Posts

How Should I Go About Making up a Lot of Missed Prayers?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salamu alaykum,

1. If I pray the minimum oblgatory requirements for the making up prayers will they be valid and accepted?

2. Can I make up prayers after Fajr (before sunrise), and after Asr?

3. Can I skip the Sunnah prayers and instead make up prayers?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

(1) Yes, they would be valid, yet it would be sinful because the necessary (wajib) actions are operationally obligatory to perform.

(2) Yes, you can pray your makeups after both Fajr and `Asr, yet not during sunrise and sunset. [see: Prohibited times for Prayers and Makeup Prayers]

(3) No, you should pray your sunna prayers as well. Previous mistakes don’t relieve us of current responsibilities, and the sunna prayers are prayers that need to be prayed daily.

Do the best you can, whilst maintaining all you other current duties, and ask Allah Most High to give you strength, determination and facilitation.

Please also see: A Reader on Missed Prayers and: Making up Obligatory Fasts and Prayers

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Repeating Prayers in Maliki School for Not Doing “Dalk” in Wudu

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: I just learned that it is obligatory to pass one limb over another limb in ghusl. Do I have to pray for all the years that my ghusl was not sound? Do these prayers become qada?

I would like to have this answered according to the Maliki school.

Answer: I have personally brought this issue up to one of my shuyukh while I was studying as this situation does happen often. People who have not formally studied may go for years not realizing that they are missing something integral and sometimes even serious students or even scholars may overlook something.

In your situation, there is room within the Maliki madhab to allow for you not to have to repeat those prayers. The reason for this is there is a sound Maliki opinion that passing one limb over another (dalk) is not an obligation (see the shuruh of the Mukhtasar in the section of the obligations of wudu).

Furthermore, dalk is not an obligation in the Shafi’i and Hanafi schools and this should be considered by a person when they analyze past actions that may be deficient. This analysis though should be done with the guidance of one trained in the science of law (fiqh). Because you were leaving dalk not realizing that it is an obligation according to the school, your previous acts of worship are valid.

If you would like to make them up out of wara (leaving matters of difference of opinion) then you can do that as a spiritual practice. But you should not embark on that if it is going to cause you resentment. If you feel happy about repeating those prayers out of wara, then do so, but remember it will be a big task that will take a while. And Allah knows best.

Rami Nsour

New Converts, Making Up Missed Prayers, and Praying Confirmed Sunnas

Answered by Ustadha Shaista Maqbool

Question: Asalamu alaikum

I converted to Islam 7 years ago. It took over a years to start praying regularly as it took a while to learn and I was afraid to pray around my parents as they were so strongly against Islam.When I told them I was a Muslim initially I had a very hard time and they would often yell at me.

Recently at a study circle someone mentioned I have to make up the missed prayers.

Am I required to make up all of those missed prayers? If so I will pray them instead of the sunnah as it is beyond my capacity to do both.

Jazakallah khair,

Answer: Wa’alaikum assalaam warahmatu Allah,

May this find you in the best of states.

Firstly, making up prayers is something many people have to do and have done; there are many, many Muslims who have made up years of prayers due to one reason or another; it is far from an impossible task, rather through commitment and moderation, it may be accomplished without extreme hardship.

In your situation, because you became Muslim in a non-Muslim country, you are not responsible to make up prayers during the time you had no knowledge of their being obligatory. In other words: after you were informed that Muslims must pray and were informed of the bare minimum of the prayer, if you didn’t pray thereafter, then you must make up those prayers.

It is important to note that what is the bare minimum for a prayer is not much and may be learned in an afternoon; the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would teach people to pray in a very short time. In light of this, it would not be allowed for one to not pray for months after learning that prayer was obligatory, since he/she could learn the bare minimum quickly and start prayer right away. Yes, to learn the complete prayer with its sunnahs and ettiquettes will take longer to learn, but to pray one only needs to know the obligatory acts of the prayer.

Yes, Islam was revealed in stages, but as soon as the prayer became obligatory, everyone had to pray.

I would suggest doing your best to determine if you do fall into the category of having to make up prayers; calculating what you need to make up using your best guess and adding to that to be on the safe side.

Then make a schedule for praying make up prayers that you can keep up, for example: making up one day of prayer everyday. Yes, it may take a year, or longer, but that is okay. What is crucial here is that you are in control of how you schedule your make ups; you are not obliged to leave other activities and spend your entire time making up prayers.

Therefore, it is important to incorporate the confirmed sunnah prayers into your schedule. Again, you choose how you will make up those prayers, so you there is no reason for you to feel overwhelmed because you can adjust your schedule to suit you. Nonetheless, in other than the Hanafi school, one may leave the sunnah prayers if one has to; but again, it is best to make a schedule that will allow you to pray make-ups and the sunnah prayers.

May Allah ta’ala give you tawfiq/success to do that which He loves and eases for you all of your affairs.

wasalaam,
Shaista Maqbool

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

A Reader on Missed Prayers

Should One Perform Sunna and Nafl Prayers When One Has Many Makeup Prayers?

The Age of Puberty and Estimating Makeups (Qada’)

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I started praying 5 times daily when i turned 15. How many years of qada should i make up now?

 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

If one has been praying since puberty, one does not have to make up any prayers. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

One becomes responsible for performing the prayer after puberty. This is established for males by having a wet dream, or females by menstruation. If neither occurs, it is considered from when one reached 15 (lunar) years.

If one cannot remember, one should make a reasonable estimate of the number of prayers one missed, and then strive to make them up, consistently.

Please also see: Estimating the Number of Make-Up Prayers

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

When Should Children Start Praying?

Making up Obligatory Fasts and Prayers

A Reader on Missed Prayers

Fajr Prayer, Sunrise and Makeups

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: What is the punishment for missing salaah unintentionally, such as oversleeping? Once I performed fajr after the compulsory ghusl, only realizing after sunrise that I had not poured water in my nostrils. Do the warnings in ahaadith also refer to the one who misses salaah unintentionally? e.g. the snake biting in the grave from fajr till zhuhr for missing fajr etc. Also if sunrise is at 6:18 and I start fajr at 6:18 is my salaah valid until the end of 6:18 or at the start.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

[1] It is obligatory is wash one’s inner nose. However, one does not need to ‘pour’ water into the nostrils. If one washed them, one can assume validity and soundness.

[2] The warnings in the hadiths refer to the one who deliberately misses the prayer. However, if prayers are being missed, something is going wrong in life.

[3] Your prayer would not be valid at that time. You would need to wait until sunrise is over (10-15mins) and then pray Fajr as a makeup (qada’).

We ask Allah for well-being in this life and the next.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does Each Makeup Prayer During Ramadan Count as 70 Makeup Prayers?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I have missed almost five years of missed prayers. It is also said that during Ramadan, when one prays a Fard prayer, he/she is counted as reading 70 to 70,000 times of that prayer. So can I make up my prayers according to this? Can I assume that each one of my prayers is multiplied by 70 and make up my prayers according to that? Or do I have to make up my prayers one by one.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

May Allah bless you for your commitment to make up your missed prayers. InshaAllah, you will find much tawfiq and baraka in your life for doing so.

In terms of your specific question, you have to make them up one by one.

Reward pertains to the recompense you will receive in the next life, inshaAllah. As you mention, for each fard prayer in Ramadan, it will be as if you prayed 70 prayers in terms of reward.

However, in terms of the debt you owe Allah in this life, it is based on what was missed: if five years of prayers were missed, five years of prayers must be made up.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

A Reader on Missed Prayers