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Can I Make up Supplications and Can I Raise My Hands in Prayer?

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

As a Hanafi can I make supplications in prayer which are not found in Hadiths and can I raise my haise in prayer in order to follow the sunna of other schools?

Answer: Wa’alaikum assalam.

I hope this finds you in the best of states. Jazakum Allah khayr for your question. May Allah increase you in your striving to be diligent in the religion.

Supplicating in a language other than Arabic during the Prayer

One can make any du’a whether it is from Qu’ran or Sunna or not, though it is best to say those that are found in these two sources. There are two conditions to this,

1. The du’a must be in Arabic

2. The du’a, even in Arabic, must be of a nature which is not normally possible to ask other humans for.

For more details and examples on this, please refer to this Hanafi answer here.

Raising one’s Hands during a Hanafi prayer with the intention to practice the sunnah from the other madhab

It would be advisable to not mix various acts of prayer from different schools, as each school has its valid proofs and arguments for what constitutes as sunna acts or not. In regards the raising of the hands when one goes into and returns from ruku, while it is a sunna in the Shafi’i school, it is disliked (makrouh) in the Hanafi school, though does not nullify the prayer [Maraqi al Falah]. As such there is a contradiction in raising the hands as a Hanafi.

May Allah grant you tawfiq and every good.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Should I Avoid Raising My Hands When Praying With Hanafis? [Shafi’i]

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I am extremely grateful for this platform which gives me the option of asking questions regarding fiqh. May Allah reward you for the inconvenience I am causing you by asking several questions.

1. When I pray in my local mosque, who is Hanafi, in order to avoid any dispute, I avoid raising my hands during the prayer despite being Shafi’i. Am I right?

2. If I miss a raka’ah (cycle) with the Imam, do I raise my hands behind the Imam after his first tashahhud?

3. In my makeup prayer of Fajr should I perform the qunut?

Answer: Wa alaykum salam

May Allah reward you. Your question does not inconvenience any of the Seekershub instructors in anyway. Rather, it affords us the opportunity to learn – by consulting the classical texts – and causes many of the other seekers to benefit.

Question 1:

Raf’ al-yadayn or raising one’s hands is a strongly encouraged sunnah according to the Shafi’is, the omittance of which is considered reprehensible (makruh). [Nayl al-Raja]

Living in a Hanafi community should not be the cause that you leave out this important sunnah. We need to appreciate that ALL schools of law are based on the Quran and Sunnah. When the Hanafi school does not make raf’ al-yadayn, we respect there position which is based on the hadith of the great companion AbduLlah ibn Mas’ud; similarly Hanafis should respect the position of the Shafi’is which is based on many authentic Prophetic traditions.

If however, the raising of your hands in prayer, will definitely lead to debate and quarreling, and the members of the masjid will not be tolerant of you raising your hands, then it might be better not to do so. Avoiding fitnah in a community is considered a general welfare (maslahah ammah); while raising your hands in prayer would be considered a personal one. General welfare receives precedence over personal welfare. In this instance however, you should consider speaking to the Imam of the masjid about this intolerance, so that it could be addressed over a period of time.

Question 2:

The four areas where one raises his hands in the Shafi’i school are four. 1. When entering Salah, 2. When bowing, 3. When rising from bowing, and 4. When rising from the first tashahhud. Some Shafi’i scholars included a 5th. They considered it recommended to raise ones hands when rising from a sajdah (into his 2nd or 4th raka’ah), especially when rising from the sitting of rest (jalsah al-istirahah). In his Bushra al-Karim, Sa’id bin Muhammad Ba’Ishn, supported this position as it is established in an authentic hadith and also alluded to by Imam al-Shafi’i. Thus, when you missed a raka’ah, you may raise your hands when rising from the tashahhud of your Imam, not because it’s considered a first tashahhud for you, but because of the discussion above.

Question 3:

Qunut should be made in the fajr prayer, even when made-up later.

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Is It Recommended to Raise My Hands in Supplication After the Call to Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I was told to not raise my hands in supplication after giving/hearing the call to prayer. Is it recommended to raise my hands in supplication after the call to prayer?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum

Raising the hands when engaging in supplication is established from the sunna.

The Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, “God is shy to return His servant empty handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication.” [al-Tirmidhi, Sunan]

In another tradition, the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) mentions a “disheveled man who raises his hands to the sky saying, ‘My Lord!'” [Muslim, Sahih]

Imam al-Suyuti gathered a number of other traditions on the issue in a treatise entitled al-Fadd al-wi`a’ fi ahadith raf` al-yadayn fi al-du`a. Consequently, scholars identified raising the hands during supplication as a general adab/sunna with the exception of a few occasions, such as certain supplications while in prayer. [al-Haytami, al-Fatawa al-Fiqhiya al-Kubra (1:252-53); Ali al-Qari, Mirqat al-Mafatih (5:126-27)]

Supplicating Between the Adhan and Iqama

Following from the above, supplication between the adhan and iqama is affirmed in the primary texts. Anas ibn Malik relates that the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, “Supplication between the adhan and iqama is not rejected.” [al-Tirmidhi, Sunan; Abu Dawud, Sunan; Ahmad, Musnad (rigorously authentic according to Shu`ayb Arna’ut and with the addition at the end, ‘so supplicate’)]

Given that (a) supplicating between the adhan and the iqama is established in the primary texts, and (b) the general rule is that it is sunna to raise the hands for supplication unless the contrary is affirmed by the texts, it can be stated that it is (c) recommended to raise the hands when supplicating between the adhan and iqama.

While there are other specifics to the issue, the above should suffice in answering your question.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Ikhlasul Amal

As a Shafi’i Should I Avoid to Raise My Hands When Praying Behind a Hanafi Imam? (Shafi’i School)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

1. As a Shafi’i should I avoid to raise my hands when praying behind a Hanafi Imam?

2. Should I recite the Fatiha while praying behind an Imam?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Following the Imam

As a follower, you are supposed to follow the Imam leading the prayer. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The Imam was only put in that position to be followed” [Bukhari, Muslim].

Raising the Hands when the Imam does not do so

In the Shafi’i school, raising the hands when changing positions in prayer is a Sunnah act. The Hanafi school does not likewise consider it recommended.

If you are praying behind someone who does not raise his hands, such as a Hanafi, raising your hands remains recommended. This does not contradict the general obligation to follow the Imam, as raising the hands is not considered an act that grossly contradicts the Imam’s prayer.

Reciting the Fatiha while the Imam is Reciting it

In the Shafi’i school, it is obligatory to recite the Fatiha in every rak’ah (unit of prayer) for any prayer, obligatory or otherwise. This is irrespective of whether one is praying alone or following behind an Imam, or whether the prayer is recited aloud or silently. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “A prayer in which the Fatiha is not recited is not valid” [Ibn Khuzaymah].

A person can recite the Fatiha at any moment during the standing portion of the unit of prayer. It is recommended to recite it following the Imam’s recitation.

Reciting another Chapter of the Qur’an while Following an Imam

Reciting a chapter or portion of the Qur’an following the recitation of the Fatiha is recommended in the first two rak’ahs of any prayer, obligatory or otherwise. It is not recommended when a person is following an Imam. In this case, it is recommended to listen to the Imam’s recitation. If one cannot hear the Imam’s recitation for whatever reason, it remains recommended for one to also recite.

Please also see: Should I Follow a Fast Imam Even if It Entails Not Reciting the Fatiha? [Shafi’i School]

Source: al-Hawashi al-Madaniyyah, Hashiyat al-Bujayrami

Shuaib Ally