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Mosque Supplications and the Sunna Way of Drinking

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: 1) Should the dua to enter the mosque be recited before you step into the mosque or after stepping in? And the Dua to leave the mosque: should this be recited before stepping out when you’re still in mosque or after you have stepped out? 2) When drinking water: is the sunna 3 sips or 3 gulps?

 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

[1] It would appear that one would say the supplication for entering the mosque upon actually entering it. The same would seem to apply for the supplication to leave the mosque.

See: Supplication Upon Entering the Mosque

[2] It is a sunna to sip, and not gulp.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Do not drink in one [gulp] like a camel. Rather, drink in two or three [sips]. Pronounce the name of Allah when you drink, and thank Allah when you are finished.” [Tirmidhi]

It is also recommended to pause twice or thrice whilst drinking to avoid [i] drinking in an undignified way, and [ii] making the container unpleasant for others.

[Munawi, Fayd al-Qadir; Khadimi, al-Bariqa al-Mahmudiyya Sharh al-Tariqa al-Muhammadiyya]

Please also see: Is It Permissible to Blow on Food to Cool It Down?

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Supplication for a Spouse

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am full grown man and am yet to get married. So please, I am asking for a dua which I will be able to make during my prayers.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

The best supplications are often those which are heartfelt and sincere. Strive to live the virtuous qualities you are looking for in a spouse, and ask Allah for an increase in all good for yourself and the entire ummah.

Realize the words of Allah, ‘If My slaves ask you about Me, I am near. I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me.’ [Qur’an, 2:185]

The following Qur’anic supplications have also been recommended:

[1] “O Lord! Grant us good in this life, and good in the next, and save us from the torment of the Fire (Rabbana atina fi’dunya hasana wa fi’l-akhirati hasana wa qina `adhab al-nar)” [Qur’an, 2:201]

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

Some commentators of the Qur’an interpreted the “good in this life” to mean a righteous spouse. Sawi, in his Hashiya on Jalalayn, mentions that everything that will assist one in attaining the eternal felicity of the next life is considered the “good of this life”, including a pious spouse.

[2] “My lord, I am in absolute need of the good You send me (Rabbi inni lima anzalta ilayya min khairin faqir)” [Qur’an, 28:24]

رَبِّ إِنِّي لِمَا أَنزَلْتَ إِلَيَّ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَقِيرٌ

This is the supplication that the Prophet Moses (Allah bless him and give him peace) made after helping the two young ladies draw water from the well. Many of the righteous have recommended this supplication for the one seeking a spouse.

[3] “Our Lord! Grant unto us spouses and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous. (Rabbana hab lana min azwajina wa dhurriyatina qurrata a`yunin wa’j`alna li’l muttaqina imama)” [Qur’an, 25:74]

رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَاماً

May Allah give you and others every success in their search, insha’Allah.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Taking the Means and Supplication for Cure and Well-Being

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I’d like a du’a to say so Allah can bless my mother with good health. She has painful swelling and an infection in her arm and it isn’t getting better. Also, I develop cysts on my body and I don’t want them to get worse.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

May Allah give you and your mother well being (`afiya) in this life and the next.

First of all, I’d highly recommend seeking out expert medical opinion. We are obligated to take the means, relying upon Allah, and realizing that it is He who cures.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to say, “O Allah take away the hardship, O Lord of mankind, give shifa, You are the One who cures, there is no cure except Your shifa, a cure that will not leave any sickness. (Allahumma adhibil ba’sa Rabb an-naas Ishfi antash-shaafii la shifa’aa illa shifa-uka shifa-an la yughadiru saqaman).”

أَذْهِبِ الْبَأْسَ رَبَّ النَّاسِ وَاشْفِ أَنْتَ الشَّافِي لَا شِفَاءَ إِلَّا شِفَاؤُكَ شِفَاءٌ لَا يُغَادِرُ سَقَمَاً

 

 

It would also be recommended to rub the area with one’s right hand — whether the sick person is oneself, or another. [Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim]

Strive to supplicate with one’s own words too, remembering that you will be answered, and realizing the words of Allah “Believers, be patient; outdo others in patience; remain resolute; and be mindful of Allah, in order that you may succeed.” [Qur’an, 3.200]

Please also see:

[1] Prophetic Supplications to Cure Illness

[2] Advice to a Young Cancer Patient

[3] A Reader on Patience and Reliance on Allah

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Supplication for Those Who Want to Memorize the Qur’an

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I was wondering if you could provide me with some powerful supplications to recite during the Ruku/Sajdah portions of Tahajjud salat. Also, I was wondering if there was some kind of dua for those seeking to become Hafiz-AlQuran to make during Sajdah as that is the time when dua is very important. JazakAllah Khairun.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

I’m not aware of any specific supplications for those seeking to become huffadh of the Qur’an. Though, in general, one can make such supplications in one’s voluntary prayers — specifically within one’s prostrations.

Begin by asking Allah for forgiveness and mercy for oneself, parents, teachers and the whole umma. Thank Allah for the blessings pouring down upon one and one’s family, and then ask Allah to be of those who memorize the Qur’an, striving to be of service to one’s fellow believer, and becoming of those who preserve His book for people to come.

Prayer for Increasing Memory

Many have found much blessing (baraka) in performing the following prayer, as reported by Imam Tirmidhi in his Jami`: On a Thursday night, wake up in the last portion of the night. If the last portion is difficult, then wake up the middle of the night. If that too is difficult, then the first portion of the night. Perform four cycles (rak`at) in such a manner that in the first cycle (rak`at) you recite Surah Yasin; in the second cycle (rak`at) Surah Al-Dukhan; in the third cycle (rak`at) Surah al-Sajdah; and in the forth cycle (rak`at) Surah al-Mulk. After completing the prayer praise Allah, and send salutations upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and the rest of the Prophets (Allah be pleased with them all). Ask for forgiveness for the community of believers, and then recite the following supplication:

“O Allah, have mercy on me by helping me to leave sins forever, as long as you keep me alive. And have mercy on me from taking upon myself what does not concern me, and provide me good sight for what will make You pleased with me. Ya Allah! Originator of the heavens and the earth, Possessor of such glory, generosity, and honour that is not exceeded, I ask you, O Allah, O Rahman, by Your glory and the light of Your Countenance, to make my heart constant in remembering Your Book as You taught me, and grant me that I recite it in the manner that will make You pleased with me. O Allah, Originator of the heavens and the earth, Possessor of glory, and generosity, and honour that is not exceeded, I ask you, O Allah, O Rahman, by Your glory and the light of Your Countenance, to enlighten my sight with Your Book, and make my tongue free with it, and to relieve with it my heart from all problems, and to expand my chest with it, and to wash my body with it. For indeed, none aids me upon the truth other than You, and none give it except You, and there is no might or power except by Allah, the Most High, the Magnificent.

(Allahummarhamni Bitarkil-Ma’asi Abadan Ma Abqaitani, Warhamni An Atakallafa Ma La Ya’nini, Warzuqni Husnan-Nazari Fi Ma Yurdika Anni. Allahumma Badi’as- Samawati Wal-Ardi Dhal-Jalali Wal-Ikrami Wal-Izzatil-lati La Turamu As’aluka Ya Allahu Ya Rahmanu Bi-Jalalika Wa Nuri Wajhika An Tulzima Qalbi Hifza Kitabika Kama ‘Allamtani Warzuqni An Atluwahu ‘Ala al-Nahwil-ladhi Yurdika ‘Anni. Allahumma Badi‘as-Samawati Wal-Ardi Dhal-Jalali Wal-Ikrami Wal-Izzati-llati La Turamu As’aluka Ya Allahu, Ya Rahmanu Bi-Jalalika Wa Nuri Wajhika An Tunawwira Bi-kitabika Basari, Wa An Tutliqa Bihi Lisani Wa An Tufarrija Bihi ‘An Qalbi Wa An Tashraha Bihi Sadri, Wa An Tasta’mila Bihi Badanii, Fa’innahu La Yu’inuni ‘Alal-Haqqi Ghairuka Wa La Yu’tihi Illa Anta Wa La Hawla Wa la Quwatta Illa Billahil-‘Alil–‘Adhim.)”

اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْنِي بِتَرْكِ الْمَعَاصِي أَبَدًا مَا أَبْقَيْتَنِي وَارْحَمْنِي أَنْ أَتَكَلَّفَ مَا لَا يَعْنِينِي وَارْزُقْنِي حُسْنَ النَّظَرِ فِيمَا يُرْضِيكَ عَنِّي اللَّهُمَّ بَدِيعَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ وَالْعِزَّةِ الَّتِي لَا تُرَامُ أَسْأَلُكَ يَا أَللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَنُ بِجَلَالِكَ وَنُورِ وَجْهِكَ أَنْ تُلْزِمَ قَلْبِي حِفْظَ كِتَابِكَ كَمَا عَلَّمْتَنِي وَارْزُقْنِي أَنْ أَتْلُوَهُ عَلَى النَّحْوِ الَّذِي يُرْضِيكَ عَنِّيَ اللَّهُمَّ بَدِيعَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ وَالْعِزَّةِ الَّتِي لَا تُرَامُ أَسْأَلُكَ يَا أَللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَنُ بِجَلَالِكَ وَنُورِ وَجْهِكَ أَنْ تُنَوِّرَ بِكِتَابِكَ بَصَرِي وَأَنْ تُطْلِقَ بِهِ لِسَانِي وَأَنْ تُفَرِّجَ بِهِ عَنْ قَلْبِي وَأَنْ تَشْرَحَ بِهِ صَدْرِي وَأَنْ تَغْسِلَ بِهِ بَدَنِي فَإِنَّهُ لَا يُعِينُنِي عَلَى الْحَقِّ غَيْرُكَ وَلَا يُؤْتِيهِ إِلَّا أَنْتَ وَلَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ

Supplications during Bowing and Prostration

There are numerous supplications which one can make during the bowing and prostration. The following are narrated by the mother of the believers `Aisha (Allah be pleased with her):

[1] “In his ruku’ and sajda the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say often, ‘Glory be to You, O Allah, our Lord, and with Your praise. O Allah, forgive me! (Subhank Allahumma rabbana wa bi hamdik Allahumma ighfirli)'” [Agreed upon]


سُبْحَانَكَ الْلَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِي

[2] The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say in his bowing and prostration, “Glorious, Holy, Lord of the angels and the Spirit. (Subbuhun quddusun rabb al-mala’ikati wa al-ruh)” [Muslim]

سُبُّوْحٌ قُدُّوْسٌ رَبُّ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَالرُّوْحِ

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Prophetic Supplication For Moving to a New House

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I wanted to know if there is a du`a or something that you need to read/say when moving to a new house? We will be moving next month and I want to make sure the house is blessed before we move in.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

It would be good to pray a two cycle (rak`at) — or more — prayer and ask Allah to make the home a place of blessing (baraka), mercy (rahma), and remembrance (dhikr).

There would be no harm in gathering one’s family and friends for a dinner — reciting Qur’an and supplicating therein.

Allah Most High says, “We send down in the Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe.” [Qur’an, 17:82]

The Evil Eye

Hammam related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The evil eye is real.” And he forbade tattooing.

The evil eye has the same effect as harmful medicine and only happens through the permission of Allah. However, one should take the means and guidance as given by the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), and trust in Allah.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to seek refuge from the devil-jins and the evil eye of the human being until the mu’awwadhatayn (Surah al-falaq and al-Naas) were revealed. When they were revealed, he took them and left the other forms of supplications. [Tirmidhi]

It would be good to say the last three chapters of the Qur’an (Ikhlas, Falaq and Nas) thrice every morning and night. Moreover, it would also be good to say the Prophetic supplication, as recorded by Bukhari, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud and others: “I seek refuge in Allah most perfect words from every devil, harmful thing, and accusing eye ( A`udhu bi kalimaatillahi taammati min kulli shaytaanin wa haamma wa min kulli `aynin laamma)”

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ التَّامَّةِ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْطَانٍ وَهَامَّةٍ وَمِنْ كُلِّ عَيْنٍ لَامَّةٍ

 

Qur’an Khatms

There is much blessing (baraka) in the completion of a recital of the Qur’an, and it is a time wherein supplications are answered. Hence, many of the early righteous would gather their family to supplicate together on such occasions.

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is reported to have said, “Whosoever prays an obligatory prayer, has an accepted supplication. And whosoever completes a reading of the Quran, has an accepted supplication.” [Tabarani, al-Mu`jam al-Kabir]

The chain of transmission of this narration (hadith) is weak, though the meaning is sound as understood from Nawawi and others.

See: Are Supplications Made After the Entire Qur’an Has Been Recited Considered Accepted By Allah?

Feeding People

There is much reward and blessing (baraka) in feeding others.The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) was asked, ‘What is the best of faith?’ He said (peace and blessings be upon him), “Feed others, and give salams to those you know and those you do not know.” [Bukhari; Muslim]

It has been mentioned that feeding animals is a form of charity. So without doubt feeding one’s family, friends, and neighbours with lofty intentions is something deserving of tremendous reward — particularly when one intends that one is feeding them so that they have the strength to worship, in all forms.

We ask Allah for success in all our affairs.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is There a Prophetic Supplication to Relieve My Hopelessness?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Can you suggest a prayer for hopelessness? Though I constantly pray, sometimes I feel I’m being more punished than tested. For the various instances I have witnessed in my life, where there is good there is suffering where there is evil there is ease. Is there no ease ever in our life if we were to live a life of a true believer? Is life going to be a constant struggle for a believer and they will never find happiness?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

No, a true believer does find happiness. However, everlasting joy will be in the next life. As for this life, there will be times of happiness and joy, and times of sadness and difficulty.

Though, times of difficulty and hardship are in reality blessings, and a time of returning back to Allah. When one returns to Allah, seeking Him, and trusting in Him, He gives one openings.

Allah Most High says, “And whoever is mindful of Allah, He will grant them a way out, and will provide for them in ways unimagined. And whoever places their trust in Allah, then Allah is their sufficiency. Allah’s affair will surely come to pass–and Allah has made a clear decree for everything.” [Qur’an, 65: 2-3]

Moreover, the sunna as the descriptions of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) tell us is to be constantly cheerful, smiling, and easy-going, even in the face of setbacks and adversity. `Abdullah bin Harith bin Juz’ said, “I never saw anyone who smiled as often as the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace).” [Tirmidhi]

So, during these blessed days and nights, re-affirm your resolve to seek the good, make lots of supplication, and be of those who are increased, and relieved of their distress by gratitude and love. Realize the words of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), “How amazing is the matter of the believer! All of his matter is good, and this is not for anyone except the believer. If ease comes his way, he is thankful, so it is good for him. And if hard times hit him, he is patient, so it is good for him.” [Muslim]

Please also see: Prophetic Supplications for Trials in My Life

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Supplications to Begin One’s Fast

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Are there any supplications from the sunnah of our Prophet (ṣallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam), his companions, or any of our righteous predecessors with regards to beginning one’s fast?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

I haven’t come across a supplication that is recommended to say when beginning one’s fast.

Considering that it is the pre-dawn time, a time when supplications are answered, one should pray for oneself, one’s loved ones, and the whole umma. Ask for forgiveness, sincerity, acceptance, closeness, and any needs and concerns of this life and the next for oneself and others.

Your Lord has said, ’Call upon Me and I will answer you. Surely those who wax too proud to do Me service shall enter Hell utterly abject.’ [Qur’an, 40:60]

The majority of the narrated supplications are in relation to breaking one’s fast. As such, please see the following link: Prophetic Supplications for Fasting

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

How Does One Stay Covered While Showering?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: 1- I understand that one of the adaabs of going to the toilet is maintaining the awra and that during ghusl one should not uncover themselves entirely.

I have tried many times to keep on something which covers my awrah but it is proving to be an impossible task. When one needs to shave their public hair or remove najasa (filth) one needs to freely wash that area without fear of contaminating what he is wearing. I’m just confused how people are able to achieve this.

2: Second question is regarding istiqama. Is there any prophetic duas which the prophet AS recited or taught the sahabahs for consistency in ibadah

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

[1] It is permitted to uncover one’s nakedness (`awrah) when there is need – such as relieving oneself, showering or changing clothes. However, even in such situations, it is recommended to minimize the exposure to the extent possible.

As for covering whilst showering, one can use a loose pair of shorts.

[2] One of the prophetic supplications that one can use: ‘O Controller of hearts! Make my heart firm on Your Din.’ [Tirmidhi]

يَا مُقَلِّبَ الْقُلُوْب ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِىْ عَلٰى دِيْنِكَ

 

See also: [a] Counsels & Wisdom on Uprightness & Spiritual Transformation – Sh. Muhammad Sa`id al-Burhani – Reliance of the Traveller

[b] A New Start: Prophetic Counsel on Faith & Uprightness – Friday Sermon – Faraz Rabbani in Milton, ON

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Supplication to increase ability to achieve a desired Goal

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Supplication to increase ability to achieve a desired Goal

Question: Is there any particular dua to increase the ability to achieve a certain desired deed/goal?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

Imam Nawawi (Allah be pleased with him) relates the following prophetic supplication in his Book of Remembrances (Kitab al-Adhkar):

“O Allah! There is nothing easy except that which You make easy; and You make the difficult, if You wish, easy (Allahumma la sahla illa ma ja`altahu sahla wa anta taj`al ul-hazna idha shi’ta sahla)”

اللهُمَّ لا سَهْلَ إلا مَا جَعَلتَهُ سَهْلا وَ أنتَ تَجْعَلُ الحزْنَ إذا شِئْتَ سَهْلا

A similar wording has been recorded in Sahih Ibn Hibban with an authentic chain of transmission.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Supplication upon Entering the Mosque

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Which durood sharif is prayed when walking into and out of the mosque and the dua that follows it. Also is the durood sharif first prayed when walking into the mosque or prayed when walking into the prayer room after wudu?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

Upon entering the mosque, it would be recommended to say: “O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and give them peace. O Allah, forgive me my sins, and open to me the doors of Your mercy.” (Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin wa `ala ali Muhammadin wa sallim. Allahumma ighfirli dhunubi wa iftah li abwab rahmatik) [Ghazali, Bidayat al-Hidaya]

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَلِّمْ اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِي ذُنُوْبِي وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ

Shurunbulali too, in his Maraqi al-Falah, mentions the recommendation of saying “O Allah, open to me the doors of Your mercy” upon entering the mosque, as per the numerous prophetic narrations on it. Tahtawi comments that one would say this after sending peace and blessings upon the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace).

The Narrations

The prophetic narrations which explain to us what we should say upon entering a mosque are quite numerous, as Nawawi notes in his Sharh Sahih Muslim, and lists in his Adkhar.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “When one of you enters the mosque, let him say, ‘O Allah, open to me the doors of Your mercy’ (Allahumma iftah li abwab rahmatik) and when one leaves, ‘O Allah, I ask You of Your bounty’ (Allahumma inni asaluka min fadlik).” [Muslim]

Nawawi notes that it would be recommended to say this supplication upon entering the mosque. This is also affirmed by Shurunbulali, as previously mentioned.

Other narrations such as those found in the collections of Abu Dawud, Ibn Maja, and discussed by Munawi in his Fayd al-Qadir seem to include saying “bismillah”, a different wording of blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), and/or some other slight additions. Nevertheless, one will, insha’Allah, attain the reward by saying the prayer related by Imam Ghazali.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani