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Do I Need to Renew My Ritual Purity After Touching Filth?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum,

If one was to touch sperm after he completed his ghusl, would this require another ghusl or can he simply wash the affected area?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Touching filth does not necessitate a ritual bath (ghusl) nor an ablution (wudu). However, you would need to wash away the filth from the affected area as this is the correct method of removing it from the body.

Please also see: Could You Please List All the Nullifiers of Ablution According to the Hanafi school? and: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Wet Dreams and Ritual Purity: A Reader

The Rules

Rules Regarding Ghusl and Wet Dreams for Men and Women

Male Sexual Fluids and Ghusl

Does Pre-seminal Fluid on My Private Parts From a Dream Necessitate a Ritual Bath?

Excessive Nocturnal Emission: What Should I Do?

Dealing with Doubts

Waking Up with a Spot on Groin and Dealing with Baseless Misgivings (Waswasa)

What Is the Extent of the Investigations One Has to Take After Having a Wet Dream?

To What Extent Should I Go in Checking the Nature of a Discharge After Waking Up?
A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

Wet Dreams and Fasts

Does A Wet Dream Break The Fast?

Being in a State of Major Ritual Impurity: Does it Invalidate My Fast?

Am I Sinful for Regularly Missing the Emphasised Sunna of Performing the Friday Prayer With the Purity Achieved by the Ritual Bath (Ghusl) of That Day?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Asalamu alaikum,

I pray my Friday prayers very far from my home.

Am I sinful for regularly missing the emphasised Sunna of performing the ritual bath (ghusl) on Fridays by not being able to pray the Friday prayer with the purity achieved from this ritual bath?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

It is a sunna to perform the ritual bath (ghusl) for the Friday prayer. [`Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Anyone who comes to the Jumu’a should perform the ritual bath.” [Bukhari]

Nonetheless, the sunna will, insha’Allah, be fulfilled even if you were unable to pray with the purification from your bath, on condition that you have a reasonable excuse.

There are a number of reasons for this:

(1) there is a difference of opinion on whether the ritual bath is a recommended or emphasised sunna,

(2) there is a difference of opinion on whether it is for the prayer or for the day (i.e. Friday itself), and

(3) there is a position that it is legislated for general cleanliness and not specifically that the purification for the prayer come from the bath taken.

[Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar `ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

Thus, we should strive to hold fast to the stricter and chosen position of the school, out of love of Allah Most High and devotedly following the beloved Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), whilst at the same time realising that the Religion of Allah is vast and easy, and differences of opinion are a mercy for all. The intention of the believer is greater than his action, and each person shall get whatever they intended.

And Allah alone knows best and He alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

How to Perform a Ritual Bath (Ghusl) When Suffering from Sensitive Skin Conditions? [Shafi’i]

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have psoriasis on my scalp which causes bumps of dead white skin. To what extent should I go in removing them when performing a ritual bath (ghusl)?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

For your ghusl to be valid, water has to reach the entirety of your body. If there is any foreign object on your skin, it must be removed such that water reaches the surface.

If one has an abnormal skin condition, or dead skin attached to their body, or an inflammatory auto-immune condition such as psoriasis, they are not required to remove the skin to wash what they might consider ‘more natural’ skin beneath. This is due to the difficulty in doing so, as well as the anticipated harm.

Washing over what is for all intents and purposes considered the skin, and removing everything else that is not attached to one’s body, fulfils the requirement outlined above.

Source: Hashiyat al-Jamal

Shuaib Ally

Can I Perform the Ablution (Wudu) or the Ritual Bath (Ghusl) With Water Mixed With Soap?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum,

Can I perform the ablution or the ritual bath (Ghusl) with water mixed with soap?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

You can only perform the ablution (wudu) or the ritual bath (ghusl) with water.

Allah Most High says, “and sent down water from the sky to cleanse you.” [8.11]

As for general cleaning, using soaps is fine as they are not used for purificatory purposes, legally. And even if they are mixed with water, they do not condition the water such that it cannot be used.

Please consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

To What Extent Should I Go in Checking the Nature of a Discharge After Waking Up?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum,

I am a woman who barely dare to go to bed because I’m so afraid of having a wet dream.

Is there any reason for concern by seeing regular discharge after waking up but in large quantity? To what extent should I go in checking the nature of this discharge?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

Assume it is regular discharge, and don’t pay any attention to the whisperings of the devil.

Certainty isn’t lifted by doubts, nor subsequent doubts. If there is no clear sign of a sexual climax, and there was no erotic dream, you should continue as normal without taking a bath.

Please also see: Rules Regarding Ghusl and Wet Dreams for Men and Women and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Do I Need to Repeat the Ritual Bath (Ghusl) If I Find a Small Amount of Dirt on My Skin Afterwards?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum.

Do I need to repeat the ritual bath (ghusl) if I find a small amount of dirt on my skin afterwards?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

No, dirt would not be considered a preventative barrier unless it was so thick and hardened that water wouldn’t normally penetrate it. This is more likely to be the case with something akin to clay.

Otherwise, and even if assumed to be preventative, you would only need to remove it and wash the area beneath it as washing the entire body at the same time is not a condition for the validity of the ritual bath (ghusl).

Allah Most High said, “if required, wash your whole body.” [5.6]

Please see: The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

And Allah alone knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Does a Ritual Bath (Ghusl) Eliminate the State of Minor Ritual Impurity? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

Does performing a basic ritual bath (ghusl) eliminate any need to make wudu? Is there a need to have a specific intention? Should the limbs be washed in order?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

In the Shafi’i school, performing ghusl with the intention of performing an obligatory ghusl and washing one’s entire body stands in the place of performing wudu. That is, one doing so would also lift the state of minor ritual impurity.

One would not have to have the intention to lift both states, as lifting the major state also covers the minor state.

One would also not have to wash the limbs in order, as ghusl does not have an obligatory order.

Source: al-Hawashi al-Madaniyyah

Shuaib Ally

Is It Problematic to Use Soap During the Ritual Bath (Ghusl)?

Answered by SeekersHub Answers Service

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

1. Can i just check that if by “confirmed” we mean Sunnah Muakadah?

2. If someone washes their body with water, and then rubs and washes off soap, does this fulfill the washing and rubbing required for the ghusl?

3.If a shower is kept on whilst doing the wudhu, is this considered wastefulness? Would it be somewhat disliked or Prohibitively Disliked?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

1. The Confirmed Sunna (sunna muakkada) is that which our Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) or the Companions did most of the time (and was not of worldly habits)

Please see: The Rulings of the Sacred Law

2. Liquids are, broadly, of two types:

– Pure and purifying, such as unconditioned water.

This may be used for purification (i.e. wudu and ghusl) as well as removing filth (najasa).

– Pure but not purifying, such as juice, tea, vinegar, etc.

This may be not be used for purification, but may still be used to remove filth according to the Hanafi school.

Detergent or soap does not affect the unconditioned nature of water in the Hanafi school. [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, Gifts of Guidance]

3. Using excessive amounts of water is wasteful. Wastefulness (israf) is blameworthy in wudu, as the sunna is to use a moderate amount of water. [`Ala’ al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Avoiding wastefulness is a general command in Islam, as many hadiths explain.

The fuqaha explain that slight wastefulness is blameworthy. Excessive wastefulness is sinful. Thinking that performing an action in a wasteful manner is the sunna (or optimal way) makes it both sinful and an reprehensible innovation (bid`a).

Please consider taking this free course: The Absolute Essentials of Islam – Faith, Worship, and the Path to Allah ‪#‎take‬ ‪#‎share‬

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

SeekersHub Answers Service

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Many Liters of Water Is Considered Sunna to Use for the Ritual Bath?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam ‘aleykum. 

How many liters is a sa’ of water?

How many liters of water is considered sunna for women to use for the ritual bath?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The measure of water that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) used for ablution (wudu) was approximately one litre (mudd), and for the ritual bath (ghusl), four litres (sa`) as mentioned in the tradition of Bukhari and Muslim.

The jurists tell us that we should be wary of using too little or too much water, both of which are blameworthy, yet at the same time striving to behave in a manner which will be most pleasing to Allah Most High.

[`Itr, I`lam al-Anam Sharh Bulugh al-Maram]

Please see: How Can I Avoid Taking 20 Minutes to Make Wudu? and: Global Warming and Wastefulness

And Allah alone knows best.​

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani