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Cleaning Impurity

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: How do I properly clean urine? If I step on a rug that is damp with impurity does the impurity transfer to my foot?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Important Note in Cleaning Impurity

With regards to cleaning impurities, such as urine, first, minimize the amount of impurity. Pouring water on urine will only spread the urine further. You should dry as much of it as possible then wash the area, being careful to minimize any spreading.

You may want to mop the floor once again to be cautious.

Regarding the rug that became damp during the process which you mentioned. If the water poured onto the urine spread to the rug, the rug would be impure as well. Your stepping on that damp rug would only cause your foot to be impure if there was a transference of wetness to the foot. [Hashiyah Ibn ‘Abidin]

In this case, it was correct for you to have washed your foot. [Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ‘ala Maraqi al-Falah}

In short, when dealing with impurities, the impurity should first be minimized, as best as possible. Secondly, it should be cleaned, carefully, such that the impurity doesn’t spread.

May Allah bless you

Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Doubts about Cleanliness

Shaykh Salman Younas is asked if minute amounts of filth affect ritual purity.

I prayed my salah and after I came to washroom I found a drop of urine to the size of an ant, so I just soaked my hand with water and rubbed it gently, and did not squeeze that, and the stain was gone too. Please tell me whether I am tahir or najis?

You are not considered impure.

Even if you prayed with a small drop of urine on your body/clothing of the type you describe, this is excused. In the Hanafi school, the extent of approximately 5 cm, in diameter, is excused in liquid filth that is deemed “major filth,” such as urine. While it is best to remove such filth before praying, if one did pray while being effected by this amount of filth, the prayer is valid.

This ruling shows that there is leeway when it comes to the rulings of filth and impurities. As such, we should not be excessive in how we deal with this issue, nor fall into baseless misgivings. The base assumption that we hold regarding our bodies, clothing, place of prayer, etc., is that it is pure unless there is clear evidence to the contrary.

Salman

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

How Can I Deal With Urine Drops Effectively? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have been having difficulty in staying pure and keeping my wudu after using the toilet. After I have used the washroom and cleaned myself according to the recommendations of the Shafi’i Madhab, I usually find a drop of liquid has exited my body. This will be very problematic for me, as I will be leaving home to study Arabic.

What can I do?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

May Allah accept your intention of studying the Arabic Language.

Many males have been afflicted with the problem you described. Below is some detail and possible solutions to your condition:

How Can I End Urine Drops Quickly? (Shafi’i)

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Can You Advise Me on the Proper Way to Avoid Excessive Doubts After Using the Restroom?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum.

I use a lot of water to clean myself after relieving myself. If not I feel I have not purified myself. I spend a lot of time checking for possible urine drops.

Doing istinja takes me about 30-40 minutes and this causes trouble to my family. Can you advise me on this?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Seek refuge from the devil, and make a short supplication before you begin.

Do not try to be cautious. Mind talk delights the devil– the one who actually seeds such misgivings.

You need to ignore your “feelings,” and leave investigation and “being convinced.” Your washings should not exceed seven. Pouring and then rubbing is considered one washing.

Most of what you mention is excessiveness and misgivings, and not what the scholars of Islam said to do.

Please also see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah alone knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Checking Clothing for Drops of Urine

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalam aleikum. Sometimes when I have doubt that urine or pre-ejaculate fluid may have come out, I check my clothes to confirm. Sometimes it’s clean and sometimes it’s not. Once, as I was exiting the shower I felt maybe something came out and as I was putting my clothes on, I realized it did. Since water was dripping off my body, do I need to clean the washroom floor, towel, etc?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.
No you do not need to clean anything.
A golden rule to remember is the legal maxim: Certainty is not lifted by doubt. You should ignore any feelings and sensations that you have. Such suppositions are of no legal consequence. Unless you have strong reason to believe that something has exited, there is no need to check anything.
The mind, with the assistance of the devil, often plays tricks on people and they begin thinking excessively about such purificatory matters assuming, ‘something may have exited’, ‘I think something came out’, ‘I’m fairly sure’, ‘it looks like it’, and so on. What follows is incessant checking and baseless misgivings. Listening and acting on such misgivings is contrary to the sunna. Anything short of absolute certainty is not certainty and thus not acted upon.
It is said that misgivings (waswasa) and hardship arise from an ignorance of the sunna of the beloved of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace). Think calmly and clearly about the situation; learn the rulings; apply them, and express gratitude to Allah for having guided you. Sidi Ibn `Ata’illah al-Iskandari said, “No matter is difficult if you seek it through your Lord, and nothing is easy if you seek it through yourself.”
Abu Yahya Suhayb ibn Sinan said, “The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘What an extraordinary thing the business of the believer is! All of it is good for him. And that only applies to the believer. If good fortune is his lot, he is grateful and it is good for him. If something harmful happens to him, he is steadfast and that is good for him too.’” [Muslim]
Please also see: Key Principles Relating to Certainty, Doubt, and Baseless Misgivings (Waswasa) 
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

How to Avoid Waswasa of Dripping Urine After Using the Restroom

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: After urination I do what I can to remove as much of the urine in the penis as possible. I clean myself and then all is well. Sometime afterwards, I feel something in my penis and as I’m sitting, walking lifting, laughing etc. I find there’s a gradual build-up of fluids near the tip of the penis. This feeling gets stronger as time goes on. Because I suffer from waswaasah, it is my bad habit to constantly check the tip of the penis to see if anything has come out. I find that after a while, just below the tip of the penis, I feel some fluid (sometimes watery, but most of the time just a tiny bit wet and mildly sticky). It settles below the surface and spreads on the walls of the channel beneath the surface. I check sometimes and feel nothing and other times I feel a lightly and mildly sticky fluidic substance, which sheathes its way on the walls of the urethra, but below the tip and sometimes a tiny bit on the tip! My fear is that It may at any time come out and I am uncertain if it came out or not if I don’t check! Do I need to go to extremes to avoid this?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
No, you do not need to go to such extremes.
You should ignore any feelings and sensations that you have. Such suppositions are of no legal consequence. Do not check anything unless you are absolutely certain that something came out. Otherwise, ignore all doubts, even strong ones. Acting upon doubts is contrary to the sunna and misplaced religious caution.
Anybody who has baseless misgivings should do the following after using the toilet as mentioned in this article: What Should I Do About Left Over Drops Of Urine?
a.After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,
b.Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,
c.Wipe the private part with toilet paper,
d.Wash the private part with water three or so times, as mentioned in the Maraqi al-Falah, and
e.Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.
Thereafter, ignore all misgivings. You cannot be certain that anything exited. And certainty is not lifted by anything short of certainty.
See also: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Waiting for Urine to Stop and Wudu

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I have a condition where urine drops come out when I go to the toilet. It stops after 15 minutes or sometimes longer. I was told to just make a fresh wuhdu for every prayer, because i have a genuine medical problem. After going through some related questions I’ve found out i should wait until it ceases then do wudhu. However if im working its just not practical to be spending that long because i will be spending a lot of time for every prayer. If I wake up for fajr and only have 30 minutes to pray my normal procedure of doing wudhu for each prayer would allow me to pray on time but if i have to wait , i will miss my prayer. Situations like this make me lose hope and make me feel depressed because its not easy unless you are home all day. Do I have to wait or do I just do what makes things easier and make a wudhu for each prayer?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
It is obligatory to wait until the drops of urine have ceased before performing the ablution (wudu). It is neither permitted nor valid to perform the ablution (wudu) before you are reasonably sure that the urine drops have stopped. [`Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]
[1] Performing istinja’ (cleaning oneself) from filth that exits one’s private parts is a confirmed sunna.
[2] Istinja’ is not a condition for the validity of the ablution (wudu).
[3] If one does not need to go to the toilet, one should simply perform the ablution (wudu) and pray.
[4] If one genuinely fears that one will miss their prayer by relieving oneself, one should just perform the ablution (wudu) and pray.
[5] A solution for work may be to use the bathroom and then return a little later to perform the ablution (wudu). Walking usually ensures the remaining drops exit.
Also, use the following guidelines when performing istinja’:
[i] After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,
[ii] Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,
[iii] Wipe the private part with toilet paper,
[iv] Wash the private part with water three or so times, and
[v] Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.
After this, unless you are certain that drops have exited, you should ignore any feelings and suppositions you may have.
Realize that this is a test from Allah and “truly with hardship comes ease” [94:6]. Remember that “Allah does not burden souls with more than they can manage” [2:286]. Have conviction in the mercy of Allah. Rejoice in His blessings upon you. Take the means to learn the sunna of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in all matters, apply them, and express gratitude to Allah for having being guided.
Please also see: What Should I Do About Left Over Drops Of Urine? and
A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

When Do I Make Wudu When I Have a Chronic Excuse?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am a person who has a problem of constant breakdown of wudu. So, due to this reason I perform the wudu once when the time of prayer begins and pray as much as I want till the end of prayer time. At the time when my wudu breaks most after using the toilet, at that time can I do wudu once at the beginning of prayer time and pray as much as I want till the end of prayer time? Can I do this at situations such as when paying in school because at that time I cannot go to toilet or other situations when if I go to toilet then my prayer may become qada.

 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

If you are considered excused (ma`dhur), you would perform the ablution for each prayer. (Please see here: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Otherwise, you must wait until the traces of urine have ended before praying. Please use the following guidelines as mentioned in this article: What Should I Do About Left Over Drops of Urine?

a. After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,
b. Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,
c. Wipe the private part with toilet paper,
d. Wash the private part with water three or so times, as mentioned in the Maraqi al-Falah, and
e. Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.

After this, any doubts of urine being admixed with the water can be and should be ignored.

Please see: Chronic Gas Problems and Consistent Flatulence and Tarawih Prayer

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Excused Liquid Filth and Ignoring Baseless Doubts About Purity

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: when i went to the toilet today, a small amount of urine went on my shoes, which i washed off. I also think a small amount got onto my trousers. This was about the size of a grain of sugar and now is dry and is in a difficult place to wash in the office so can i now say that as it is dry, i can carry on with my day. My main concern is that if i put my jacket on top of the trousers the filth will transfer to my jacket also – am i right in thinking it doesn’t? also, is the filthy area small enough to be able to go ahead and read namaz in the clothing? this is a real problem for me and wastes lots of time per week for me so any help is appreciated.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, the extent of approximately 5cm, in diameter, is excused in liquid filth.

Under normal circumstances, if filth, less than the aforementioned amount, affects one’s clothing, it would be recommended to remove; therefore, one’s prayer is valid without removing such filth.

As for the case in question, it is mentioned explicitly in the books of our school that such minute amounts of urine splashes are excused; therefore one simply ignores it completely.

Furthermore, one’s jacket will not become filthy by wearing it above such trousers. It is as if there is no filth, so one need not act with such undue caution. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

A Note on Excessiveness in Caution

We have a principle in our school: Certainty is not lifted by (subsequent) doubts. Imam Khadimi (Allah be pleased with him) in his commentary of the Tariqa al-Muhammadiya, al-Bariqa al-Mahmudiyya, mentions that strong doubts are *not *acted upon.

Purity is the default state for matters.There is no need to “check” the area; one assumes purity and continues with one’s day. The answer to the question “did the urine splash onto me?” is: No.

One of the major jurists (fuqaha) of our school, Imam Sarakhsi (Allah be pleased with him) said, “ignore doubts and don’t turn to them”. Why? Doubts and misgivings are from the devil and this is one of the wisdoms in reciting the supplications when entering and leaving the washroom.

Rather, let one’s focus be the prayer and the Majesty of He whom one will be addressing.

“Verily this religion is ease; and none make this religion difficult except that it overwhelms them.” [Bukhari]

And Allah knows best.

wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

What Should I Do About Left Over Drops Of Urine?

Answered by Salman Younas

Question: I experience alot of problems in using alot of excessive tissue paper during the toilet to help make sure that no remaining urine has remained. By using water only I feel it is very difficult to discern whether any remainig drops after washing  from one’s private orifice is either urine or just water? So using tissue paper helps. However, the problem seems to emerge where there is a constant amount of urine left despite having followed the Istinja and squeezing one’s private parts to make certain if any urine remains. Your advice and guidance on the issue would be much appreciated.

Answer:

salamu `alayukum

I pray you are well and in the best of health.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) stated in a rigorously authenticated hadith, as narrated by Bukhari, that, “the religion is ease and none shall make the religion hard except that it will defeat him. So, be moderate, do the best you can…” The opposite of moderation is excessiveness, and excessiveness often arises out of neglect of the prophetic sunna, either due to one’s unawareness of it or not understanding and sufficing with its application.

The rulings related to istinja’ are straightforward. It is a confirmed sunna that is validly carried out with tissue paper, water, or a combination of both. The scholars mention that the optimal way to perform istinja’ is to first limit the filth by way of wiping and then following it with washing. (Nur al-Idah, pg: 28 ed. Qadimi Kutub Khana)

Generally speaking, if one performs the above, he can safely ignore any doubts about the difficulty in discerning whether any remaining drops of water are urine. One can simply assume with a high level of certainty that what remains on one’s private parts is water, unless there are absolutely clear signs of the continual exiting of urine such as clearly discernable color. If one merely has doubts that the water may be mixed with urine then these should be ignored.

However, if one’s residual urine exits slowly from the private parts, namely the exiting of clearly discernable urine drops after one washes himself, one should employ certain additional steps, as outlined by `Ala al-Din ibn `Abidin (Hadiyyah al-Ala’iiyyah, pg: 44 ed. Dar ibn Hazm):

a.    He should squeeze and slightly twist his private part, in a manner not leading to harm, and
b.    He should insert something in the entrance of his private part, slightly, to absorb any remaining drops.

If one continues to have doubts he should simply sprinkle his clothes and private parts with water and assume that any moisture he sees is the water.

Thus, to summarize, you should take the following steps:

a.    After using the toilet, wait a few moments to make sure all remaining drops exit,
b.    Squeeze and slightly twist the private part,
c.    Wipe the private part with toilet paper,
d.    Wash the private part with water three or so times, as mentioned in the Maraqi al-Falah, and
e.    Sprinkle water onto your clothes and private parts.

After this, any doubts of urine being admixed with the water can be and should be ignored.

In the end, it should be noted that acting on one’s doubts is sinful as is excessive wastefulness. Both should be avoided. One should suffice with the sunna method of removing filth on the private parts. This was the way of the salaf, a way of moderation and following the sunna.

And Allah knows best

Wasalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani