Qur’an Recitation: A Comprehensive SeekersHub Reader

Qur’an recitation forms the eighth chapter of Imam Al-Ghazali’s seminal work, the Ihya, which is widely regarded as the greatest work on Islamic spirituality in the world.

Here, we share some of the best SeekersHub resources available on this subject plus video recordings from SeekersHub Toronto, where live sessions will be held everyday this Ramadan.

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Rules of Reciting the Qur’an: Iqlab and Ikhfa’ Shafawi

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: What is the opinion of the Qur’an scholars for Iqlab (nun sakinah -> ba’) and Ikhfa’ Shafawi (mim sakinah -> ba’) 1. Should we open our mouth in both cases? 2. Should we close our mouth in both cases? 3. Should we open our mouth (a little bit) in Iqlab and close it in Ikhfa’ Shafawi? If we should open our mouth, how should we do it? Should we open it from the beginning when we reading nun, should we close it first but open it when we’re pronouncing ba’, or should we open it the whole way?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

I confirmed this ruling with Shaykh `Ali Hani, a master of the Qur’an and its related sciences.

There are two permissible ways to recite the iqlab and ikhfa’ shafawi:

[1] Closing the mouth lightly, or

[2] Leaving a very small gap between the lips

Both are recited as such from the beginning of the nun/mim.

The way to perfect it is to have a living teacher who has mastered the science and can practically demonstrate the ruling to you. This is the prophetic way.

And Allah alone gives success.


Tabraze Azam

Should I Repeat My Qur’an and Du’a Recitations Due to Errors in Pronunciation?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I have a habit of repeating my Qur’an and du’a recitation. Should I stop worrying and just try to avoid falling into this habit moving forward?

Answer: wa `alaykum assalam

This is falling into baseless misgivings and needs to be avoided.

This religion of ours was revealed to people of all nations. The assumption that our invocations would not be accepted due to minor errors in the pronunciation of Arabic letters is to overlook and misunderstand the mercy Allah has for all of creation. Rather, the rules of proper recitation (tajwid) apply only to the Qur’an, not to speech outside of it, and even here there is plenty of leeway for the laity.

Yes, we strive our best to ensure that our recitation of the Qur’an is in sound accordance with the dictates of the Arabic tongue, but this is something that is learned gradually. Striving does not entail putting one under uncalled for hardship or falling into baseless misgivings. Thus, the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) stated, “None makes the religion difficult except that it overcomes him. So, aim for what is right, stick to the moderate way…” [Bukhari, Sahih]

I would advise you to refer to the following answers for more details regarding the issue:

I’m Afraid of Making a Mistake When Reciting the Qur’an

The Sunna Method of Reciting the Qur’an and the Legal Status of Reciting With Tajwid

Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer?


Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani