Posts

Air Bubbles Invalidating Wudu

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat is asked about felt air bubbles passing after making wudu, if they invalidate it, and how to deal with doubts concerning them.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I know air bubbles from the front for women do not break wudu because its not from an impure site, but what about the ones felt near the back?

To avoid this I try to use the bathroom and try to squeeze out any air bubbles, if that makes sense, before wudu. But I still feel them during prayer and have to contract my muscles and make sure nothing escapes.

Sitting down and reading the Qur’an has become so hard for me because I always feel air bubbles in the behind area and feel my wudu is broken and I cannot read anymore.

I have lessened my reading because of this, and I don’t know what to do or what is the ruling here. Often these air bubbles are between the cheeks not even coming out of anywhere. So really stressed because of this.

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Certainty Is not Removed by Doubts

This is a principle in fiqh. Once you perform wudu, the only thing that would remove you from this state is certainty of breaking it. Feeling bubbles of air does not break wudu. Only the exiting of air would.

Seeing as this is a recurring issue for you, you should only think that your wudu is broken if you are absolutely certain something has come out. This is known by hearing or smelling something, or when there has undoubtedly been a passage of wind. (Zarqa, Sharh al-Qawaʿid al-Fiqhiyya)

Controlling Wind Issues

Generally, people have wind issues due to an imbalance in gut bacteria. You should take the steps to replenish the good gut bacteria in order to make purity and purification easier for you. A good place to start is Dr David Perlmutter’s book, Brain Maker. He deals extensively with this issue.

As a short term fix, activated charcoal, which can be purchased in the form of capsules, is excellent at absorbing excess air in the gut, and can help with your issues.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds

Abdul-Rahim

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


Off-White Vaginal Discharge

Ustadh Salman Younas is asked about the color of vaginal discharge and what to make of slightly off-white discharge with regard to purity and prayer.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

Question: My normal discharge color as measured in kursuf is clear in thin quantities and slightly yellow tinted when in a thicker layer. I’m a medical student so I’m quite sure that I am not suffering from an infection.

This is in fact my normal, physiological color. Besides, this is the color it’s been for as long as I can remember. I have discussed with other women as well and some of them have agreed that their normal color is slightly off white tinted.

So, should I assume my normal discharge is a shade of white or that it is blood? I am a student so it is would be very difficult for me to take long breaks to renew wudu and find a place to pray during hospital placement.

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

The basic rule is that clear or white discharge is not considered menstrual, while non-clear and non-white discharge is. Thus, discharge that is white-ish but has a tinge/trace of yellow would be considered menstrual.

However, you should note that the color given consideration is one seen immediately after the kursuf is removed and the discharge is fresh, since it may turn yellow as it oxidizes.

Ultimately, you will need to make your best judgment regarding whether the discharge you are seeing is clear or white, or whether it actually does have traces of other colors. If it is the former, it will be deemed normal vaginal discharge, while the former is menstrual discharge.
Salman

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


Invalid Wudu Due to Feeling of Urine

Ustadh Tabraze Azam is asked about wudu, what invalidates it, feelings of having urinated, and the excusable amount of filth.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I don’t know if this is the right place to ask questions, but I’m just going to try. I often get the feeling that maybe some urine has exited.

In prayer I had that feeling and wanted to check on my underwear, whether something really happened. But I was in the masjid and forgot. Then the next prayer time came and I took my ablution and prayed, because I wasn’t sure and had no chance to check if something really exited.

Also a woman told me that if I am not sure my wudu is still valid. I want to know whether that’s true, even when getting a feeling of a drop exiting. That feeling often convinces me, but afterwards there is no drop or anything in my underwear.

The Imam at the masjid also apparently said that urine just breaks the wudu if it is in the size of a hand. Now, since I wasn’t sure whether there was really urine and my prayer was invalid or whether it was just a feeling (because in sajda I didn’t feel any wetness afterwards), and because of what the imam said, I prayed the next prayer without washing the private parts.

And I kept on praying the following prayers. If these two prayers are invalid, do I have to repeat them and all the prayers I prayed afterwards? Or do I just have to repeat these two? If your answer came in two weeks, would I have to repeat the prayers from two weeks?!

Please help me, I have that problem a lot.

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

No, you don’t have to make up any prayers.

Your ritual ablution (wudu) is only invalidated if something exits from your private parts. In the absence of certainty, the basic assumption is that your wudu is intact. Feelings, even if strong, are of no legal consequence.

As for the excusable amount of liquid filth, it is approximately the extent of 4-5cm in diameter. The expectation is to make a reasonable judgement and not to start doing measurements. Ask Allah to ease this matter for you.

Please also see A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings).

And Allah Most High knows best.

Tabraze Azam

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


Waswasa and Ghusl in the Shafi‘i School

Shaykh Qasim Hatem is asked about the rulings on waswasa in the Shafi‘i school and how to handle misgivings in relation to purification.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I require an answer according to the Shafi‘i school.

1. After taking a ghusl, when I rub myself dry with a towel body hair, and hair from my beard and head fall out. I also get very itchy so I usually scratch myself and this obviously results in some skin coming off even though it can’t really be seen. After this if I remember that I forgot to wet a certain part on my body in the ghusl, then will only washing that place suffice or must I wash the areas from where hair has fallen out and also where I’ve scratched myself?

I do suffer from waswasa and it badly affects my life. Would you say that the above are also waswasa? And, in such situations should I simply wash the area that was left out ignoring the places where hair has fallen out from etc., that I understand need re-washing?

2. Even during ghusl and wudu, if ever get an itch somewhere then I either don’t scratch it until I’ve finished or if I do scratch the place the I’ll repeat the washing of that place.

According to the rules of the book this understanding would probably be correct but I wanted to ask if I should ignore this because it seems like waswasa and delving into fine details.

Should I ignore these things?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I pray all is well with you. I’m sorry for the late reply. May Allah give you success in this life and the next. Amin.

1. Once you’ve made the intention for fard ghusl and washed the skin and hair on the body, then you don’t have to re-wash the parts you already washed, even if some of the skin or hair comes off before you wash the whole body. You just have to wash the part that you left out of the ghusl.

Yes, it does sound like a case of waswasa and you should just ignore the places where skin and hair had fallen out in this situation.

2. Once you wash the limbs of wudu in wudu, then you don’t have to return to them, even if you scratch them before you finish your wudu. This also sounds like it could be waswasa and would be better to ignore.

I hope this helps.

Wassalam,

Qasim Hatem


Do Tiny Specks of Glitter Prevent the Validity of Wudu?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I believe that glitter creates a barrier and wudu with it is not valid. I’m talking about extremely fine cosmetic grade glitter as I use it often. Even after removing and washing up several time I can still see specks of it under different lights. Do I need to constantly check?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

Thank you for your question.

Your wudu and ghusl are valid. The tiny specks of glitter are unlikely to be a barrier for the water which will, most likely, get through them during washing. You are not expected to check anything, and you can assume the water has washed under any residual traces you see. A normal, sunna wudu ensues reasonable certainty that water has reached the entire limb, and that is all we are expected to have (Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah).

You should study the Fiqh of purification as this will alleviate your concerns and waswasa.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Is My Wudu Valid With Dry Pus on My Skin?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalamu alaykum

If blood or pus dries up on one’s skin, will that prevent water from reaching the skin during wudu or ghusl?

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

If a person has a wound from which blood or pus exits, then the scab that forms over the wound is considered a part of one’s body. Hence, it is not necessary to wash underneath this dried blood/pus, neither for wudu nor for ghusl. Rather, one merely washes over the scab. If washing over it causes harm or excessive pain, then one may wipe over it. If even wiping is not possible, one leaves off washing/wiping that area (while washing the rest of the body part).

Sources: Fatawa Hindiyyah, al-Jawharah al-Nayyirah, al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, and Hashiyah al-Shilbi on Tabyin al-Haqa’iq

Arabic source texts are below.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Umer Mian

ولو كان به قرحة فارتفع جلدها وأطراف القرحة متصلة بالجلد إلا الطرف الذي كان يخرج منه القيح فغسل الجلدة ولم يصل الماء إلى ما تحت الجلدة جاز وضوءه ؛ لأن ما تحت الجلدة غير ظاهر فلا يفترض غسله . كذا في فتاوى قاضي خان . (الفتاوى الهندية)

وَفِي الْفَتَاوَى الْعَجِينُ فِي الظُّفْرِ يَمْنَعُ تَمَامَ الطَّهَارَةِ وَالْوَسَخُ وَالدَّرَنُ لَا يَمْنَعُ وَكَذَا التُّرَابُ وَالطِّينُ فِيهِ لَا يَمْنَعُ وَالْخِضَابُ إذَا تَجَسَّدَ يَمْنَعُ ، كَذَا فِي الذَّخِيرَةِ وَقِشْرَةُ الْقُرْحَةِ إذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ وَلَمْ يَصِل الْمَاءُ إلَى مَا تَحْتَهَا لَا يَمْنَعُ (الجوهرة النيرة)

وَلَوْ كَانَ فِي الْإِنْسَانِ قُرْحَةٌ فَبَرَأَتْ وَارْتَفَعَ قِشْرُهَا وَأَطْرَافُ الْقُرْحَةِ مُتَّصِلَةٌ بِالْجِلْدِ إلَّا الطَّرَفَ الَّذِي كَانَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ الْقَيْحُ ، فَإِنَّهُ يَرْتَفِعُ وَلَا يَصِلُ الْمَاءُ إلَى مَا تَحْتَ الْقِشْرَةِ أَجْزَأَهُ وُضُوءُهُ ، وَفِي مَعْنَاهُ الْغُسْلُ كَذَا فِي النَّوَازِلِ لِأَبِي اللَّيْثِ وَنَقَلَهُ الْهِنْدِيُّ أَيْضًا (البحر الرائق)

وَالْخِضَابُ إذَا تَجَسَّدَ وَيَبِسَ يَمْنَعُ تَمَامَ الْوُضُوءِ وَالْغُسْلِ كَذَا فِي الْوَجِيزِ وَقِشْرَةُ الْقُرْحَةِ إذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ وَلَمْ يَصِلْ الْمَاءُ إلَى مَا تَحْتَهَا لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ فِي الْوُضُوءِ وَالْغُسْلِ ، وَالْفَرْقُ بَيْنَهُمَا وَبَيْنَ الْخِضَابِ أَنَّ قِشْرَةَ الْقُرْحَةِ مُتَّصِلَةٌ بِالْجِلْدِ اتِّصَالَ الْخِلْقَةِ (حاشية الشِّلْبِيُّ على تبيين الحقائق)

Does Washing the Hands Before the Face Suffice for the Integral in Wudu? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

In the Shafi’i school, if the general intention for the obligation of wudu is made and the right hand is washed followed by the left (rather than washing simultaneously) and one is conscious of the initial intention when washing the face, does it mean he still has to wash the hands when washing the forearms for the wudu to be valid in terms of maintaining the order of wudhu or can he leave the washing of the hands when washing the forearms?

Answer: Assalam ‘alaykum, I pray you’re well insha’Allah.

Acts of wudu are separated into integrals and sunnas. The sunna act of washing the hands before the integral of washing the face does not suffice for the later integral of washing the hands and arms.

Washing the hands in wudu and the integral of order

There are two times one washes the hand in wudu: the first is before washing the face and this is sunna. In this sunna wash, one washes the hands up to the wrists. The second is after washing the face and this is an integral, and includes washing the hands up to and including the elbow.

One of the integrals of wudu is the order of washing the limbs. One must wash the limbs in order of face, then hands and arms, then wipe the head, then wash the feet. One cannot wash the hands, then wash the face. Nor can they wash some of the hand and arms, then the face, and then the rest of the arm.

Intention

While it is valid to make the intention of wudu when starting with the sunnas of washing the hands, mouth and nose, one must ensure that the intention is still present in the mind when washing the face. This method is valid, but has its drawbacks, which can be found in the book of fiqh.

The proper way is to make the intention of ‘sunnan of wudu’ when washing the hands, mouth and nose, and then make the actual intention of wudu at the point when one first washes the face, which is the first integral of wudu.

I would recommend taking our Absolute Essential Shafi’i fiqh course which covers these topics.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Does Silicone in Skin Products Create a Barrier Preventing the Validity of Wudu?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Some says that silicone creates a barrier and therefore should not be used in products of external application because wudu or ghusl won’t be valid. Should silicone be avoided?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

No, it isn’t necessary to avoid such cosmetics as the contents of such would not be considered clear and discernible barriers preventing water from reaching the skin or hair.

The jurists (fuqaha) discussed many similar rulings in the works of law which attest to this. Moreover, there is a degree of hardship in necessitating a complete cleansing procedure before performing the ritual washings and this is unneeded and excessive. It is reported that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “I was sent with the upright, easy religion.” [Daylami]

Having said that, it is praiseworthy to avoid products and matters which cause you to doubt, particularly if there are reasonable alternatives easily available and you can clear your dues with certainty (yaqin) by doing otherwise. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not.” [Tirmidhi]

Avoid misgivings.

[Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar (1.104); Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss (1.100)]

Please also see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings) and: Does Orly Breathable Nail Polish Prevent the Validity of Wudu?

And Allah Most High knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Why Don’t We Have to Make Wudu After Eating Camel Meat?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Why don’t we have to make Wudu after eating camel meat?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Generally, it is recommended (mustahab) to renew your ablution after consuming camel meat due to the difference of opinion on the matter.

It is reported that when the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) was asked about performing the ritual ablution (wudu) after consuming camel meat, he responded: “Perform ‘the ablution’ thereafter.” [Abu Dawud]

The commentators explain that the “ablution” intended by the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) was to wash the hands given that (1) the legal cause for the nullification of the ablution is absent, and (2) camel meat has a strong smell.

As for the scholars who held it to actually invalidate the ritual ablution (wudu), they said that it was from those rulings which are not rationally discernible (ta‘abbudi), such as praying three cycles (rak‘as) of Maghrib and not four.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss (1.130); ‘Ayni, Sharh Abu Dawud, quoting Imam Khattabi]

Please also see: Could You Please List All the Nullifiers of Ablution According to the Hanafi school?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How Should the Beard Be Washed in Wudu?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

How should the beard be washed in Wudu?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

The sunna with respect to interlacing (khilal) is to pass a handful of water through the beard from the bottom towards the top. This is the manner of interlacing reported from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) [Abu Dawud].

Some jurists added that you should subsequently interlace again, without extra water, by pointing the back of your hand towards yourself and then passing it through the beard. But this would appear to be an extra action given that the interlacing would have already taken place.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss (1.110); Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar (1.79)]

Please also see: What is the Proper Way to Wash One’s Beard During Wudu?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.