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Duas and Suras to be Read in the Night Prayer

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: Assalamu alaykum

What are some recommended duas and suras to be read in the Night Prayer?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

There are many narrations of the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and give him peace) night worship. Mentioning all of them is not feasible. However I will mention some of the most important that have been related in the Qur’an and the Prophetic teachings.

From the Qur’an

Allah Most High says,

“Little do they sleep at night and in the pre-dawn they seek forgiveness.” [Qur’an; 51:18-19]

“And those who seek forgiveness in the pre-dawn hours.” [Qur’an; 03:17]

From the Ahadith

Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) narrates that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) would say, when He stand for the night prayer,

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الحَمْدُ أَنْتَ قَيِّمُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ، وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ لَكَ مُلْكُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ، وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ أَنْتَ نُورُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِوَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ، وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ أَنْتَ مَلِكُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ، وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ أَنْتَ الحَقُّ وَوَعْدُكَ الحَقُّ، وَلِقَاؤُكَ حَقٌّ، وَقَوْلُكَ حَقٌّ، وَالجَنَّةُ حَقٌّ، وَالنَّارُ حَقٌّ،وَالنَّبِيُّونَ حَقٌّ، وَمُحَمَّدٌ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَقٌّ، وَالسَّاعَةُ حَقٌّ، اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ، وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ، وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ، وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْتُ، وَبِكَ خَاصَمْتُ، وَإِلَيْكَحَاكَمْتُ، فَاغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَمَا أَخَّرْتُ، وَمَا أَسْرَرْتُ وَمَا أَعْلَنْتُ، أَنْتَ المُقَدِّمُ، وَأَنْتَ المُؤَخِّرُ، لاَ إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ – أَوْ: لاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

‘O Allah, for You belongs all praise. You are the sustainer of the heavens, the earth and all that they contain. To You is all praise. To You belongs the dominion of the heavens, the earth and all they contain. For You is all praise. You are the light of the heavens, the earth and all they contain. For you is all praise. You are the King of the heavens and the earth. For You is all praise. You are reality and Your promise is a reality. Meeting You is a reality. Your speech is a reality. Paradise is a reality. Hell-fire is a reality. The Prophets are a reality. Muhammad (may Allah bless him and give him peace) is a reality. The Hour is a reality. O Allah, to You do I submit. In You do I believe. Upon You do I rely. To You do I return. To You do I take my disputes. From You do I seek adjudication. Forgive me what has transpired and what is to come; what I have done privately and what I have done publicly. You are the One who puts forth. You are the One who leaves behind. There is no god but You (or He said – there is no god other than you).” [Bukhari]

The Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said,

“Whoever wakes up at night (in a state of remembrance) and says:

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ المُلْكُ وَلَهُ الحَمْدُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ، الحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ، وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ، وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ، وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ، وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَإِلَّا بِاللَّهِ

“There is no god except Allah alone, for Him is no partner. To Him belongs the dominion and for Him belongs all praise. And He is over all things able. All praise is for Allah. Glory be to Allah. There is no god except Allah. Allah is the absolutely great. And there is no strength nor might except by Allah.”

Then says:

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي

“O Allah, forgive me!”

Or supplicates – their prayer will be answered. And if they perform the ablution and prayer, their prayer will be accepted. [Bukhari]

Supplicating to Allah Most High

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said,

“Allah Most High descends to the sky of the world every night, when the first third has past. He then says, ‘I am the King. Who is there to call upon me that I may respond to them. Who is there to ask of me that I may give them. Who is there to seek forgiveness from Me that I may forgive them.’ This continues till the break of dawn.” [Tirmidhi]

In the narration the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) teaches us to take advantage of this blessed time by beseeching Allah and seeking forgiveness from Him.

The Best Supplication

Always keep in mind that the best supplication is that which comes from the heart. Imam Muhasibi (may Allah have mercy on him) mentions sincere supplication as one of the means of awakening the heart from its heedlessness. [al-Muhasibi; Adab al-Nufus]

Recitation in the Night Prayer

Regarding which Suras to recite in the night prayer one can recite as they please. The Messenger (may Allah bless him and give him peace) did not specify any specific order. He (may Allah bless him and give him peace) would sometimes read large portions of the Qur’an and other times He (may Allah bless him and give him peace) would repeat one verse throughout the entire night.

May Allah make us of those who worship Him while the world sleeps and give us hearts that are always mindful of Him.

Hope this helps
Allahu A’alam

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Is It from the Sunna To Turn my Lights Off after Maghrib?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said,”After the sun sets, Hold on to your kids, as the Devils are spreading at that time. After an hour has gone past you can let them go, but keep your doors closed while making Dzikr (saying Bismillah), as the Devil does not open a closed door and close any water bottle, while making Dzikr and put the lid on any pan while making Dzikr, even if you cover them with anything and turn your lights off” (Bukhari no. 3280, Muslim no. 2012).

In the Hadith it says turn your lights off, does this mean at magrib time we should turn our house lights off and that we can turn them back on after one hour?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

No, this is not what is meant by the tradition (hadith).

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “When the night darkens, or it is evening, then keep your children close. The Shaytans spread at that time. When an hour of the night has gone, then let them go, Lock the doors and mention the name of Allah. Shaytan does not open a locked door. Tie up waterskins and mention the Name of Allah. Cover up containers and mention the Name of Allah, even by putting something across it. Put out your lamps.” [Bukhari]

The commentators explain that the commands here are ones of general guidance and not obligation. And the specific reason for the putting out of lamps was due to the reason that it was feared that rodents, such as mice, may enter in the dark and cause a fire in the house. Munawi notes that this was from the loving care of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) towards his community of followers (umma). [Munawi, Fayd al-Qadir]

However, as for the standard light bulbs in our times, they don’t fall under the same category as the lamps of old; hence the specific instruction wouldn’t apply to them. [As understood from `Ayni’s comments in `Umdat al-Qari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari]

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

The Night of Power (Laylat al-Qadr) & Reciting Qur’an – Imam al-Haddad

Originally Published on 23/08/2011

Imam al-Haddad in his work, Counsels of Religion, provided the following insights on Laylat’ul-Qadr and Reciting the Qur’an.

Section: Fast-Laylat’ul-Qadr

“In brief, the sagacious believer should be ready for Laylat’ul-Qadr ever Ramadan night. He must remain watchful and constantly engaged in good works. The important thing is that when it does come it finds him absorbed in his good works, remembering God the Exalted, neither distracted, heedless, nor absorbed in frivolity.

It is unimportant whether he actually witness Laylat’ul-Qadr or not, for the works of he who is absorbed in devotions during it will be equivalent to the works of a thousand months, whether he is aware or not which specific night it is.

We say: He should watch for it and be prepared every night of the month, because much disagreement exists between scholars as to which night it is. Some have gone so far as to say that it is hidden and can be any night in the month; also that it shifts and is not the same night every year. I am inclined to accept this opinion. I believe it can occur in other than that last ten nights, but more frequently does in them. This is the opinion of the majority of scholars.”

[Counsels of Religion, Page 100]

 

Section: On Reciting the Qur’an and Remembrance

“Abdallah ibn Mas’ud—may God be pleased with him—said, “The man of Qur’an should be recognizable by his [behavior at] night, while people sleep, his [fast by] day, while people eat, his sadness, while people are happy, his weeping, while people laugh, his silence, while people prattle, and his humility, while people boast.”

I say: The meaning of ibn Mas’ud’s words is that the men of Qur’an should distinguish themselves from common people by their zeal in obeying God, their hastening to acts of goodness, the thoroughness with which they guard themselves against distraction and avoid frivolity, and their complete fear and awe of God the Exalted.”

“Ibn Mas’ud—may God be pleased with him—also said, “The Qur’an was sent down to be put into practice, but you have turned studying it into a job.”

[Counsels of Religion, Page 119]


The author of this book, Imam ‘Abdallah Alawi al-Haddad (died, 1720), was one of the most illustrious masters of the house of Bani ‘Alawi, the descendants of Imam Husayn who settled in Hadramawt, and is widely held to have been the spiritual re newer of the twelfth Islamic century.