Legal Rulings of Travel : A Reader

This reader gathers many resources on different subjects on the legal rulings related to travel, such as combining prayers, and rulings of travel

For more, also see The Etiquette of Traveling: A Comprehensive SeekersHub Reader

General Guidance

Traveling on Friday: Disliked or Not?

When am I Considered a Traveller? (Shafi’i)

What Is Considered to Be a City Boundary When Traveling? 

Parental Approval to Travel to Seek Knowledge

Spiritual Dimensions of Travel


Praying While Travelling

The Basic Rulings of Praying While Traveling (Hanafi) 

What Are the Rules of Travel And Prayer According to the Shafi’i School? 

Joining Prayers While Traveling (Maliki)

How Make up My Missed Prayers from Travel?

Are We Supposed to Pray Sunna and Witr Prayers When Traveling

When Is a Person Considered a Traveler Who Can Shorten Their Prayers?


Fasting While Travelling

When and Where Do I Break My Fast on a 20 Hour Airline Flight?

Can I Break My Fast While Traveling During Ramadan?

Should I Feel Bad for Not Fasting When I Had to Travel?

When Am I Allowed to Not Fast When Traveling?


Women Travelling

Can I Travel by Plane Without a Mahram?

Can I Follow Another Madhhab When Traveling?

Can a Woman Travel Alone for More Than 48 Miles If There Is a Benefit?




Dalia Mogahed on The Hijab: A Case of Misplaced Blame?

Following Dalia Mogahed’s rivetting interview on the much-loved Daily Show with Trevor Noah, the following clarification on her Facebook page has created further ripples on social media.
Regarding a woman covering her head, consider these verses:
“For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, for as much as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man. For the man is not of the woman: but the woman of the man.Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man. For this cause ought the woman to have a sign of authority on her head because of the angels.”

No, not the Quran.

It is 1 Corinthians 11:7-11:11 in The Bible.
The problem I think is that many people have this understanding of the head cover (whether they know where it comes from or not), as literally a symbol of man’s authority over women and her inferiority, from the Judea-Christian tradition, and wrongly assume the same applies in Islam. It does not.
Here is the Quranic verses for comparison related to this topic:
“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and to be mindful of their chastity: this will be most con­ducive to their purity – [and,] verily, God is aware of all that they do. And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and to be mindful of their chastity, and not to display their charms [in public] beyond what may [decently] be apparent thereof; hence, let them draw their head-coverings over their bosoms. And let them not display [more of] their charms to any but their husbands, or their fathers, or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons, or their husbands’ Sons, or their brothers, or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their womenfolk, or those whom they rightfully possess, or such male attendants as are beyond all sexual desire, or children that are as yet unaware of women’s nakedness; and let them not swing their legs [in walking] so as to draw attention to their hidden charms And [always], O you believers – all of you – turn unto God in repentance, so that you might attain to a happy state!” (The Quran 24:30-31)

Dalia-Mogahed-Daily-ShowNot about subjugation

The Quranic verses clearly are dealing with matters of modesty and privatizing the display of beauty, and begin by addressing men to behave respectfully toward women without condition. Nothing at all implies the head covering is a symbol of subjugation or inferiority to men.

Resources for seekers:

Fiqh of Menstruation Online Class with Mufti Abdur-Rahman Mangera

Mufti Abdur-Rahman Mangera will be teaching an online advanced-level course on the Fiqh of Menstruation. The course will cover ‘Allama Ibn ‘Abidin’s commentary of Imam Birgivi’s manual of menstruation. The class will lay a solid understanding of the issues related to menstruation, so that students can apply principles and rulings to specific situations. The course is aimed at creating specialization in this subject and is well-suited for those who have found it elusive and difficult to fully comprehend.

Classes will begin on February 7th and will meet weekly for approximately 5 months. The course is intended for female students only.

Click here for more information or to register!


“This course is a gem as it is very difficult to find a scholar who dedicates his time to elucidating the intricacies of the rulings of hayd, nifas and istihada, and who makes himself available for questions and clarifications. I urge all women to take the course on the fiqh of menstruation as the knowledge of it has far-reaching implications in one’s adult life.” – Umm Zahra
“More often than not, many women are concerned about the acceptance of their worship due to irregular bleeding. This course allowed me to access teaching that went right to the core of the issues and provided lucid explanations. We were very fortunate to have had the issues explained to us numerous times without the teacher losing his patience.” – Bint Ahmed
“Studying the rulings of menstruation with Mufti Abdur-Rahman provided an invaluable opportunity to clarify many questions and has given me the confidence to address the numerous queries and intricate rulings that many of us are reluctant to acquaint ourselves with.” – Umm Masud
“I was apprehensive about taking an online course, but Mufti Abdur-Rahman’s teaching style had a natural ease and fluidity that quickly dispelled any doubts. The online classroom was user-friendly and in the end I felt as if I were in a traditional classroom setting, sitting in front of a teacher. It has truly allowed me to apply what I have learned and I am eagerly looking forward to future courses.” – Sadia Sattar