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What Is Entailed by Having Sex With Someone From the Same Gender in Ramadan?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

In my past unfortunately I was involved in horrible intimate acts with the same sex. I would do these things even during Ramadan when I was fasting.
Does this require me to make an expiation and fast 60 days straight?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, if you deliberately engaged in sexual intercourse during a fast in the month of Ramadan, you would need to perform the expiation (kaffara), above and beyond making up the fasts (qada’) which were invalidated thereby.

The expiation is to fast sixty days consecutively, ensuring that those days aren’t interrupted by either ‘Eid or the three days after ‘Eid al-Adha.

You also need to repent for these actions. “The one who repents from sin is like the one who has no sin,” said the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace).

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss]

Please also see: Is Expiation (kaffara) Necessary For Not Fasting in Ramadan? and: The Expiation (Kaffara) for Having Sex While Fasting and: The Complete Guide to Fasting

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

I Wasn’t Praying on Time. Were My Good Deeds Valid? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have fed poor people for the expiation of an oath at a time in which I did not pray properly. Was my expiation accepted?

I am basing my doubt upon the Hadith that states that a person deeds are not accepted if he missed the Asr prayer.

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

Shukran for your question.

The apparent meaning of the hadith you quoted was not understood by our scholars. In his Fath al-Bari, ibn Hajar mentioned several interpretations of this narration. I mention a few here:

ONE: The one who omits the prayer of Asr, believing it not to be compulsory. Such a person is considered a disbeliever and his actions are thus not accepted.

TWO: The one who omits Asr resembles those people whose actions will not be accepted, or it is close that he deeds will not be accepted.

THREE: The one who omits Asr will not receive the full reward for his actions.

The point her being that the scholars or the vast majority of scholars, did not consider the actions of one who omits Asr as invalid. The hadith merely emphasizes the importance of the Asr prayer specifically. Consequently, your kaffarah is valid and you should not entertain doubts in this regard.

And Allah knows best
Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

I Wasn’t Praying on Time. Were My Good Deeds Valid?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I have fed poor people for the expiation of an oath at a time in which I did not pray properly. Was my expiation accepted?

I am basing my doubt upon the Hadith that states that a person deeds are not accepted if he missed the Asr prayer.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

If you paid the expiation for the oath in an acceptable manner [see: Expiation for a Broken Oath], the duty to expiate would be lifted from you.

As for the tradition (hadith) regarding the nullification of works found in Bukhari and elsewhere, it refers specifically to the loss of reward for missing the ‘Asr prayer.

But you also need to repent for your wrongdoing, namely, for delaying prayers without legitimate excuse, or missing them altogether; and in the latter case, by making them up.

Please also see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance) and: Does Failing to Pray Asr Cancel All Our Good Deeds?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

What Should I Do If I Break My Fast Too Early?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

What is the ruling if I break fast mistakenly before sunset due to an erroneous reading of the clock?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

If you mistakenly broke your fast before the entrance of Maghrib time, then you would need to perform a makeup (qada’).

There would be no expiation (kaffara) due in such a case because you made a reasonable assumption based on the signs around you, yet you were mistaken.

Generally, however, we strive to confirm timings and the like to ensure that we don’t involuntarily vitiate our fasts.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah with Tahtawi’s Gloss]

Please also see: The Complete Guide to Fasting and: When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

If Unable to Fast During Ramadan Do You Pay an Expiation? (Video)

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

If unable to fast during Ramadan do you pay an expiation?

Answer:  Wa’leykum Salam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

How Can a Woman Perform the Expiation for Vitiating a Fast?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

How does a female before menopause expiate a fard fast she purposely broke? There is the monthly menstrual cycle going on every month for her that prevents her to fast two months consecutively. What option(s) does she have left?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

In the case that you (1) deliberately vitiated a Ramadan fast, by eating, drinking or engaging in sexual relations, (2) knowingly, namely, whilst being aware that you were fasting, and (3) without any legally acceptable excuse, such as due to falling sick, you would need to perform the expiation (kaffara).

Abu Huraira (Allah be well pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) commanded a man who had deliberately eaten in the month of Ramadan to “fast two months consecutively.” [Muslim]

A menstruating lady would simply ensure that she fasts the day before and after her menstrual period. If she does this, her expiation would be valid and complete.

[‘Ala’ al-Din ‘Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-‘Ala’iyya (170)]

Please also see: How Many Expiations Do I Have to Perform for Nullifiying Fasts of Ramadan Over Several Years? and: My Menses Have Started in the Middle of My Expiation. What Should I Do?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

My Menses Have Started in the Middle of My Expiation. What Should I Do?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

A sister has started keeping the 60 penalty fasts in December and when there was about 8 fasts left the next menses started and went over 10 days. As soon as 10 days were up she started fasting again and praying.

Does she continue keeping the fasts to complete her expiation or is it invalidated?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, she would fast the remaining days as soon as her menstrual cycle ends. In the case described, the lady did the right thing by waiting until day ten, due to continual blood, and then a ritual bath (ghusl) and fast thereafter.

The reason for this ruling is that the expiation is to fast sixty consecutive days. Fasting, however, is impermissible during the days of her menstrual cycle, so she is excused at that time, but she must be consecutive in her fasting before and after it in order to fulfil the requirement.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah with Tahtawi’s Gloss (2.335)]

Please also see: When Is Expiation Required For A Fast? and: I Didn’t Fast for Many Years. What Should I Do?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Should I Perform an Expiation Because of an Illness During Ramadan?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I couldn’t do my fasting after 12 days last year and I am still on medication. A doctor has told me that I can restart my fasting in one month. Should I fast the remaining fasts after a month or do I need to perform the expiation for those remaining 18 days?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

No, you do not need to perform the expiation (kaffara) for fasts missed due to illness. Expiations are only due for deliberately invalidating Ramadan fasts without a legally acceptable excuse.

Nevertheless, you do need to make up (qada’) those missed fasts. Don’t take on too much at once, but aim for something consistent and manageable.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Please see: When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

I Didn’t Fast for Many Years. What Should I Do?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

An ignorant muslim didn’t know anything about the importance of fasting and didn’t fast for many years. Should he perform the expiation in addition to making up those fasts?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

If you did not fast for many years, because of not realising the importance of the fast, you would need to make up (qada’) those fasts, yet an expiation (kaffara) would not be due from you.

The basis is that expiations are due when the violation is complete, which in this case, means that the person should have actually fasted that day, and then invalidated it deliberately without excuse. Hence, an intention not to fast requires only a makeup.

Going forward, repent from your error, express gratitude for knowledge you have gained in order to fix up your relationship with Allah Most High, and make a consistent plan to make all of the missed fasts up.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah with Tahtawi’s Gloss (2.341)]

Please also see: When Is Expiation Required For A Fast? and: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

I Have Sworn That I Wouldn’t Commit a Sin but Then Did It 3 Times. What Should I Do?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I have sworn that I wouldn’t commit a sin but then did it 3 times. What should I do?

Is my Zuhr prayer valid?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah,

If you verbalized an oath, by actually uttering words, you would need to perform the expiation (kaffara) which is to (a) feed ten poor persons two meals, (b) clothe them with a decent piece of clothing, or (c) give the equivalent value of that.

[Ala’ al-Din ‘Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-‘Ala’iyya]

Please see: Is There a Difference Between Breaking an Oath and Breaking a Promise? and: Expiation for a Broken Oath

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

Wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.