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What Should I Do If I Touch My Private Parts While Performing a Ritual Bath? (Shafi’I)

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Under Shafi’i fiqh, for the validity of ghusl from janaba, please could you clarify the following condition: “That one does not do anything during the ghusl that would normally nullify wudu”. Does this mean that touching the private parts would nullify ghusl? If so then how can we ensure that water reaches all the hard to reach places around the private parts such creasing or uncircumcised foreskin?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

Shukran for your question.

The condition you quoted renders the wudu and not the gusl invalid. Imam al-Nawawi stated in his Rawdah:

“Should he enter a state of minor impurity while performing a ghusl, it’s permissible for him to complete (continue) his ghusl. (Minor) impurity will not render the ghusl invalid. However, he may only pray after performing wudu.”

Thus, the touching of one’s private parts would not invalidate the ghusl, but it would necessitate wudu for one intending to pray. Lastly, if one was to use a cloth when washing the private, he would be able to avoid this situation from the start.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Is My Wudu Valid With Dry Pus on My Skin?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalamu alaykum

If blood or pus dries up on one’s skin, will that prevent water from reaching the skin during wudu or ghusl?

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

If a person has a wound from which blood or pus exits, then the scab that forms over the wound is considered a part of one’s body. Hence, it is not necessary to wash underneath this dried blood/pus, neither for wudu nor for ghusl. Rather, one merely washes over the scab. If washing over it causes harm or excessive pain, then one may wipe over it. If even wiping is not possible, one leaves off washing/wiping that area (while washing the rest of the body part).

Sources: Fatawa Hindiyyah, al-Jawharah al-Nayyirah, al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, and Hashiyah al-Shilbi on Tabyin al-Haqa’iq

Arabic source texts are below.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Umer Mian

ولو كان به قرحة فارتفع جلدها وأطراف القرحة متصلة بالجلد إلا الطرف الذي كان يخرج منه القيح فغسل الجلدة ولم يصل الماء إلى ما تحت الجلدة جاز وضوءه ؛ لأن ما تحت الجلدة غير ظاهر فلا يفترض غسله . كذا في فتاوى قاضي خان . (الفتاوى الهندية)

وَفِي الْفَتَاوَى الْعَجِينُ فِي الظُّفْرِ يَمْنَعُ تَمَامَ الطَّهَارَةِ وَالْوَسَخُ وَالدَّرَنُ لَا يَمْنَعُ وَكَذَا التُّرَابُ وَالطِّينُ فِيهِ لَا يَمْنَعُ وَالْخِضَابُ إذَا تَجَسَّدَ يَمْنَعُ ، كَذَا فِي الذَّخِيرَةِ وَقِشْرَةُ الْقُرْحَةِ إذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ وَلَمْ يَصِل الْمَاءُ إلَى مَا تَحْتَهَا لَا يَمْنَعُ (الجوهرة النيرة)

وَلَوْ كَانَ فِي الْإِنْسَانِ قُرْحَةٌ فَبَرَأَتْ وَارْتَفَعَ قِشْرُهَا وَأَطْرَافُ الْقُرْحَةِ مُتَّصِلَةٌ بِالْجِلْدِ إلَّا الطَّرَفَ الَّذِي كَانَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ الْقَيْحُ ، فَإِنَّهُ يَرْتَفِعُ وَلَا يَصِلُ الْمَاءُ إلَى مَا تَحْتَ الْقِشْرَةِ أَجْزَأَهُ وُضُوءُهُ ، وَفِي مَعْنَاهُ الْغُسْلُ كَذَا فِي النَّوَازِلِ لِأَبِي اللَّيْثِ وَنَقَلَهُ الْهِنْدِيُّ أَيْضًا (البحر الرائق)

وَالْخِضَابُ إذَا تَجَسَّدَ وَيَبِسَ يَمْنَعُ تَمَامَ الْوُضُوءِ وَالْغُسْلِ كَذَا فِي الْوَجِيزِ وَقِشْرَةُ الْقُرْحَةِ إذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ وَلَمْ يَصِلْ الْمَاءُ إلَى مَا تَحْتَهَا لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ فِي الْوُضُوءِ وَالْغُسْلِ ، وَالْفَرْقُ بَيْنَهُمَا وَبَيْنَ الْخِضَابِ أَنَّ قِشْرَةَ الْقُرْحَةِ مُتَّصِلَةٌ بِالْجِلْدِ اتِّصَالَ الْخِلْقَةِ (حاشية الشِّلْبِيُّ على تبيين الحقائق)

Do I Have to Perform a Ghusl After Stepping on Feces?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I stepped on feces in my room in my hostel. I cleaned my slippers and feet after that incident. The feces might have been of a cat or a human. I called the sweeper to cleaned it. He did cleaned but not properly.Is a ghusl necessary for me to clean myself in this case?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, a ritual bath (ghusl) is only required after ejaculation or penetration, or the end of menstrual or post-natal bleeding.

You did the correct thing by washing away the filth from both your feet and slippers as the requirement is simply to remove the body of visible filth.

Please also see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Does Filth Touching the Skin Render a Ghusl Invalid?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

1) If a person during a ghusl washes his arm but while washing the rest of body some filth touches his arm and he does not wash arm again. Is his ghusl valid?

2) If the above mentioned person performs a wudu after some days will his prayer be valid?

3) If a person is in state of janaba has the intention of a sunna ghusl will that ghusl be valid?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

The ritual bath (ghusl) will be valid in all of the aforementioned scenarios. Ignore misgivings.

Please see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Can a White Discharge Be Yellow?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

A woman has her menses for 6 or 7 days and takes a Ghusl after seeing the white discharge. The white discharge is normally slightly yellowish in color during her pure days. If she sees a slight yellowish discharge on her undergarments, will it be counted as mentruation and does she have to perform a Ghusl again?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, you would not be required to repeat the ritual bath (ghusl) in the case that you saw a yellowish stain on your undergarments after the end of your menstrual period. Normal white discharge can often change colour after oxidisation, and you can assume that to be the case here, particularly as it occurs after your habit is over.

Please also see: How Can I Know the End of My Menstrual Period?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Is Ghusl Valid If I Wash My Mouth More Than Three Times?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu Alaykum. Would my Ghusl be valid if I rinse my mouth or nose more than three times intentionally for a specific reason? Is there a strict rule that we must only rinse our mouth or nose three times?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Your ritual bath (ghusl) is valid if you washed your entire mouth and nose a single time. Doing so thrice would be from the sunna given that the washings are subsumed within the ritual ablution (wudu) which normally takes place before the bath.

If you had a reason for washing multiple times, such as a sour taste you were trying to get rid off, that would be fine. If, on the other hand, it was mere misgivings, then you should avoid such a practice in future as it is unnecessary and contrary to the sunna.

Please also see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts and A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How to Deal With Doubts About the Validity of My Ritual Bath? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalam aleikum, could you please help clarify a few questions associated with Ghusl (Ritual Bath).

1) What if some part of my body was left dry even though I tried my best to wash it all?

2) Do I have to pay Fidia on fasts that may have been broken due to masturbation? I don’t earn.

3) Does Qada and Fidia increase each year if paid soon enough?

Answer: Walikum Salam, Thank you for following up on your previous questions. Please see below for answers to your latest questions:

1. As long as you are reasonably sure that you covered the whole body during the ghusl, this suffices, and therefore your prayers would be valid. Ignore any doubts and do your best. Please also refer to the following reader:
A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

2. Make up your missed day as soon as possible. If you are unable to pay the fidia, then it remains a debt to paid whenever you are able to afford it. The fidia for one day is not much, approximately $10 for one day missed, so do your best to pay it off as soon as possible.

3. The qada fast does not repeat each year, but it is sinful to delay making it up without a valid excuse. As for the fidia, the reliable opinion of the Shafi’i school is that the fidia repeats each year. However, there is a weaker opinion in the school that states the fidia does not repeat each year. [Tuhfa al Muhtaj, Bushra al Karim]

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Does Touching Wax That Was on Me When I Was Impure Invalidate My Ghusl?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

While doing ghusl I noticed hair wax on my hair and I washed it out. Before I washed it out I touched the handle of the shower and the shampoo bottle with the hand on which the hair wax was on and some may have got on them. I then performed my ghusl normally.

Does touching the wax on the shampoo bottle and shower handle after my ghusl invalidate my ghusl because the wax is the same wax that was on my hair when I was ritually impure?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

Your ritual bath (ghusl) is valid.

The wax on your body is not impure. Your being in a state of ritual impurity does not mean you are physically impure such that anything that comes into contact with your body is rendered impure as well. Therefore, your touching of the shampoo bottle or the shower handle does not entail any transfer of impurity as the wax is not impure to begin with.

Additionally, you should note that what you described has no connection to the validity or invalidity of your ritual bath. This validity rests mainly on washing your entire body including your mouth and nose. When it comes to wax, the only relevance it has to the ritual bath in terms of validity is ensuring that water reaches the skin underneath the wax.

I would advise you to take a basic course on the fiqh of purity as this will give you a better understanding of these rulings and prevent you from suffering from baseless misgivings.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

When Should I Perform a Ghusl After Finding Wetness After Sleep?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Yesterday I found a stain on my pants so I decided to make a ghusl. However today I went to sleep in these same clothes again and when I woke up I thought this stain looked bigger. I also didnt feel anything sticky on my penis and I have no memory of an erotic dream.However would I have to make a ghusl for this?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

No, you would not have to perform a ritual bath (ghusl) in the scenario described, namely, when you are reasonably sure that the wetness seen after sleep is not from ejaculation.

Please see: Wet Dreams and Ritual Purity: A Reader

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

When Should I Perform a Ghusl After Having a Wet Dream?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Should I perform a ghusl after having a wet dream and finding pre-seminal fluid in my undergarments?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, you would need to perform a ritual bath (ghusl) if you awoke to find pre-sexual fluid (madhi) in your undergarments. But this is on condition that you remember having a wet dream. Otherwise, you would not need to perform the ritual bath.

[Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

Please also see: Wet Dreams and Ritual Purity: A Reader

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.