Chronologically Disqualified from the Islamic Eutopia

 

Question: Are all Muslim rulers and Muslim civilizations automatically discounted because they were after the period of the righteous caliphs?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

No, this is not the case. No one is automatically disqualified from any of Allah’s mercy and favor. A person, a ruler, and civilization only has recompense from Allah what they themselves did or didn’t do. Race, history, or circumstances do not cancel one out or forestall one.

Every Muslim ruler and every Muslim dynasty or civilization who strove (or now strives) to apply the Qur’an and Sunna is on the way of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). This is not restricted to time or place.

Furthermore, eutopia doesn’t exist. Just as there are demons and devils within the midst of the Muslims today, there were demons and devils in the time of the Prophetic Companions and the Early Muslims.

The many hadiths about the bad rulers who would come in the future are to be understood in general terms and were, for the most part, confirmed by history. But they do not mean that everyone ruler since the time of the Righteous Caliphs should be discounted as a mere “prince.”

Regarding the hadiths, Imam Ahmad narrates that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘Prophecy will remain among you for however long Allah wishes for it to last, and then Allah will remove it when He wishes; then there will be a caliphate that will adhere to the Prophetic way for however long Allah wishes for it to last, and then Allah will remove it when He wishes; then there will be despotic monarchies for however long Allah wishes for it to last, and then Allah will remove them when He wishes; then there will be tyrannical rulers for however long Allah wishes for it to last, and then Allah will remove them when He wishes; then there will be a caliphate that will adhere to the Prophetic way.’

This hadith was deemed sound (hasan) by Shaykh Shu’ayb al-Arna’ut.

Imam Ahmad also narrates that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘The caliphate will last thirty years, and then there will be princes thereafter.’

Again this is a general trend that the Messenger of Allah drew for us. It doesn’t mean that there weren’t many good and righteous Muslim rulers after the period of the Righteous Caliphs and that there won’t be righteous Muslim rulers before the appearance of the Mahdi.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Legitimate Reasons to Speak Bad of Others

Question: Is complaining of being wronged to someone who cannot help one at all considered backbiting?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Speaking bad of an individual to someone who cannot help one either stop that individual wronging him or help him personally deal with the problem is backbiting (ghiba) and is sinful.

For example, your manager said something offensive to you, so you tell everyone you know what he/she said. Does everyone you know need to know that? Is it essential that they all know that for this wrong to set aright? No, therefore, it is sinful.

However, if one brought it up with two people, both of whom may offer advice on how to deal with it, it is not backbiting.

(One should also conceal the person’s identity one is speaking badly about as much as practically possible. If the person whose help or advice you are seeking doesn’t need to know who this person is, they shouldn’t know.)

Importantly, there is a qualitative difference between ranting and trying to solve a problem. Ranting is done out of vengeance and anger, whereas trying to solve a problem is done to protect oneself or someone else, or (ideally) purely for the sake of Allah.

Ranting about an individual is sinful and constitutes backbiting. Trying to solve a problem is part of commanding the right and forbidding the wrong. The two, unfortunately, can easily become mixed. May Allah forgive us all!

Please see:
https://seekersguidance.org/articles/saving-our-souls-series-part-7-38-sins-of-the-tongue-shaykh-yusuf-weltch/
https://seekersguidance.org/show/31-content-of-character/
https://seekersguidance.org/courses/upright-speech-birgivi-on-holding-ones-tongue/
https://seekersguidance.org/articles/prophet-muhammad/imam-ghazali-guarding-tongue/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Obeying Muslim Rulers

Question: What do I have to do if I mistakenly quote Islam on something?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

One may not obey the Muslim ruler concerning something sinful. (Nihayat al-Muhtaj, Ramli)

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘A Muslim must hear and obey [the ruler] whether he likes it or not, as long as he is not commanded to do a sin. If he is commanded to do a sin, then there is no hearing and no obeying.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

Please also see:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/what-is-the-definition-of-an-islamic-country/
https://seekersguidance.org/articles/general-artices/shaykh-emad-effat-revolution-martyr-alazhar/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Mistake in Determining the Qibla

Question: If one makes a mistake in determining the Qibla, does one’s ritual prayer still count?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Yes, if one makes an educated guess of where the qibla is, and then it seems wrong, the prayer one prayed with the previous judgment is still valid. If you know that the initial educated guess was completely wrong, then such a prayer would have to be made up. (Bushra al-Karim, Ba ‘Ishn)

Normally, this doesn’t happen, and it is merely an issue of one direction being more likely than another. If this is the case, then there is no need to make up the prayer.

Allah Most High says, ‘To Allah belong the east and the west, so wherever you may turn, there is the Face of Allah.’ (Qu’ran, 2: 115) According to many scholars, this verse was revealed concerning those who prayed facing the wrong direction. (Tafsir Tabari)

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Uncertain about becoming Muslim

Question: If one is trying to learn about Islam, is it normal to feel uncertain and feel that one could not possibly believe?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Knowing that Islam is true is easy. Accepting it as an emotional fact can take time.

To know that Islam is true, you can ask yourself two questions very frankly. Given the existence of the universe, it possible that God doesn’t exist? Given the personal qualities of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), is it possible that he was a liar and wasn’t really the last messenger of God?

For me, these are two facts that I cannot get around. Islam is a fact, and that is it.

If you need to read more, listen more, get more exposure to really grasp the facts surrounding these two questions, do so. Get as much information as possible. At the end of the day, your answer to each question will either be a definite yes, or a definite no.

However, emotionally coming to terms with this is the challenge. This is a spiritual and moral jump that each of us has to take when accepting Islam. It is normal to waiver in this decision and to be of two hearts about it. It isn’t an easy decision, and for some of us, it can take time.

‘Has the time not come for those who have believed that their hearts should become humbly submissive at the remembrance of God and what has come down of the truth?’ (Qur’an, 57: 16)

Please also see:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/islamic-belief/how-do-i-enter-islam-i-want-to-become-muslim/
https://www.overcome.tv/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Not Excommunicating the Excommunicators

Question: Are militant extremist Muslims who label other Muslims as disbelievers still themselves Muslims?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Yes, even militant extremist Muslims who label other Muslims as disbelievers and who commit terrorist atrocities in the name of Islam are still Muslims.

A hallmark of moderate Sunni Islam is that we do not excommunicate (label as a disbeliever) those who label us as disbelievers. As long as they do not outright reject the Qur’an and Sunna, then they are believers. They may be bad, they may be ignorant, they may be great sinners, but they are still considered Muslims.

Because of this, if they die, they are still prayed over, and if their families still inherit their wealth.

For more information about how traditional Sunni Islamic views Islamic extremism, please see:
https://seekersguidance.org/articles/general-artices/defending-the-transgressed-mudafi-al-mazlum-by-shaykh-muhammad-afifi-al-akiti/
https://seekersguidance.org/articles/general-artices/modern-extremist/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/djihad-and-terrorism/can-termed-jihad/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Sleeping through a Prayer or Forgetting to Pray

Question: What do I accidentally miss a pray through sleep or mere forgetfulness?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

If one sleeps through prayer or forgets it, one makes up the prayer.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘Whoever forgets to pray or sleeps through it, its expiation is to pray it when he remembers.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/halal-and-haram/lecture-valid-excuse-delay-prayer/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Hijri Calendar and the Seasons

Question: Was the Hijri calendar originally in synchrony with the four seasons? Is Ramadan supposed to be fasted in the Spring?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

While there is evidence that certain pre-Islamic Arab communities adjusted and aligned the lunar calendar with the four seasons utilizing a system of intercalation, it is not fair to state that all pre-Islamic Arab communities did that.

Furthermore, to assume that this practice happened during the Medinan period of the  Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) when all the details of Islamic law and Islamic rituals were established is incorrect. This is clearly evinced by comparing clear and well-documented historical dates such as the Covenant with the Christians of the World and the Covenant with the Jews of Khaybar and Maqna with Jewish and Christian calendars.

For a full discussion on this topic, please see:
On the Origins of the Hijrī Calendar, Ibrahim Zein and Ahmed El-Wakil
Mémoire sur le calendrier arabe avant l’islamisme, Mahmoud Effendi

We have to understand that Allah has preserved this religion. Allah has made sure that scholars have been there to preserve the religion in its pristine form and solve new confusions that the Muslims face in every generation. When all the scholars of jurisprudence agree that the lunar calendar is the basis of the Islamic calendar, despite their very desperate and variegated research methods and conclusions, we know as a fact that this is what Allah wants us to do. Revisionist ideas on issues that are agreed upon are not welcome.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘There will always be a group of my nation who will keep to the way of Allah unharmed by those who try to trick them or work against them until Allah’s command comes while they are in power.’ (Muslim)

Revisionists posit that the Sunna was lost a long time ago and that everyone has been wrong for centuries. This is completely against the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunna.

Please also see:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/islamic-belief/is-it-necessary-to-act-upon-the-consensus-of-the-sahaba/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

 

 

Our Mother Khadija after marriage

Question: Did our mother Khadija (Allah be well pleased with her) work after she married the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Allah knows best, but it seems like she still kept her business going either by herself or with the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) as her agent as she did before they got married.

What is clear, though, is that she had significant wealth. While praising her after her death, the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said that she helped him financially when everyone turned their backs on him (mana’ani al-nas). (Musnad Ahmad, ed. Shaykh Shu’ayb al-Arna’ut) This also tells us that he must have had his own independent source of income that was then stunted by his prophethood and the treatment he received from the Quraysh. This would give the sense that he did not take over her business. But, again, Allah knows best.

Please also see:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/is-my-wife-obligated-to-give-me-her-income/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/marriage/can-a-husband-prevent-his-wife-from-working/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/financial-help-from-relatives/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/marriage/do-i-have-to-cook-and-clean-for-my-husband-if-i-work-too/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Praying in Fox Fur

Question: Is it valid to pray wearing fox fur?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

If it is not known that the animal (fox or any other edible animal) was Islamically slaughtered, then in the Shafi’i school, its hair, fur, or feathers would be filthy. This would obtain even if the fur were on a hide that had been tanned. (Minhaj al-Talibin, Nawawi)

This being the case, it would not be valid to pray to wear such items, and all prayers prayed wearing it would have to be made up.

However, the Hanafi, Maliki, and Hanbali schools do not deem the hair and fur of non-Islamically slaughtered animals filthy. (Al-Fiqh al-Islami wa Adillatuhu). Furthermore, many great Shafi’is such as Ibn al-Mundhir, Taqi al-Din al-Subki, and Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti held this same opinion, among many others. (al-Awsat, Ibn al-Mundhir; Fatawa al-Subki; al-Hawi lil-Fatawi, Suyuti) In fact, Imam al-Shafi’i himself had two opinions on the issue, both of which (arguably) have weight. (al-Majmu’, Nawawi; Rawdat al-Talibin, Nawawi)

This being the case, if one were to follow this alternative position with regards to one’s past prayers, it would be okay. If one is Shafi’i, one should be careful and stick to the official Shafi’i school for future prayers.

Imam al-Bayhaqi quotes one of the Early Muslims saying, ‘Whoever wants to do nothing and be nothing, let him see well to following [all sorts of] dispensations.’ (Shu’ab al-Iman, al-Bayhaqi)

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.