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Is My Fast of the Last Ten Days of Dhul Hijja Valid After Having an Intercourse?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum

Is my second fast of the last ten days of dhul hijja valid after having an intercourse? I have not eaten anything or drunk anything.

Do I have to make an expition if this fast is invalid?

Answer:Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

If you intentionally had intercourse after the entrance of Fajr time, you would need to make up that fast. If you did so forgetfully, it would not affect the validity of your fast.

There is no expiation (kaffara) for fasts deliberately vitiated outside the month of Ramadan.

Please also see: Accidental & Forgetful Breaking of the Fast: What Is the Difference? and: The Complete Guide to Fasting

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Can I Pay the Expiation for Breaking an Oath in Advance?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have accidentally taken an oath and I am sure that I cannot keep it. Can I pay the expiation for breaking the oath in advance [before actuallly breaking the oath]?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatuLlah,

No, performing the expiation (kaffara) before it is due is not legally acceptable because it is yet to enter your dues, just as it is invalid to perform the subsequent prayer before its time enters. Hence, paying it early will effectively be akin to voluntary charity (sadaqa). Then, if you actually end up breaking the oath later, the expiation will be legally due, and you will have to perform it a second time.

[Halabi, Multaqa al-Abhur, with ShaykhiZada’s commentary, Majma‘ al-Anhur]

Please also see: Expiation for a Broken Oath

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

قال في ملتقى الأبحر وشرحه مجمع الأنهر: (((فلا يجوز) أي لا يصح (التكفير قبل الحنث) سواء كان بالمال أو بالصوم. …، ولنا أن الكفارة لستر الجناية ولا جناية واليمين ليست بسبب؛ لأنه مانع غير مفض بخلاف الجرح؛ لأنه مفض، ثم لا يسترد من المسكين لوقوعه صدقة كما في الهداية)) اهـ.

Wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

I Mistook Regular Bleeding for Menstruation and Broke Fast. What Should I Do?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

During my fast in ramadan I thought I started my menstruation, so I broke my fast. I also didn’t fast the following day due to this reason. Later that day I found out that it was bleeding due to some other cause.

What should I do about the fasts I have missed?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah,

You would need to make up (qada’) both days of fasting, yet you would not be required to perform an expiation (kaffara).

The reason for this is that there is sufficient doubt (shubha) and unclarity in the exiting of blood when a menstrual period is due, and expiation is warded off by doubts.

Please also see: When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

[Sughdi, al-Nutaf fi al-Fatawa; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah with Tahtawi’s Gloss]

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

قال الإمام الشرنبلالي في مراقي الفلاح: ((ومن له نوبة حمى أو عادة حيض لا بأس بفطره على ظن وجوده فإن لم يوجد اختلف في لزوم الكفارة والأصح عدم لزومها عليهما)) اهـ.

وفي الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح: ))قوله: “ومن له الخ” يعم الذكر والأنثى والتذكير في له نظرا للفظ من قوله: “لا بأس بفطره” أفاد أن الأولى أن لا يفطرا حتى يتحققا وعلل في الشرح جواز الفطر بأن ما ذكر بحكم الغلبة كالكائن قوله: “والأصح عدم لزومها عليهما” وكذا هو المعتمد في الغازي كما في الدر)) اهـ.

وفي النتف: ((والرابع امرأة رأت دما فظنت انه دم حيض فافطرت ثم انقطع دون ثلاثة أيام … فان صوم هؤلاء يفسد وعليهم القضاء دون الكفارة وعليهم ان يمتنعوا بقية يومهم عن الاكل اذا علموا وليسوا بصائمين)) اهـ.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Is There an Expiation for Breaking a Fast Through Ejaculation via Masturbation?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salamu alaykum,

Is there an expiation for breaking a fast through ejaculation via masturbation?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

According to the Hanafi school, there is no expiation for breaking a fast through ejaculation via masturbation. However, you do need to make those fasts up (qada’) and repent for the mistake. [see: A Reader on Tawba (Repentance)]

I would recommend the following website: purifyyourgaze.com

And please also see: Is There an Expiation for Masturbation During Fasting? (Shafi’i) and: A Reader on Pornography and Masturbation

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Does Having a Wet Dream While Fasting Ramadan Obligate the Expiation?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salamu alaykum,

Does having a wet dream while fasting Ramadan obligate the expiation?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, ejaculation during sleep, or having a wet dream, does not obligate the expiation (kaffara). Moreover, such a person would not need to make up (qada’) that fast because he did not engage in sexual intercourse, actually or effectively, nor is he considered to be legally responsible during that time.

[Haskafi, al-Durr al-Mukhtar (2.98); Ibn Nujaym, al-Bahr al-Ra’iq]

Please also see: Wet Dreams and Ritual Purity: A Reader and: Principles on what invalidates the fast

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

How Can I Start Afresh After Many Broken Oaths?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salamu alaykum,

I have made many oaths/promises to Allah, mostly out of stress after committing a sin or because of other reasons. I don’t even remember how many oaths I made (not even an estimate), and don’t even remember what many of those oaths were.

What can I do to start afresh?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Make a reasonable judgement as to the number of oaths you made, and what exactly you made an oath to do or not do, and then endeavour to fulfil that to the best of your ability.

If any of those require expiation, then for each broken oath you need to (a) feed ten poor persons two meals each or (b) clothe them with a decent piece of clothing. You can also give the monetary equivalent of either of those things. If financially unable, then you would fast three days consecutively.

Please also see: Expiation for a Broken Oath and: What is the Difference Between a Promise, an Oath, and a Vow? and: How Do I Break an Oath that is Difficult to Keep?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

What Is the Expiation for Unintentionally Killing a Bird?

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

I was driving on the motorway when a bird suddenly appeared out of nowhere and hit the windscreen. I think he’s dead.

I feel very sad.

Do I need to make an expiation for this?

Answer:Assalamu ‘alaykum,

I pray that you are well.

May Allah reward you for your concern. A heart that feels pain at being involved in wrong, even if unintentional, is a sign of strong faith, and one that is concerned with doing the good and staying away from potential evil.

Are We Responsible for Mistakes?

We are not held responsible for events that occur out of our control. The Qur’an says, “God does not burden any soul with more than it can bear: each gains whatever good it has done, and suffers its bad; “Lord, do not take us to task if we forget or make mistakes” [Qur’an; 2.286].

Is there an Expiation for Mistakenly Killing a Bird?

There is no expiation for such an occurrence. Some scholars recommend that when a person is involved in or does something for which there is no set expiation, they nevertheless give something in charity or engage in good actions as a way to wipe out any sin they may have accrued for their action.

This is keeping in spirit with the Qur’anic principle that good deeds wipe out bad deeds. The Qur’an says, ‘Keep up the prayer at both ends of the day, and during parts of the night, for good things drive bad away; this is a reminder for those who are aware’ [Qur’an; 11.114].

Wassalam,
Shuaib Ally

How to Make up Broken Fasts From Ramadan Through Eating or Masturbation? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: If my Ramadan’s fast was once vitiated by voluntary intake of food and drink, and another fast was vitiated by masturbation, does the expiation of 60 days of fasting cover it all?

Answer: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

I pray that you are well.

Willfully breaking a fast in Ramadan by consuming food or liquids, or by masturbation, require making up one day of fasting for each day broken, not sixty days.

Breaking the fast in Ramadan in such a manner without just cause is a grave sin. The Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, is reported to have said, “Whoever breaks a day of fast in Ramadan, without a permissible dispensation or illness, fasting an eternity, were he to do so, would not make it up” [Tirmidhi; Nasa’i].

Shuaib Ally

Is There an Expiation for Masturbation During Fasting? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Should a man having an intercourse after breaking his fast through masturbation perform an expiation for this broken fast?

Answer: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

I pray that you are well.

The Legal Ruling

If a male were in an obligatory fast in Ramadan, and then were to masturbate and ejaculate, followed by having intercourse with any woman, his wife or otherwise, there would be no obligatory expiation for the broken fast. This is because the expiation is specifically for a fast that is broken by means of intercourse, not by masturbation.

If one is remorseful and wishes to pay the expiation along with performing the obligatory make up fast, he can do so as a form of voluntary charity, seeking the forgiveness of God.

Breaking a Fast in Ramadan

Breaking your fast by any means without just cause is sinful, whether or not there is an associated expiation. The Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, is reported to have said, “Whoever breaks a day of fast in Ramadan, without a permissible dispensation or illness, fasting an eternity, were he to do so, would not make it up” [Tirmidhi; Nasa’i].

God knows best.

Shuaib Ally

What If Menstruation Begins During Intercourse?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: My wife and I became intimate and had sexual intercourse without realizing that she had begun menstruating. As soon as it became apparent (by seeing blood) that she was menstruating, we immediately stopped. Is an expiation due in this case?

Answer: Walaikum assalam,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.

In such a case, nothing is due and no ‘rectification’ is required.

First: We are only responsible to the extent of our reasonable ability and awareness. Allah Most High makes it clear that, “Allah does not make a soul responsible beyond its capacity” [Qur’an, 2.286]. This is part of the broader Divine Promise that, “He has placed no hardship for you in religion” [Qur’an, 22.78].

Second: It is understood from the Qur’an and Sunna, as the jurists explain, that, “Accidents are ascribed to the nearest time” [Ibn Nujaym, al-Ashbah wa’l Nadha’ir; Majalla]. Thus if you see bleeding, you assume that it just came out—and that it wasn’t present before. The assumption would be that the intercourse was initiated in a state of purity.

Third: You responded in the right manner, Alhamdulillah. If the couple realizes that menstrual bleeding has begun, they are obligated to end intercourse, immediately [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar].

Fourth: Your concern for caution and upholding proper conduct is commendable. The best way of upholding caution is to root one’s understanding and practice in sound knowledge—and to never hesitate to ask. The Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him & his folk) said, “The only cure for confusion is to ask” [Related by Imam Ahmad, Ibn Maja, and others].

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

Please see also: Confusion About Different Opinions Regarding What is Considered Menstruation

Wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani

Photo: garycycles8