Posts

Will Hell Be Emptied?

Ustadh Farid Dingle answers a question on a hadith about Hell being emptied.

would like to know if the Hadith in Kanz al-Ummal vol. 14, number 39505 is authentic? It says that there will be one day when hell will be empty. Shukran for your answer!

Wassalam

Hell-Fire will last forever. This is an agreed upon tenet of faith.

The hadith #39505 in Kanz al-Ummal is:

There will come a day that Jahannam will be dried crops, reddened completely empty.

The source given is Tabarani. It seems like it could be a misprint, and the it is “and another [day] in which it is completely empty.” A similar hadith is found in Khatib’s Tarikh.

The editor of Juz fihi ma intaqa Ibn Mardawayhi min hadith al-Tabarani, Badr ibn Abdullah al-Badr, states that this hadith has been deemed weak by al-Haythami, and deemed fabricated by al-Dhahabi, Ibn al-Jawzi and al-Suyuti.

I pray this helps.

Farid

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Ustadha Zaynab Ansari on Amazing Muslim Women: Umm Ma‘baad

Ustadha Zaynab Ansari, in partnership with Muslimah Media, speaks in a 5-part series about the amazing Muslim women who paved the way for others after them.

Umm Ma‘baad, whose real name was Atiqah bint Khalid al-Khuzaiya, was a very fascinating woman. She is most famous for being the first woman to narrate a comprehensive description of the Prophet in a hadith.

Unexpected Guests

Umm Ma‘baad was an archetype of the Bedouin people. She was strong, intelligent, and possessed a mastery of the Arabic language, which the Bedouins were known for. She lived in a tent outside of Mecca, and she would make a living by operating a “rest stop.” She would distribute dates, meat, and milk to the travellers passing by. Umm Ma‘baad

One day, she was sitting in her tent, when two men appeared. They seemed to be in a rush, but Umm Ma‘baad saw something very special.

Because all her sheep had gone out to pasture, there was no milk to feed to the guests. One of the men asked for an old sheep, which was not giving milk. He passed his hand over her udder and it became filled with milk, which everyone drank from.

The Hadith of Umm Ma‘baad

Of course, these two men were the Prophet and Abu Bakr, on their migration from Mecca to Medina. When her husband returned, she told him what had happened. She described the Prophet as very radiant, and handsome. She described his luminous eyes and beautiful speech, and how the ones in his company deferred to him with so much respect.

Umm Ma‘baad was just trying to tell her husband about her visitors, but her description became one of the most famous hadith about the Prophet. Anyone learning about the characteristics of the Prophet, or learning about the Prophetic biography, is sure to come across her narration.

Although this was the first and last time she met the Prophet, her description was so concise and eloquent that it became immortalized in history.

Resources for Seekers

Love, Good Character, and Mercy Between Spouses

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: There is a famous hadith often cited by people and they state the source as Sahih al-Bukhari and Sunan at-Tirmidhi. The Hadith is: “When a husband and wife look at each other with love, Allah looks at both with Mercy” [Bukhari 6:19 & Tirmidhi 14:79]. Could you state that if the hadith is a fabrication or it does really exist?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

This narration (hadith) is not related by Bukhari and Tirmidhi in their respective collections.

Though, it is a narration (hadith) found in Imam Suyuti’s al-Jami` al-Saghir, and seemingly taken from Rafi`i’s Tarikh. However, it appears to be very weak at best.

The Soundness of Its Meaning

Nevertheless, the meaning is sound as understood from Qur’anic verses and other prophetic narrations.

Allah Most High says, “And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.” [30:21]

Mercy is a quality that induces excellent conduct. It is a concern for good.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The believers best in faith are those best in character, and the best of you are those best to their spouses.” [Tirmidhi] Munawi explains that this includes being patient with them, constantly cheerful, and treating them with excellence. [Munawi, Fayd al-Qadir]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Usage of Kalimatan in the Last Hadith of Bukhari

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Is there any mention as to the reason for the usage of the word ‘kalimataani’ in the last Hadeeth in saheeh al-bukhaari. Why is it two words and not one, or three, why specifically ‘two’ words? Is there any special significance to it?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Two phrases are light on the tongue, heavy on the scales, and beloved to the All Merciful: Subhan Allahi wa bi hamdihi subhan Allahi al-`Adhim.” [Bukhari]

The Arabic word kalimatan is referring to the two phrases mentioned at the end of the narration (hadith), namely: Subhan Allahi wa bi hamdihi subhan Allahi al-`Adhim. These are two separate phrases, hence the specification of “two” phrases.

As for the word itself, it is used here in its linguistic sense (i.e. two phrases/sentences), just as we would say: the kalima (in the singular form) of the testimony of faith (shahada). [`Ayni, `Umdat al-Qari; Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Hadith about the Disbeliever Eating in Seven Intestines

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: How should I interpret this hadith in Sahih Muslim? Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying that a disbeliever eats in seven intestines whereas a Muslim eats in one intestine.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

This narration (hadith) is related by both Bukhari and Muslim in their respective collections. It is an authentically established report.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The Muslim eats in one intestine and the disbeliever eats in seven.” [Bukhari; Muslim]

This narration (hadith) is primarily encouraging restraint and moderation in eating. Such restraint is achieved by the believer by following the sunnas of eating. [Nawawi, Sharh Muslim]

Sunnas of Eating and Wisdoms

Some of the sunnas related to eating are:

[1] Beginning with the basmala

[2] Thanking Allah for the blessing of having food and intending to gain strength to worship Allah by eating it;

[3] Eating with the right hand;

[4] Praising good food and not criticizing anything one doesn’t like;

[5] Upholding restraint and stopping before one reaches one’s full;

Moreover, Nawawi relates that the scholars have said that the point of the narration (hadith) is an encouragement to have some abstinence, to lessen one’s intake of worldliness (dunya), and to be moderate and satisfied. They continue that not eating too much is also from the praiseworthy character traits of real men. [ibid.]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Hadith of Staying in Hell For ‘One Haqb’ for Missing a Single Prayer Intentionally

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I heard a commentary of a hadith from a book (Fadail Amaal I think) according to which the punishment of missing a single prayer intentionally (even if made up later) is Hell for some very long period (one ‘haqb’ which through some calculations came to the order 20 million days or so). Is there any real basis for this severe punishment?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

This particular hadith is weak, despite it being found in some well-known books of tafsir and hadith. Every sin can be forgiven through repentance, which for missing a prayer entails:

(a) immediately ceasing the sin,
(b) sincere remorse,
(c) firm resolve to not commit the sin again, and
(d) actually making up the missed prayer[s], for which there is scholarly consensus (ijma`).

[Nawawi, Riyad al-Salihin; Nawawi, Majmu`]

If a person does this, he has turned to Allah in sincere repentance, an act that Allah loves and will certainly accept, inshaAllah. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Verily Allah accepts the repentance of the servant so long as he has not sounded his death rattle [i.e., so long as he is alive].” [Sunan Tirmidhi]

Having said the above, it is important to note that the inclusion of weak hadiths in books of virtues or motivation and admonition (al-targhib wal-tarhib) is not a problem. A weak hadith can be used for general motivation as long as:

(a) it is not extremely weak,
(b) it returns to established principles of the Sacred Law, and
(c) one acts upon it without firm belief that it is definitely from the prophetic sunna.

[Suyuti, Tadrib al-Rawi; Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, al-Fath al-Mubin Sharh al-Arba`in]

The hadith in question does not contradict the established principles of the Sacred Law, as we know from authentic narrations that our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) likened deliberately missing a prayer (without excuse) to disbelief itself, such as his statement, “Between a man and disbelief is his neglecting the prayer.” [Sahih Muslim]

According to the vast majority of scholars, neglecting the prayer out of laziness is not itself disbelief. Yet the hadith is understood to stress the severity of the sin, to show that such neglect is the very behavior of disbelievers, or that it could very well lead to disbelief. [Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim]

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Explaining the Hadith Regarding Healing the Sick With Dust and Saliva

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: If you could provide some explanation for this hadith to me, I would be grateful. I didn’t understand what the “dust of our earth” and the saliva meant.

‘A’isha said that when a person complained to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, of some illness or had a wound or an injury, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would say, doing this with his forefinger, (and Sufyan ibn ‘Uyayna the transmitter would place his finger on the earth and then raise it and say), ‘In the name of Allah, the dust of our earth combined with the saliva of some of us by which our sick are healed by the permission of our Lord.'” [Agreed upon]

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

The ‘dust of the earth’ is literally the dust of the earth. Likewise, the saliva is literally intended in this narration (hadith).

Some of the scholars mention that the reason the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) put some spittle on his blessed finger and then put it in the earth is that the coolness of the earth would help to alleviate the pain.

Nawawi relates that some held the dust to be specifically that of Madina due to its blessing (baraka), and the saliva to be that of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace). [Ibn Hajr al-`Asqalani, Fath al-Bari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

How Do We Understand the Hadith Stating that Allah Descends to the Lowest Heaven in the Last Third of Every Night?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Allah exists without place or space but what about this hadith – Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: ‘In the last third of every night our Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) (Allah (SWT)) descends to the lowermost heaven and says; “Who is calling Me, so that I may answer him? Who is asking Me so that may I grant him? Who is seeking forgiveness from Me so that I may forgive him?.”‘ [Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith Qudsi]

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

The upshot is that there are two opinions of the scholars on this narration (hadith). Consequently, one of the ways it can be interpreted, here, is either:

[1] His mercy, command and angels descend; (t: just as we can say in English ‘the King made this town’, i.e. he commissioned for the town to be made, though the workers were the ones who actually did the job)

[2] It is a metaphor for His gentleness to those making supplication (i.e. at that time of night) and His answering them.

[Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Fath al-Bari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari; Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim]

Furthermore, Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, the famous commentator on the Sahih al-Bukhari, Fath al-Bari, mentions a quote from Imam Baydawi in which he says that what is intended by the ‘descent’ is the light of His mercy and not His moving from one place to another (which is ‘lower’ in comparison to the first).

And Allah knows best.

Wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

A Reader on Understanding the Attributes of Allah

Can You Explain the Hadith Stating that Saying a Word One Thinks Is Harmless Can Result in Falling in the Depths of Hell?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: The Prophet, Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him, said: A person may utter a word that he thinks harmless, but it results in his falling in Hellfire [the depth of ] 70 years [in travel].

What does this mean? Can you give me an example of what is meant because I’m confused, does the word ‘harmless’ here mean unaware if something is sinful?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

The word ‘harmless’ refers to one’s not considering it to be something evil and, more so, a sin for which one will be taken to account for.

[Munawi, Fayd al-Qadir Sharh al-Jami` al-Saghir]

The Narration

Abu Huraira narrates that the Messenger of God (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Verily a person utters a word, that he deems harmless, but it results in his falling into the depths of the Hellfire.” [Tirmidhi; Ibn Majah]

In a similar narration (hadith), reported by Muslim in his Sahih, Imam Nawawi commentates that the person does not think about what he is saying and, furthermore, does not fear the consequences which may arise because of it.

A Note on Holding one’s Tongue

Nawawi ends by stating that this is from the strong encouragement to hold one’s tongue and to only speak when there is some benefit in doing so; otherwise, one should keep it to oneself. This is understood from the words of the Messenger of God (Allah bless him and give him peace), “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should say the good or remain silent.” [Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim]

And Allah knows best and He alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Understanding the Hadith, “I Was Ordered to Fight the People Until They Testify…”

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

After coming across some information while reading Fiqh us Sunnah, I have two questions, and I would appreciate it if you can clarify these things for me.

Question 1: Ibn ‘Umar related that the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said, “I have been ordered to kill the people until they testify that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and they establish prayer and pay the zakah. If they do that, their blood and wealth are protected from me save by the rights of Islam. Their reckoning will be with Allah.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)”

 

The first line is quite disturbing. Was the messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) ordered to kill the unbelievers as the text says? Islam has taught me how to be merciful, kind and respectful, and this contradicts that. I don’t want to believe that Islam preaches such blatant violence, but it’s plainly written what it advocates. Am I correct in believing Islam allows for the killing of unbelievers to take place, as the text demonstrates, for merely being unbelievers?

Answer: Absolutely not. Firstly, the hadith as you present it is mistranslated. It does not say, “I was ordered to kill…”, rather it says, “I was ordered to fight.” There is a huge difference between the two words. Killing (qatl) is one-directional, whereas fighting (qital) implies mutuality, i.e., that there are two sides fighting each other. [Dr. Bouti, Jihad fil Islam]

Moreover, this hadith does not apply to all non-believers: the word “people” (nas) used in the hadith is restricted by other texts of the Qur’an and sunna, and is therefore understood to refer only to Arab polytheists. For more information on this hadith and related matters, please see this answer:

Jihad, Abrogation in the Quran, and the Verse of the Sword

Question 2: This hadith has been used by certain Muslims in my country to threaten peaceful Muslims into paying their zakaat money to an organization of the former’s choosing. It has made headlines in the past on the national media, and given Muslims a bad name. They use this hadith to justify their brutality. Is this correct? Can they do such outrageous actions and have certified backing from the Sunnah?

Answer: This is by no means correct; such actions have no backing from the Noble Sunna. Only the government would have such authority, not individual Muslims. May Allah guide such people and protect them from extremism.

Lastly, I would strongly advise you to not read books like Fiqh al-Sunnah, but rather learn from scholars and texts that convey traditional Sunni orthodoxy. For more information, please see related articles here: http://www.masud.co.uk/

And Allah knows best.

wassalam

Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani