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Should I Repeat My Past Prayers Because I Was Not Following a Sunni School of Law?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalam’aleykum

I was following an understanding of Islam outside of the four sunni schools of law. Now I am following the hanafi school. Do I need to repeat my past prayers? I was also wiping over normal socks for wudu.

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

As long as one’s prayers were performed correctly according to one of the four Sunni schools of fiqh (i.e. Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, or Hanbali), the prayers would not have to be made up. With regards to the ruling on wiping over normal socks, you should consult a Hanbali scholar, as the Hanbali school is the most permissive on this issue.

Please see:

A Reader on Following Schools of Thought (Madhabs)

Do the Differences Between the Legal Schools Render Our Worship Full of Errors?

Repeating Prayers in Maliki School for Not Doing “Dalk” in Wudu

Must I Repeat Prayers Behind an Imam With a Short Beard or Bare Head?

Wiping over Knitted Socks During Ablution (Wudu)

Wassalam,
Umer

Photo: irumge

Is It Permitted to Wipe Over Thick Socks?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalaam Alaykum,
What are the ranges of opinions for wiping over socks for wudhu? I have heard on one end that you need leather socks and on the other end that any type of sock is okay (even with some holes). Understanding these opinions will help me in my workplace.
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
It is permitted to wipe over thick socks which fulfil the conditions of valid footgear (khuffs).
The most important of these are: (1) the ability to walk 3.5 miles or so in them without tearing, and (2) thickness such that water doesn’t penetrate through to the foot upon wiping with a dripping wet hand.
Many standard dress socks may not be sufficient, but hiking or trekking socks often can be.
Please see: Wiping over Knitted Socks During Ablution (Wudu) and: Can I Wipe Over My Footgear (Khuffs) If There Is a Tear In Them?
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Prayer and Wudu Wearing Shoes

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I have seen people in KSA praying with wearing their Shoes. I checked with some people and they said that it is in Hadith.
Please confirm if it is allowed to pray wearing shoes. What about the Wudu wearing shoes?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
(1) It is permitted to pray wearing shoes as long as they are free from the excused amount of filth.
(2) It is permitted to wipe over boots [= which are above the ankle] and the like which have the meaning of the footgear (khuff), as long as the requisite conditions are fulfilled.
Please also see: Rules Regarding Wiping Over Khuffs (Footgear) and: Wiping over Knitted Socks During Ablution (Wudu) and: Questions Regarding Wiping Over Khuffs (Leather Socks)
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Rules Regarding Wiping Over Khuffs (Footgear)

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Is it permissible for one to wash his feet only, and after that to wear the leather socks and then to perform wudu wiping over the leather socks?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

Yes, it would be permitted to wash your feet and immediately wear your footgear (khuffs). However, it would only be valid to wipe over them if you did not do anything that would nullify your ablution between wearing your footgear and actually performing the ablution (wudu).

It is a condition for the validity of wiping (masah) over footgear that they be worn in a state of complete ritual purity. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

For example, let’s say Zaid, when requiring ablution, washes his feet and wears his footgear at 9am. Then, at 11am he uses the washroom. He would now be required to wash his feet again. On the other hand, were he to perform the ablution at 10am, his ablution would be valid and he would not need to wash his feet again nor wipe at this point (as he already washed them at 9am).

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Questions Regarding Wiping Over Khuffs (Leather Socks)

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: I have a few questions about the use of khuffs:

1.If one makes wudu and puts on khuffs and then wishes to renew their wudu (having not nullified their original wudu), can you wipe the khuffs or do you have to wash the feet?

2.If you still have your original wudu can you take off your khuffs and put them back without having to wash or wipe the feet (maybe need to scratch the foot itself briefly)?

3.Can you wipe khuffs if you have not yet nullified your wudu or is it a condition to wipe the khuffs that one has already broken the original wudu once?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits insha’Allah.

[1] Even if one did not nullify one’s ritual ablution (wudu), it would be permitted to wipe over one’s footgear (khuffs), as long as one wore them in a state of ritual ablution (wudu).

[2] It would be permitted to remove one’s footgear (khuffs) and then put them on again, as long as one puts them on in a state of ritual ablution (wudu).

Such that if Ahmad performs the ritual ablution (wudu) at 2pm; at 2.15pm, he puts on his footgear (khuffs); at 2.30pm, he removes his footgear (for some reason); and at 2.45pm, he nullifies his ritual ablution:

[i] It is a condition for the validity of wiping on his footgear (khuffs) that he wears the footgear in a state of complete ritual ablution (wudu); therefore, he would have to perform his ritual ablution (wudu) again before wearing his footgear (khuffs);

[ii] However, if he did not nullify his ritual ablution (wudu) at 2.45pm, it would be permitted to put them on again right away.

[3] It is not a condition for the validity of wiping over one’s footgear (khuffs) that one have previously nullified one’s ritual ablution (wudu).

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-DIn Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Following a Madhab, Wiping Over Socks, and Tasbeeh After Prayer

Answered by Sidi Faraz A. Khan

Question: Alsalamu alaykum,

1. When one is looking for answers, do they have to be based according to a madhhab? Would simply seeking an answer that is based on the sunna suffice?

2. When one is wiping over socks do they have to be thick socks , ensuring that water does not seep through to the foot or would any foot covering suffice?

3.When one is doing tasbee7 after salat , can one pray “fard” as well as “nafl: then do the tasbee7 or must one do the tasbee7  after every prayer ?

Answer: I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

(1)  The madhhabs are not separate from the Sunna; rather, they are the codification of the Noble Sunna based on the ijtihad (independent legal deduction) of inheritors of the Beloved Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him).

So it is not a matter of seeking an answer from a madhhab versus an answer from the Sunna; rather, the answer based on one of the maddhabs is an answer based on the Sunna.

For more information on the madhhabs and how they represent the Sunna, please see the following articles:

What is a Madhhab? Why is it necessary to follow one?

Understanding the Four Madhhabs

(2) Yes, the socks that one can wipe over must be thick enough such that water does not seep through, and such that one could walk a distance of approximately 3.4 miles without significant tear. Most thick socks in the West fulfill these [and other] conditions.

(3) In the Hanafi school, one prays the sunna prayers first, and then sits to do the tasbeeh [33 SubhanAllah, 33 Alhamdulillah, and 34 Allahu akbar]. [Maraqi l-Falah; Hadiyya Ala’iyya]

See also:

A Reader on Following Schools of Thought (Madhabs) 

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani