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Is an Expiation Necessary for Not Fasting During Ramadan?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum,

A Muslim, ignorant of the importance of fasting in Ramadan, did not fast nor make the intention to fast for many years. After repenting he calculated he had missed about 400 fasts in his life. Does he have to make up the 400 fasts? Is an expiation (Kafara) necessary?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

The person would need to make up the missed fasts, and repent for his mistake. However, an expiation would not be due in such a case because expiation is only due upon fasting persons who commit major contraventions without excuse.

Please see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Chongkian

I Almost Committed Adultery While Fasting-Is an Expiation Necessitated?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum,

Does reaching an orgasm by rubbing my private parts against someone else while fasting for Ramadan require an expiation?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

You need only to make up this day of fasting (qada’).

This is because you did not do something that is considered a major violation of the fast necessitating an expiation (kaffara), such as actual intercourse. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Nonetheless, you still committed a serious sin which requires repentance. [see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)]

Please also see: Principles on what invalidates the fast and: Is Expiation Required for Masturbating While Fasting?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Should I Do After Breaking an Oath?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum.

I have a problem. I swore several times by Allah that I would stop doing a bad habit. I always broke my oath (5 times in total).
I wanted to fast three days for each break but a friend told me that this is invalid because I have to feed 10 poor People for each day.
What shoudl I do?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

If you have the financial means, you need to pay the expiation (kaffara). [`Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Allah Most High says, “God does not take you [to task] for what is thoughtless in your oaths, only for your binding oaths: the atonement for breaking an oath is to feed ten poor people with food equivalent to what you would normally give your own families, or to clothe them…” [5.89]

The expiation can be fulfilled by paying the monetary equivalent of feeding ten poor persons two meals each, or clothing them decently, which is the amount of the zakat al-fitr.

Contact your local mosque for a precise figure, but it is unlikely to be more than $20, in total, per expiation.

In general, you should avoid making oaths when you are unlikely to be able to fulfil them, and seek your goals through other means.

Please also see: Expiation for a Broken Oath

And Allah alone knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is My Fast Broken If I Accidentally Swallow Water?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Is my fast broken if I accidentally swallow water?

Should I have to start again the expiation from the beginning if this happens whilst fasting for an expiation?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you well, insha’Allah.

(1) Yes, if you accidentally swallow some water during a fast, it would vitiate your fast and you would need to make it up.

(2) Yes, if this happens during the expiation (kaffara), then you would need to restart from the beginning.

Please also see: When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

And Allah knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can I Join My Intentions for Expiation and Fulfilling a Vow in the Same Fasts?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

During my teens, I missed 6 fasts intentionally. I understand that I need to make up these fasts and also fast for 60 consecutive days. More recently, I was faced with some difficulties, I turned to God for help and I vowed to keep 60 fasts once the test had past. Would it be permissible to keep 60 fasts with the two different intentions (i.e. to make up fasts and fulfil vow) or would it be best to make them up separately?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

If you missed Ramadan fasts, such that you did not intend to fast on days when you should have been fasting, you need only to repent for your mistake, and perform a makeup (qada’) of those missed days. An expiation (kaffara) is not due. [Tahtawi, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

However, you would need to perform sixty days of fasting for the vow you recently made as Allah Most High says, “Fulfil any pledge you make in God’s name and do not break oaths after you have sworn them, for you have made God your surety: God knows everything you do.” [16.91]

Please also see: Fulfilling a Religious Vow (Nadhr) To Do a Desired Task and: Can I Delay a Vow to Fast Consecutive Days?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Can Someone Too Old to Fast Can Make up Deliberately Missed Fasts During Ramadan?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

A lady who is old now and can’t fast anymore had not fasted for years when she was young. Also, when she started fasting, she didn’t make up for the days she couldn’t fast due to menstruation and now wants to make up for all those missed fasts.

How should she make up for those fasts given that she can’t fast anymore?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

If she is unable to fast, and this inability is chronic such that she is not expected to recover from it, she would need to pay the expiation (fidya).

The expiation is the monetary equivalent of approximately 2.2kg of wheat, the price of which you should confirm with your local mosque or Islamic centre, or a reliable scholar.

Further, she would need to repent for deliberately missing fasts during Ramadan. [see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)]

Please also see: Brief Overview of Expiatory Payments (fidya) and: Too Sick to Fast in Ramadan, Too Poor to Pay the Expiatory Payment (Fidya)

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Should I Really Restart From the Beginning an Expiation If I Fail to Perform It Consecutively? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

During Ramadan I broke one fast and I know I need to fast for 60 consecutive days as expiation. I failed. Does that mean I have to start again?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

When is Performing the Expiation Obligatory?

If a man breaks his Ramadan fast by having sex, he must perform an expiation. This expiation is to free a female, sound, Muslim slave. If one cannot be found, one must fast two months consecutively.

Failing to Fast Two Months Consecutively

If you are required to fast two months consecutively as expiation, and fail to do so, even if it is the last day, and even if it is for just cause such as traveling or illness, or forgetfulness, the school requires you start the count over and fast two months consecutively.

If one is unable to do this because of old age, chronic or long-term illness, for fear that an illness will worsen because of extended fasting, or because one’s extreme desire for sex prevents them from being able to complete the period, they can instead feed sixty people in need.

The standard for inability is fairly high. Taking the foregoing into consideration, one should assess one’s own circumstances to determine if they fall within one of these exceptional cases.
Source: al-Hawashi al-Madaniyyah

Shuaib Ally

How Should I Repair Missed Fast Due to Illness?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

The previous ramadan I have missed 26 fasts due to abdominal pain so I was advised to feed 26 poor people. Should I do this or is there an expiation to perform?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

No, if it established that you are unable to fast by clear signs, relevant past experience, or the advice of an upright, reliable Muslim doctor, you can miss the fasts and make them up at a later date. There is no expiation (fidya) due in such a case. [al-Haskafi, al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

However, if the doctor is unaware of the relevant rulings and limits of the law, you should take his word and then make a reliable judgement on your own. If you are able to fast, by taking any required medicines and eating sensibly around the fasting hours, for example, it would not be permitted to miss the fasts.

Please also see: When Does An Illness Allow One To Break The Fast?

And Allah alone knows best.

في الدر المختار: (أو مريض خاف الزيادة) لمرضه، وصحيح خاف المرض، وخادمة خافت الضعف بغلبة الظن بأمارة أو تجربة أو بإخبار طبيب حاذق مسلم مستور.

في رد المحتار: قوله: (مسلم) أما الكافر فلا يعتمد على قوله لاحتمال أن غرضه إفساد العبادة كمسلم شرع في الصلاة بالتيمم فوعده بإعطاء الماء فإنه لا يقطع الصلاة لما قلنا. بحر. قوله: (مستور) وقيل عدالته شرط، وجزم به الزيلعي، وظاهر ما في البحر والنهر ضعفه ط. قلت: وإذا أخذ بقول طبيب ليس فيه هذه الشروط وأفطر فالظاهر لزوم الكفارة

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Many Expiations Do I Have to Perform for Nullifiying Fasts of Ramadan Over Several Years?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

If a person has broken fasts of ramadhan over several years due to eating or sexual intercouse and he now would like to expiate for the multiple offences occured,how much fasts would he have to keep to expiate?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

You need to make up (qada’) of all the fasts you deliberately nullified, without excuse, and perform one expiation (kaffara). [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The expiation is to fast sixty consecutive days which do not include (1) Eid al-Fitr, (2) Eid al-Adha, or (3) the three days thereafter.

You also need to repent for breaking those fasts. See: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)

And see: How Many Expiations Are Required For Multiple Broken Fasts?

And Allah alone knows best.

في مراقي الفلاح: ( صام شهرين متتابعين ليس فيها يوم عيد ولا ) بعض ( أيام التشريق ) للنهي عن صيامها

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Intention Should I Have in Expiating a Vow?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

A vow was made thus “if I commit such and such a sin I will fast everyday”. I understand that if a person breaks such a vow they can either fufill the vow or do an expiation.My question is what intention does the person have when expiating? Also if one delays the expiation does the person have to fast everyday untill he fulfills the expiation?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

No, if you break the vow, what is subsequently due is either (a) the expiation for breaking an oath which is to feed or clothe ten poor persons, or to pay the monetary equivalent of that; or (b) the fulfilment of the vow itself. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

This is because the meaning in the statement uttered is one of preventing himself from something, a sin in this case, which is considered an oath, even though the outward purport of the wording was that of a vow.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever makes a vow which he is unable to bear, then its expiation is the expiation for vitiating an oath. And if he makes a vow he is able to bear, then let him fulfil it.” [Abu Dawud]

Please also see: Fulfilling a Religious Vow (Nadhr) To Avoid a Sin

And Allah alone gives success.

في مراقي الفلاح: وأما إذا علق النذر مما لا يريد كونه كقوله إن كلمت زيدا فلله علي عتق رقبة ثم كلمه فإنه يتخير بين الوفاء بما نذره من العتق وبين كفارة يمين على الصحيح وهو المفتى به لقوله صلى الله عليه و سلم كفارة النذر كفارة اليمين

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani