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Can My Brother-in-law Hold My Wedding Feast/Walima?

Faith is Believing

Question: Can my sister’s husband hold my walima if I permit him to?

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum,

Thank you for your question.

It says in the Reliance of the Traveller:

The wedding feast is a sunna (A: whose time never expires, though it is recommended to be after intercourse). The sunna is for the meal to consist of a sheep or goat (shah, def: h2.S), though it is permissible to serve whatever food is readily available [m9.1].

It is permissible for your brother-in-law to hold your walima. I assume that by “holding“ your walima, you mean that he will pay for it and invite the guests. This is a praiseworthy act on his behalf.

Please see this article for more details:
https://islamqa.org/shafii/shafiifiqh/30244

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Authenticity of Hadith on Losing One’s Son

Question: There is a hadith to the effect that the reward for losing one’s son is Paradise?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

This hadith is narrated by Abd ibn Hamid and Ahmad in their Musnads, and Ibn Manda and Abu Nuaym, and is weak (Marifat al Sahaba, Ibn Manda; Musnad Ahmad, ed. Al Arnaut).

The hadith translates as follows:

A man had a boy who had come of age, and he and his son used to frequently come and see the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him). But then the boy died and the man was beside himself out of sorrow for him for about six days and stopped coming to see the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then asked about him, ‘Where is So-and-so?’
‘O Messenger of Allah,’ they said, ‘His son died and he is beside himself with sorrow.’
When the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) finally saw him, he said to him, ‘Would you prefer to have your son back as good and clever as any other boy? Would you prefer to have your son back as brave as any other boy? Would you prefer to have your son back as a good and fully adult man (kahl)? Or would you prefer it to be said to you, ‘Enter Paradise as a reward for what We took from you!?’

Despite the fact that the hadith is weak, there are many sound hadiths that tell us the meaning is true.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Mentioning Allah’s Name While Leaving The Bathroom

Question: Is it acceptable to mention Allah’s name while leaving the bathroom with one foot still inside the bathroom?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Mentioning Allah’s name and invocations (dhikr) in general is offensive in the bathroom, and not sinful (Ianat al Talibin, Dimyati).

As long as one is standing on both feet, with one foot still in the bathroom, one is considered to still be in the bathroom. If one foot remains as one is leaving but one is not leaning on it, then one is considered to be outside of the bathroom (Tuhfat al Muhtaj, Ibn Hajar al Haytami).

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

The Ruling of Shaving a Newborn’s Head in the Hanafi School?

Question: What is the ruling of shaving a newborn’s head in the Hanafi school? Why is it not considered a sunna?
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate
The act of shaving the head of the child is established from the Hadith of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace), however, the scholars differed over the exact meaning of the Hadith and its legal ruling.
The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “With the child, there is an ‘Aqiqa, so spill forth blood on their behalf and remove from them harm” [Bukhari].
In this narration, some scholars understood the statement ‘remove from them harm’ to mean the hair that the child was born with. Others took it to mean circumcision and yet others took it to have a general meaning [Mulla ‘Ali Qari, ‘Umda al-Qari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari].
However, the Hanafi school has not considered the shaving of the newborn’s hair to be intrinsically a Sunna, rather recommended.
The Term ‘Recommended’
The text that you quoted indicates the ruling of shaving the head, which is recommended or mustahabb in Arabic.
Recommended actions are such actions that one is rewarded for doing. However, one is not sinful nor blamed for not doing them [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah].
In the terminology of Islamic Jurisprudence, there is a difference between what is deemed a Sunna and what is deemed to be of a lower category.
The word sunna and the word recommended can sometimes be used interchangeably. In legal jargon, the word sunna when mentioned without any descriptor generally means an emphasized sunna or a sunna of guidance.
The word ‘recommended’ may be used instead of sunna because certain actions or commands of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) fall unto one of the following example categories:
Examples of Recommended Acts
(1) The command is merely a command of recommendation, not an obligation. Generally, these types of commands are not directly related to the Prophet’s mission of conveying guidance, rather relate to general advice.
For example, the Prophet’s command to wear white.
He (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Wear of your garments that which is white, for it is the best of your garments…” [Tirmidhi].
(2) The particular practice of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) being a practice of habit or form not directly related to His mission of conveying guidance.
An example of this would be the method by which the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) drank water or the clothing He wore.
These are just examples to shed some light on the issue; this is not an exhaustive list.
Summary
Thus, even though one can say that wearing white or drinking sitting down are Sunna, Scholars would make a distinction between the sunna of wearing white and the sunna of praying the two units of prayer before Fajr.
The former is thus called by the scholars ‘recommended’ and the latter an emphasized sunna. Note, recommended is sometimes referred to as non-emphasized sunna [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah].
With that being said, the shaving of the newborn is recommended in the Hanafi school. In other words, it is a non-emphasized sunna.
Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

 

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

Religiously Compromising Emojis

Question: Is it permissible to use religiously compromising emojis?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Using religiously compromising emojis, such images/cartoons of something profane, insulting, or theologically incorrect, is not permissible.

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘The believer does not stab people in the back, nor does supplicate he against them, nor does he talk about that which is immoral or disgusting’ (Tirmidhi and Ibn Hibban).

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Showing Disrespect to Qur’an or Hadith

Question: Is it disrespectful and thus forbidden to put files with verses of the Qur’an or hadith in the virtual “trash” on one’s computer?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Showing disrespect to the Qur’an and hadith is forbidden and sinful. That said, what exactly is deemed disrespectful is not always clear and often has to be judged based on culture and social norms.

Given that the virtual “trash” is not actually dirty and is used for all sorts of files, I don’t think anyone would actually deem putting files with Qur’an or hadith in them disrespectful per se.

However, one should feel some level or dislike because it could be done in a more dignified way. Also, if one could change the image and name of the folder on the computer it would be far superior.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Who with reference composed salawat Nariya? 

Question: 
Please enlighten us with reference as to who composed Salawat Nariya? 

Jazak Allahu khairan.

Answer: 
Wa alaykum as-Salaam

Shukran for writing to us.

From the outset, it seems rather challenging to determine who compiled this formula of salutations and when it was formulated. After reading several online articles, the following points are important to consider:

1. Some have attributed it to Sayyid Ibrahim al-Tazi.  For this reason, the formula is also known or called Salawat Taziyyah.
2. Others have attributed it to Imam Ahmad al-Rifa’i.
3. I’ve also seen some attributing it to Imam Qurtubi, even though most articles only quote Imam Qurtubi speaking of its virtue.
4. Some reports cite Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani speaking of its virtue as well.

None of these points are referenced, and therefore one is not able to provide clear guidance. However, if it was indeed Sayyid Ibrahim al-Tazi [d. 866] that compiled it, as Shaykh Ali Jumu’ah and others have suggested, then Imam Qurtubi [d. 671], as well as ibn Hajar al-Asqalani [d. 852], could not have spoken of its virtue.

Either way, the formula holds many great meanings and virtues. Not knowing who precisely the compiler is, should not deter one from reciting it. For more information on its merits, please read the following:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/halal-and-haram/can-i-recite-salawat-al-nariya/.

And Allah knows best.
Abdurragmaan Khan

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdurragmaan received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Is It Permissible to Pray in Multiple Friday Prayers in the Same City?

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: Is it permissible to pray in multiple Jumua in the same city?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

May Allah bless you for your question

Performing Jumua in multiple places in the same city is permissible. [Maraqi al-Falah]

Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Ramadan Mubarak: The Prophet’s Dua When the New Moon is Sighted

RAMADAN MUBARAK

The Prophet’s dua (Allah bless him and give him peace) for when the new moon is seen:

The Prophet s dua when New Moon is Seen

 

Allahumma ahhilhu `alayna bi’l yumni wa’l imani wa’s salamati wa’l islam. Rabbi wa rabbuka’l Llah

(O Allah, bring it to us with felicity, faith, safety, and submission. [Addressing the new moon:] My Lord & Your Lord is Allah.”

 

[Related by Tirmidhi, from Talha (Allah be pleased with him); sound]

Ramadan Seminar Q&A Session – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

* Originally posted on May 8, 2018

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani answers questions on the fiqh of fasting, including the nullifiers of fasts, expiation for broken fasts, and the spiritual retreat.

Among the many questions and points Shakyh Faraz addresses, he mentions that if one breaks fast deliberately or by accident, the time of fasting is not over, and one is able to fast, then one refrains from everything a fasting person refrains from until fasting ends. This is a sign of contrition and remorse.

Hasten to Break Fast

The Shaykh also mentions that one should not delay breaking fast excessively out of a mistaken sense of piety or fervor. Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said:

قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَحَبُّ عِبَادِي إِلَيَّ أَعْجَلُهُمْ فِطْرًا

Allah Mighty and Majestic said: “The most beloved among my servants are those who hasten to break their fast.” (Tirmidhi)

Be Tactful and Considerate with Others

But one must also remember that when in a group of people who believe they are in the right to delay, one must be discreet about the matter and not make disagreement a point of contention or rancor. If you consider breaking it in such a situation do it tactfully.

These and many others points and rulings are covered in this session. And you should listen to it even if you know all the answers as there is no harm and abundant good in reviewing what one knows and strengthening one’s knowledge.

May Allah grant us eternal success in the blessed month of Ramadan and in all the months He has decreed for each and every one of us until we are brought before Him. Amin.


Shaykh Faraz Rabbani spent ten years studying with some of the leading scholars of recent times, first in Damascus, and then in Amman, Jordan. His teachers include the foremost theologian of recent times in Damascus, the late Shaykh Adib al Kallas, may Allah have mercy on him, as well as his student Shaykh Hassan al Hindi, one of the leading Hanafi fuqaha of the present age. He returned to Canada in 2007, where he founded SeekersHub in order to meet the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge–both online and on the ground–in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He is the author of Absolute Essentials of Islam: Faith, Prayer, and the Path of Salvation According to the Hanafi School (White Thread Press, 2004.) Since 2011, Shaykh Faraz has been named one of the 500 most influential Muslims by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center.

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