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I Suffer From Urinary Leakage Problems. Can I Be Excused All My Life?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I always keep a tissue in my underwear. After urinating, a lot of urine leaks onto the tissue paper and after about 10 minutes the majority of urine that will leak has exited. Thereafter very small amounts leak that are impossible for me to feel.

I have ascertained that I was a ma’dhur (excused).

Was I correct?

2) Since I can only tell leakage by going to the bathroom and looking at the penile tip, can I please just assume the position of ma’dhur all my life?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

1. If you press a piece of tissue paper at the point of exit and no wetness appears on it, you can clean the private part (istinja’), sprinkle water over it and your undergarments, and move on. There is no duty to dwell, check or investigate the matter any further.

2. No, an excused person (ma’dhur) is in an exceptional state. Most people that think they are excused when it comes to bathroom matters, are simply experiencing misgivings and incorrectly applying the sunna.

for further details, please see: A Reader on Ritual Purity, Urine Leakage and Misgivings and: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How Can I Pray When Unable to Stop the Bleeding of My Finger?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu aleykum,

I was washing and accidentally cut my finger and got a rift. It was bleeding and I tried to wash it and stop the bleeding with a tissue. It got stopped a little but when I tried to wash the blood from the cut and the area outside of it so I could perform wudu, it opened again. Eventually the time for praying passed and I still had the same problem with my finger. If this happens again what should I do if I want to pray in time?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

You should stop the flow, using a plaster, bandage, or the like, and then perform wudu and pray.

If the blood stops before the subsequent prayer time passes, you would need to repeat the prayer you prayed whilst you were “bleeding.”

Please see: The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Do Pray With Chronic Nosebleeds?

Answered by Ustadha Shaista Maqbool

Question: I was performing wudu for isha prayers when my nose started bleeding heavily, so I stopped and waited until it stopped bleeding. Please tell me what one should do in a situation like this. My nose often bleeds due to allergy and the doctor told me to lie down and wait until it stops and then continue whatever I was doing.

Answer: Wa’alaikum assalaam warahmatu Allah,

In the Hanafi school, a nose bleed will break and prevent one from doing wudu. So what you did was correct, you have to wait until the bleeding stops in order to make wudu.

If your nose bleeds when you during wudu when you are washing it, when you have this problem, you can simply leave washing inside your nose since that is from the sunnah of wudu and your wudu will still be valid without it. (Note that you need to wash your nose enough to ensure that there is not so much blood left in your nostrils that would cover more than the size of a half dollar as this would prevent the validity of prayer.)

If your nose does not stop bleeding until the next prayer time has come close, you would do wudu and pray the current prayer so as not to delay it from its time. If your nose bleed continues throughout the second prayer’s time as well, then you have the ruling of m’adhur, or one who is excused, and you only do wudu every time the prayer enters. If the bleeding stops before the second prayer’s time is over, then you must repeat the previous prayer with the valid wudu.

Please search SeekersGuidance answers for more on the ruling of the ma’dhur.

Wasalaam,

Shaista Maqbool

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

`Isha Timing and Chronic Excuses

`Isha Timing and Chronic Excuses

Answered by Sidi Wasim Shiliwala

Question: Until what time can we pray Isha prayer before it is considered late? Also, is someone is excused due to urinary leakage does he still need to wait till the end of the time to see if it stops? I’m asking to make sure I don’t miss the prayer due to delaying it because of the excuse.

 

Answer: Walaikum As-salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

May Allah reward you for your concern about ensuring the validity of your prayers. Your question covers two different areas – prayer timings and chronic excuses, so we shall first review the rulings related to each:

Rulings Related to the `Isha Prayer’s Timings

1. Entrance: `Isha prayer enters at the end of Maghrib, which is when the red twilight disappears from the horizon.
2. Exit: `Isha prayer ends right before Fajr begins, which is when the first white light spreads across the horizon.
3. Permissible: It is permissible to pray `Isha anytime between its entrance and exit.
4. Confirmed Sunnah: It is the confirmed sunnah (sunnah mu`akkada) of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to pray `Isha in congregation, ideally in a masjid for men, and at home for women.
5. Recommended: It is recommended (mustahabb) to pray `Isha close to its entrance time during the summer (when the days are long) and to delay it until a third of the night has passed during the winter (when nights are long).
6. Disliked: It is slightly disliked (makruh) to pray after halfway through the night.

Rulings Related to Chronic Conditions

A chronic condition is that which prevents one from maintaining a state of wudhu long enough to pray a prayer.
Example: an uncontrollable leakage of urine.

1. It is established when the condition lasts for the entirety of a prayer time such that one could not pray at all during it. For this beginning case, one prays at the end of the prayer time.
Example: the urine started leaking before dawn and continued through sunrise, such that one couldn’t do wudhu and pray Fajr at any point without it leaking, so he/she must pray Fajr at its last time, whereupon the leakage will be excused.

2. It only continues, however, by one occurrence of the condition during the prayer time for all following prayers, which can be prayed at any point in their time without having to wait for the condition to occur.
Example: when Dhuhr enters, the person does wudhu and prays Dhuhr at any point in its time, considering any leaking that happens during the prayer as excused. This prayer is valid even if the condition ceases for a time. So long as it occurs at least once during the prayer time, the person is excused.

3. It ends when the condition does not occur once during a prayer time.
Example: throughout the entirety of Maghrib, no leakage occurs, so the person is NOT considered excused when `Isha comes, but rather returns to step 1.

Your specific case (`Isha prayer):
Considering the above rules, there are two applicable scenarios:
1. If you have already established that you are excused, then you can pray `Isha when it enters without excessive delay.
2. If you have NOT established that you are excused (i.e. the condition began at `Isha time), then you pray at the end of `Isha’s timing, meaning right before Fajr. If by this time your condition has not ceased, then you can consider yourself an excused person. Given the circumstances of the situation, it would NOT be disliked for you to delay `Isha in this case.

*Please note that for both cases, you are NOT expected to spend the entire night waiting to see if you can pray `Isha. Rather, you pray at its beginning or end time, both of which will allow you enough time to rest in the night. There is no need to overexert yourself – remember that “Allah wishes ease for you and does not wish for you hardship.” [2:185] And remember to be patient in trying times, as “Verily Allah is with the patient.” [2:153]

[Shurunbulali, Ascent to Felicity; Tahtawi, Hashiya `Ala Maraqi al-Falah]

For more details, see the following answers

Is it Permitted to Pray Isha After Midnight
Am I a Hypocrite for not Praying Fajr and Isha in the Masjid
The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution
Do You Have to Pray Immediately After You Make Wudu if You Have a Chronic Excuse
Can I Pray As Many Prayers As I Want With a Single Ablution

And Allah knows best, and with Him comes success.

Baarak Allahu Fikum,
-Wasim

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

How Do I Pray When Liquid Constantly Leaks from My Private Parts?

Answered by Tabraze Azam

Question: Asalamualikum.
What is the ruling on someone who has seminal fluid or a sticky watery liquid coming out of private part almost all the time? Is this person considered mazur? I’m worried because I pray 5 times and it’s becoming difficult to concentrate. Please help me brother, I  have heard a person who has urine drops coming out continuously is considered mazur, but what about my situation? Please help as soon as possible.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

One would legally be considered an excused person (ma`dhur) if a whole prayer time passed and one did not find enough time to perform a minimal ritual ablution (wudu) and a quick prayer.

This is, nevertheless, without falling prey to satanic misgivings. Take refuge in Allah from the devil and remember the legal maxim: Certainty is not lifted by doubt. The answer to, “Did something come out?” is: No.

Taking the Means and the Excused Person

If it is established that one is, in fact, an excused person (ma`dhur), the manifestation of the excuse, once, in the following prayer time is sufficient for one to be considered an excused person (ma`dhur). If an entire prayer time passes without the manifestation of the excuse, one is no longer considered an excused person (ma`dhur).

It remains necessary, however, to take all reasonable means to stop that which makes one unable to retain one’s ritual ablution (wudu). Therefore, if it is possible to pray sitting, on the floor, such that the excuse does not occur, one must pray sitting; and one would not be considered an excused person (ma`dhur). [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

A Note on Misgivings

We have a number of important legal principles. Amongst them is that certainty is not lifted by doubt. Moreover, mere doubts and suppositions are of no legal consequence. Therefore, one’s feeling, or sensation, of secreting something is of no consequence. Don’t constantly check your under garments. Perform the ritual ablution (wudu), once, and pray.

“Verily this religion is ease; and none make this religion difficult except that it overwhelms them.” [Bukhari]

Please see the following resources for further information:

[1] The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

[2] How Can I Maintain Purity When I Have a Bladder That Constantly Leaks?

[3] What Can I Do About Satanic Whisperings That Plague Me and Even Make Me Want to Abandon My Salat?

Rejoicing in Allah

Don’t let such matters of purification distract you from their purpose: becoming closer to Allah through prayer, recitation and supplication. The early righteous were too busy worshiping their Lord to be busied, and concerned, by such, and other, nullifiers of the ritual ablution (wudu). Think calmly and clearly about the situation; learn the rulings; apply them, and show gratitude to Allah.

Abu Yahya Suhayb ibn Sinan said, “The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘What an extraordinary thing the business of the believer is! All of it is good for him. And that only applies to the believer. If good fortune is his lot, he is grateful and it is good for him. If something harmful happens to him, he is steadfast and that is good for him too.’” [Muslim]

“Say: ’In the bounty of God, and His mercy — in that let them rejoice; it is better than that they amass.” [10:58]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

What Means Should a Woman With Dysfunctional Vaginal Bleeding (Istihada) Take to Stop the Bleeding Prior to Prayer?

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: Must the women in state of istihada take any means to stop the bleeding prior to praying?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalaam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh Sidi,

The prayer as an excused (ma’dhur) person is performed out of necessity; therefore, we try to use whatever means we reasonably can to prevent the person from praying in an excused (ma’dhur) state; whether that is by doing something to prevent flow, sitting on the floor and praying and so on. [Birgivi, Dhukhr al-Mutahillin]

If she is able to stop the bleeding, by using something such as cotton wool or the like, then it is necessary to do so. If there is flow whilst standing, she should sit and pray; if there is flow during the prostrations, she would use head movements to perform them.

However, she would not pray lying down as this too is only allowed in a state of necessity. Therefore she prays as an excused (ma’dhur) person in such a case.

See this link for further details on chronic excuses: https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/the-fiqh-of-chronic-excuses-and-ablution/

And Allah knows best.

wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Could you please detail the fiqh of chronic excuses and ablution?

Answer:  If someone has a chronic excuse (`udhr) such as being unable to stop intermittent drops of urine, or one whose bowels have become loose, should:

1) perform wudu at the time of every fard prayer and

2) pray with that wudu as many fard or nawafil as one wishes.

Aisha reports from the the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) that he told Fatima Bint Hubaish, “Perform wudu at the time of every prayer.”

The wudu of one suffering from a chronic excuse becomes void only with

1) the expiry of the prayer time or

2) the occurrence of that which invalidates the wudhu, other than the current reason.

(Shurunbulali, Imdadu’l-Fattah Sharh Nuru’l-Idah pg 145,146 )

The conditions for being considered someone with a chronic excuse are of three types:

1. The condition of initiation: This is that an entire prayer time passes with the excuse (that renders one unable to retain wudu) present such that one did not have enough time to perform a minimal wudu and pray a quick prayer.

If bleeding starts during the time of a prayer, one waits until the end of the prayer time (or until just before the disliked time, in the case of Asr) in hope that the bleeding stop, and then prays immediately after performing wudu (and striving to take the means to stop or minimize the bleeding).

2.  The condition of continuation: To remain considered as someone with a chronic excuse, it is merely necessary that the excuse exist once in each prayer time. (This illustrates the legal maxim, ‘Continuation is easier than initiation.’)

3. The condition of termination: One is no longer considered legally excused, and therefore unable to act on the dispensation given to such an individual, after an entire prayer time goes by without the excuse occurring. [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, Gifts of Guidance]

It is necessary to take all reasonable means to stop that which makes one unable to retain one’s wudu. So, for example, if it is possible to pray sitting without the excuse (such as passing wind) occurring, one must pray sitting. [ibid.]

Faraz Rabbani