Posts

Is Having a Regular Shower After an Intention Enough for Performing a Valid Ritual Bath According to the Shafi’i School?

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Is having a regular shower after an intention enough for performing a valid ritual bath according to the Shafi’i school?

Answer: Wa alaykum salam

The Fard or compulsory ghusl have two integrals.

1. Intention
2. Washing the entire body including, hair, the scalp and nails, with unrestricted water (ma’ mutlaq).

In short unrestricted water refers to water in its original state, unchanged in its color, smell or taste. What this essentially means is that washing the body with soapy water will not suffice. The sequence you wish to follow is inconsequential as long as the above integrals are executed. Yes, the preferred method of the compulsory gusl, is as follows:

1. Recite bismiLlah and wash the hands
2. Wash the private parts and wherever najasah may be found.
3. Rinse the mouth and clean the nose (madmadah and istinshaq)
3. Perform a complete wudu (including the usage of miswak, rinsing the mouth and cleaning the nose) with the intention of removing minor impurity, even if he was not in a state of minor impurity, prior to his state of major impurity.
4. Pour water over the head
5. Pour water of the right front of the body and then the right back.
6. Pour water of the left front of the body and then the left back.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Do I Have to Repeat All the Prayers for Which I Didn’t Wash My Nose During the Ritual Bath?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaikum

For years I have performed the ritual bath (ghusl) during fasting without washing the inside of my nose. Do I have to repeat all my prayers prayed in this way?

Answer:Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

The Shafi`i school deems the bath (ghusl) of somebody who does not wash the nose as valid. Accordingly, you can consider your past practice sound. However, if you have the resolve and aspiration, the way of piety and praiseworthy caution would be to repeat these prayers.

Practically, and by way of example, if you performed the bath for Fajr, without washing your nose, and then proceeded to wash your nose during the ablution (wudu) for Zuhr, then you would only have a single prayer to make up for that day, namely Fajr. Apply this to all the scenarios and you may find that you only have a handful of prayers to make up.

Please also see: A Reader on Missed Prayers

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Does the Ritual Bath Differ for One Who Died in a State of Major Ritual Impurity?

 

Question: When a person dies, is it necessary for their family to inform those performing the ritual bath if he/she died in a state of major ritual impurity? Such as a woman who was menstruating or someone who died between having intercourse and ritual bath? 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

No, if a person dies in a state of ritual impurity (janaba), they do not need to be washed and bathed twice because they are no longer morally responsible so there is no need to lift that state. And in any case, if somebody requires a ritual bath (ghusl) due to two separate causes, one bath is sufficient to lift their state of major ritual impurity.

As for washing the mouth and nose of the person who dies in a sate of major ritual impurity, it is a position chosen by Imam Shurunbulali (Allah Most High have mercy on him) in his Imdad al-Fattah and elsewhere. However, both Tahtawi and Ibn ‘Abidin note that this is not the relied upon position of the Hanafi school.

Khayr al-Din al-Ramli writes in his gloss of al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, “The unconditioned nature of this ruling found in the primers (mutun), commentaries (shuruh) and legal-edict (fatawa) works [namely, that the mouth and nose do not require washing] entails the inclusion of the one who died in a state of major ritual impurity.”

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah with Tahtawi’s Gloss; Abu al-Su‘ud, Fath al-Mu‘in ‘ala Mulla Miskin; Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

Please also see: Can a Menstruating Woman Perform a Ritual Bath for the Deceased? and: Who Should Wash the Body When One’s Spouse and Close Family Die?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam.

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Do I Need to Perform a Ritual Bath After Wetting My Bed With Urine During My Sleep?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu alaykum,

Do I need to perform a ritual bath after wetting my bed with urine during my sleep?

How can I know if sperm has also exited?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, you do not have to perform a ritual bath (ghusl) after wetting the bed. However, you do need to wash that area of your body so that it becomes purified again.

As for the exiting of sexual fluids, this would necessitate a bath if certain conditions are met. Please see: Wet Dreams and Ritual Purity: A Reader

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can a Woman Braid Her Hair to Perform a Ritual Bath and Only Wash the Roots?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am a woman with very long hair and I find it very difficult to make a ritual bath daily. Is there a way to ease this process?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

You can braid your hair before you bathe, and then wash the roots of the hair on your head, without wetting the braided hair- even though wetting this would be superior. As for simply putting your hair into a bun, this would not be sufficient.

Please see: Is It Obligatory for Women to Wash All Their Hair After Intercourse? and: Can a Woman Braid Her Hair Just Before Performing a Ghusl to Avoid to Wash All of It? and: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: turydddu @ Flickr, retouched by JovanCormac

Can I Just Wash the Root of My Hair and My Scalp During the Ritual Bath If My Hair Is Too Long?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:Assalam alaykum,

I am a woman. If my hair are long and not braided, must all the hair be washed, or the roots and the scalp also suffice?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

The exception pertains to braided hair because of the dispensation granted by the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) to women.

Otherwise, the obligation to wash the entire body remains, and having long hair would not be a sufficient excuse to wash only the roots on the head.

However, you could simply braid your hair quickly right before showering as being somebody who regular braids their hair is not a condition for the aforementioned ruling to apply.

Please see the following answers for further detail: Is It Obligatory for Women to Wash All Their Hair After Intercourse? and: Can a Woman Braid Her Hair Just Before Performing a Ghusl to Avoid to Wash All of It?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Enough to Put a Limb Under Running Water to Have It Washed in Order to Complete Wudu or a Ritual Bath?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

1. During wudu if I place my face under running/flowing tap water have I washed my face thoroughly or do I have to wash it three separate times?

2. If for ghusl I follow all the steps from beginning up until wudu and after that I only rub and wash my body once under a shower is that sufficient?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

(1) Washing a limb in flowing water is akin to continual washing. Therefore, if you keep the entire limb in the water for approximately three seconds or so, it is as if you have washed it thrice.

(2) Yes, if you wash your entire body, including mouth and nose, once, your ritual bath (ghusl) would be valid, regardless of whether you performed the sunna actions or not. However, leaving the sunna intentionally and without genuine excuse would be considered disliked and blameworthy.

Please also see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Have I Washed a Limb Soundly When Performing Wudu by Pouring Water Over the Limb and Then Rubbing the Entire Area?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I have learnt that to perform wudu it is necessary to make the water flow over the body parts and merely wetting the limb by passing wet hands is not valid. Would pouring water over a small part of limb and then rubbing it with the hand enough to wash a limb?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Washing is defined as making water flow on the limb such that it would normally drip off. It is not a condition that water flow over the entire limb as that would be unreasonably difficult, for obvious reasons.

When you pour water over a limb and then rub the entire area, you are considered to have washed it and thus, fulfilled the divine command.

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub:

Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Hossam all line

Is It Really Possible to Perform a Ritual Bath in One Minute?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

A scholar said that ghusl (ritual bath) can be done in one minute. I was wondering how that was possible if someone has bad memory and is prone to misgivings?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Removing the state of major ritual impurity (janaba) is straightforward. Wash your mouth and nose, and then stand under the shower and rub your entire body once. This can be done in one minute.

Everything beyond that is mere misgivings, and the person should seek refuge from the devil and his whisperings. There is no caution for the person with misgivings, and as a matter of fact, his caution is to leave caution altogether.

For details and the sunnas, please see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

Please consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And consider reading: The OCD Workbook by Bruce Hyman

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Jeremy Osterhouse

How Can I Perform a Valid Ritual Bath in a Reasonable Amount of Time?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum

My biggest problem is compulsory ghusl, taking me about an hour, due to do the removal and spread of impurity. I can’t make myself accept that I am not spreading impurity everywhere on my body rather than performing a valid ritual bath. How should I go about this?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Wash the filth away no more than thrice. Going beyond this is simply misgivings and wastage. You can easily stand under the shower and wet your entire body (i.e. a complete ghusl) in under a minute.

And ask Allah Most High for relief from misgivings and facilitation in that which is pleasing to Him.

Please see: Uncertainty Regarding the Validity of Ghusl and My Testimony of Faith (Shahada) and: Answers on Misgivings

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani