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Is a Ritual-Slaughter Performed in Another Country Valid?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

1. I live in Mauritius and I have always done ritual-slaughter in India.

However, a local sheikh has recently stated that it is not valid as India is hours ahead of Mauritius.

Is it true?

2. Is it possible to distribute the meat to non muslims?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

1. I am not sure what school of thought the scholar who advised you follow but in the Hanafi scool it is valid to have an animal slaughtered in another country.

As mentioned elsewhere, the basic principle is that what is taken into consideration as it relates to the time of the ritual-slaughter is the place wherein it occurs and not the residence of the individual upon whom it is due.

Therefore, if the agent who has been appointed to carry out your ritual-slaughter does so within the stipulated time in the country where he/she is slaughtering, it will be valid. This is regardless of whether the time for such ritual-slaughter begins earlier in that country than in yours. [al-Haskafi, al-Durr al-Mukhtar (pp. 646)]

2. Yes, this is permitted and rewarding. There is no requirement to have such meat distributed to the Muslim poor.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

قال في الدر المختار: والمعتبر مكان الأضحية لا مكان من عليه

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas  graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman where he spent five years studying Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. He is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Oxford and continues his traditional studies with scholars in the United Kingdom.

I’m Vegetarian: Is There An Alternative to Qurbani Slaughtering of An Animal?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Salam. Is there an alternative to Qurbani? I’m a vegetarian so don’t agree with giving the money to spend on meat or the slaughter of an animal (yes I know it’s a bit controversial but vegetarianism is allowed in Islam) but I would like to offer something instead. I don’t live in or near a Muslim community so cannot ask anyone, so I thought I’d ask for advice here? Jazak Allah khairan.

Answer: Assalam alaykum

While being vegetarian is a personal choice that is permissible in our religion—as eating meat is simply permissible (mubah), not per se recommended, let alone obligatory—the definition of a “Muslim” is one who accepts to submit (taslim) to the Command of Allah, in whom they believe (iman), which is “accepting the truth and reality” of God).

Thus, if it is established that Allah Most High has commanded us—as He commanded past Prophets and their peoples—to slaughter as

(a) an expression of our slavehood, submission, and deference to His Command and Will;

(b) in gratitude to His countless blessings upon us; and

(c) as an specific, Divinely-Commanded, expression of concern for the poor, needy, and of maintaining relations with family and friends… then our faith and submission would entail leaving our personal preferences for the Divine Command.

This is one of the many lessons from the deep and challenging example of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) when he was commanded to sacrifice his dearly beloved son.

While we’re not challenged in such testing ways, we are called to leave our preferences for what Allah has preferred—out of His Lordship, Will, and Wisdom—for us. In this, we have complete certitude (yaqin) in His Wisdom, Justice, and Mercy, for all creation, for He tells us, “Truly, My Mercy encompasses all things.” [Qur’an]

In terms of ethical concerns for animals, there are many options, including: choosing to slaughter animals raised ethically, and slaughtering them according to the sunna—or seeking out individuals or agencies that slaughter in such a manner. Other ethical choices would include sending one’s money to countries where people are in desperate need of food—and where meat is a luxury and joy that most experience only rarely.

Please also see:

Is There a Difference of Opinion on Whether Slaughtering (Qurbani) is Necessary and How Do I Make Up For Years of Not Having Done it?

What Is the Proof in the Qur’an for the Sacrifice (Udhiya) on the Days of Eid al-Adha

Do I have to give 1/3 of the Sacrificial (Udhiya) Meat away in Charity?

Who has to Sacrifice (Udhiya)?

Can Qurbani (Udhiya) Be Done In a Different Country?

Does One Have to do Udhiya/Qurbani for One’s Young Children?

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Faraz Rabbani

Will Giving Money to the Mosque Discharge the Obligation to Slaughter an Animal?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas
Question: Can someone donate his/her Qurbani money to help build a new mosque?
Answer: wa `alaykum assalam
No, one cannot give the money used towards a qurbani (slaughtering) to the mosque. This will not discharge an individuals obligation to actually slaughter an animal. This obligation has been established in the primary texts of the Qur’an and hadith and therefore must be carried out in the form prescribed in order for the obligation to be fulfilled.
You may, of course, give the skin of the slaughtered animal to the mosque who may then sell it.
Salman
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Can We Cut Our Nails and Hair in the First 10 Days of Dhu’l Hijja?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: What is the ruling of cutting the nails and hairs, according to hanafi fiqh, on the first 10 days of dhul hijjah even if you are not performing hajj?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this finds you in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

If you are sacrificing an animal (udhiya/qurbani), it is recommended to avoid such personal upkeep (cutting nails and hair) before your animal has been sacrificed. [see: Cutting Hair and Nails Before Slaughtering on Eid]

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Who Should I Give Eid Sacrifice Meat To?

Answered by Ustadh Abdullah Anik Misra

Question: Assalamu Alikum,

Someone informed me that the poor refers to those who have nothing to eat and they do not ask. I had previously came to another conclusion that the poor can be referred to those belonging to different categories , my mother believes a poor person is those who cannot perform Qurbani. I need some light on the matter. I wish to do things correctly.

The issue is, I have a friend who is possibly included in the category of poor people, be considered in a category of poor, as she is unemployed and her husband works some times on a contractual basis at a minimal level of employment. She is the type of person who doesn’t ask but there is an awareness that she is relatively needy. I don’t know which category to place her in, poor or friends? Seems like she belongs to both.

Answer: In the name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate,

Wa alaikum as salam,

Thank you for writing to us, and may Allah Most High accept your first Eid sacrifice.

The Messenger of Allah [Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him] said as an exhortation, regarding the meat of the Eid sacrifice, “… So eat of [some of] it, and give charity [from some], and store up [some of it].” [Abu Dawud]

As for giving the meat in charity, there is no condition as to what type of needy person one must give it to, but Imam al-Babarti cites the words of Allah Most High who says, “So feed the one who asks out of need, and the one who needs but does not ask” [Qur’an 22:36]. Hence, you could give it to a friend who was unable to perform the sacrifice, or any other needy person, or multiple parties. [al-Babarti, al-Inaya Sharh al-Hidaya]

A person is free to choose whether and how much they allot to each category (eat, give in charity, or store for later use), the ideal amount for charity not being less than one-third of the meat, but this is not obligatory.

Wassalam,

Abdullah Misra

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Meaning of Qurbani (Eid Sacrifice)

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am a convert and I recently found out that udhiya/qurbani is obligatory.This year I have the nisab minimum and so as I understand it would be wajib for me to do it (unless I am able to take a ruling from another madhab where it is sunna. is this possible?). It is difficult for me to do udhiya/qurbani, partly because I don´t fully understand the meaning of this practice in our deen. Could you please explain the reasons why we do this and the intentions one should have and how this should draw us nearer to Allah swt? Could I ask a brother at the mosque to do it for me and do I have to be present when the animal is sacrificed? Also, I rarely eat meat and I live with my non-muslim parents so could I just donate most of the meat to the mosque and leave a bit for my parents/family?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

Yes, the sacrifice (udhiya) is necessary (wajib) upon the sane, mature, resident in possession of the zakatable minimum (nisab) in any form of wealth.

See: Who Has to Sacrifice?

The Meaning of the Sacrifice (udhiya/qurbani)

The sacrifice is offered in order to commemorate the total submission displayed by Ibrahim (Allah bless him and give him peace) when he was commanded to sacrifice his son. Allah Most High says, “And when (his son) was old enough to walk with him, (Abraham) said: O my dear son, I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice thee. So look, what thinkest thou ? He said: O my father! Do that which thou art commanded. Allah willing, thou shalt find me of the steadfast.” [Qur’an, 37:102]

Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani states that the philosophy behind ‘Udhiya’ is that it is a demonstration of total submission to Allah and a proof of complete obedience to Allah’s will or command. When a Muslim offers an ‘udhiya’ this is exactly what he intends to prove. Thus, the ‘udhiya’ offered signifies that he is a slave of Allah at his best. And that he would not hesitate even for a moment once he receives an absolute command from his Creator to surrender before it, to obey it willingly, even if it be at the price of his life and possessions. [Taken from: http://www.inter-islam.org/Actions/Qurbani.html]

`Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) reports that the Apostle of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The son of Adam does not perform any actions on the day of sacrifice which is more pleasing to Allah than the shedding of blood. He will come on the day of resurrection with its hair, horns and hooves, and the blood certainly will fall in a place near Allah before it falls on the ground. So, make yourselves purified there with.” [Tirmidhi; Ibn Majah]

Zaid bin Arkam reports that the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) asked him: “O Messenger of Allah, what is this sacrifice?” He said: “It is the way of your forefather Ibrahim .” They asked: what (reward) is for us therein?” He replied: “There is a reward for every hair (i.e. the reward for meat and useful parts of the animal’s body will be very lofty in merit, but there will also be a great reward for the parts which are useless and thrown away such as the hair).” They asked: “For the wool, O Messenger of Allah?” He (Allah bless him and give him peace) replied: “There is one reward for every strand of wool.” [Ahmad; Ibn Majah]

Other Details

You can ask another to perform it on your behalf. However, it is not a condition that you be present at the sacrifice. And there would be no harm in donating most of the meat away. See: Do I Have to Give 1/3 of the Sacrificial Meat Away in Charity?

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Who has to Sacrifice (Udhiya)?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: My family includes 4 members-2 adults and 2 kids. Do I have to give Qurbani for the kids or just the adults, or all four?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

The sacrifice (udhiya/qurbani) is necessary (wajib) upon the Muslim who is: [1] Sane, [2] Mature, [3] Resident (i.e. not a traveller), and [4] in possession of the zakatable minimum (nisab) in any form of wealth, above and beyond any immediate expenses. [`Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Thus, the sacrifice would be obligatory upon anyone who fulfils these conditions. However, it would be permitted for one to appoint another (e.g. for the wife to appoint the husband) to purchase and slaughter an animal on one’s behalf.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

A Reader on Eid al-Adha

The Ten Days of Dhu’l Hijja

The Ten Days of Dhu’l Hijja: Merits & Striving in Spiritual Works

The Complete Fiqh of Eid al-Adha

The Fiqh of Eid al-Fitr & Eid al-Adha

Does a Wife Have to Purchase Her Own Animal for Eid Slaughtering?

Can Qurbani (Udhiya) Be Done In a Different Country?

Can One Person Slaughter a Sacrificial Animal on the Behalf of Others on Eid in the Maliki School?

Is There a Difference of Opinion on Whether Slaughtering (Qurbani/Udhiya) is Necessary, and How Does One Deal With Years of Makeups?

Does One Have to do Udhiya/Qurbani for One’s Young Children?

Do I have to give 1/3 of the Sacrificial (Udhiya) Meat away in Charity?

What Do I Do if I Missed Slaughtering (Qurbani/Udhiya)?

Eid Prayer

Eid Prayer At A Masjid & Behind A Shafi`i

Fasting

Fasting During the First Nine Days of Dhu’l Hijja

General Matters

Is Hugging on Eid an Innovation (Bid`a)?

Is It a Bid’a (Reprehensible Innovation) to Say “Jumu’a Mubarak” (Blessed Friday) to Other Muslims?

Do I have to give 1/3 of the Sacrificial (Udhiya) Meat away in Charity?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: On the Eid ul adha we buy 1 lamb, 1 goat and 1 part of beef and we give 1/3 to poor people, 1/3 to friends and family and keep 1/3. Since my husband does not earn lot of money and we have 6 kids can we give 1/3 to family and friends, 1/6 to poor and keep 5/6 of the meat to feed our family properly?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

Yes, it would be permitted to distribute the meat as one wished. [`Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Generally, it is recommended to give a third in charity, feed one’s friends and family with a third, and to keep one third. However, if it would impose difficulty on oneself or family, it would be permitted to give less in charity, or if need be to leave it (i.e. giving away in charity) all together. [ibid.]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does a Wife Have to Purchase Her Own Animal for Eid Slaughtering?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas
Question: My question is in regards to the sacrifice of animals for Eid: (1) What is the ruling on the purchasing of the animal? (2) Does the purchasing of an animal by the husband cover the wife? Does the wife have to purchase her own animal? (3) Does the wife have a choice in sharing or purchasing on her own?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum
I pray you are well.
1. Slaughtering a sheep or 1/7th of a cow or camel is necessary upon a person who is:
a. Muslim
b. Resident, meaning not a traveler
c. Possesses the minimum amount to make sadaqat al-fitr obligatory upon him or her, which is the same as the zakatable-minimum (nisab) except that one takes all one’s wealth into account when calculating.
If the above conditions are fulfilled, it would be obligatory to purchase an animal to slaughter and this slaughtering is to be performed on any of the three days of Eid al-Adh after the Eid prayer. Doing so on the first day is optimal.
[Tumurtashi, Tanwir al-Absar; Haskafi, Durr al-Mukhtar]
2. If a wife fulfills the above condition, she would have to purchase her own animal. One animal for both the husband and wife would not suffice. Rather, the wife must slaughter her own sheep or purchase 1/7th of a cow or camel.
However, a wife may permit her husband to purchase and slaughter a separate animal on her behalf. [Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Salman
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani