every 40 days. I haven’t shaved because I find it embarrassing for my family to find out that I am shaving there as I don’t think they are aware of my puberty. I tried it when I was home alone, but I got injured, and I’m scared to try shaving again. Any suggestion? I also go for yearly check-ups with my parents, and they do a complete physical. The female doctor also checks my private parts. My mother was nearby, and I’m afraid that she might have seen the hair. After my first ejaculation, I didn’t know what it was and didn’t perform ghusl for a long time. After discovering that I was supposed to do it immediately, is all of this permissible, and were my prayers accepted?

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum,

Thank you for your question. I understand your confusion and embarrassment in dealing with puberty at such a young age. This transition is not easy, and optimally someone should have guided you at every step instead of you figuring it out on your own.

First ejaculation

Know that your first ejaculation at the tender age of twelve means that you became morally responsible and that you must fulfill your obligations like an adult. This is regarding praying on time, fasting, paying zakat, keeping away from haram food, backbiting, and so forth. A ghusl became obligatory after the ejaculation, and anything that you prayed before the ghusl would not count. You must have taken a shower within a week or so of the ejaculation, so you were probably purified from that. Did you know about ghusl at all during that time? Did you take a sunna ghusl for the Friday Prayer? See this link:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/the-age-of-puberty-and-estimating-makeups-qada/ From this point on, make sure that you make a valid ghusl after any wet dream or ejaculation. See this link:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/the-ritual-bath-ghusl-obligatory-recommended-and-disliked-acts/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/can-you-advise-me-on-how-to-make-a-ghusl-quickly/

Shaving pubic hair

Please see these links for details. You may not leave pubic hair untrimmed beyond 40 days, and I highly recommend using a beard trimmer that cannot cut you, like this one:
https://www.amazon.ca/gp/bestsellers/beauty/16735343011/ref=sr_bs_8_16735343011_1
Until you can get one of these, always apply soapy water to the private area and then shave with a razor; never do it on wet skin alone. Use shaving cream to make it easier.

Please see these links for all the details:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/at-what-age-should-pubic-hair-be-removed/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/at-what-age-should-pubic-hair-be-removed/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/how-should-i-remove-pubic-hair

Check-ups by a female doctor

As you are pubescent, it is no longer permissible for you to have check-ups by a female doctor unless there is no male available. Please make arrangements with your parents to switch doctors, and I believe your parents will understand your situation. Also, your mother cannot see your nakedness (navel to knee) unless there is a need, so she should not be in the room during your medical check-up unless there was a need for it.
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/medical-treatment-opposite-genders-permissible/

Embarrassment

Although you think that your family does not know that you are pubescent, they probably do. Never be embarrassed by something that Allah has mandated. It is obligatory and hygienic to remove your pubic hair, and there nothing wrong with your family finding out. They should be doing it as well. Just don’t make a mess; vacuum it up or trim your hair over a toilet or garbage can. Some also shave in the shower; you can use this to catch the hair, so you don’t clog the drain:
https://www.amazon.ca/Grips-Silicone-protection-Pop-Up-%C3%A9gouts/dp/B00OCEBMFM?ref_=fsclp_pl_dp_2
There are also beard trimmers that catch the hair, so you have to empty it when you are done.

May Allah reward you for applying these important sunnahs and make it easier for you as time goes by. Please take a course on the basics of your fiqh so that you know personally obligatory knowledge.
https://seekersguidance.org/courses/absolute-essentials-of-islam-hanafi-getting-started-with-your-belief-and-practice/

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria, for two years, where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, Tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Master’s in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan, where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

What is the ruling of the intention in the ritual bath (ghusl)? When should one make the intention? Can one remove unwanted hair during the ghusl?

Question Summary

What is the ruling of the intention in the ritual bath (ghusl)? When should one make the intention? For example, can one remove unwanted hair during the ghusl?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Intention in Ghusl

The intention in the ritual bath (ghusl) is an emphasized Sunna; even though the ghusl is valid without an intention, intending the ghusl is a prerequisite for reward – not for validity. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The Place of the Intention

The place of the intention is in the heart and not necessary to say aloud. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

However, if saying the intention aloud helps one focus their heart on the intention, it is allowed. [Tahtawi,Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

In this case, one should make the intention before entering the washroom and/or uncovering.

Grooming During Ghusl

It is permissible to groom one’s self during the ghusl.

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

What is the ruling in the Hanafi school regarding leather products?


Question Summary

What is the ruling in the Hanafi school regarding leather products?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Leather products are considered pure and permissible to use with the exception of leather sourced from pigs. [Tahtawi,Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

The pig is intrinsically impure and does not become pure by tanning, as oppose to other animals. [Tahtawi,Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and a number of texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

 

How does one purify themselves from the saliva of a dog? How does impurity transfer?

Question Summary

How does one purify themselves from the saliva of a dog? How does impurity transfer?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

I’m sorry to hear about your difficult situation. I pray that Allah Most High eases for you all your difficulties.

I want to preface my answer to your question by mentioning a key verse of the Qur’an, which should always be at the forefront of our minds.

Allah Most High says, “…Allah intends ease for you, not hardship,…” [Qur’an; 02:185]

Most of those we have encountered in a similar circumstance as yourself find Islam difficult due to a lack of knowledge. As one increases in the knowledge and understanding of Islam, the easier and clearer the religion becomes.

The Answer

A dog’s saliva is impure and must be washed; however, washing seven times, once with soil, is not an obligation. It suffices that one washes the saliva off once. [Tahtawi,Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

With that being said, just because a dog may have licked you or your clothing does not mean your entire house is impure.

Only the place which the dog licked is impure.

Advice

Please consider taking classes in basic Islamic law. Learning the rulings of purification and prayer will greatly help you.

Consider the Islamic Studies Curriculum:
https://seekersguidance.org/islamic-studies-curriculum/

Allah Most High is not a tyrant waiting to punish us for every minor mistake.
Allah Most High says, “Your Lord has taken upon Himself to be Merciful…” [Qur’an; 06:54]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

Does oil, cream, or gel applied to the hair prevent water from reaching the hair when wiping in Wudu?

Question Summary

Does oil, cream, or gel apply to the hair prevent water from reaching the hair when wiping in Wudu?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Oils and creams do not prevent water from reaching the skin when washing, so a fortiori does not prevent wiping.  [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

On the other hand, Gel, if very thick, may prevent the wet hand from contacting the hair. For this reason, it would be most cautious not to use thick layers of hair gel.

If only a thin layer of gel, the basis is that the water reaches.

Considerations

Note that the obligation of wiping is fulfilled if one wipes one-fourth of their head. If one uses gel to style their hair for work or other important purposes that one cannot excuse themselves from, one can put the gel on the top of their head and make their wiping on the sides.

Keep in mind though the wiping must occur on any part of the head above the ear level. [Ibid]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

Is intending an obligation for the ritual bath (ghusl)?

Question Summary

Is intending an obligation for the ritual bath (ghusl)?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Intending the performance of ghusl is an emphasized sunna. If one performs the ghusl without an intention, then ghusl is valid, though one will not gain reward for it.  [Tahtawi,Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

Note that the place of intention is the heart. It is unnecessary to pronounce one’s intention by tongue or to tell oneself in one’s mind. [Tahtawi,Shurunbulali; Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

Does wiping over a dry spot with wet hands suffice for washing in wudu?

Question Summary

Does wiping over a dry spot with wet hands suffice for washing in wudu?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Wiping a wet hand over a dry spot does not suffice the commandment of washing in wudu. [Jassas, Ahkam al-Quran]

Allah Most Highs says, “O believers! When you rise for prayer, wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, wipe your heads, and wash your feet to the ankles…” [Qur’an; 05:06]

The word washing in the above verse is different than the word wiping. Washing entails pouring water over a limb. Thus if one merely touches the limb with a wet hand, they have not washed, and the wudu is incomplete.

The exception to this is if one’s hand was dripping wet; in such case, the dry spot is considered washed, not wiped. Jassas, Ahkam al-Quran]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York, where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and several texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.