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Will Hell Be Emptied?

Ustadh Farid Dingle answers a question on a hadith about Hell being emptied.

would like to know if the Hadith in Kanz al-Ummal vol. 14, number 39505 is authentic? It says that there will be one day when hell will be empty. Shukran for your answer!

Wassalam

Hell-Fire will last forever. This is an agreed upon tenet of faith.

The hadith #39505 in Kanz al-Ummal is:

There will come a day that Jahannam will be dried crops, reddened completely empty.

The source given is Tabarani. It seems like it could be a misprint, and the it is “and another [day] in which it is completely empty.” A similar hadith is found in Khatib’s Tarikh.

The editor of Juz fihi ma intaqa Ibn Mardawayhi min hadith al-Tabarani, Badr ibn Abdullah al-Badr, states that this hadith has been deemed weak by al-Haythami, and deemed fabricated by al-Dhahabi, Ibn al-Jawzi and al-Suyuti.

I pray this helps.

Farid

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Love, Good Character, and Mercy Between Spouses

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: There is a famous hadith often cited by people and they state the source as Sahih al-Bukhari and Sunan at-Tirmidhi. The Hadith is: “When a husband and wife look at each other with love, Allah looks at both with Mercy” [Bukhari 6:19 & Tirmidhi 14:79]. Could you state that if the hadith is a fabrication or it does really exist?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

This narration (hadith) is not related by Bukhari and Tirmidhi in their respective collections.

Though, it is a narration (hadith) found in Imam Suyuti’s al-Jami` al-Saghir, and seemingly taken from Rafi`i’s Tarikh. However, it appears to be very weak at best.

The Soundness of Its Meaning

Nevertheless, the meaning is sound as understood from Qur’anic verses and other prophetic narrations.

Allah Most High says, “And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.” [30:21]

Mercy is a quality that induces excellent conduct. It is a concern for good.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The believers best in faith are those best in character, and the best of you are those best to their spouses.” [Tirmidhi] Munawi explains that this includes being patient with them, constantly cheerful, and treating them with excellence. [Munawi, Fayd al-Qadir]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Reference for Hadith on Patience with Others

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Can you please tell me if this is an authentic hadith and what is the reference? Hadith: “The believer who consorts with people and endures their harm is better than a believer who does not consort with people nor does he endure their harm.”

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

“The believer who keeps the company of people and is steadfastly patient over their harm is better than the believer who does not keep the company of people nor is he steadfastly patient over their harm.” In some variants, “is better” is replaced by “is greater in reward”.

The narration (hadith) has been reported in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad, Tirmidhi’s Jami`, and the Sunan of Ibn Majah. Shaykh Shu`ayb Arna`ut has noted that its chain of transmission is authentic (sahih).

The believer who keeps the company of people commands the good (with its requisite conditions; for details see: The Criteria of Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil), forbids the evil, and displays excellent character in dealing with them.

There should be some form of benefit in keeping company with them. With the righteous and with a religious reason, it would be considered worship. Though, one should be wary of those keeping the company of others for the sake of keeping their company, busying themselves from Allah.

Of the greatest forms of patience is patience in dealing with other people and the harm which comes about from them. Realize that Allah did not send them upon you except for some sin that you committed, so seek His forgiveness; and realize that this is a punishment from Him. [Munawi, Fayd al-Qadir]

Allah Most High says, “And We have appointed some of you a test for others: Will ye be steadfast?” [Qur’an, 25:20] Here, Allah is telling us to be patient. It is a command, “Be patient!”, and not just a question. May Allah make us all of the foremost of the righteous.

See also: A Reader on Patience and Reliance on Allah

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Authenticity of the Hadith, “Three Things Obgligatory Upon Me, and Optional For You…”

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: There is a Hadith narrated by Ibn-Abbas that the Prophet(SAW) said there are three things which are obligatory (Fard) on me but optional (Nafl) for my ummah. These are:
[1] Two rakat fajar sunnah prayers
[2] Witr prayer(in Isha)
[3] Animal Sacrifice.
Please clarify this point, and how far this hadith is authentic.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

Ibn Abbas relates that he heard the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) say, “Three things are obligatory upon me, and optional for you: the witr prayer, sacrifice and the duha prayer.” [Musnad Ahmad]

The chain of transmission for this narration is weak; as verified by Shaykh Shu`ayb Arna`ut, and understood from Ibn Hajar’s comments in his Talkhis al-Habir.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Hadith of Staying in Hell For ‘One Haqb’ for Missing a Single Prayer Intentionally

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I heard a commentary of a hadith from a book (Fadail Amaal I think) according to which the punishment of missing a single prayer intentionally (even if made up later) is Hell for some very long period (one ‘haqb’ which through some calculations came to the order 20 million days or so). Is there any real basis for this severe punishment?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

This particular hadith is weak, despite it being found in some well-known books of tafsir and hadith. Every sin can be forgiven through repentance, which for missing a prayer entails:

(a) immediately ceasing the sin,
(b) sincere remorse,
(c) firm resolve to not commit the sin again, and
(d) actually making up the missed prayer[s], for which there is scholarly consensus (ijma`).

[Nawawi, Riyad al-Salihin; Nawawi, Majmu`]

If a person does this, he has turned to Allah in sincere repentance, an act that Allah loves and will certainly accept, inshaAllah. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Verily Allah accepts the repentance of the servant so long as he has not sounded his death rattle [i.e., so long as he is alive].” [Sunan Tirmidhi]

Having said the above, it is important to note that the inclusion of weak hadiths in books of virtues or motivation and admonition (al-targhib wal-tarhib) is not a problem. A weak hadith can be used for general motivation as long as:

(a) it is not extremely weak,
(b) it returns to established principles of the Sacred Law, and
(c) one acts upon it without firm belief that it is definitely from the prophetic sunna.

[Suyuti, Tadrib al-Rawi; Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, al-Fath al-Mubin Sharh al-Arba`in]

The hadith in question does not contradict the established principles of the Sacred Law, as we know from authentic narrations that our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) likened deliberately missing a prayer (without excuse) to disbelief itself, such as his statement, “Between a man and disbelief is his neglecting the prayer.” [Sahih Muslim]

According to the vast majority of scholars, neglecting the prayer out of laziness is not itself disbelief. Yet the hadith is understood to stress the severity of the sin, to show that such neglect is the very behavior of disbelievers, or that it could very well lead to disbelief. [Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim]

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Authenticity of Hadith Stating That Paradise Lies Beneath the Feet of Your Mother

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalaamu aleikum,

I wanted to know if this is an authentic hadith, and what the citation is if it is authentic. “Heaven lies beneath the feet of your mother”

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

The narration (hadith) as recorded by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in his Musnad is related by Mu`awiyah bin Jahima al-Sulami in which he came to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) I desire to go on the military expedition and I have come to consult you.’ He (Allah bless him and give him peace) asked, ‘Do you have a mother?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘Stay with her because paradise lies beneath her feet.’

The verifier, Shaykh Shu`ayb Arna`ut, notes that its chain of transmission is sound.

There are also corroborating narrations (hadith), with similar wording, in the Sunan of Ibn Majah, the Sunan of Nasai’, al-Hakim’s Mustadrak and elsewhere.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is It True That the Prophet Yusuf Was Given Half of Beauty and the Prophet Muhammad Was Given All of It?

Answered by Ustadh Abdullah Anik Misra

Question: Is the hadith, “Yusuf was given half of beauty and I was given all of it”, a sound hadith? If so, where is it narrated and what commentary has been given on it?

Answer: In the Name of Allah Most Merciful and Compassionate,

As salamu alaikum,

Thank you for your question.

The first part of the quotation you mentioned, that the prophet Yusuf [peace be upon him] “was indeed given half of beauty” is a rigorously authenticated hadith found in Sahih Muslim, Ahmad, and others.

The second part of your quotation, “and I was given all of it”, to the best of my knowledge and research, is not a hadith.  However, it is true in meaning, because the Prophet [Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him] was the most beautiful human being that ever existed.

What the hadith means is that Yusuf [peace be upon him] was endowed with a large share of the beauty of the people of the world- more than anyone else, but some scholars said the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him], as the speaker, was excluding himself from this comparison. [S. Usmani, Fath al Mulhim]

Ibn al-Munayyir opined that it does not mean half of the beauty in the world, rather, half of the beauty that the Prophet Muhammad [Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him] was given, as he reached the limit, while Yusuf only reached half of that. [al-Munawi, Fayd
al-Qadir]

This leaves us to reflect, that if a group of women cut their hands while distracted at the sight of Yusuf’s beauty, what must the beauty of our beloved Messenger [peace and blessings be upon him] have been like?  May Allah Ta’ala grant us the sight of it in our dreams, and forever in the Hereafter, Ameen.

Also read: Is Prophet Muhammad more beautiful than Prophet Yusuf?

Wasalam,

Abdullah Anik Misra

Checked & Approve by Faraz Rabbani

Is the Hadith Mentioned in Some Works Where Allah Speaks to Musa Authentic?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: My question is regarding the following Hadith

Once Musa asked Allah: “O Allah! You have granted me the honour and privilege of talking to you directly, have you given this privilege to any other person? Allah ta’ala replied

O! Musa during the last period I am going to send an ummat who will be the ummat of Mohammad (SAW) with dry lips, patched tongues, emaciated body with their eyes sunken deep into their sockets, with livers dry and stomachs suffering the pangs of hunger will call out to me (in dua) they will be much much closer to me than you O Musa! While you speak to me there are 70000 veils between you and me but at the time of iftaar there will not be a single veil between me and the fasting ummati of Mohammad (SAW) O Musa I have taken upon myself the responsibility they at the time of iftaar I will never refuse the dua of a fasting person!”

I was unable to find a source for this Hadith, and wondered if you could confirm it’s authenticity.

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

This narration was mentioned by `Abd al-Rahman al-Safuri in his work Nuzhat al-Majalis, without mentioning a source or a chain. Despite searching for it in many primary sources, I was unable to find it except in this work and a few other tertiary sources.

As such, we cannot confidently say that these are the words of Allah Most High or our liege-lord Musa (Allah bless him).

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani