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The Etiquette of Earning a Livelihood: A Comprehensive SeekersHub Reader

The etiquette of earning a livelihood forms the 13th chapter of Imam Al-Ghazali’s seminal work, the Ihya, which is widely regarded as the greatest work on Islamic spirituality in the world.

 

Why Is Allah Withholding Rizq (Provision) From Me? (Video)

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Why is Allah withholding rizq (provision) from me?

Answer:  Wa’leykum Salam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

Provision and Work: A Reader

“In fact, Allah is the All-Sustainer, Possessor of power, the Strong.” Qur’an [51:58]


Allah Is the Provider

Allah’s Names Explained: Al-Razzaq – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

A Reader on Patience and Reliance on Allah

The Meaning of Rizq (Provision) When Used in the Qur’an and Sunnah

Distress in Seeking One’s Provision

How to not be Overwhelmed by my Fear of Unemployment?

Did Allah Deny Me a Job Because of My Sins?

Supplications Related to Seeking One’s Provision

Are There Any Invocations To Help Me Find A Job?

How Does One Perform The Prayer Of Need (salat al-haja)?

What Are Some Prophetic Supplications That Can Help Me Deal With Trials in My Life?

Could You Give Me a Supplication to Increase My Chances of Entering a Nursing Program?

Bringing Barakah Into Your Wealth and Life

Is There a Prayer I Can Make So That My Co-Workers Will Cooperate and Work Better With Me?

Etiquette in Seeking One’s Provision

Seeking nearness to Allah, the ultimate aim in our worldly work

The Muslim Standard of Excellence in Work and Life – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Does it Mean to Have “Beautiful Restraint and Balance” in one’s Work, Career, and in Seeking one’s Provision?

Trust in Allah and Provisions for Seekers of Knowledge

RizqWise: Episode 1 – The Problem with Letting Money Run your Life

Healthy but Tasty: Entrepreneurship with a Higher Purpose

Seeking One’s Provision and Worship

How Can I Pray on Time With My Very Busy Job and Very Long Hours?

What Should I Do If I Have No Time To Pray At Work?

Can I Break My Fast If My Job Makes Fasting Too Difficult?

Is It Permissible to Miss the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work?

I Work in My Parents’ Restaurant and They Do Not Let Me Pray on Time. What Do I Do?

Can I Make Tayammum at Work to Avoid Disturbing Customers by Getting the Floor Wet?

Seeking One’s Provision in a Permissible Way

How to Avoid Riba (Usury): A Reader

Bank Employment: When is it Permissible?

As a Man Can I Work as a Hair Stylist and Cut Women’s Hair?

Is It Permissible to Work As a Real Estate Agent or Broker?

Is It Permissible to Work for a Casino Valet Parking Company?

Women & the Workplace: Is it Impermissible for Me to Work Even If I Observe Proper Limits?

Working for a Company Providing IT Solutions in Un-Islamic Markets

Can I Work at a Supermarket Checkout That Sells Pork and Alcohol?

Investing in Stocks and Working as a Stock Broker

Related Courses

Money Matters: Islamic Finance in Everyday Life

Excellence in Faith & Action (from Ghazali’s 40 Foundations of Religion)

Islamic Law for Seekers (Hanafi): Transactions

Photo: Takeaway

I Am a Married Man Who Has Committed a Lot of Heinous Sins. Will Allah Ever Forgive Me?

Answered by Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil

Question: I have committed a lot of sins. I curse myself in the hope that I will not fall into the same sin but I keep sinning. I am working in computer engineering, but have no success in my sales.


I have done a lot of supplications but I don’t see any changes. My wife is the provider, which makes me feel ashamed. Can you help me?

Answer: Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you well. May Allah help you make a complete repentance, and increase your provision.

Valid Repentance

The conditions for a valid repentance are:

a. One leaves the sin,
b. One feels remorse for the action committed,
c. One resolves to not return to it, and
d. One pays back or returns what one owes if the sin involves the rights of others.

[Nawawi, Riyad al-Salihin]

Have you hurt another person through your sin? If you have, then please seek to redress it. Examples of redressing harm to another are: returning stolen money/goods, seeking forgiveness from someone you have harmed, clarifying the truth if you have slandered another, etc.

As I am unsure about the nature of your sin, then I cannot give you more specific advice. Please seek out a compassionate local scholar and ask for help. If you are struggling with an addiction, then please seek out a counsellor or psychologist.

Hope

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (upon him be blessings and peace) having said: “By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if you were not to commit sin, Allah would sweep you out of existence and He would replace (you by) those people who would commit sin and seek forgiveness from Allah, and He would have pardoned them.” [Sahih Muslim]

Please reflect on this beautiful hadith, and have hope in Allah’s Mercy. When you sin, instead of cursing yourself, ask Allah for forgiveness.

Haste

It was narrated from Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) said: “It is necessary that you do not become hasty.” It was said: “What does being hasty mean, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “When one says: ‘I supplicated to Allah but Allah did not answer me.'” [Sunan Ibn Majah]

Please keep on making dua and praying tahajjud, and please do so with patience. It can be very challenging to wait for an opening from Allah, but trust that He is listening, and will answer.

Provision

Please read Surah Al-Waqiah to increase your provision. Even though it is difficult for you, make shukr that you have a wife who has the ability to support you financially. InshaAllah you will be able to provide for her again in the near future. Remember the example of our Lady Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her), who was much older than the Prophet (upon him be blessings and peace) and much wealthier.

Please perform the Prayer of Need and ask Allah to help you stop your sin, and for Allah to increase your provision. Trust that nothing is difficult for Allah.

Please refer to the following link:

A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)
What Are Some Prophetic Supplications That Can Help Me Deal With Trials in My Life?
Wassalam,
Raidah

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Could You Give Me a Supplication to Increase My Chances of Entering a Nursing Program?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

It has been two years since I started trying to get onto a nursing program, but to no avail. Is there a prayer or dua for increasing my chances of getting in?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

May Allah Most High facilitate your affairs. Consider praying the Prayer of Need (salat al-hajah) too: How Does One Perform The Prayer Of Need (salat al-haja)?

And please see the following resources:

Struggling to Have Children: Ten Key Etiquettes of Du’a

Some Prophetic Supplications for Difficulty and Distress

Why Doesn’t Allah Answer My Supplications?

A Reader on Patience and Reliance on Allah

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Wayne MacPhail

How to not be Overwhelmed by my Fear of Unemployment?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I can’t help it but think of long-term unemployment after graduating. Perhaps my degrees won’t be convincing to future employers. Yes, I network, I do internships…but right now I am just overthinking it all the time.
Please help me put my mind at ease and rely on Allah subhanahu wa ta’aala. I do not want to be unemployed.
Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Take all reasonably possible means to secure future employment, yet whilst remembering that it is Allah who provides.
And that entails that you supplicate for a lawful income, and a means by which you can worship Allah. Pray the Prayer of Need (salat al-hajah) and work on becoming a better Muslim. The people of taqwa are always given a way out. [How Does One Perform The Prayer Of Need (salat al-haja)?]
See: The Meaning of Rizq (Provision) When Used in the Qur’an and Sunnah and: A Reader on Patience and Reliance on Allah
Please see also: What Does it Mean to Have “Beautiful Restraint and Balance” in one’s Work, Career, and in Seeking one’s Provision? and: The Muslim Standard of Excellence in Work and Life – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

What Does it Mean to Have "Beautiful Restraint and Balance" in one’s Work, Career, and in Seeking one’s Provision?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: In the Revival Circle class, we took the hadith on having “beautiful balance” in one’s work, career, and seeking one’s provision. What does this entail? And can you share the hadith, please?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate
with blessings and peace upon the Messenger of Allah,
and his family and companions

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.
The hadith is mentioned in the Muwatta of Imam Malik. He relates that, “It has reached us that it would be said that: ‘Truly, no one will die until they have fulfilled their provision. So ​have beautiful restrain​t​ in your seeking provision.'” ​[Malik, Muwatta]​
​Imam ​Ibn Abd al-Barr says in his commentary on the Muwatta: ​T​his is a Prophetic hadith of well-known contiguous chains of narration.​ [Ibn Abd al-Barr, al-Istidhkar]​ The hadith is also found in a number of the major works of hadith, with acceptable chains of transmission.
​What does “beautiful restraint” mean?​
​Imam ​Tibi says in his commentary on (his student) ​Imam ​Tabrizi’s ​compendium of ​hadith​s in the major hadith works​, Mishkat al-Masabih:
“​Have beautiful restraint ​in seeking…​” (fa ajmilu​ fi’t talab​) refers to seeking a livelihood in a beautiful (jamil) way–which is to only seek it in ways that accord with Divine Guidance (shari`ah).”​ [Tibi, Sharh Mishkat al-Masabih]​
​Thus, “have beautiful restraint in seeking your provision” would entail:
(1) ​remaining within limits​ of halal and haram, on the basis of sound knowledge​;
​(2) learning and ​upholding the sunnas and adab of earning a lawful​, virtuous ​living;
​(3) ​having the right intentions and aims in one’s work;
​(4) upholding the right inward traits ​of faith and character ​in ​one’s work and through ​one’s work.
​See: The Muslim Standard of Excellence in Work and Life – Faraz Rabbani
And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

Faraz Rabbani

الاستذكار (8/ 272)
مَالِكٌ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُقَالُ إِنْ أَحَدًا لَنْ يَمُوتَ حَتَّى يَسْتَكْمِلَ رِزْقَهُ فَأَجْمِلُوا فِي الطَّلَبِ
هَذَا حَدِيثٌ مُسْنَدٌ مَعْرُوفٌ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ

شرح المشكاة للطيبي الكاشف عن حقائق السنن (10/ 3337)

قوله: فأجملوا في الطلب)) أي اكتسبوا المال بوجه جميل، وهو أن لا تطلبه إلا بالوجه الشرعي

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Trust in Allah and Provisions for Seekers of Knowledge

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalamu alaykum
(1) Has Allah promised that if a person busies himself with seeking and teaching sacred knowledge and worship, He will provide for him and those dependent on him without them having to look for provision, neither by asking to people nor by finding a job (since the job would divert their efforts from learning)?
(2) In alternative, would finding someone to sponsor our studies be considered disliked or against tawakkul?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
(1) No, it is obligatory for you to support your family. Find a lawful source of income and study hard on the side, filling your life with blessing and sincerity, and insha’Allah you’ll see the benefit. Knowledge, too, is sustenance, and Allah gives to whomsoever He wishes.
(2) Trust in Allah is for one’s heart to be at rest and confident with the Divine Promise. [see: Saving for Retirement & Trust in Allah] The sunna is to take the means whilst relying upon Allah, and not upon the means themselves. And as such, there would be nothing wrong in seeking a scholarship in order to fulfil your goals.
Please see also: A Reader on Patience and Reliance on Allah and consider taking: Faith in Divine Unity & Trust in Divine Providence
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Meaning of Rizq (Provision) When Used in the Qur’an and Sunnah

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Could you please tell the meaning of rizq when used in Quran & Hadith and what this rizq includes ? And when promises of needs being fulfilled are mentioned, does it mean the basic human needs like food and drink or other thing too ?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that this finds you in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.
Provision or sustenance (rizq) has a linguistic sense of, “giving” or “apportionment” [al-Samin al-Halabi, al-Durr al-Masun; Abu al-Su`ud, Irshad al-`Aql al-Salim ila Mazaya al-Kitab al-Karim]
However, it is used in different specific ways in the primary texts of the Qur’an and the Traditions (hadith) of the Holy Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace).
It sometimes refers to:
(a) the general worldly or next-worldly giving of blessings and the like. Allah Most High says, “[those] who believe in the unseen, keep up the prayer, and give out of what We have provided for them.” [2.3] i.e. that which we have given them and blessed them with;
(b) that which nourishes us— and by extension generally that which one wears or uses. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “If you were to rely on Allah as He should be relied on, He would provide for you as He provides for the birds. They go out in the morning hungry and return in the evening full.” i.e. their bellies are full;
(c) a great good that has been granted to its its possessor. Allah Most High says, “Give out of what We have provided for you, before death comes to one of you…” [63.10] i.e. from wealth, knowledge, and prestige.
[Raghib, al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Qur’an; al-Halabi, `Umdat al-Huffaz]
The Provider (al-Razzaq)
Allah Most High says, “God is the Provider, the Lord of Power, the Ever Mighty.” [53.58]
In general, the one who provides is the one who facilitates the provision reaching the one provided for.
The Proof of Islam al-Ghazali explains that the Name of Allah, The Provider (al-Razzaq), is “the One who has created provision and those provided for, and He has conveyed that provision to them. And He has created the means whereby they may enjoy and benefit from these blessings.” [Ghazali, al-Maqsad al-Asna fi Sharh Asma’ Allah al-Husna]
Imam Ahmad Zarruq in his Commentary on the Ninety-Nine Names of Allah says, “The Provider is the One who sustains all existent things with that which preserves their form and substance from His pure Generosity.”
See also: Allah’s Names Explained: Al-Razzaq – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani and: Al-Ghazali on the Ninety-nine Beautiful Names of God and:Bringing Barakah Into Your Wealth and Life
I’d highly suggest taking these classes:Fiqh of Life: Essentials of Halal and Haram and:Money Matters: Islamic Finance in Everyday Life
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani