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Are Splashes on the Body from Washing My Private Parts After Relieving Myself Impure?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Is the water that splashes on thigh/leg/feet area during istinja (while washing of private parts) impure?

I feel like im spending so much time in washroom because of this, constantly washing my leg and even sandles.

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Difficult-to-avoid impurities are excused

No, the splashes on the legs and feet are not impure. Impurity is a ruling given by the Sharīʿa to something. In general, when there is great difficulty avoiding impurity – such as splashes when relieving oneself – it is excused. An explicit example of this is small splashes of urine coming into contact with one’s body of clothes.

The Sharīʿa deems them to be pure in this situation, even if they come into contact with one clothes or other objects.

This is usually an issue with eastern toilets where one is required to squat. When finished you can simply pour a small amount of water over your feet and move on. The default assumption is that the floor, the sandals, and your person are all now pure. (Ibn ʿAbidin, Radd al-Muhtar).

The attitude of the Companions towards impurity

The Companions and the early Muslims did not have access to a large amount of water, toilet paper, etc. When there was a clearly visible impurity they removed it and moved on. They did not worry about remote possibilities. (Birgivi, al-Tariqa al-Muhammadiyya)

A simple solution is to learn the basic rules of purity and prayer and apply them without worrying about minute details. A great place to start is is the Absolute Essentials course we offer for free. If you are still having doubts then find a practicing Muslim who does not have these doubts and ask them to show you how they go about cleaning the house, etc, and do it the same way without any extra attention to detail.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Can I Pray in the Toilet out of Necessity?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

A friend of mine is working in a company where there is absolutely no room, etc. to pray. That is why he always makes up his missed prayers at home. Would it be allowed to pray on the toilet if he covers the closet and uses a clean carpet?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam rahmatullah,

Yes, it would be valid to pray in a toilet cubicle, yet highly undignified, disliked and wrong to do so without clear need.

The matter, however, would be different if the place in question was a multi-purpose bathroom. If so, praying therein would be far more excusable as long as (1) the area is clean from any filth, or the filth has been covered up, and (2) the area in which you are praying is clean. Note that the basis would be that the area is ritually pure and acceptable to pray on.

Generally, the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) interdicted praying in places that contain filth because doing so doesn’t befit the tremendousness of the action of prayer that you are engaging in. [Tirmidhi, and others]

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss (1.482/484)]

Please also see: How Can I Pray on Time With My Very Busy Job and Very Long Hours? and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How to Deal With Waswas During Istinja?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

When I was defecating some toilet water splashed back.I’m 100% sure that urine got on me but I’m not 100% sure I washed it. However I’m still ignoring this as I already used so much water and I feel as if it’s just waswas. What should I do?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

Thank you for your question.

You can assume that you purified entire area when you performed the istinja; that is the most likely scenario. Matters like these are best ignored, and the simplest and most effective way to deal with them is sound knowledge. Once one gains a clear understanding of matters of purification the meaning of the words of the Messenger of Allah ‘Indeed the religion is ease itself’ (Bukhari) become very clear, and one can thank Allah for this ease He granted us.

You should consider taking a course on the fiqh of worship, as this will help you a great deal.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

How Can I Deal With Urine Drops Effectively? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have been having difficulty in staying pure and keeping my wudu after using the toilet. After I have used the washroom and cleaned myself according to the recommendations of the Shafi’i Madhab, I usually find a drop of liquid has exited my body. This will be very problematic for me, as I will be leaving home to study Arabic.

What can I do?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

May Allah accept your intention of studying the Arabic Language.

Many males have been afflicted with the problem you described. Below is some detail and possible solutions to your condition:

How Can I End Urine Drops Quickly? (Shafi’i)

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

How Should I Clean My Clothes and My Body to Be Allowed to Pray?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

1. I have put impure clothes in a bucket with pure clothes. Afterwards I wash them with water. Are my clothes now pure?

2. Is it compulsory to use the hand when washing the private parts in the toilet?

3. Is it necessary to wash the rear private part during the ritual bath?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

1. Yes, your clothes are deemed purified. If there are no signs of filth, there is no filth transfer.

2. No, it is not obligatory to wash your private parts because cleaning those areas (istinja’) is a sunna.

3. Yes, it is a sunna to clean your private parts before bathing.

Please see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings) and: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How Can I End Urine Drops Quickly? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

After using the bathroom I use toilet paper to clean up the remaining drops of urine. This however takes a very long time. Everytime I squeeze and get rid of the drop another one takes it’s place. Do I have to get rid of the drops that are stuck?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam

Jazak Allah khayr for your question.

Ensuring one cleans oneself correctly when using the lavatory is of utmost importance. The Messenger. Allah bless him and give him peace, walked by two graves on one occasion and said, “They are being punished (in their graves) for something which was not difficult to avoid. One of them did not avoid soiling himself with urine (while using the lavatory) and the other used to carry tales.” [Al-Bukhari]. What this effectively means is that one should take care and be sure that he has cleaned himself correctly after urinating or passing stool.

The condition you may be suffering from is called post-micturition dribble (PMD), or after-dribble. It is a common problem, in varying degrees, among men of all ages. Acknowledging the commonness of the condition, our jurist advised one to practice istibra’ or ensuring one relieves the urethra from residual urine.

Imam al-Nawawi stated in his al-Majmu‘, “al-Istibra’ or evacuating residual urine from the urethra differs from person to person. What is required is for the individual to have predominant thought that the urethra is cleared from urine that he fears may exit. Some may achieve this by the slightest squeeze. Others may have to squeeze repeatedly. Some may have to cough. While others may not need to do any of the above. It is essential though that one does not become afflicted with waswasa (doubtful whispering).”

What has proven to be very effective and may shorten the time it takes for droplets of urine to stop appearing, is to massage the bulbar section of the urethera as explained below:

• Bulbar urethral massage: The patient can be taught bulbar urethral massage, also known as bulbar urethral elevation or urethral milking. The patient is taught to place his fingers behind his scrotum after voiding and to gently massage his bulbar urethra in a forwards and upwards direction. This ‘milks’ the urine retained in the bulbar urethra out of the urethra. Teaching the patient to tighten his pelvic floor muscles prior to undertaking bulbar urethral massage may help to prevent further leakage (Dorey, 2000). [Understanding post-micturition dribble incontinence in men: NT 22 July 2003 Vol 99 No 29 www.nursingtimes.net]

In conclusion, it is a requirement for you to ensure that the droplets of urine have been removed. Using any of the above methods will most certainly shorten the period that it takes to clear up. Possibly the best long term solution would pelvic floor exercises. If your situation does not improve, you may consult a doctor.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam

[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Photo: Emdot

Is Performing Wudu in the Bathroom Disliked? [Shafi’i]

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaikum,

In my parents home we have two bathrooms. One of these has a British toilet and the other has both a British and Pakistani style toilet.

Some of my family members have stated that it is disliked to do wudu in the bathroom in this scenario.

Is there any validity to this opinion?

Answer: Assalāmu ʿalaykum,

I pray that you are well.

It has been considered disliked to perform wudu in the same place that one relieves themselves because it is recommended to start the wudu with the name of Allah, which itself is disliked in a place where filth remains. To fulfil this aspect of the wudu, it has been considered better to perform it in another place.

Another possible reason is that if one makes wudu in the place they have relieved themselves, there is the possibility that water will splash and cause impurities to land on their body or clothes.
However, in many modern bathrooms, one’s bodily waste does not remain, but is flushed away. Moreover, bathrooms are themselves often held up to high standards of hygiene, and one is not performing wudu in precisely the same place where they have relieved themselves. In such scenarios, there is no dislike in performing the wudu there or reciting the basmalah aloud.

wassalam,
Shuaib Ally

Photo: Zceittf

Is It Permissible to Enter a Public Bathroom Whilst Carrying Islamic Material in a Closed Bag?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

Is it permissible to enter a public bathroom whilst carrying islamic material in a closed bag?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

It is best to avoid when reasonably possible as the basis is having veneration for religious books and the like.

However, when difficult or unreasonable, it would be permitted to enter the bathroom with such items covered up or away in a bag, for example.

Allah Most High states, “That [is the command]! And whosoever venerates the symbols of Allah: indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.” [22:32]

See also: Entering the Bathroom With Qur’anic Verses on Clothing

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can One Use Both Toilet Paper and Water to Clean Himself After Using the Toilet?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: How does one cleanse himself after using the toilet? Can he use both toilet paper and water? Also, if water falls onto the bathroom floor, is it considered impure?

Answer: Walaikum assalam,

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Ten matters are from upright natural disposition (fitra),” and he mentioned among them, “Washing away filth (istinja).” [Muslim and Tirmidhi]

It is reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) cleaned himself with pure, dry stones. [Bukhari, Nasa`i, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Maja]

1. The sunna is to clean the private parts, such that no filth remains on them.

2. This emphasized and confirmed sunna is fulfilled by using any dry object that is pure, effective, and not of material value (such as toilet paper).

3. The sunna is also fulfilled by washing the area with water.

4. It is optimal to first use tissue paper or the like until one minimizes any impurity on the area, and to then wash it with water.

5. If one does only one, it is best to wash. The sunna is also fulfilled by merely wiping the place of exit using tissue paper.

6. If the filth goes beyond the place of exit and its immediately surrounding area, then one must wash the filth. Wiping alone will not suffice.

7. One uses one’s left hand in cleaning one’s private parts. It is disliked to do so with the right hand.

8. It is obligatory to rid oneself of remaining urine before one starts wudu.

[al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya 1.48; Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah, Sagharji, al-Taysir; Ayni, Umdat al-Qari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari]

As for water on the bathroom floor, the default assumption about bathroom and toilet floors–like all things–is purity. This is our base operational certainty, and the legal maxim is that, “Certainty is not lifted by mere doubts.” [Ibn Nujaym, al-Ashbah wa’l Nadha’ir] Thus, if your clothes drag on the bathroom floor, you would assume that the wetness isn’t filthy. This is supported by rigorously authentic hadiths of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him), narrated by Imam Tirmidhi and others.

Wasalam
Faraz Rabbani