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What Are Some Prophetic Supplications That Can Help Me Deal With Trials in My Life?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I’m going through very difficult things in my life right now. I really don’t know how to cope other than to turn to Allah.  Are there any prophetic supplications I can say to help me through my various trials and tribulations?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

Dealing with Trials

Do not lose hope because of the trials you face. Trials are either an expiation for sins or a means of raising one’s degrees in Allah’s sight. And scholars mention that our trials are filled with subtle blessings that we do not perceive but that are nevertheless there. Trust in Allah and accept His decree, while fully striving to alleviate the situation.Allah Most High states, “Perhaps you may hate something, yet it proves better for you” (2:216).

Our Beloved Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) confirmed this reality when he said, “How amazing is the believer’s affair! Allah decrees nothing for the servant except that it is good for him.” [Musnad Ahmed]

Our Master Umar highlighted some of the blessings of trials when he once said, “I was never afflicted with a trial except that with it Allah gave me four blessings: it was not in my religion; I was not barred from being content; it was not worse than it was; and I hoped for reward through it.”

Focus on being content with Allah’s decree, and remember that it could always be worse. Seek Allah’s reward, and be steadfast.

Prophetic Supplications for Trials

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “The supplication of my brother Dhun Nun (Yunus, peace be upon him), who called on Allah while in the whale’s belly: ‘There is no deity but You. Glory be to You! Verily, I have been among the wrongdoers’ (Quran 21:87) – no Muslim person says it, for any situation whatsoever, except that Allah Most High answers his call.” [Tirmidhi]

 La ilaha illa Anta, Subhanaka, inni kuntu mina z-zalimin.

لا إلهَ إلا أنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الظّالِمِيْنَ

2- “O Allah! There is no ease except that which You make easy, and indeed You, when You want, make difficulties easy.” [Sahih Ibn Hibban]

Allahumma la sahla illa maa ja’altahu sahlan, wa Anta taj’alu l-hazna idha shi’ta sahla.

  
اللّهُمَّ لا سَهْلَ إلا ما جَعَلْتَهُ سَهْلا وَأنتَ تَجْعَلُ الحَزْنَ إذا شِئْتَ سَهْلا

3- The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would say when in distress, “There is no deity but Allah, the Knowing, the Clement. There is no deity but Allah, Lord of the Magnificent Throne. There is no deity but Allah, Lord of the heavens and Lord of the earth and Lord of the Noble Throne.” [Sahih Bukhari]La ilaha illa Allahu l-Alimu l-Halim. La ilaha illa Allahu Rabbu l-Arshi l-Azim. La ilaha illa Allahu Rabbu s-samawati wa Rabbu l-ardi wa Rabbu l-Arshi l-Karim.

لا إلهَ إلا اللهُ العَليمُ الحَليم لا إلهَ إلا اللهُ ربُّ العَرْشِ العَظِيْم لا إلهَ إلا اللهُ ربُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَرَبُّ الأَرْضِ ربُّ العَرْشِ الكَرِيْم

4- When the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would be afflicted with a stressful trial, he would say, “O Living and Eternal Maintainer! By Your mercy I seek help!” [Sunan Tirmidhi]

Ya Hayyu Ya Qayyum! Bi rahmatika astagheeth!

يَا حَيُّ يَا قَيُّوْمُ بِرَحْمَتِكَ أَسْتَغِيْث

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
[Shaykh] Faraz

Can Good Deeds Be Sabotaged?

Can Good Deeds Be Sabotaged?

Imam al-Ghazali discusses the relationship between acts of outward worship and the heart.

Thus pride will leave your mind only when you know with certainty that the great man is he who is great in the estimation of God; this (i.e. to be great in God’s estimation) is dependent upon one’s good state of mind at the end to one’s life concerning which there is doubt. Then the fear of the end will keep you from being proud at the expense of servants of God, despite the existence of doubt concerning your fate. Your certain belief, your firm faith in God, at present does not exclude the possibility of change in the future, for God is the disposer of minds –He guides him whom He pleases and leads astray whom He pleases.

Prophetic traditions on envy, pride, ostentation, and conceit are numerous. The following single comprehensive Tradition will be sufficient for you concerning these evil qualities of mind.

Ibn al-Mubarak related, with a chain of narrators going back to a certain man, that his man asked Mu’adh: O Mu’adh, tell me a Tradition you heard from God’s Messenger (may God bless him and greet him!). The man continued: Mu’adh wept (at this question of mine) until I thought he would not cease, but at length he ceased to weep; then he said: I heard God’s Messenger (may God bless him and greet him!) saying to me,

“I am going to tell you a Tradition which is such that if you remember it, it will benefit you before God, but if you lose it and do not remember it, your plea of defense before God on the Day of Resurrection will be removed. O Mu’adh, that Tradition is:

Verily God (blessed and exalted is He!), before creating the heavens and the earth, created seven angels, and appointed one of these seven angels as keeper of each of the seven heavens. Now the system is such hat the guardian angels (Qu’ran, 6:61)  ascend with man’s deeds performed from morning to evening; each deed has a light like the light of the sun. After bringing it up to the lowest heaven they increase it and multiply it, and the keeper angel entrusted with this heaven says to the guardian angels, ‘With this deed strike the face of its doer; I am in charge of backbiting; my Lord has commanded me not to allow a backbiter’s deed to pass beyond me.’

Then the guardian angels bring one of man’s good deeds and increase it and multiply it until they reach the second heaven with it. Then the keeper angel entrusted there says, ‘Stop and with this deed strike the face of its doer, for through this deed he sought worldly honour; my Lord has commanded me not to allow this deed to pass beyond me, for he used to boast of his deed among his associates; I am the angel in charge of boasting.’

The guardian angels ascend with a man’s deed– such as charity, ritual prayer, and fasting– which is so bright that it astonishes the guardians. They pass with it to the third heaven, and the angel responsible there says, ‘Stop and with this deed strike the face of its doer; I am the angel in charge of pride; my Lord has commanded me not to allow his deed to pass beyond me, for he took pride at the expense of his associates.’

The guardian angels ascend with a man’s deed– such as glorification of God, ritual prayer, fasting, the greater pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj), and the lesser pilgrimage to Mecca (‘umra) — which is shining brightly like a star and resounding. When they pass with it to the fourth heaven, the angel in charge says, ‘Stop and with this deed strike the face of its doer, his back and his abdomen; I am in charge of conceit; my Lord has commanded me not to allow his deed to pass beyond me, for whenever he did a deed he allowed conceit to enter into it.’

The guardian angels ascend with a man’s deed until they pass with it to the fifth heaven. The deed is so embellished that it is like a bridge being conducted to her husband. The angel entrusted with that heaven says, ‘Stop and with this deed strike the face of its doer, carry it to him and place it on his shoulder; I am the angel in charge of envy; he used to envy whoever sought to acquire knowledge and performed a deed like his and all who were superior to men in some way; he used to envy them and slander them; my Lord has commanded me not to allow his deed to pass beyond me.’

The guardian angels ascend with a man’s deed– such as ritual prayer, divine tax, the greater pilgrimage to Mecca, the lesser pilgrimage to Mecca, holy war, and fasting– which is as radiant as the moon. The angels pass with it to the sixth heaven. The angel in charge there says to them, ‘Stop and with this deed strike the face face of its doer, for he never showed mercy to anyone of God’s servants who met with misfortune or disease, but felt pleasure in it; my Lord has commanded me not to allow his deed to pass beyond me.’

The guardian angels ascend with a man’s deed– such as ritual prayer, fasting, spending of wealth in charity and in good causes, holy war, and piety — which has a sound like that of bees and a radiance like that of the sun and which was accompanied by three thousand angels. They pass with it to the seventh heaven. The angel entrusted with this heaven says to them, ‘Stop and with this deed strike the face of its doer as well as his limbs, and lock up his mind; I veil from the Lord every action which is not intended for my Lord; by this deed he only sought something other than God (exalted is He!) — by it he certainly sought high rank among the learned men, mention among religious scholars, and reputation throughout the cities. My Lord has commanded me not to allow his deed to pass beyond me, for any action not performed purely for God is ostentation, and God does not accept the deeds of an ostentatious man.’

The guardian angels ascend with a man’s deed– such as ritual prayer, divine tax, the greater pilgrimage to Mecca, the lesser pilgrimage to Mecca, good character, observance of silence, and remembrance of God (exalted is He!). Each deed is accompanied by the angels of the seven heavens until they have passed through all the veils to the presence of God (exalted is He!) They stand before Him, bearing witness to Him of the good deed done purely for God (exalted is He!). God (exalted is He!) says, ‘You are guardians over the deeds of My servant, but I am the watcher over his mind; he did not seek Me by this deed; he sought something other than Me; so on him is My curse: Then all the angels present says, ‘Your curse and our curse be upon him!’ The seven heavens and those who are there also curse him.”

Having heard this Mu’adh wept. He said: I asked, ‘O Messenger of God, you are God’s Messenger and I am Mu’adh; how shall I have deliverance and salvation?’ The Messenger of God retorted,

“Follow me even if there be some imperfection in your action. O Mu’adh, guard your tongue against slandering your brothers, i.e. those who believe in the Qur’an; ascribe your sins to yourself and not to them; do not ascribe purity to yourself and blame them; do not exalt yourself above them; do not mingle this-worldly activity with the activity of the Hereafter; do not be proud in your society so that men avoid you for your evil character; do not whisper to one man while another man is present; do not magnify your importance over others so that the good things of this world and the Hereafter will depart from you; do not tear to pieces (the character of) people with the result that on the Day of Resurrection the dogs of Hell will tear you to pieces in Hell. God (exalted is He!) said, ‘By those who draw out violently…’ (Qur’an, 79:1-2) Do you know what these are, O Mu’adh?’ I asked: What are they, O God’s Messenger (may you be ransomed by my father and mother)? He replied,  ‘They are the dogs of Hell drawing the flesh of its dwellers from its bones.’ I asked: O God’s Messenger (may you be ransomed by my father and mother), who is able to get rid of these evil qualities and who will escape from them? He replied, ‘Mu’adh, it is indeed easy for him for whom God makes it easy.’

Khalid ibn Mi’dan said: I have not seen anyone more assiduous in reciting the great Qur’an than Mu’adh on account of this great Tradition.

Quoted from (Bidaya al-Hidaya) Al-Ghazali on Islamic Guidance, trans. by Muhammad Abul Quasem. 1979. p. 90-95

Illuminating The Heart with Prayer – Ustadh Abdus Shakur Brooks

Illuminating The Heart with Prayer – Ustadh Abdus Shakur Brooks

The pious Maliki scholar Abdur Rahman al-Akhdari who died in the 10 century A.H mentioned in his famous work known as al-Akhdari :

Prayer beholds an illuminating divine light which illuminates the hearts of those who perform prayer and none obtain it except those who humble themselves in fear before Allah (during prayer). If you therefore, come to perform prayer, empty your heart form all worldly matters and engage yourself in seeking awareness of your Lord for Whose Countenance you pray.

Keep in mind that Prayer in fact is a act of awe and humility before Allah, The Exalted by standing, bowing, prostrating. Likewise, unequalled respect and esteem for Him is shown by means of takbir, glorification (tasbih) and remembrance and adoration (thikr). Thus, guard your prayer for it is the greatest form of worship.

Do not allow Shaytan to play with your heart and distract you from your prayer thereby obliterating your heart and depriving you from tasting the divine light that prayer provides. Be forever mindful; humbling yourself in prayer because it protects from all shameful and blameworthy deeds. Seek help through Allah for He is the best to seek help from.

Abdus Shakur Brooks

Comprehensive Prophetic Supplication for the Good of This Life and The Next, and Protection from all Harm

In the Name of Allah, the Benevolent, the Merciful

Muhammad in Green.jpg

The Prophetic Companions Ammar ibn Yasir (Allah be pleased with him) once led a group in prayer, and made his prayer brief. He then felt as though they were critical of him (regarding praying briefly), so he asked them, “Did I not perform its bowing and prostration fully?” They said, “Indeed, you did.”

 

He said to then, “I made supplication in it with a supplication that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to use:

 

Allah, by Your knowledge of the unseen and Your power over all creation, give me life as long as You know that life is best for me; and make me die when You know that death is best for me.

 

Allah, I ask You for reverent awe in absence and presence, and for true speech in contentment and in anger.

 

I ask You for blessing that isn’t exhausted, and joy of the eye that is unending. I ask You for contentment with destiny, for ease of life after death, for the joy of beholding Your Countenance, and for longing to meet You.

 

And I seek refuge in You from hardship that harms and tribulations that misguide.

 

Allah, adorn us with the with the raiment of faith, and make us of those guided and guiding.” [Related by Imam Nasa’i; sahih]

 

صلى عمار بن ياسر بالقوم صلاة أخفها ، فكأنهم أنكروها ! فقال : ألم أتم الركوع والسجود ؟ قالوا : بلى ، قال : أما أني دعوت فيها بدعاء ، كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يدعو به : اللهم بعلمك الغيب ، وقدرتك على الخلق ، أحيني ما علمت الحياة خيرا لي ، وتوفني إذا علمت الوفاة خيرا لي ، اللهم وأسألك خشيتك في الغيب والشهادة ، وكلمة الإخلاص في الرضا والغضب ، وأسألك نعيما لا ينفد ، وقرة عين لا تنقطع ، وأسألك الرضاء بالقضاء ، وبرد العيش بعد الموت ، ولذة النظر إلى وجهك ، والشوق إلى لقائك ، وأعوذبك من ضراء مضرة ، وفتنة مضلة ، اللهم زينا بزينة الإيمان ، واجعلنا هداة مهتدين

 

Dua for protection.jpg

 

 

 

 

Faraz Rabbani

Prophetic Guidance on the excellence of walking to the mosque

Prophetic Guidance on the excellence of walking to the mosque

(Chapter 189 of Imam Nawawi’s Gardens of the Righteous)

1053. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah will prepare a residence in the Garden for anyone who goes to the mosque morning and evening each morning and evening that he goes.” [Agreed upon]

 

1054. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who purifies himself in his house and then goes to one of the houses of Allah to fulfil one of the obligations of Allah, one step removes an error and the other raises him a degree.” [Muslim]

 

1055. Ubayy ibn Ka’b said, “There was a man of the Ansar and I do not know of any man who lived further from the mosque than him. He never missed a prayer. It was said to him, ‘You should buy a donkey which you could ride in the dark and when it is very hot.’ He said, ‘It would not make me happier if my house were right next to the mosque. I want my steps to the mosque to be written down for me and also my return when I return to my family. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah will combine all that for you.”‘” [Muslim]

 

1056. Jabir said, “The area around the mosque was empty and the Banu Salama wanted to move near to the mosque and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard about it. He said to them, ‘It has reached me that you want to move near to the mosque?’ They said, ‘Yes, Messenger of Allah, we do want that.’ He said, ‘Banu Salama, keep the houses you have. Your footprints are written down. Keep the houses you have! Your footprints are written down.’” [Muslim]

 

1057. Abu Musa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The people who get the greatest reward for the prayer are those who live furthest away and then the next furthest. Someone who waits for the prayer so that he can pray it with the Imam has a greater reward than someone who prays and then goes to sleep.” [Agreed upon]

 

1058. Burayda reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Give good news to those who walk to mosques in the dark that they will have full light on the Day of Rising.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

 

1059. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Shall I direct you to something by which Allah will wipe out errors and raise degrees?’ They said, “Yes please, Messenger of Allah.” He said, “Doing thorough wudu’ in adverse circumstances, taking a lot of steps to the mosques and waiting for one prayer after another prayer. That is what you should hold to. That is what you should hold to.” [Muslim]

 

1060. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If you see a man who frequents mosques, then testify to his belief. Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, says, “The mosques of Allah should only be frequented be by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day…’ (9:18)” [at-Tirmidhi]

 

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What Happens If the Current Prayer Time Exits While I Am Praying?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: If an obligatory prayer is considerably delayed to an extent that upon completing the prayer (or in the final rak’aa), the time for the next prayer arrives, is the former prayer accepted as being prayed on time? In other words, when one commences the delayed prayer, he is on time (i.e. with 3 or 4 minutes left before the next salah) but when the prayer is finished, the next salah time has already arrived (e.g. in the 4th rak’aa of Asr prayer, the time of maghrib has commenced), is his Asr prayer considered “on time”? or is it a “make up prayer”? I know praying on time is important, but what if a person experiences the above situation (like I did) for the 1st time in my life?

Answer: Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

It is obligatory to begin and end each obligatory prayer within its time. However, only Fajr is invalidated by the exiting of its time. Asr, Maghrib, and Isha prayers are  sinful to delay to their disliked time without genuine excuse.

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said that “Prayer at its time,” is the best of actions after belief (iman) itself, so one should take the means to perform it at the right time.

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani

Related answers:

Riyad al-Salihin: On the Virtues of Prayer

Prayer: It is Disliked to pray the Sunna of Wudu & Other Non-Obligatory Prayers During These Times

Prayer: Cannot Pray the Sunna of Wudu During the Disliked Times

It is Disliked to Pray the Sunna of Wudu & Other Non-Obligatory Prayers During the Disliked

Greeting the Mosque During Disliked Times

Prayer at adhan time and leaving the masjid after the adhan

Prostration of Recitation During Disliked Prayer Times

Make ups in disliked times

Drinking Alcohol: Are My Prayers Not Valid for 40 Days?

Answered by Ustadha Umm Ihsan

Question: In the past I have drunk alcohol. Would my prayers be accepted? I have heard that alcohol stays in the blood for 40 days, will I have to make up these prayers? Is it the same principle for marijuana?

Answer: Bismi Llahir Rahmanir Rahimi

Assalamu alaykum

Ramadan Mubarak.

I apologize for the delay in responding.

There are a few narrations similar to what you have mentioned. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever drinks wine, his prayer is not accepted from him for 40 days. If he repents, Allah forgives him…” [Tirmidhi]

Drinking wine or other intoxicants is a major sin. In order for one to eradicate the sin, one engages in a sincere repentance. Legally speaking, one does not have to make up the prayers performed if the prayers were valid. “Not accepted” in the hadith means that the prayers are not accepted in terms of reward. As such, one can make up these prayers as part of the remorse felt for committing such a sin, though it is not an obligation.

Prohibition of Drinking Intoxicants & Using Drugs

Drinking wine is a major sin, even if one consumes only a drop. [Dhahabi, Kitab al-Kaba’ir] This ruling is established by scholarly consensus. Allah says in the Quran:

“O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination of Satan’s handwork: eschew such (abomination), that ye may prosper. Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of God, and from prayer: will ye not then abstain?” [The Table: 90-91]

“They will ask you about wine and gambling. Say: There is great sin therein.” [Baqara: 219]

Scholars determine that the legal reason for the prohibition of drinking wine is because it is a drink that intoxicates. Thus, any drink that results in intoxication is also forbidden to consume, like many modern-day alcoholic beverages. [al-Asadi, al-Mujiz]

Smoking marijuana is also prohibited “…because it corrupts the mind and diverts one from remembering Allah and the prayer…” [al-Nakhlawi, al-Hadhr wa al-Ibaha]

Explanation of the Hadith

The prayer is the best form of worship performed by the body. Therefore, if it is not accepted, then what is lesser than this in worship is also intended. The reason 40 days were specified is because wine is said to stay in the body, the veins, and the nerves for this amount of time. [al-Manawi, Fayd al-Qadir]

Acceptance of Prayers

There is a distinction scholars like to make between acceptance in terms of validity and acceptance in terms of reward. Acceptance in terms of validity means that one performed all of the prayer’s conditions, pillars, and necessary actions outlined by the jurists. Consequently, the prayer is valid and it does not need to be made up. Acceptance in terms of reward means that one may have performed the prayer in the correct manner but it is dependent upon Allah’s generosity if its performance is rewarded.

The aforementioned hadith indicates that one who drinks intoxicants will not receive the reward for the prayers performed for 40 days unless one repents. It does not mean that the prayers are invalid and need to be made up because they are missing a condition of validity. [ibn al-Najar, al-Kawkab al-Munir] Rather, it demonstrates the beauty of Islam because even if one wronged themselves, there is still hope for forgiveness and making a new beginning.

Allah says in the Quran, “Say: Oh my slaves who have transgressed against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah, verily, Allah forgives all sins.” [Throngs: 53]

Engage in Repentance

If one commits a major sin, a sincere repentance is the only thing that can absolve one from it. A sincere repentance entails four conditions:

a. One leaves the sin,
b. One feels remorse for the action committed,
c. One resolves to not return to it, and
d. One pays back or returns what one owes if the sin involves the rights of others.

[Nawawi, Riyad al-Salihin]

No one should ever despair Allah’s mercy if they’ve truly repented. He is the only One who can forgive us for the wrong we willingly commit. He is oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Allah says in the All-Mightly Quran:

“And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins – Who forgives sins save Allah only? – and will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did.” [Ali Imran: 135]

“Ask your Lord for forgiveness and then turn in repentance to Him.” [Hud: 3]

“O you who believe! Turn in sincere repentance to Allah.” [The Forbidding: 8]

Please read the following:

Riyad al-Salihin Chapter on Repentance

Barak Allah fikum

Ustadha Umm Ihsan is a female student of Islamic knowledge from the US. She studies with leading Hanafi scholars from Syria and elsewhere.

Videos from Perfecting Prayer Webinar – Imam Zaid Shakir, Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, Shaykh Yahya Rhodus, and Others

As-salamu alaikum,

May this reach you in the best state of health and iman. Ameen.

imamzaid

In case you weren’t able to attend the Perfecting Prayer Webinar that was conducted on March 13th and rebroadcast on May 13th, we’ve uploaded the videos. The webinar featured inspirational advice and practical guidance from Imam Zaid Shakir, Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, Shaykh Yahya Rhodus, Imam Tahir Anwar, and Ustadha Zaynab Ansari on how to attain presence in prayer.

The Virtues of Prayer – Imam Tahir Anwar from SeekersGuidance on Vimeo.

The Transformative Effect of Prayer – Ustadha Zaynab Ansari from SeekersGuidance on Vimeo.

The Prayer of the Prophet – Shaykh Yahya Rhodus from SeekersGuidance on Vimeo.

9 Keys to Prayer – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani from SeekersGuidance on Vimeo.

The Power of Prayer – Imam Zaid Shakir from SeekersGuidance on Vimeo.

The Light of Prayer- Shaykh Abdur Rahman al-Akhdari

The pious Maliki scholar Abdur Rahman al-Akhdari who died in the 10 century A.H mentions in his famous work known as al-Akhdari :


Prayer beholds an illuminating divine light which illuminates the hearts of those who perform prayer and none obtain it except those who humble themselves in fear before Allah (during prayer). If you therefore, come to perform prayer, empty your heart form all worldly matters and engage yourself in seeking awareness of your Lord for Whose Countenance you pray.

Keep in mind that Prayer in fact is a act of awe and humility before Allah, The Exalted by standing, bowing, prostrating. Likewise, unequalled respect and esteem for Him is shown by means of takbir, glorification (tasbih) and remembrance and adoration (thikr).

Thus, guard your prayer for it is the greatest form of worship. Do not allow Shaytan to play with your heart and distract you from your prayer thereby obliterating your heart and depriving you from tasting the divine light that prayer provides. Be forever mindful; humbling yourself in prayer because it protects from all shameful and blameworthy deeds. Seek help through Allah for He is the best to seek help from.

Abdus Shakur Brooks

Convert Muslim: Is My Prayer Valid?

Answered by Ustadha Zaynab Ansari Abdul-Razacq

Question: I converted two weeks ago and am learning how to properly pray. While learning the obligatory actions, I always prayed in congregation to see step by step what actions were required. Later, I started adding wajib and sunna actions. Until I learnt them, I sometimes recited the general meaning of the invocation in English (for example, making shahada in tashahhud). Not having memorized du’as yet, I still supplicate in English. I both use the meaning of sunnah or Quranic supplications and personal supplication for which I don’t know du’as. Also, sometimes I cut my recitation of the tashahhud short behind an Imam to follow him because I recite slow. Considering this all, is my worship correct, so far, or there is something wrong in what I did (or do)?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. May the peace and blessings of Allah descend on the Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions, and those who follow them.

Dear Sister,

Assalamu alaikum,

I pray you are in good health and spirits.

I apologize for the delay in writing back.

May Allah reward you for your concern about your prayers.

None of the information you provided suggests that your prayer was invalid. If you omitted a necessary “wajib” action, but the prayer time expired, then you do not need to make up that prayer.

In future, give yourself some time to practice before actually starting the prayer. And take your time. One does not learn all the elements of the prayer in one day.

May I suggest enrolling in a SeekersGuidance course, such as the Absolute Essentials of Islam? You can learn more at SeekersGuidance.org.

May Allah reward you,

Zaynab Ansari Abdul-Razacq

February 24, 2010
Rabi’ al-Awwal 11, 1431

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani