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What Can We Do about Missed Prayers of a Deceased?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu’alaykum,

What is the expiation for missed obligatory prayers

If someone passes away and couldn’t make up the missed prayers – can his family members expiate for it? Who is responsible and how can one do it?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

The expiation (fidya) is the monetary equivalent of approximately 2kg of wheat, per prayer.

There are six prayers to expiate for, and this includes the Witr which is operationally obligatory.

You should pay the total amount to a needy Muslim.

If a bequest was made by the deceased, the money should be deducted from a third of his estate. Otherwise, anybody can make the payment on his behalf.

Please also see: How To Make Expiatory Payments (Fidya) To Compensate For the Missed Fasts and Prayers of a Deceased?

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Should I Do after Having Intercourse While Fasting?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I have broken my fast two times by having a sexual relation. What should I do?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

You need to do two things:

(1) Repent for your mistake, [see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)]

(2) and makeup the two fasts in which you had intercourse.

If either of these was Ramadan, you need to perform an expiation which is sixty consecutive fasts.

Please see: How Many Expiations Are Required For Multiple Broken Fasts?

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Should I Fulfill a Conditional Vow Even If The Condition Has Not Been Fulfilled?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As-salaamu alaikum,
Is saying: “if I get such and such I will offer sadaqaah” invalid or even sinful in Islam?
If you don’t get such thing shouldn’t you nonetheless carry out this vow?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
​​​No, if the condition d​​oes not occur, you do not have to carry out the vow.
Vows: What are they?​​​
Allah Most High said, “Fulfil any pledge you make in God’s name and do not break oaths after you have sworn them, for you have made God your surety: God knows everything you do.” [16.91]
A vow (nadhr) is an act of worship which a morally responsible Muslim makes binding upon himself, verbally. [Salah Abu’l Haj, al-Bayan fi al-Ayman wa al-Nudhur wa al-Hazr wa al-Ibaha]
​For example, saying “if X happens, I will do Y [= act of worship]” would be considered a vow.
​Though i​n general, you should avoid ​vows and ​oaths as it can often lead to ​undue ​hardship, and instead focus on expressing your need through the Prayer of Need (salat al-hajah) [see: How Does One Perform The Prayer Of Need (salat al-haja)?] and supplication. [see: Struggling to Have Children: Ten Key Etiquettes of Du’a]
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Do not make vows, for indeed vows avail nothing of destiny; they only serve to extract from a miser.” [Muslim]
Please see: How Does Making an Oath or Vow Differ from Simply Saying You’ll Do Something?
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Not Sure if my Cycle was Finished: Should I Fast Two Months for Expiation Because I Broke my Fast?

Answered by Ustadha Shaista Maqbool
Question: Hi,
I am on my period and today was my 7th day. My cycle usually goes on for 8 days. I woke up in the morning with no sign of period so I decided to fast. However around 10 o clock I saw some discoloured discharge so I broke my fast. Then around noon ish I noticed that there was no more signs of my menstruation so I began to fast again. I feel like I shouldn’t have broken my fast.Do I have to fast for 60 days for expiation?
Answer: Wa’alaikum assalaam warahmatu Allah,
If you did see discolored discharge, that would be considered part of your menses, so you were correct in breaking your fast.
Once you noticed that there was no more discharge, you are obliged to refrain from everything a fasting person refrains from (i.e. eat/drink/intercourse, etc), but you must still make up that fast since you didn’t fast from Fajr time.
If the discharge was clear or white, then yes, this would be normal discharge and not counted from your menses. If this was the case, you shouldn’t have broken your fast. However, because you broke your fast in this confusion, you would not have to do kaffarah, but simply make up that day. Nonetheless, as I mentioned above, it seems that what you did was correct if your discharged was colored.
wasalaam,
Shaista Maqbool
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

How Come Some Sins Do not Require Expiation?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Committing certain sins requires the person seeking forgiveness to make expiation. However, other sins merely require sincere repentance. How do I know if a sin I commit has a specific expiation? How come some sins do not require expiation whereas others do?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
The basis is that we have to sincerely repent from all sin.
Thereafter, there are debts and rights owed to Allah and His Creation. If you’ve missed prayers, fasts, and the like, those need to be made up, yet as a debt one owes, not expiation. Likewise, if you’ve stolen something, unlawfully gained some wealth, and the like, then that has to be returned as it relates to the right of another.
Expiations are effectively forms of punishment for committing some major offence in the Sacred Law. They often come into effect by way of the perpetrator’s own doing, and don’t usually relate to the right of another. Examples include, zihar [see: The Effect of Likening the Wife to the Mother on Marriage], oaths [see: How Do I Break an Oath that is Difficult to Keep?], fasting [see: The Expiation (Kaffara) for Having Sex While Fasting], and a number of other issues.
In general, if you are unsure of how to rectify a sin, you should consult a reliable scholar. Allah Most High says, “So ask the people of remembrance if you know not.” (16:43).
Please also see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Do Any of these Acts Break My Expiation[Kaffara] Fast?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Asalam alaikam I am doing kaffarah (expiation) fast and done one month already but i have a lot of doubts about the validity of my kaffarah and keep worrying if I must restart it because i am already struggling.
Does one of these following scenarios invalidates my fast?
1) If one inserts his fingers down the throat as he is unsure if he swallowed something then takes the fingers out and then a few moments after he forgetfully reinserts the fingers to double check if nothing went down the throat forgetting about his fingers being wet.
2) If one sneezed and thinks something might have gone back into his mouth but not down the throat and he immediately spits it out.
3) Someone keeps thinking that he may have swallowed a nail or dry skin of the lip but can’t be certain
4)If saliva has appeared outside the mouth and went back down the throat.
All these scenarios are based on doubts not certainty.
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Your fasts to date are valid.
None of what you mention has invalidated any fast. A general principle to keep in mind is that certainty is not lifted by doubts. Any doubt is to be completely ignored. We do not act on misgivings. This is wrong, and completely contrary to the sunna.
As such, you should never stick your fingers into your throat, or do anything else most common Muslims wouldn’t do. The religion is ease, and none make it difficult except that it overwhelms them. Ask Allah to give you strength and tawfiq to complete the fasts.
See: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is Expiation Due for My Oath and Protection from Black Magic

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Once I swore that I would not forgive a person unless she asks for forgiveness. I didnt take swear on Allah or the Qur’an. So now should I have to make expiation if I break this oath?
Also, what is the best thing to recite for personal security from all kinds of evil and Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam?
Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
[1] No, there is no expiation for what you said. But in general, be easy-going with people as much as possible. The merciful shall be shown mercy by the All-Merciful.
[2] Recite Ayat al-Kursi at least daily, and al-Ikhlas, al-Falaq, and al-Nas thrice morning and evening. See also: The Evil Eye: A Reality?
May Allah bless and facilitate success for you in this life and the next.
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checkec & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Expiatory Fasts: Time of Intention and How Many Are Due

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: If one makes an intention to offer expiatory fast for a transgression committed in Ramadan is it valid before fajr ?

Also, one or two hours before fajr if one is worried due to misgivings (waswasa) that his intention wasn’t correct, is it ok if he says the intention on the tongue ?

If one ate and drank in Ramadan in different days but in the same month is one expiatory fast sufficient ?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

[1] It is a condition for the validity of the expiatory fast (kaffarah) or make up (qada’) fast that you make the intention before dawn (fajr). The intention is to simply know what you are doing tomorrow. Ignore misgivings.

[2] One expiation is sufficient. However, you must also make up the days in which you invalidated the fast. See: Must I Fast 180 Days as Expiation for 3 Broken Fasts?

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Effect of Likening the Wife to the Mother on Marriage

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I have a question in relation to my husband making a statement such as “you are like your mother”. The story of Khawla Bin Tha’labah it is narrated that her husband once made a statement to her that she is like his mother. I won’t write the whole story but we know that her husband was commanded to fast 60 days… My question is, with the statement that my husband made about me being like my mother would that be the same as this situation? Though I am not old and he has not lost interest though it has become less interested maybe, I’m not sure. Would he have to do the same?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

No, he would not have to do the same.

What you are referring to is likening one’s wife to a relative (zihar). That is, for a man to liken his wife to one of his permanent unmarriageable kin, such as his mother. [Mawsili, al-Ikhtiyar li ta`lil al-Mukhtar]

Allah Most High says, “Those of you who say, regarding their wives, ’Be as my mother’s back,’ they are not truly their mothers; their mothers are only those who gave them birth, and they are surely saying a dishonourable saying, and a falsehood. Yet surely God is All-pardoning, All-forgiving.” [Qur’an, 58:2]

For example, the man would say, “you are for me like the back of my mother”.

In pre-Islamic Arabia, this was a specific phrase used for divorce. However, the shari`ah changed the implication of the phrase to entail prohibition of relations until expiation (kaffara).

Thus, if he intended this specific form of likening, he would need to give the required expiation (details available on request). Otherwise, there would be no expiation upon him.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz rabbani

Paying Expiation and Not Fasting Due to a Chronic Illness

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I have a long term stomach ailment which prevents me from eating properly, the result of which is that I have a very low BMI (approximately 15.9). Also I am currently unemployed and have not been able to find a stable job for the last 5 years and I am in a very weak state financially. Also I owe money as a result of student loans.

1. Do I need to fast? – I fasted last year, and lost approximately 4lb in weight, which to the best of my knowledge I have not put back on again.

2. If I don’t fast what are my options? – I don’t feel that I have enough money to pay the expiation i.e. to feed a poor person by current standards of my location for every fast missed, as I myself am not able to eat to that standard as a norm.

3. I did not fast in 2011 and paid expiation, but in 2012 by the mercy of Allah I managed to make up for 10 of those fasts. Alhamdulillah! I’m considering fasting this year and making up for another 10 fasts, but would such an action be permissible if it could cause me harm? I keep on thinking to myself that I should have Imaan in Allah and fulfil my obligation and If I do this i.e. have Imaan then no harm will come to me and Inshallah I will earn the good pleasure of Allah — are these the thoughts of a sound rational mind? — or should I follow the advice of my doctor and not fast?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

May Allah give you health and well-being.

In answer to your questions:

1. The default is that one is obliged to fast. However, if one is unable to do so due to an illness then there are two possible scenarios:

a. the illness is not chronic, namely it is likely that one will recover from it, or

b. the illness is chronic, namely it it highly unlikely that one will recover from it.

In the first case, one can miss fasts while they are in the state of illness but will have to make such missed fasts up later. No expiation (fidya) is due in this scenario.

In the second case, one can miss fasts and will pay expiation (fidya) for each missed fast. In other words, fidya is due only for those that have chronic illnesses that are not likely to be cured.

In order to determine whether you are suffering from a chronic illness, a reliable doctor needs to be consulted regarding the specifics of your health situation. Even if the illness is not deemed chronic, in which case you would have to make up the fasts rather than pay the expiatory payment (fidya), you should still consult a reliable doctor on what your body can reasonably handle, when the appropriate time is to undertake such make-ups, and how often it can be done (a schedule). To force yourself to make-up fasts when there are clear signs and warnings of bodily harm is to ignore the dispensation that Allah has blessed us with.

2. The expiatory payment (fidya) for missed fasts during Ramadan only applies to someone who has an illness that prevents him from fasting and he does not have any hope of recovering from it. The expiatory payment is the monetary equivalent of 2.2 kg of wheat per fast. One should consult a reliable local scholar to determine how much the monetary value of this would be.

A condition for this is that one possess sufficient wealth to actually pay these expiatory payments. If one is considered poor and unable to pay the expiatory payment then he should seek Allah’s forgiveness and have remorse for the non-fulfillment of such an obligation. [Haskafi, Durr al-Mukhtar; Ibn `Abidin, Hashiya]

However, it should be noted here that the expiatory payment is a very meager sum. One should take all means to try and pay it or some of it, even if it means spreading out such payments or attempting to save some wealth over a duration of time. Resorting to the ruling mentioned previously should only be done as a last resort when one is certain that one simply does not have the means to fulfill such payments or if such payments would lead to hardship in one’s life.

I hope this answers your questions, and we ask Allah to grant you a speedy recovery.

Salman

Related Answers:

Brief Overview of Expiatory Payments (fidya)

Must I Fast 180 Days as Expiation for 3 Broken Fasts?