Posts

Accidentally Touching Perfume in Ihram (Shafi‘i)

Ustadh Farid Dingle clarifies the rulings on accidentally touching perfume in ihram.

While in ihram, I accidentally used wet wipes to clean my daughter’s hand. She was having candy and her hands were all sticky. What am I supposed to do? Sadaqa or dam?

In the Shafi‘i school, accidentally touching or stepping on perfume or anything with perfume on them is excused and there is no expiation. (Bushra al-Karim)

For some details from the Hanafi school, please see Removing Hair and Wearing Scents: Expiations for Accidental Violations of Ihram during Hajj.

Farid

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

What Are the Rulings of Ihram?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Asslamu Alaykum

I want to know about the rulings of ihram according to the Sunnah, for example, what can you wear under it? Can you please cover them?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

Thank you for your question.

A State of Sanctity

Strictly speaking, the Ihram is a state one enters into to demonstrate one’s veneration for the Sacred Precinct (Ḥaram) around Mecca. One may not pass the boundary delineated by by the Landmarks (Miqāt, pl. Mawāqīt) except in a state of Ihram if one is intending to enter Mecca. If one intends to go to a place within this boundary, he may pass without an ihram, and then later enter Mecca without an ihram.

Conditions for the validity of an Ihram

1. That one be a Muslim.

2. Intention: one must intend either a Hajj, ʿUmra or a combination of the two when passing the Miqāt.

3. Recitation of the talbiya (Labbayk Allahumma labbayk…) or any other form of remembrance that venerates Allah. The intention combined with the talbiya puts one in a state of ihram.

4. One must refrain from sexual intercourse and all forms of foreplay before standing at ʿArafa during Hajj, and before the first circling of the Kaʿba (tawaf) during an ʿumra, otherwise, its validity will be vitiated.

The Sunnas of Ihram

1. One should have a bath, or perform wudu if a bath is not possible, because the Messenger of Allah bathed before entering ihram (Tirmidhi) and told others to do so to (Muslim).

2. Wearing a wraparound (Izār / lungi) and and cloak (ridāʾ). Sewn garments should be avoided unless they are worn in an unconventional manner.

3. Performing two units of prayer.

4. Reciting the talbiya out loud thrice and then frequently on one’s journey when going over a hill, descending a valley, after prayers, and in any possible situation.

Some Recommended Actions

1. Removing unwanted bodily hair, clipping one’s nails, combing one’s hair and applying perfume. It is superior to apply it only to one’s clothes to avoid a difference of opinion (Radd al-Muhtar).

2. Wearing two new or washed white cloths.

3. Wearing sandals which do not cover the front of the foot where shoelaces are usually tied.

4. Making a verbal intention.

5. Making one’s intention immediately after the prayer.
(Abul-Hajj, Ṣalaḥ, al-Jamiʿ fi ahkam al-siyam, wa al-iʿtikaf wa al-hajj wa al-umra).

It’s advisable to study the rulings of Hajj and Umra well before setting off in order to ensure their validity. Some people neglect this and end up confused, or making costly mistakes.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Can I Wipe Myself With a Towel While in a State of Pilgrim Sanctity?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Is it permissible for males and females in a state of pilgrim sanctity to wipe the head and face with a towel after wudu or taking a bath?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Drying your limbs with a towel is not problematic whilst in a state of pilgrim sanctity (ihram). This is because the interdiction relates to the normal wearing of clothing, namely, that which is made for the limb, and remains on it without something external keeping it in place. Drying yourself with a towel meets neither of these conditions.

This is why the jurists (fuqaha) mention wrapping a shirt around yourself, for instance, as a wearing which is deemed invalid, and doing so, thus, does not necessitate a penalty (jaza’). “Wearing” a shirt in such a manner covers part of the body, yet it is not considered normal wearing; but it would obviously still be improper to do this as it is contrary to the sunna.

[Qari, al-Maslak al-Mutaqassit fi al-Mansak al-Mutawassit (201); Maydani, al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab (201)]

Please also see: Wearing Stitched Clothing in Ihram: What Kind of Expiation is Due? and: Can I Wear Stitched Footgear, Belts, or a Backpack While in Ihram? and: A Hajj Reader

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo:
Al Jazeera English

Is It Permissible to Stitch the Lower Garment in the Middle During the Pilgrimage?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Is it permissible during Ihram to stitch the lower garment in the middle with the intention to cover the private parts?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Generally, tying the lower garment (izar) when in a state of pilgrim sanctity (ihram) would be deemed improper and disliked because it resembles stitched clothing.

[Shurunbulali, Ghunyat Dhawi al-Ahkam fi Bughyat Durar al-Hukkam (1.221/241)]

Please also see: Wearing Stitched Clothing in Ihram: What Kind of Expiation is Due?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Al Jazeera English

Cutting One's Own Hair to Release Oneself from the State of Ihram

Answered by Shaykh Omar Qureshi
Question: According to the Shafii madhab can someone cut their own hair to come out of Ihram after performing Umrah?
Answer: Assalamu ‘alaikum,
In the name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate.
The answer is yes. In the Shafi’i school it is permissible for one to cut one’s own hair. It is also permissible for one to cut the hair of someone else who has completed their ‘Umrah and is seeking to release themselves from the state of Ihram. Imam al-Nawawi mentions in al-Majmu’, “it would be permissible for a muhrim to shave the head of a person who has completed then rites of Hajj.” This is because a) it is not his or her own hair and b) the person whose head is being shaved is seeking release from Ihram and not in a state where cutting one’s hair or having it shaven is forbidden.
Also, if it was a requirement to have someone else cut one’s hair, then that would mean that one could not do ‘Umrah alone. This is what some jurists have mentioned.
Allah the Exalted knows.
Omar

Can I Wear Stitched Footgear, Belts, or a Backpack While in Ihram?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: According to the Hanafi madhab, while in ihram,  can one wear stitched sandals as long as the bone on top of the foot is exposed? Also, how about carrying stitched back packs and money belts?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this message finds you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

[1] Yes, it is permitted to wear stitched footwear as long as the middle bone (where the shoelace is normally tied) is left uncovered. Footwear is not included in the general prohibition of wearing clothing.

[2] Yes, it is permitted to wear belts, and bags to carry your money or possessions in.

[Usmani, Hajj:: Merits & Precepts; Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Can Women Wear Ornaments While Performing Umrah?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Is there any prohibition for women to wear ornaments while performing umrah?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

It is permissible for a woman to wear ornaments/jewelry while in the state of ihram. `A’isha (Allah be well pleased with her) was specifically asked about this and deemed it permitted, as per a narration in Bukhari.

It is best to wear only ornamentation that is deemed the customarily minimum. It would be disliked to wear it to a degree that would draw undue attention to oneself from the opposite gender.

[Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Ibn Qudama, al-Mughni]

Allah Knows Best

Salman

A Hajj Reader

Revised 20th September, 2013

Dhul Hijja, the month of Hajj, is fast approaching. Hundreds and thousands of blessed Muslims are packing their bags, checking their travel documents and flocking to airports around the world, to make the journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

This brief document is a resource for those travelling for Hajj this year, or any year. It provides links to questions that have been answered by SeekersGuidance scholars, blog posts written about the pilgrimage, and relevant information pertaining to Hajj.

Videos and Blog Posts:
Video: Preparing for Hajj – Habib Faisal-Alkaff – Radical Middle Way

Hajj Handbook – Shaykh Husain Abdul Sattar …

Video: Hajj Reflections – Radical Middle Way …

The Hajj Collection – Shaykh Abdal Hakim …

Ten Good Manners for Hajj by Imam al-Ghazali …

The Gifts of Hajj – Radical Middle Way – Blog

Imam al-Haddad’s Counsels on Hajj and `Umrah – Muwasala

Video: Fast the 9th (‘Arafa) and Live for Another Year – Mufti Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf

On the Path to a Sacred Journey: The Courtesies (Adab) of Hajj – Nur Sacred Sciences

From Our Answers Page:
Removing Hair and Wearing Scents: Expiations for Accidental Violations of Ihram during Hajj

Does Allah Forgive Marital Infidelity When You Make Hajj?

Missing the Farewell Tawaf Due to Menstruation

Calculating Zakat and Going on Hajj with a Student Loan

Is It Valid to Make Hajj or Umrah Before One’s Parents?

Seeking Forgiveness from Others Before Hajj

Hajj Tamattu`: Does an Invalid Umra Affect the Hajj?

What is the Wisdom Behind Doing Certain Hajj and Umrah Rituals 7 Times?

Reciting Sura al-Baraqara for Protection and Cutting One’s Hair for Hajj and Umrah

What Are the Rulings of Performing Tawaf, Sa’y, and Prayer While Carrying a Baby With Dirty Diapers (Nappies)?

Question on Hajj Violations

Going On Hajj While in Debt

Can a Man Perform Hajj on Behalf of a Non-Mahram Woman?

Is Foreplay a Violation On Hajj?

Wearing Stitched Clothing in Ihram: What Kind of Expiation is Due?

Should I Delay Hajj to Help Fund a Sibling’s Wedding?

Doubts About Having Committed a Contravention at Hajj

Chronic Excuse: Can I Combine Prayers with a Single Ablution?

What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah?

The Day of `Arafah: The 9th of Dhu’l Hijjah and the Takbirs of Eid

Removing Hair and Wearing Scents: Expiations for Accidental Violations of Ihram during Hajj

Appointing Someone to Perform Hajj on Someone’s Behalf

Can I Wear Stitched Footgear, Belts, or a Backpack While in Ihram?

Can Women Wear Ornaments While Performing Umrah?

How Long Must One Stay at Arafat During Hajj?

The Tawafs of Hajj

Recommended Viewing:

Imam Tahir’s DVD / CD set on Hajj http://www.falahproductions.com/dvd.php

Touching the Black Stone, and Cutting One’s Own Hair to Leave Ihram

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: (1) Can one touch or kiss the black stone and the cloth of the Ka’ba, knowing that it’s scented when in a state of ihram?

(2) Also can a woman cut her own hair herself to get out of ihram or does she have to wait until someone who is out ihram for them to cut the woman’s hair?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

(1) One may touch or kiss the Black Stone or cloth of Kaaba while in ihram, despite it being scented, as long as the scent does not transfer to the person. Otherwise it would be a problem.

(2) Yes, one may shave or cut one’s own hair to leave ihram once he/she is done with all of the rites of hajj. The hair does not have to be shaved or cut by another person. [Kasani, Bada’i al-Sana’i]

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Wearing Stitched Clothing in Ihram: What Kind of Expiation is Due?

Answered by Sidi Salman Younas

Question: A family member of mine went for umrah. However whilst in ihram he took it off and put stitched clothing on. I know that that is wrong. What kind of kaffara does he need to offer?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

I pray you are well.

If the stitched clothing was worn in a normal manner for a whole day or a whole night then one would be required to slaughter a sheep.

If the stitched clothing was worn in a normal manner for less than a whole day or less than a whole night then one would be required to give charity. The amount that needs to be given is the equivalent value of half a saa’ of wheat, namely 2 kg.

If the stitched clothing was not worn in a normal manner then no expiation is required. However, since it is something disliked it is best to seek Allah’s forgiveness for doing so. For example, wearing an outer garment that has full sleeves by simply placing it over ones shoulder without putting one’s arms through the sleeves. This would be considered wearing in a manner that is not considered normal.

[Shaykhzada, Majma` al-Anhur; ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Wassalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani