Posts

As a Hanafi Can I Follow a Maliki Position That Would Make Things Easier for Me?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I have been excused regarding purity (with respect to urine drops) for several years. I contacted Maliki scholars and asked them if it was permissible for me to pray Zuhr and Asr with the same wudu, and then Maghrib and Isha with the same wudu. They said yes.

Would it be permissible for me to follow this fatwa, as a Hanafi?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

If you (1) have a clear excuse, and it isn’t just misgivings, and (2) are undergoing hardship in following the Hanafi position, it would be perissible for you to follow another school. In doing so, you would need to ensure that you fulfil any requisite conditions and integrals of the school in question.

Please note that, technically, your ritual ablution (wudu) is not always nullified by the exiting of the time. In the case that you perform the ritual ablution, whilst the excuse is inactive, either: (a) for the excuse itself, or (b) for another reason [such as vomit, for instance], it would remain intact until the excuse or another nullifier manifests.

For example, assume Zaid has a chronic nose bleed which makes him an excused person (ma’dhur). The noon prayer (zuhr) entered at 1pm, and his nose [temporarily] stopped bleeding at 1.15pm. He performed the ritual ablution at 1.20pm [for his chronic excuse], and subsequently prayed at 1.30pm. He then maintained his ablution until the mid-afternoon prayer (‘asr) which entered at 5pm. As long as the excuse didn’t manifest, and he did not nullify his ablution by any other means, he could pray with the very same ablution.

Moreover, it is necessary to take the means to prevent the excuse from happening, by praying seated, or with head movements, for instance, if praying in such manner will prevent the occurrence of the excuse. If nothing helps, you should block the excuse as much as reasonably possible, and then follow the rules related to chronic excuses.

May Allah Most High grant you well-being and ease in your affairs.

[Birgivi/Ibn ‘Abidin, Manhal al-Waridin; Tahtawi, Hashiyat al-Tahtawi ‘ala Maraqi al-Falah; ‘Ala’ al-Din ‘Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-‘Ala’iyya (47)]

Please also see: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution and: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How Should I Deal With Chronic Gas Problems in Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

I am dealing with continuous passing of wind issues. I know that I must pray while sitting. But what if I stand and pray with the assumption that I may not pass wind up to the end of the prayer, but nonetheless break my wudu during the prayer? Is my prayer invalid in this case?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

If you pass wind during the prayer, your prayer will be nullified. However, you should ignore misgivings and any feelings or sensations you may have, and continue praying unless you hear or smell something and are absolutely certain that something has exited.

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and his Household and grant them peace) has said, “If any of you feels something in his stomach such that it is unclear to him whether something has come out or not, then he should certainly not leave the mosque, unless he hears a sound or smells an odour.” [Muslim]

Please also see: Should I Pray Sitting down Because of Excessive Gas? and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah alone knows best.

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Photo: Babaroga

A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings

‘Verily this religion is ease, and none make this religion difficult except that it overwhelms them.’ [Bukhari]

Drops of urine during prayer: simply misgivings?
Key Principles Relating to Certainty, Doubt, and Baseless Misgivings (waswasa)
Checking Clothing for Drops of Urine
Praying in Clothes Affected by Urine Dripping Problem
Urine Leakage, Chronic Gas, and Misgivings
How Do I Pray When Liquid Constantly Leaks from My Private Parts?
Excused Liquid Filth and Ignoring Baseless Doubts About Purity
How to deal with drops of urine in the restroom?
What Should I Do About Left Over Drops Of Urine?
Waiting for Urine to Stop and Wudu
How to Avoid Waswasa of Dripping Urine After Using the Restroom
Drops of urine: when is it a chronic excuse?
When Do I Make Wudu When I Have a Chronic Excuse?
The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution
How Can I Maintain Purity and Pray When I Have a Weak Bladder that Constantly Leaks?
How to Maintain Purity for Prayer With a Non-Excused Urine Dripping Problem

Flatulence Problem and Praying in Congregation

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I have a flatulence problem but the problem is not bad enough to establish a chronic excuse so i would like your advice in what i should do in certain cicumstances. [1] If i feel the urge to release wind during jamat i leave the jamat and i feel embarassed. Should i feel embarrassed? or this a wrong feeling to have because i should only be concerned with Allah Most High and not what other people think. [2] And i have read that if one feels the urge to break wind during prayer one should leave the jamat and break wind and then do wudu and then rejoin jamat. I would like to ask if we can leave the prayer in jamat and then wait until the urge goes away and then rejoin the prayer and carry on? Is this not better because then we can make sure that we have read with jamat? [3] Also when i feel the flatulence worse at a particular time i won’t go to the masjid to pray with jamat, is this a mitigating circumstance or should i still strive to pray with jamat in the masjid?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.
[1] If you need to relieve yourself in such a way, you should leave the prayer, renew your ablution, and then rejoin. If you are in such a situation, you should put your hand over your mouth and nose pretending to have a nose bleed or some other similar issue.
[2] No, you should remain in the prayer and ignore the urges. Unless it becomes overwhelming or you are certain that something will exit, you should not leave the prayer.
[3] Yes, you should still try to make the congregation if it is reasonably possible. The sunna for men is to pray in congregation and unless you are certain otherwise, mere suppositions and doubts should not prevent you from doing so.
If it is a recurring issue, seek some medical attention, constantly turn to Allah in asking for this to be lifted from you, and realize “When Allah desires good for someone, He afflicts him.” [Bukhari]
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Can I Pray While Blood is Flowing from a Wound?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I recently had a back operation. Some blood still flows from the operation. I noticed some blood from the operation flowing while I was praying.  Am I allowed to pray with blood flowing as a result of an operation? 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

If you are considered excused (ma`dhur), it would be permitted to pray whilst the excuse (bleeding in your case) is occurring.

In order to establish that you have an excuse, an entire prayer time must pass wherein you did not find enough time to perform a minimal ablution (wudu) and quick prayer, without the excuse occurring.

However, if you are able to pray sitting (on the floor) such that the excuse will not occur, then you must do so, and thus you will not be considered excused (ma`dhur).

See also: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution 

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

When Do I Make Wudu When I Have a Chronic Excuse?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am a person who has a problem of constant breakdown of wudu. So, due to this reason I perform the wudu once when the time of prayer begins and pray as much as I want till the end of prayer time. At the time when my wudu breaks most after using the toilet, at that time can I do wudu once at the beginning of prayer time and pray as much as I want till the end of prayer time? Can I do this at situations such as when paying in school because at that time I cannot go to toilet or other situations when if I go to toilet then my prayer may become qada.

 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

If you are considered excused (ma`dhur), you would perform the ablution for each prayer. (Please see here: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Otherwise, you must wait until the traces of urine have ended before praying. Please use the following guidelines as mentioned in this article: What Should I Do About Left Over Drops of Urine?

a. After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,
b. Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,
c. Wipe the private part with toilet paper,
d. Wash the private part with water three or so times, as mentioned in the Maraqi al-Falah, and
e. Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.

After this, any doubts of urine being admixed with the water can be and should be ignored.

Please see: Chronic Gas Problems and Consistent Flatulence and Tarawih Prayer

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Chronic Gas Problems

Answered by Ustadh Tabarze Azam

Question: I have chronic stomach problem which means I usually pass gas in salah. Some foods have a greater effect on me – but even when I fast and am not eating, I still pass gas.

a) When I eat something I know would effect my stomach, does that invalidate my wudu?
b) Can I pray two prayers with one wudu (for example, dhur, then asr)?
c) Usually I pass gas in salat, but sometimes I don’t.  When I don’t, am I still considered an excused person?
d) Can I make wudu and pray after one hour?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

In order to be considered an excused person, one must fulfill the conditions. The condition of initiation is that an entire prayer time passes with the excuse (that renders one unable to retain wudu) present such that one did not have enough time to perform a minimal wudu and pray a quick prayer. (See here for further details: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution)

It is necessary to take all reasonable means to stop the excuse from occurring. For example, if it is possible to pray sitting (on the floor) without gas exiting, one must pray sitting.

The above is based upon the gas actually exiting, and one’s certainty in this. One does not act upon doubts and misgivings, even if strong. Many a time, it is an uncomfortable sensation or “feeling”, and not an actual exiting of gas. If one is in such difficulty, unless one: [1] hears or smells something, or is [2] absolutely certain that something exited, one should ignore the “sensation” completely.

[a] No, eating something knowing that it may give one some difficulty would not affect one’s ablution. However, it may be better to avoid, if reasonably possible.

[b] If it is established that you have an excuse, you would perform the ablution (wudu) for each prayer time.

[c] One would no longer be considered an excused person if a complete prayer time passed without the occurrence of the excuse.

[d] If it is established that you have an excuse, the occurrence of the excuse within the prayer time will not invalidate your ablution (wudu).

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “How amazing is the matter of the believer! All of his matter is good, and this is not for anyone except the believer. If ease comes his way, he is thankful, so it is good for him. And if hard times hit him, he is patient, so it is good for him.” [Muslim]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Waiting to Establish a Chronic Excuse

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: If one is reasonable sure that when one begins to bleed at the time of fajr, does one need to wait till the end of dhur to establish if one has a chronic excuse or not? Or can one pray dhur at any point of dhur time without waiting till the end if one is unable to pray at the end in the case if one is at work?

 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

No, you would need to wait and pray towards the end of the time. [Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

If you can pray sitting (for example) such that the bleeding does not occur, then you must do so. As long as the bleeding is stopped (by such sitting), you would not need to wait until the end of the prayer time to pray.

The excuse is only established after an entire prayer time has passed such that one did not find enough time to perform a quick ablution and prayer. Without this, you will not be considered an excused person, and would be required to wait. [ibid.]

See also: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

How Do Pray With Chronic Nosebleeds?

Answered by Ustadha Shaista Maqbool

Question: I was performing wudu for isha prayers when my nose started bleeding heavily, so I stopped and waited until it stopped bleeding. Please tell me what one should do in a situation like this. My nose often bleeds due to allergy and the doctor told me to lie down and wait until it stops and then continue whatever I was doing.

Answer: Wa’alaikum assalaam warahmatu Allah,

In the Hanafi school, a nose bleed will break and prevent one from doing wudu. So what you did was correct, you have to wait until the bleeding stops in order to make wudu.

If your nose bleeds when you during wudu when you are washing it, when you have this problem, you can simply leave washing inside your nose since that is from the sunnah of wudu and your wudu will still be valid without it. (Note that you need to wash your nose enough to ensure that there is not so much blood left in your nostrils that would cover more than the size of a half dollar as this would prevent the validity of prayer.)

If your nose does not stop bleeding until the next prayer time has come close, you would do wudu and pray the current prayer so as not to delay it from its time. If your nose bleed continues throughout the second prayer’s time as well, then you have the ruling of m’adhur, or one who is excused, and you only do wudu every time the prayer enters. If the bleeding stops before the second prayer’s time is over, then you must repeat the previous prayer with the valid wudu.

Please search SeekersGuidance answers for more on the ruling of the ma’dhur.

Wasalaam,

Shaista Maqbool

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

`Isha Timing and Chronic Excuses

Chronic Excuse: Can I Combine Prayers with a Single Ablution?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: In the state of ‘da iman fil hadath’ due to excessive gas in stomach and unable to maintain wudhu for more than a few minutes, I have been instructed that one wudu in the time period is valid for the fard prayer of that period and any sunna prayers also offered in that time period (such as tarawih).

However, when combining prayers due to travel (or in Hajj) can I make both prayers (dhur& Asr)with a single wudhu? It might not be possible to make wudu twice in quick succession in Hajj especially and often in Masajid or while travelling

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health states.

The ruling of ablution (wudu) for someone already established as having a chronic excuse (as opposed to one not yet established) is as follows: one performs wudu ‘for the prayer time’ (after the time comes in), and then prays with that wudu — within that time — as many prayers as one wishes, fard or nafl.

That wudu remains valid for the entire prayer time (unless it is broken for other than the chronic excuse), and it is invalidated by the end of that prayer time.

The only exception is if the wudu is made after an occurrence of the excuse, which then does not occur again until the prayer time ends, in which case the wudu is still valid despite the prayer time ending, yet is invalidated thereafter by the first subsequent occurrence of the excuse.

[Ala’uddin Abidin, Hadiyya Ala’iyya]

Aside from that exception though, once a person with a chronic excuse makes wudu after the time comes in, it is valid for the duration of that current prayer time, for whatever prayers the person wants to pray. Hence, one could combine fard prayers as a Hanafi if on hajj [i.e., zuhr/asr at Arafat, maghrib/isha at Muzdalifa]. It is important to note that according to the Hanafi school, prayers cannot be combined aside from these two times on hajj. Doing so while traveling is valid in the other schools though, with their requisite conditions.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani