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Validity of Wudu 

when dua is disliked
Question: I noticed a small sticker on my hand after prayer. Is my wudu and prayer valid? 
Answer:
Assalāmu ‘alaykum,
There are three conditions for the validity of wudu’:
(1)  The cessation of any state that contradicts it, namely menstruation and lochia (post-natal bleeding)
(2)  The encompassing of the skin (of the limbs that are obligatory to wash) with pure water
(3)  The removal of any barrier that prevents water from reaching the skin

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Thus, if you performed wudu’ while this sticker was on your hand, then the wudu’ would be invalid.  Likewise, any prayers you prayed with this invalid wudu’ would be required to be repeated.
May Allah remove all barriers between us and Him.
[Ustadha] Iman Badawi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Washing the Face in Wudu

Question: How do you wash your face in wudu? Do you have to scrub your eyebrows and beard to make sure water gets underneath?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Allah Most High tells in the Qur’an, ‘When you get up to pray, wash your faces …’ (Qur’an 5: 6).

It is really that simple. Wash your face.

All the fuqaha explain is that if one had exceptionally thick and dense eyebrows and mustache, you would have to make sure the water reached the skin. This is normally not the case and any normal washing would do the job.

Similarly, with the beard, the fuqaha are just saying that because it is hard to get inside the beard, one is excused if it is thick. The skin under a thin beard would naturally get washed along with washing the face in a normal way.

There is no need to get complicated or over-concerned about things.

A book like Reliance read with a teacher will show you that. Without a teacher, you can get really lost.

Please see this video on how to make wudu:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gR7jJP4bl8A

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Losing Wudu While Praying

Question:  I came home from my university and went to the toilet to answer call of nature. After cleaning myself (istinja) I performed my wudu and started praying the maghrib prayer. The time left was short. However, during probably 2nd or 3rd rakah, I felt that a drop of urine had come out suddenly (I’m 100% sure it had come out ). I continued my prayer nonetheless. Was my prayer valid?

Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum, I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question!

Of the conditions for a valid prayer is to maintain a state of ritual purity for the full duration of the prayer [ Maraqi Al Falah].

This would entail that your prayer was not valid and needs to be repeated as you are sure that your wudu was broken during the prayer.

Having said this please don’t fall prey to misgivings regarding your state of purity.

Please see:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/ritual-purity-urine-leakage-and-misgivings/

And Allah knows best. I hope that the above answers your question. If something is unclear please don’t hesitate to ask again.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next. Please keep us in your du’as!

Wassalam

[Ustadh]  Sufyan Qufi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Do I Deal With Reoccurring Nightmares?

Question: I have been having reoccurring nightmares. They’re very vivid and very scary. Usually involving my family. I wake up every morning drained from our frightening and stressful dreams were. I’m not sure how I can help stop these bad dreams.

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

I am sorry to hear of your difficulty and pray to Allah Most High that He gives you ease.

There are some sunna practices that you should apply before going to bed.

(1) Try to always sleep in the state of wudhu, when possible.

(2) Recite the last three suras of the Qur’an, blow into your hands, and wipe as much as possible of your body. Do this three times.

(3) Recite ayat al-Kursi, verse (2:255) and the last two verses of Sura al-Baqara

(4) Try to sleep facing the Qibla, preferably laying on your right side.

(5) Recite what you can of the following Prophetic supplications:

In Your name my Lord, I lie down and in Your name, I rise, so if You should take my soul then have mercy upon it, and if You should return my soul then protect it in the manner You do so with Your righteous servants.  [Bukhari and Muslim]

Praise be to Allah Who has brought me to life after He made me die and to Him is the gathering.” [al-Bukhari]

You will find this and more in the attached link. The above is a short summary of the attached link:

How Can I Protect Myself From Bad Dreams?

Hope this helps
Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

What Types of Socks Fulfill the Conditions of Wiping?

Question: What types of socks fulfill the conditions of wiping?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Any sock that fulfills the conditions mentioned below is valid to be used.

(A) The sock must be thick enough that it would not tear if one walked 3.5 miles in them.
(B) The sock must cover the ankle.
(C) The sock must be thick enough that water does not immediately penetrate to the foot when wiped on with dripping wet hands.
(D) The sock must be free from holes that exceed the size of the three smallest toes.

[Ref: [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; al-Halbi, Ghunya al-Mutamali]

See the following link also: Is It Permitted to Wipe Over Thick Socks?

Hope this helps
Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Hair Re-growth and Wudu

Question: If I apply a hair regrowth medication to my scalp, can I still make wudu?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

When making wudu, it is sufficient to apply water by wiping or otherwise to the smallest area on the scalp of the hair of the head (Minhaj al Talibin, Nawawi).  As long as either can be done, wudu is not a problem if one has thin medication on one’s scalp.

If all of the hair and scalp are covered, then it would not be possible to make wudu. For this reason, one would have to choose a better time to apply the medication.

With regard to the medicine having alcohol, the default position in the Shafi’i school is that one may apply alcohol to one’s body for a need, but one must wash it off before one prays (Bushra al Karim,  Ba Ishn).

There are however alternative positions. Please see: https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/substances-mixed-alcohol-excused-according-shafii-school/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Can I Make Supplications Silently While in the Bathroom?

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: Can I make supplication after ghusl and wudu silently (in my heart) as I am in a bathroom?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Yes, it is permissible to make supplication in your heart even if you are in the bathroom.

If you are not in the specific area of the toilet, using the toilet, or your nakedness is not exposed you can even make supplications aloud as the prohibition is only for the specific area of the toilet or while your nakedness is uncovered. [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

If, however, you have uncovered or are in the specific area of the toilet then you can say the supplications in your heart. It will not be permissible in those cases to say the supplications aloud. [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

May Allah bless you
Allah A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Cleaning Impurity

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: How do I properly clean urine? If I step on a rug that is damp with impurity does the impurity transfer to my foot?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Important Note in Cleaning Impurity

With regards to cleaning impurities, such as urine, first, minimize the amount of impurity. Pouring water on urine will only spread the urine further. You should dry as much of it as possible then wash the area, being careful to minimize any spreading.

You may want to mop the floor once again to be cautious.

Regarding the rug that became damp during the process which you mentioned. If the water poured onto the urine spread to the rug, the rug would be impure as well. Your stepping on that damp rug would only cause your foot to be impure if there was a transference of wetness to the foot. [Hashiyah Ibn ‘Abidin]

In this case, it was correct for you to have washed your foot. [Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ‘ala Maraqi al-Falah}

In short, when dealing with impurities, the impurity should first be minimized, as best as possible. Secondly, it should be cleaned, carefully, such that the impurity doesn’t spread.

May Allah bless you

Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Wudu and Prayer Time

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Does the exiting of a prayer time invalidate the ablution (wudu)?

Answer: Assalam alaykum,

The exiting of the prayer time does not invalidate the ablution. However if one is considered ‘excused’ by the Sacred Law the ablution terminates at the exiting of every prayer time.

One is only considered excused if, for example, they have a nose bleed and it never ceases for them to be able to make an ablution and prayer. [Maraqi al-Falah]

How To Deal With Waswasa

For the one who is constantly in doubt abandoning caution is often the best cure.

“As for the one who is often inflicted with waswasa, it is necessary for them to sever the cause of the waswasa and not to give it any consideration. This is because it is the doing of Shaytan and we have been commanded to oppose him.” [Hashiyah Ibn Abidin]

Knowledge

The long-term cure for these constant doubts is to seek a deeper understanding of Islamic Knowledge. With knowledge, Shaytan can not deceive you with his whispers and plots. I would advise that you find authentic scholars in you area and study with them a basic text in Islamic Jurisprudence.

Please note that SeekersGuidance.org has free classes available in Islamic Jurisprudence and many other subjects.

May Allah ease your difficulty
Allahu A’alam
Yusuf Weltch

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Does Touching My Uncle Nullify My Wife’s Wudu? (Shafi`i)

Answered by Ustadha Shazia Ahmad

Question: Assalamu alaykum

If my wife touches my paternal or maternal uncle, does it invalidate his wudu? If I touch her maternal or paternal aunt, does it invalidate her wudu?

Answer: Yes, in the Shafi`i school, it does nullify the uncle’s ritual purity in the above case. The same applies to the aunt. The ritual impurity of both parties (in both cases) is nullified, the one who touched, and the one who was touched because of the skin-to-skin to contact.

Wassalam,
[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterwards, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.