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Constant Sneezing in Prayer

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I (try) to follow the Hanafi Madhab and would like to know if sneezing constantly during Prayer invalidates the Prayer. At one point, I had to momentarily stop praying, (because of a constant session of sneezing-which doesn’t usually occur) but afterwards I continued. Now, im not sure if it’s correct or acceptable?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.
No, sneezing in such a fashion would not invalidate your prayer.
This is as long as you generally remained in the prayer posture such that were an onlooker to see you at that moment, they would say that you were in prayer. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is It Mandatory for Men or Women Bend Their Toes in Prostration (Sujood)?

Answered by Ustadha Shaista Maqbool
Question: Asalamualaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,
I was wondering if you could tell me if it is mandatory for us as men OR women to bend our toes during sujood? I had a revert brother ask me if its normal for his toes to hurt from all the bending and I could not answer his question.
Thank you and JazakAllah kheir for all your efforts. May Allah reward you infinitely for everything you do.
Answer: It is a confirmed sunnah – not obligatory – for men to point (i.e. bend) their toes towards the Qiblah while in prostration. Firstly, one need not emphasize this ‘bending’ such that it leads to pain; nonetheless, if the pain persists regardless, one may leave bending ones toes until the pain is alleviated.
As for women, it is not a sunnah for them to prop up their feet during prostration. (The latter is mentioned by Ibn Abideen in his Hashiyah as a quote from Al-Bahr of Ibn al-Nujaym.) Hence, a woman’s feet would be pointing towards the right, as a consequence of her position while sitting.
wasalaam,
Shaista Maqbool
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Flatulence Problem and Praying in Congregation

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I have a flatulence problem but the problem is not bad enough to establish a chronic excuse so i would like your advice in what i should do in certain cicumstances. [1] If i feel the urge to release wind during jamat i leave the jamat and i feel embarassed. Should i feel embarrassed? or this a wrong feeling to have because i should only be concerned with Allah Most High and not what other people think. [2] And i have read that if one feels the urge to break wind during prayer one should leave the jamat and break wind and then do wudu and then rejoin jamat. I would like to ask if we can leave the prayer in jamat and then wait until the urge goes away and then rejoin the prayer and carry on? Is this not better because then we can make sure that we have read with jamat? [3] Also when i feel the flatulence worse at a particular time i won’t go to the masjid to pray with jamat, is this a mitigating circumstance or should i still strive to pray with jamat in the masjid?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.
[1] If you need to relieve yourself in such a way, you should leave the prayer, renew your ablution, and then rejoin. If you are in such a situation, you should put your hand over your mouth and nose pretending to have a nose bleed or some other similar issue.
[2] No, you should remain in the prayer and ignore the urges. Unless it becomes overwhelming or you are certain that something will exit, you should not leave the prayer.
[3] Yes, you should still try to make the congregation if it is reasonably possible. The sunna for men is to pray in congregation and unless you are certain otherwise, mere suppositions and doubts should not prevent you from doing so.
If it is a recurring issue, seek some medical attention, constantly turn to Allah in asking for this to be lifted from you, and realize “When Allah desires good for someone, He afflicts him.” [Bukhari]
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is Bending the Toes of Both Feet when Prostrating an Integral of the Prayer in the Shafi'i School?

Answered by SeekersGuidance Answers Service
Question: Assalamualaikum Sheikh,
Is it compulsory to bend the toes of both footh when postrating. I.e. doing the sajda?
Do I need to repeat my prayer if I intentionally or unintentionally do it.
A shafi’i scholar informed me that a prayer is not complete if the sajda does not fulfill the 7 points touching the floor with the toes, fingers and head facing the qibla.
Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate
Yes, it is an integral in the Shafi`i school to bend the toes of both feet when prostrating. The slightest amount is sufficient, even a single toe of each foot. If this is not done, then the sajda is not valid, and, as a result, the prayer is not valid.
If you prayed many past prayers like this, you can take the Hanafi dispensation to avoid making up missed prayers. In the Hanafi school, bending the toes is an emphasized sunna and not an integral.
If you prayed a small number of prayers, then it would be best to make them up.
From now on, though, be sure to bend the toes when you pray.
wassalam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Believer’s Clarity When Tested: The Power of Patience and Prayer in Responding to Tests and Trials – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani


In this khutba delivered at the Sayeda Khadija Centre, Shaykh Faraz Rabbani gives a powerful explanation of the clarity the believer has in responding to the tests and trials of life.
The believer recognizes everything–good and bad, pleasing and displeasing–as being a test. All of life, in reality is a test, as Allah Most High makes clear in the Qur’an: “He has created death and life in order to truly test you–which of you are best in deeds.” [Qur’an, 67.2]
Woman-in-Light.png
Shaykh Faraz explains a set of verses from Surat al-Baqara in which Allah guides us on how to respond to the tests and trials of life–and the tremendous consequences of right response:
“You who believe, seek help through patience and prayer, for Allah is with the steadfast. Do not say that those died in the path of Allah are dead. Rather, they are alive, though you do not realize it. We shall certainly test you with fear and hunger, and loss of property, lives, and crops. But give glad tidings to the steadfastly patient–those who say, when afflicted with calamity, ‘We belong to God and to Him we shall return.’ These will have blessings upon them from their Lord and mercy–and it is they who are rightly guided.” [Qur’an, 2.153-157]
Shaykh Faraz explains that:
(1) The believer sees everything as being from Allah
(2) The believer holds to patience (sabr)–which, he explained, is “remaining firm on what is pleasing to Allah”
(3) The believer responds in accordance to what will please Allah
(4) This patience is always accompanied by thankfulness (shukr), as the believer sees everything as a blessing–an opportunity for drawing closer to Allah, and for eternal reward.
This makes every moment of the believer’s life beautiful and blessed, as the verses above make clear.
This khutba was part of SeekersHub Toronto’s community outreach initiative. Please support SeekersHub Toronto as it provides completely free, reliable Islamic learning, through Knowledge Without Barriers. Make a donation, today. Every contribution counts, even if small: https://seekersguidance.org/donate
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Is the Opening Takbir a Condition or an Integral of the Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam.

Question: As-salamu-‘Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

I am in a bit of confusion regarding the opening takbeer of salah. After checking various books of fiqh and online fatawa, I am still not sure what is the fatwa position on whether the opening takbeer is a shart or rukn.

I know the Imam Muhammad regarded it as an integral, while according to the other two Imams it is a condition. But which position is the fatwa position in the Hanafi madhab?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school (madhab), the relied upon position is that the opening takbir (tahrima) is a condition (shart) for the validity of the prayer, and not an integral (rukn). [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

This is the position of Abu Hanifa and Abu Yusuf, and deemed to be most correct by the verifiers of the school. Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani held the other opinion which is that it is an integral.

In general, an integral of the prayer is something that makes up the form of the prayer such that were an onlooker to observe the person perform only the integrals of the prayer, they would consider them to have prayed. The opening takbir is not from this minimum form of the prayer, hence not an integral.

The reason the jurists (fuqaha) often include it in the section on the integrals is because it has some of the meanings of an integral by being connected to the standing (qiyam), which is an integral. Some explain further that the takbir is akin to the door of the house [of prayer]. In any case, the upshot is that it is operationally obligatory and the difference is a technicality.

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Can I Ask For More Than One Thing in Du’a?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam.

Question: I’m new converted muslim and I wish to know full procedure of making a vow to Allah. Also what do people usually offer to Allah for a specific need? In the same ‘request’ can I ask for few separate things, like to make my divorce easier on me and my current husband, and to make it easier to get married to another man, or does that have to be in a separate vow?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

You can ask for more than one matter in a supplication.

Please see this excellent article on the proper manners of supplication:

Struggling to Have Children – Ten Etiquettes of Du’a

Related articles:
Why Doesn’t Allah Answer My Supplications?
How Should The Hands Be Held During Supplication?
What Are Some Prophetic Supplications that Can Help Me Deal With The Trials In My Life?

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Praying Alone in the Mosque and Joining a Person Who Intended Praying Alone

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam-o-Alaekum

[1] It is a common practice in our local mosque that whoever comes late to the mosque, upon finding that people are done with obligatory  prayers, prays the obligatory prayer alone. Is this an allowed or recommended act? Kindly provide me some references so that I can also tell other people about that.

[2] Secondly, sometimes when a late comer sees a person performing prayer alone, he stands behind that person and expects him to lead the prayer. What is the shariah ruling regarding this matter especially when the person is performing sunnah prayers or obligatory  prayer without intention of leading anyone? Again kindly provide some references in this matter.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

In general, the basis of the men’s prayer is that it is performed in congregation.

[1] If praying alone, it would be superior to imitate the congregational prayer (i.e. by reciting in a slightly raised voice in the ‘loud’ prayers.) Though, it would be proper to take reasonable measures in order to remain discreet and to avoid distracting others who arrived on time.

[2] It is permissible to join somebody praying alone to make a congregation as long as you are praying the same prayer as them. Thus, you could follow him if you were both praying the Zuhr prayer, for example, but not if you were praying `Asr, and the imam Zuhr.

[`Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is There a Supplication between the Two Prostrations?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: What is to be read between two sujuds according to Hanafi School ?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this message finds you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, there is no sunna supplication to be recited between the two prostrations.

However, it would be good to make a short supplication at this point in order to avoid the difference of opinion on the issue. Please see: Is There a Supplication While Sitting Between Prostrations?

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

The Prayer for Seeking Rain

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: How does a Hanafi Imam lead and perform Salat al-Istisqa’?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

According the founder of the Hanafi school, and the massly transmitted narrations (dhahir al-riwaya), there is no sunna prayer to be performed in congregation for the purpose of seeking rain (istisqa’).

Rather, it is a supplication and seeking of forgiveness. The basis of which are the words of Allah Most High, “Seek pardon of your Lord. Lo! He was ever Forgiving. He will let loose the sky for you in plenteous rain.” [Qur’an, 71:10-11]

[Quduri/Maydani, Mukhtasar/al-Lubab; Kasani, al-Badai` al-Sanai`]

The Position of Abu Hanifa’s Companions (sahibayn)

However, the position of Abu Hanifa’s two companions, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad, is that the imam leads the congregation in a two unit (rak`at) prayer which is followed by a sermon (khutba).

Ibn `Abidin, the final and master verifier (muhaqqiq) of the Hanafi school, states that praying in congregation would appear to be recommended considering that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) performed the prayer on an occasion and did not on another, which would normally establish a recommended (mustahab) act.

The Method

Firstly, it is recommended for the Muslims of a community to be told to fast for three days. On the fourth day, the Muslims leave the town/city — except those in Makkah, Medina, and Jerusalem who go to their respective sacred mosque — to go to the outskirts for the purposes of the prayer.

They should do so for three consecutive days, walking in worn-out clothing, humbled, in reverent fear of their Lord, lowering their heads in humility, giving charity daily before setting out, and renewing their repentance. It is recommended for the entire community to leave, and hence they would take their animals with them, as well as the elderly and children.

After praying, the imam stands facing the qibla, raising his hands, whilst the people remain seated also facing the qibla, responding with amin to his supplication. He should optimally supplicate with supplications from the sunna such as:

اَللهُمَّ اسْقِنَا غَيْثًا مُغِيْثًا هَنِيْئًا غَدَقًا عَاجِلاً غَيْرَ آجِلٍ مُجَلِّلاً سَحًّا طَبَقاً دَائِماً

Allahumma ‘sqina ghaytham mughithan hani’an ghadaqan `ajilan ghayra ajilim mujallilan sahhan tabaqan da’iman

“O Allah! Bless us with abundant and pleasant rainwater that will deliver us [from this calamity], immediately rather than delayed; one that fills the entire horizon and pounds hard on the earth, completing covering our lands, lasting a long as is needed.”

In the Hanafi school, it is a not a sunna for the imam or the followers to turn (taqlib) their garments.

[Shaykhzada, Majma` al-Anhur; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Khan, Ascent to Felicity]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani