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Imam al-Haddad’s Counsels on Hajj and `Umrah – Muwasala

* Originally Published on 14/09/2013

COUNSELS ON TRAVELLING

You must hold fast to all the acts of devotion which you perform regularly when you are not travelling. Do not make light of leaving any of them. You should make up any acts of devotion which you are unable to perform due to travelling when you are able to do so, if they are of the sort which can be made up. If it is not possible to make them up, then remember that Allah has made things easy for people travelling. The hadith states: “If a believer travels or becomes sick, Allah orders His angels to record for him the same actions that he would perform when he was not travelling and was in good health.” This is a blessing, a mercy and ease from Allah. All praise be to Allah – He is so merciful and kind to His slaves!
Imam Hadadd's Mosque, Tarim, Yemen
Beware of belittling the dispensations of shortening and joining one’s prayers when it is permissible to do so, for “Allah loves for people to take His dispensations just as He loves people to perform that which has normally been made compulsory for them.”
Be consistent in reading the supplications that it is recommended to read while travelling, such as the supplication you read upon mounting (your horse) or dismounting,  or the supplication you read upon entering a town. You will find a large amount of these in al-Adhkār [of Imām al-Nawawī] so look for them and memorise them.
When you travel, make your spiritual ambition drive your feet forward and make your heart travel with your body. Let reliance upon Allāh be your provision, having a good opinion of Him your support, truthfulness your vehicle and neediness and brokenness your inner and outer garments. Let your contentment with Him to the exclusion of all others be your companion.

HAJJ

You must purify your intention to go to Allah’s Sacred House, to perform the rights of Ḥajj, to venerate the things which He has made inviolable and sacred and to visit the grave of His Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family and grant them peace. In your journey to those places you should have no other purpose or aim except this and any other praiseworthy intention connected to this. Beware of combining these noble intentions with the desire for recreation or trade.
You must make ṭawāf (circumambulation) of the Ancient House in abundance, for the one making ṭawāf is immersed in mercy. While you are doing so, your hearts should be overflowing with veneration and magnification for the Lord of the House. Do not busy yourselves with anything other than recitation of the Qur’ān, remembrance of Allah and supplication. Beware of idle speech.
Be consistent in reading the adhkār and supplications which should be read during ṭawāf and sa`ī and in other places on the Ḥajj. You should also have the utmost concern for visiting all the sacred places.
You should perform `umrah in abundance, especially in the month of Ramaḍān, for performing one `umrah in Ramaḍān is equal in reward to performing Ḥajj with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his Family and grant them peace.
You must have veneration for the two Sacred Precincts and observe the correct etiquette in them. You must also honour those living there, and give them the right due to them for living in proximity to those blessed places. Maintain a good opinion of them specifically and of the Muslims generally. If you see or hear something you dislike, be patient and remain silent. However, if you are able to openly speak the truth then do so, for no one has any excuse to remain silent unless he is absolutely certain he is unable to change a wrong that is being committed.
One of the best states to be in is to focus fully on Allah and on worshipping Him such that you are unaware of the state of those around you, since the people of this time have contravened the way of the pious predecessors and left behind their praiseworthy teachings. The one who Allah guides is rightly guided; but the one who Allah causes to go astray – for him you will find no protector to guide him.
Masjid Ul Haram Mekka (16)You must perform abundant pious acts in the Sacred Precinct in Makkah, for one good deed therein is rewarded one hundred thousand times over. This multiplication is narrated specifically regarding the prayer by the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) but some scholars regard it to apply to all acts of obedience. Just as the reward for acts of obedience is far greater in the Sacred Precinct, likewise acts of disobedience are far graver therein. One of the pious predecessors said: “There is no place where someone is taken to account for wishing to commit an act of disobedience other than Makkah.” The scholars use as evidence for this Allah’s saying: If Anyone wishes therein to do wrong out of deviance We will cause him to taste a painful punishment.
Ibn `Abbās, may Allah be pleased with them both, said: “I would prefer to commit seventy sins outside the Sacred Precinct than to commit one sin in Makkah.” May Allah protect Makkah, and increase it in greatness, stature and nobility.
When you reach His inviolable House and your eyes gaze upon it, make your heart gaze upon the Lord of the House. Ḥajj has an outer element and an inner element. The outer element is the Sacred Law (sharī`ah) and the inner element is reality (ḥaqīqah). Do not focus on one element to the exclusion of the other, but rather combine the two.
Know that there is a house inside you that belongs to Allāh, which is your heart. He has ordered Ibrāhīm (your knowledge) and Ismā`īl (your intellect) to purify it for the angels and spirits who wish to make ṭawāf (circumambulation) of it, seclude themselves in it, bow and prostrate in it.[6 – See below] Anyone who possesses neither Ibrāhīm nor Ismā`īl is ignorant and foolish, and the Fire will consume him. Anyone who possesses them both but does not allow them to purify the house so that it is fit for those who wish to make ṭawāf (circumambulation) of it and seclude themselves in it, is a representative of the Devil. An example of such a person is a heedless scholar who does not act according to the dictates of his knowledge and intellect.
The Prophet ﷺ said: “Zamzam water is what it is drunk for.” This means that if someone drinks it for a sickness, Allah will heal them; if someone drinks it for hunger, Allah will cause them to be satiated and if someone drinks it for a need, Allah will fulfil that need. This is because the well was brought forth when Allah’s aid was sought and Allah gave relief to Ismā`īl by it. The great Imāms have tried this with their own needs and found the Prophet’s words to be true. However, it requires a correct intention and sincerity and it is not for everyone.

CONCLUSION: STORIES OF THE PIOUS

This conclusion is somewhat appropriate to the counsels which preceded it, and someone of intellect and intelligence may derive etiquettes from these narrations which he should observe in those sacred places.
Mentioning the pious predecessors and their lives gives comfort to travellers on the path to the next life, for they are the examples which we should take. Looking at their striving helps seekers to realise their shortcomings. If someone looks at the people of his time and their heedlessness and procrastination, he will most often become proud of himself or harbour a bad opinion of them, both of which are blameworthy. The felicitous one is someone who emulates the pious predecessors, uses them as a proof against himself and drives himself to walk in their footsteps and to follow their straight path.

  • The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and his Family and Companions and grant them peace) made Ḥajj riding on a shabby-looking saddle, under which was a rug worth less than four dirhams. On his return he said: “O Allah, make it a blessed Ḥajj. Let there be no ostentation in it, nor reputation-seeking.”
  • `Umar made ṭawāf around the House. He placed his hand on the Black Stone, kissed it and then cried. Then he said: “By Allah, I know that you are a Stone that cannot harm or benefit anyone. Had I not seen the Messenger of Allah doing this, I would not have done it.” Then he turned round and saw `Alī (may Allah ennoble him) behind him. He said to him: “O Abū al-Ḥasan, this is the place where tears flow.”`Alī said to him: “On the contrary, O Leader of the Believers, this Stone harms and benefits people. When Allah took the covenant with the progeny of Adam and said to them: ‘Am I not your Lord?’, He recorded this and this Stone swallowed this document. It will then bear witness to anyone who touches it with truthfulness.”
  • A man met `Abdullāh bin `Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) while making ṭawāf. He asked `Abdullāh bin `Umar for something but he did not respond. `Abdullāh bin `Umar met the man again later and said to him: “Perhaps you were upset when I did not respond to you. Do you not know that when we make ṭawāf we present ourselves to Allah? In any case your need has been answered.”
  • Ṭāūs said: “I saw `Alī (Zayn al-`Ābidīn) the son of Imām al-Ḥusayn in the depths of the night standing in prayer in the Ḥijr [7 – See below] so I came close to him, saying to myself, ‘This is a pious man from the People of the House. Perhaps I will hear him say something that will benefit me.’ I heard him saying while in prostration: ‘A beggar is at Your door, a poor man is at Your door, Your needy slave is at Your door.’ [8 – See below] Whenever I called upon Allah using these words, my prayers were answered.”
  • It was said that when `Alī (Zayn al-`Ābidīn) the son of Imam al-Husayn entered into iḥrām he wished to say ‘labbayk’, but instead he started shaking, his colour changed and he fell off his camel. When he was asked what happened he said: “I feared that I would say labbayk – responding to the call of my Lord – and it would be completely rejected.”
  • Sālim bin `Abdullāh bin `Umar met Hishām bin `Abd al-Malik who was then the governor of Makkah inside the Ka`bah. Hishām said to him: “Ask me, that I may fulfil your need.” “I would be ashamed to ask other than Him, when I am in His House.” When they were outside the House, Hishām said to him: “You are now outside, so ask what you wish.” Sālim said: “Do you mean from the things of this world or the next world?” “All I possess are the things of this world.” “I did not ask for worldly things from the One Who possesses them, so why would I ask them from anyone other than Him?”
  • A pious man said: “I once saw a man performing ṭawāf and sa`ī. His slaves were around him driving people out of his way to make space for him. I later saw him in Baghdad begging. I asked him what had happened and he said: ‘I showed arrogance in a place where people show humility so Allah humbled me in a place where people show arrogance.’”
  • Al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī once stood at `Arafāt in the sun on an extremely hot day. He was asked: “Why do you not move into the shade?” He replied: “I did not realise I was in the sun. I recalled a sin that I had committed and I did not feel the heat of the sun.” It was so hot that had someone wrung out his clothes, sweat would have run forth from them. This sin that he recalled was probably a mere thought that had it come to anyone else’s mind, they would not have even considered it a minor sin. This is the veneration the pious predecessors had for their Lord and their distance from acts of disobedience.
  • A man once took seven stones from `Arafāt and made them bear witness to his testimony that there is no god but Allāh. He then saw in a dream that he was standing in front of Allāh to be judged. He was taken to account and then ordered to be taken to the Fire. However, whenever he was brought to one of the seven gates of the Fire, a stone came and blocked his entrance. He realised that these stones were the same stones that had born witness to his testimony. Then his testimony was brought and the gate of Paradise was opened to him.
  • `Ali bin al-Muwaffaq said: “On the eve of the Day of `Arafah I saw in my dream two angels who had descended from the heavens. One said to the other: “Do you know how many people have come to our Lord’s House to perform Ḥajj this year?” “No,” said the other. “Six hundred thousand,” he said. “Do you know how many have been accepted?” “No.” “Six people.” So I remained in a state of sorrow and distress. I said to myself, ‘What chance do I have of being among those six?’ The following night, the eve of the Day of Slaughter, I saw the two angels again. One said to the other: “Do you know what the judgement of our Lord was?” “No,” said the other. “He gave one hundred thousand people to each of the six (and thus accepted them all.” Upon hearing this, I woke up in a state of joy that was indescribable.

TURNING TO THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH

We round off these counsels with Imām al-Ḥaddād’s address to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ on his visit to him.

أَتَيْنَاكَ زَوَّاراً نَرُومُ شَفَاعَةً إِلى اللهِ في مَحْوِ الإِسَاءَةِ و الذَّنْبِ
و في النَّفْسِ حَاجَاتٌ و ثَمَّ مَطَالِبُ نُؤَمِّلُ أَنْ تُقْضى بِجَاهِكَ يا مُحْبِي
تَوَجَّهْ رَسولَ للهِ في كُلِّ حَاجَةٍ لنا و مُهِمٍّ في المعَاشِ و في القَلْبِ
و إِنَّ صَلاحَ الدِّينِ و القَلْبِ سَيِّدي هُوَ الغَرَضُ الأَقْصى فَيَا سَيِّدي قُمْ بِي
عَلَيْكَ صَلاةُ اللهِ يا خَيْرَ مُهْتَدٍ و هادٍ بِنُورِ اللهِ في الشَّرْقِ و الغَرْبِ

We have come to you as visitors, aiming to attain your intercession with Allah in wiping out our sins and wrongdoings
In our souls are needs and requests that we hope to be fulfilled through your status, O Giver
Turn (to Allah), O Messenger of Allah, regarding every need and concern of ours in our worldly lives and in our hearts
The rectification of my religion and my heart is my utmost goal, my Master, so assist me.
May Allah’s blessings be upon you, for you are the best one who guides by the light of Allah in the East and West.

[Taken from Imām al-Ḥaddād’s al-Waṣayā al-Nāf`iah, from his Dīwān and from al-Fuyūḍāt al-Rabbaniyyah by Ḥabīb Zayn bin Sumayṭ]

* Originally sourced from Muwasala

Can I Perform Umra without a Mahram? (Shafi‘i)

Shaykh Jamir Meah is asked if a wife can perform umra without her husband present.

I want to perform umra with my husband and children but he drinks alcohol so can I perform umra by myself? He can only travel with me and stay in the hotel while I go and do my umra.

In the Shafi‘i school it is permissible for a woman to travel alone to perform her obligatory hajj and umra. The permissibility to travel alone only applies to obligatory (first time) pilgrimages, and not sunna pilgrimages. (Bushra al-Karim)

 

If your husband travels with you and stays in the hotel, this would suffice in regards you traveling with a mahram, even if he ordinarily sins. Perhaps you could ask him to at least refrain from drinking to and during the trip out of respect, if you feel comfortable or safe enough to ask him.

Alternatively, you may ask another mahram to escort you, such as your father, adult brother, adult son, uncle etc.  

You may also find the following answer helpful for your situation: My Husband Is Not Practicing: What Can I Do To Make Him A Better Muslim?

I wish you all the best. 

Warmest salams,

Jamir

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Can I Perform Multiple Umrahs?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I intend on performing my umrah soon. Can I perform multiple umrahs there?

How should I do this?

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

Short answer:

Yes, you can perform as many umrahs as you wish. While in Makkah, perform additional umrahs by first going to Masjid Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and entering the state of ihram from there. Then, complete the umrah as normal (tawaf, sa’ee between Safa and Marwa, and shaving/shortening hair).

Detailed answer:

Yes, you can perform umrah as many times as you’d like. This means you can travel to Makkah and perform a first umrah, and then perform additional umrahs during your stay in Makkah. For the initial umrah, you are traveling to Makkah coming from outside the legal boundary marked by the Sacred Law (miqat). In this case, you must enter the state of ihram before passing this legal boundary (miqat). Keep in mind that the city of Jeddah is within the miqat. Hence, those who will be landing at Jeddah airport with the intention of Hajj or Umrah must enter ihram either a) before boarding the plane, or b) inside the plane before the plane flies over the miqat (often times the pilot will announce this point).

After coming to Makkah and performing the initial umrah, you will now be considered like the people of Makkah (for the purposes of ihram ruling). That means if you wish to perform another umrah during your stay, you need to go outside the haram of Makkah and enter the state of ihram from there. Be aware that the haram of Makkah (الحَرَم المكّي) is not the same as the al-Masjid al-Haram. The haram of Makkah refers to the area around Makkah that is deemed sacred land in Islam. It extends for several miles in all directions around Makkah, and its limits are marked by signs placed on major roads. Masjid A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her), which is also known as Masjid Tan’eem or Masjid Umrah, is one location outside the haram of Makkah from which it is permissible to enter ihram for your additional umrahs. Although Masjid A’isha is preferred, going to any location outside the haram of Makkah would suffice.

(الدر المختار) الْمِيقَاتُ ( لِمَنْ بِمَكَّةَ ) يَعْنِي مَنْ بِدَاخِلِ الْحَرَمِ ( لِلْحَجِّ الْحَرَمُ وَلِلْعُمْرَةِ الْحِلُّ ) لِيَتَحَقَّقَ نَوْعُ سَفَرٍ وَالتَّنْعِيمُ أَفْضَلُ

It is stated in al-Durr al-Mukhtar, an authoritative reference of Sacred Law according to the Hanafi school:
“For anyone inside the haram of Makkah, the miqat (legal boundary for ihram of Hajj or Umrah) is to go outside the haram of Makkah (what’s referred to as ‘Al-Hill’). By doing so, one achieves some form for travel (fulfilling the travel requirement of Hajj/Umrah). The best place to do this is al-Tan’eem (now known as Masjid A’isha).”

Regarding the umrah of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), it is reported in a hadith narrated by Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) made umrah a total of four times (see Kitab al-Hajj from Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim), each one in a different year. However, this in no way prohibits one from performance of multiple umrahs on one trip, as it falls under the general permissibility indicated by the following textual evidences:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا وَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ (البقرة 158)

Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round, it is no sin in them. And if any one obeyeth his own impulse to good,- be sure that Allah is He Who recogniseth and knoweth (Qur’an 2:158).

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ – رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ – قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : العمرة إلى العمرة كفارة لما بينهما (متّفق عليه)

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “(The performance of) Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous Umrah.” (Agreed upon by Bukhari and Muslim).

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ – رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ – قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -: مَا يَزَالُ عَبْدِي يَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَيَّ بِالنَّوَافِلِ حَتَّى أُحِبَّهُ (رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ)

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “(Allah says:) My servant continues to draw near to me with supererogatory acts of worship until I love him.” (Bukhari).

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Umer Mian

What Is the Ruling on Cutting Hair for Umra?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am due to go for Umra soon but I am nervous about shaving my head due to aesthetic reasons as I worry that it won’t suit me and will take a while to grow back. Is the ruling that it is compulsory to shave one’s head or does one only need to trim their hair?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

It is necessary (wajib) to shave or trim at least one quarter of the hair on your head after performing the rites of a pilgrimage (hajj/‘umra). The sunna is to shave or trim the entire head, and it is disliked to do less than this.

Generally, it is superior to shave, given that it was emphatically encouraged by the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), but trimming your hair is also acceptable on condition that the hair is shortened by roughly the extent of a finger-joint, namely, two centimetres.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “‘O Allah, forgive those who shave their heads.’ They said, ‘And those who cut their hair short!’ He said, ‘O Allah, forgive those who shave their heads.’ They said, ‘And those who cut their hair short!’ He said it a third time and said, ‘and those who cut the hair short.” [Bukhari]

[Sindi, Lubab al-Manasik, with Qari’s Gloss (153)]

Please also see:What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah? and The Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram

And Allah Most High alone knows best.
Wasalaam

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Wudu, Waswasa, and Maintaining Purity During Tawaf

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Although, I am not chronically excused, my regular problem of passing very tiny amounts of gas makes me anxious during prayer times. I am particularly nervous about performing umrah – I am so fearful that I will loose my wudu before completing the tawaf…it is almost paralyzing.

When I leave my hotel room for performing tawaaf, instead of focusing on the spiritual aspect of the ibadah, I am filled with anxiety, about having to leave the Haram – mid-tawaf, make wudu again, and rejoin the tawaf.

 

During our past visits to Makkah/Madina, I have frequently come back to the hotel to re-do my wudu and prayers after having prayed in the Haram. I end up praying on the sidewalk, since I cannot secure a spot in the Masjid.

I am literally afraid of being outside of my house during a prayer period, because it is so difficult to re-do my wudu. Please advise me regarding whether I can do anything to make my life easier when I’m outside.

 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I hope that you are doing well, insha’Allah.

A golden rule to remember is the legal maxim: Certainty is not lifted by doubt. You should ignore any feelings and sensations that you have. Such suppositions are of no legal consequence. Unless you have strong reason to believe that something has exited, there is no need to renew your ablution (wudu).

Certainty is the basis. Nothing came out until clearly proven otherwise. If you hear or smell something, you can be sure something came out. Feelings do not count.

The mind, with the assistance of the devil, often plays tricks on people and they begin thinking excessively about such purificatory matters assuming, ‘something may have exited’, ‘I think something came out’, ‘I’m fairly sure’, ‘it looks like it’, and so on.

Listening and acting on such misgivings is contrary to the sunna. It is not piety. Anything short of absolute certainty is not certainty and thus not acted upon.

Getting lost in a sea of misgivings (waswasa) will only make life more and more difficult. Learn the sunna. Seek Allah. Ask Him for assistance, and to give you the sweetness of faith. Express your gratitude and neediness toward Him, and doors will open.

Please also see: Key Principles Relating to Certainty, Doubt, and Baseless Misgivings

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

A Hajj Reader

Revised 20th September, 2013

Dhul Hijja, the month of Hajj, is fast approaching. Hundreds and thousands of blessed Muslims are packing their bags, checking their travel documents and flocking to airports around the world, to make the journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

This brief document is a resource for those travelling for Hajj this year, or any year. It provides links to questions that have been answered by SeekersGuidance scholars, blog posts written about the pilgrimage, and relevant information pertaining to Hajj.

Videos and Blog Posts:
Video: Preparing for Hajj – Habib Faisal-Alkaff – Radical Middle Way

Hajj Handbook – Shaykh Husain Abdul Sattar …

Video: Hajj Reflections – Radical Middle Way …

The Hajj Collection – Shaykh Abdal Hakim …

Ten Good Manners for Hajj by Imam al-Ghazali …

The Gifts of Hajj – Radical Middle Way – Blog

Imam al-Haddad’s Counsels on Hajj and `Umrah – Muwasala

Video: Fast the 9th (‘Arafa) and Live for Another Year – Mufti Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf

On the Path to a Sacred Journey: The Courtesies (Adab) of Hajj – Nur Sacred Sciences

From Our Answers Page:
Removing Hair and Wearing Scents: Expiations for Accidental Violations of Ihram during Hajj

Does Allah Forgive Marital Infidelity When You Make Hajj?

Missing the Farewell Tawaf Due to Menstruation

Calculating Zakat and Going on Hajj with a Student Loan

Is It Valid to Make Hajj or Umrah Before One’s Parents?

Seeking Forgiveness from Others Before Hajj

Hajj Tamattu`: Does an Invalid Umra Affect the Hajj?

What is the Wisdom Behind Doing Certain Hajj and Umrah Rituals 7 Times?

Reciting Sura al-Baraqara for Protection and Cutting One’s Hair for Hajj and Umrah

What Are the Rulings of Performing Tawaf, Sa’y, and Prayer While Carrying a Baby With Dirty Diapers (Nappies)?

Question on Hajj Violations

Going On Hajj While in Debt

Can a Man Perform Hajj on Behalf of a Non-Mahram Woman?

Is Foreplay a Violation On Hajj?

Wearing Stitched Clothing in Ihram: What Kind of Expiation is Due?

Should I Delay Hajj to Help Fund a Sibling’s Wedding?

Doubts About Having Committed a Contravention at Hajj

Chronic Excuse: Can I Combine Prayers with a Single Ablution?

What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah?

The Day of `Arafah: The 9th of Dhu’l Hijjah and the Takbirs of Eid

Removing Hair and Wearing Scents: Expiations for Accidental Violations of Ihram during Hajj

Appointing Someone to Perform Hajj on Someone’s Behalf

Can I Wear Stitched Footgear, Belts, or a Backpack While in Ihram?

Can Women Wear Ornaments While Performing Umrah?

How Long Must One Stay at Arafat During Hajj?

The Tawafs of Hajj

Recommended Viewing:

Imam Tahir’s DVD / CD set on Hajj http://www.falahproductions.com/dvd.php

Is It Valid to Make Hajj or Umrah Before One’s Parents?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: My family is telling me that because our parents in law haven’t been for Umra or Hajj, my husband and I can’t go yet because it wouldn’t be valid.  Is it true??

 

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

No, this is not accurate.

Whether one can go to Hajj or Umrah or not has no relation to whether one’s parents or parent in-laws have gone.

Rather, as it specifically relates to Hajj, you should strive to go as soon as you have the financial means to do so.

With the above, you need to express this to your family with wisdom and tact in a manner that does not offend them or harm relations. My advice would be to get a reliable scholar whom they trust to talk to them about the matter.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Going On Hajj While in Debt

Question on Hajj Violations

What is the Wisdom Behind Doing Certain Hajj and Umrah Rituals 7 Times?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: Why do we go around the Ka’ba 7 times during Umrah and Hajj? Why do we go anti-clockwise as opposed to clockwise? The same goes for Sa’ee – again we must walk between Safa and Marwa 7 times? What is the reasoning for this?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

There is a certain category of legal rulings described as “tawqifiyya,” meaning that the intellect cannot ascertain their wisdom for certain, although it can attempt to come up with logical bases. The Arabic word itself has to do with “bringing something to a standstill, causing to halt,” as if the legal ruling itself forces the intellect to stop and not move further in figuring out why the ruling is as it is…

Examples include amounts or time periods, such as zuhr prayer being 4 rakats or expiation for certain sins being fasting 2 consecutive months; as well as the rituals you ask about, such as going around the Ka’ba 7 times anti-clockwise, or going between Safa and Marwa 7 times, etc.

Regarding the 7 rounds between Safa and Marwa (sa’y), as well as the accelerated pace between the two green lines, some scholars do attempt to provide reasoning, such as the well-known incident of Lady Hajra (Allah send her peace) going back and forth 7 times searching for water, or how our Beloved Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) accelerated the pace between the green lines to show the polytheists that the Muslims were indeed physically strong and formidable. [Zayla’i, Tabyin al-Haqa’iq]

However, as the great Imam Ibn Humam states, “The legal experts (muhaqqiqun) are of the opinion that one shouldn’t seek the meaning of these and similar rulings, such as the pelting (ramy) and the like. Rather, they are tawqifiyya matters, the knowledge of which is better consigned to Allah Most High.” [Fath al-Qadir]

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Reciting Sura al-Baraqara for Protection and Cutting One’s Hair for Hajj and Umrah

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: 1) If I remember correctly, it is reported in a ahadith that for the one who recites al-baqarah, the shaytaan will not enter his house. Does this protection only include the room it is recited or the entire house? And does it need to be read in full in one go to the end?

2) When one does the Hajj or Umrah does one need to shave the entire head or will a little cut suffice?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and states.

[1] I believe the narration (hadith) you are referring to is narrated in the Sahih of Ibn Hibban which contains the words; verily the devil flees from the house in which he hears Surat al-Baqara recited therein.

It could refer, more generally, to having a regular recitation of Qur’an (which by default includes Surat al-Baqara) as is the sunna of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) and the way to have a light and baraka filled home (i.e. by a regular routine of Qur’anic recitation).

However, the narrations (hadiths) regarding the Devil (Shaitan) not even coming close, let alone entering, the home in which the final verses of Surat al-Baqara are recited therein, are more common and are found in Sahih al-Bukhari and elsewhere.

[2] It suffices to cut the extent of the tip of one’s finger’s worth of hair (which is approximately one inch), from one quarter of the head. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Maydani, al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab]

May Allah make us of those of the Qur’an and reflection. Amin.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does My Hair Falling Out During Wudu or Being Trimmed By a Barber in Ihram Affect my Umra?

Answered by Ustadh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I recently performed umrah and while I was doing wudu in ihram, an eyebrow hair came out. also afterwards I had my hair trimmed by a barber, yet I’m not sure it was trimmed to one finger joint as I could not communicate with him. Was my umrah valid according to the Hanafi school?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

You can assume the eyebrow hair was already detached and hence your wudu did not pull out an attached hair but rather moved an already detached hair.

With regards to the haircut, the assumption is that the barber cut the required length of one finger joint, especially as that amount is necessary for just one-fourth of the head, not the entire head. Barbers there have experience and inshaAllah take care of the requisites when trimming the hair.

[For requirements of a proper haircut on hajj/umra, see “Ascent to Felicity” p.157]

It is important to remember that the default assumption of acts of worship is soundness and validity, and this default is at the level of certainty. That default certainty is not lifted by doubt or confusion, but rather only by a new certainty, or by a high likelihood close to certainty.

Finally, the questions you raise do not relate to the validity of the actual umra, so the umra is valid in any case. They instead relate to violations and whether or not donations are due, which they are not inshaAllah.

And Allah knows best.

wassalam

Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani